1. Apartheid

    Apartheid (Afrikaans: "apartness") is the name of the policy that governed relations between the white minority and the nonwhite majority of South Africa during the 20th century. Although racial segregation had long been in practice there, the apartheid name was first used about 1948 to describe the racial segregation policies embraced by the white minority government.

  2. Apartheid in South Africa

    Introduction. South Africa is one of the countries with rich and fascinating history in the world. It is regarded as the most developed state in Africa and among the last to have an elected black president towards the end of the 20 th century. Besides its rich history, the South African state has abundant natural resources, fertile farms and a wide range of minerals including gold.

  3. Apartheid: Definition & South Africa

    Apartheid, the legal and cultural segregation of the non-white citizens of South Africa, ended in 1994 thanks to activist Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk.

  4. A history of Apartheid in South Africa

    Apartheid called for the separate development of the different racial groups in South Africa. On paper it appeared to call for equal development and freedom of cultural expression, but the way it was implemented made this impossible. Apartheid made laws forced the different racial groups to live separately and develop separately, and grossly ...

  5. Apartheid

    Apartheid (/ ə ˈ p ɑːr t (h) aɪ t / ə-PART-(h)yte, especially South African English: / ə ˈ p ɑːr t (h) eɪ t / ə-PART-(h)ayt, Afrikaans: [aˈpartɦɛit] ⓘ; transl. "separateness", lit. ' aparthood ') was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia) from 1948 to ...

  6. Introduction: Early Apartheid: 1948-1970

    Introduction: Early Apartheid: 1948-1970. Study the National Party's implementation of strict racial laws, the forms of defiance by black South Africans and other minority groups, and the government's harsh reaction to this defiance. Last Updated: August 3, 2018.

  7. What is apartheid?

    Apartheid ( Afrikaans: "apartness") is the name of the policy that governed relations between the white minority and the nonwhite majority of South Africa during the 20th century. Although racial segregation had long been in practice there, the apartheid name was first used about 1948 to describe the racial segregation policies embraced by ...

  8. READ: Apartheid (article)

    Activists from every corner of the Earth, inspired by the actions of black South Africans, demanded an end to an unjust system known as apartheid. Apartheid is an Afrikaans 1 word meaning "apartness." It was a policy of legal discrimination and segregation directed at the black majority in South Africa.

  9. Early Apartheid: 1948-1970

    About this Chapter. In the 1940s, the South African government formally established apartheid ("apartness") as a legal system to divide racial groups into a social hierarchy. This chapter examines apartheid's restrictive policies, its fervent white supporters, and its determined non-white opponents.

  10. How did apartheid impact lives and what were the responses?

    Apartheid existed as the official state policy in South Africa from 1948 to 1994. The term "apartheid" is an Afrikaans word which literally means "apartness," and it was used to segregate South ...

  11. Key Steps That Led to End of Apartheid

    This work culminated in the dismantling of apartheid between 1990 and 1994. On April 27, 1994, the country elected Nelson Mandela, an activist who had spent 27 years in prison for his opposition ...

  12. Grade 11

    Review - 'Apartheid' becomes an international word; putting South Africa within a broader world context in relation to the uniqueness of Apartheid. A Poster of sanctions against apartheid Image source. Under the apartheid system, the South African profile in terms of foreign relations did not look good.

  13. PDF The Origins of Apartheid

    EXPLAINING APARTHEID: DIFFERENT APPROACHES. How did apartheid come about? The Afrikaner Nationalist Approach. The Liberal Approach. The Radical Approach. The Social History Approach. THE GLITTER OF GOLD: LAYING THE FOUNDATIONS OF APARTHEID.

  14. How Nelson Mandela fought apartheid—and why his work is not complete

    Eventually, South Africa became an international pariah. In 1990, in response to international pressure and the threat of civil war, South Africa's new president, F.W. de Klerk, pledged to end ...

  15. When Did Apartheid End and How?

    Apartheid, from an Afrikaans word meaning "apart-hood," refers to a set of laws enacted in South Africa in 1948 intended to ensure the strict racial segregation of South African society and the dominance of the Afrikaans-speaking white minority. In practice, apartheid was enforced in the form of "petty apartheid," which required racial ...

  16. Grade 9

    Apartheid and the myth of 'race' Africa's Apartheid struggle and were implemented under the Separate Amenities Act. Image source. The construct can be seen as a highly notorious term, despite it having no physical basis. This term was, however, heavily used in South Africa's pre- democracy phase, Apartheid.

  17. Apartheid and Racism Theme in Tsotsi

    Tsotsi represents South African apartheid (a system of legally enforced segregation and discrimination) as a racist structure that destroys Black South Africans' lives—even when they aren't experiencing direct, interpersonal racism. Many of the Black characters' lives are destroyed by racist apartheid laws despite having little direct contact with racist white people.

  18. Essay On Apartheid In South Africa

    Essay On Apartheid In South Africa. 796 Words4 Pages. Apartheid. The unbelievable crimes that have occurred in South Africa are horrific. The fight for freedom and democracy has cost many innocent lives and harm to almost all black South Africans. Apartheid was the policy of segregation or discrimination or ground of race.

  19. South Africa: 30 years after apartheid, what has changed?

    Apartheid came to an end out of the need for the white minority to sustain itself, not because of a change of heart, noted Thula Simpson, a historian of apartheid at the University of Pretoria.

  20. South Africa

    South Africa - Resistance, Activism, Liberation: Apartheid imposed heavy burdens on most South Africans. The economic gap between the wealthy few, nearly all of whom were white, and the poor masses, virtually all of whom were Black, Coloured, or Indian, was larger than in any other country in the world. While whites generally lived well, Indians, Coloureds, and especially Blacks suffered from ...

  21. After Apartheid

    By John Eligon. April 26, 2024. South Africa's apartheid government died in an election 30 years ago tomorrow. For the first time, Black South Africans were among those casting ballots. In the ...

  22. Q5: Describe briefly the apartheid system? What were its policies?

    Strict Segregation- The apartheid system was harsh and oppressive for the blacks. They were forbidden from living in white areas. They could work in white areas only if they had a permit. Many public services such as trains, buses, taxis, hotels, hospitals, schools and colleges, public toilets, etc. were all separate for the whites and blacks ...

  23. Soweto Uprising

    The Soweto Uprising was a student-led protest that began on June 16, 1976, in Soweto, South Africa, against the government's plans to impose the Afrikaans language as a medium of instruction in schools for Black students. The uprising and the ensuing protests, which resulted in hundreds of deaths, created a crisis of legitimacy for South Africa's apartheid government that contributed to ...

  24. How South Africa has changed 30 years after apartheid

    All these frustrations explain why the ANC will struggle to retain its parliamentary majority for the first time since 1994. Many in South Africa are focused narrowly on which parties will join a ...

  25. South Africa marks 30 years since apartheid ended

    After apartheid fell, a constitution was adopted guaranteeing the rights of all South Africans no matter their race, religion, gender or sexuality. But that hasn't significantly improved the lives of millions, with South Africa's Black majority that make up more than 80% of the population of 62 million still overwhelmingly affected by ...