It shows that on the pre-test majority of the. respondents had a low range score in Endurance Dimension of AQ® (49 or. 27.07%) and the rest got a below average score (61 or 33.70%), 47 or 25.97%. got an average score, 19 or 10.48% got an above average score and 5 or 2.76%. got a high score.

  2. Chapter 1: Home

    The definitions of any technical terms necessary for the reader to understand are essential. Chapter 1 also presents the research questions and theoretical foundation (Ph.D.) or conceptual framework (Applied Doctorate) and provides an overview of the research methods (qualitative or quantitative) being used in the study.

  3. PDF CHAPTER 1 The Selection of a Research Approach

    CHAPTER The Selection of a 1 Research Approach Introducing Key Terms in this Chapter Research has its own language, and it is important to understand key terms ... Often the distinction between qualitative research and quantitative research is framed in terms of using words (qualitative) rather than num-bers (quantitative) or, better yet, using ...

  4. A Practical Guide to Writing Quantitative and Qualitative Research

    INTRODUCTION. Scientific research is usually initiated by posing evidenced-based research questions which are then explicitly restated as hypotheses.1,2 The hypotheses provide directions to guide the study, solutions, explanations, and expected results.3,4 Both research questions and hypotheses are essentially formulated based on conventional theories and real-world processes, which allow the ...

  5. PDF Introduction to quantitative research

    The specificity of quantitative research lies in the next part of the defini-tion. In quantitative research we collect numerical data. This is closely connected to the final part of the definition: analysis using mathematically Chapter 1 Introduction to quantitative research 1 9079 Chapter 01 (1-12) 1/4/04 1:18 PM Page 1

  6. (PDF) QRM Chapter 1

    QRM Chapter 1 - Quantitative Research Basics. July 2021; In book: "Quantitative Research Methods (5th Ed)" by Johnathan Mun, Ph.D. Authors: Johnathan Mun. Naval Postgraduate School;

  7. PDF The Selection of a Research Approach

    CHAPTER ONE The Selection of a Research Approach R esearch approaches are plans and the procedures for research that span the steps from broad assumptions to detailed methods ... Quantitative research . is an approach for testing objective . theories. by examining the relationship among variables. These variables, in turn, can

  8. What Is Quantitative Research?

    Revised on June 22, 2023. Quantitative research is the process of collecting and analyzing numerical data. It can be used to find patterns and averages, make predictions, test causal relationships, and generalize results to wider populations. Quantitative research is the opposite of qualitative research, which involves collecting and analyzing ...

  9. 3.1 What is Quantitative Research?

    Quantitative research is a research method that uses numerical data and statistical analysis to study phenomena. 1 Quantitative research plays an important role in scientific inquiry by providing a rigorous, objective, systematic process using numerical data to test relationships and examine cause-and-effect associations between variables.

  10. Sage Research Methods

    This concise text provides a clear and digestible introduction to completing quantitative research. Taking you step-by-step through the process of completing your quantitative research project, it offers guidance on: • Formulating your research question • Completing literature reviews and meta-analysis • Formulating a research design and specifying your target population and data source ...

  11. Theoretical Framework

    The term conceptual framework and theoretical framework are often and erroneously used interchangeably (Grant & Osanloo, 2014). A theoretical framework provides the theoretical assumptions for the larger context of a study, and is the foundation or 'lens' by which a study is developed. This framework helps to ground the research focus ...

  12. Purpose Statement

    In PhD studies, the purpose usually involves applying a theory to solve the problem. In other words, the purpose tells the reader what the goal of the study is, and what your study will accomplish, through which theoretical lens. The purpose statement also includes brief information about direction, scope, and where the data will come from.

  13. Quantitative Research

    This chapter is intended to take the anxiety out of conducting and/or interpreting quantitative methods and to provide a simple overview of the way new researchers and practitioners can understand and employ quantitative research. The chapter offers practical, realistic guidance in a learner-friendly way and uses a logical sequence to ...

  14. Chapter 1: Introduction to Research Methods

    Chapter 1: Introduction to Research Methods. Learning Objectives. At the end of this chapter, you will be able to: Define the term "research methods". List the nine steps in undertaking a research project. Differentiate between applied and basic research. Explain where research ideas come from.


    WATCH MOREHow to Write the Research Title in a Quantitative Study ~ a Research Topic ~https://www.yout...


    chapter as an Advanced Topic. The use of such quantitative data goes back at least to the earliest city-states. We know the Babylonians and Egyptians collected numerical data on crops, for example. In fact the term statistics has its roots in the Latin word for "state" indicating the historical linkage between the government and numerical data.

  17. How to write your Chapter 1

    In this tutorial video, I discussed that basic contents your Chapter 1 - Introduction must have in case you are pursuing a Quantitative design in your research.

  18. (PDF) Understanding quantitative research: part 1

    Research approach/design and method: A quantitative and cross-sectional research design was used. Non-probability sampling was employed, and data were collected by using established questionnaires ...

  19. Quantitative and Qualitative Research: An Overview of Approaches

    Abstract. In Chap. 1, the nature and scope of research were outlined and included an overview of quantitative and qualitative research and a brief description of research designs. In this chapter, both quantitative and qualitative research will be described in a little more detail with respect to essential features and characteristics.

  20. Module 3 Chapter 1: From Research Questions to Research Approaches

    Overview of Quantitative Approaches. Questions of the exploratory, descriptive, or explanatory type are often asked and addressed through quantitative research approaches, particularly questions that have a numeric component. Exploratory and descriptive quantitative studies rely on objective measures for data collection which is a major ...

  21. Chapter 1 Quantitative research in education: Impact on evidence-based

    Chapter 1 Quantitative research in education: Impact on evidence-based instruction - Author: Frederick J. Brigham ... Quantitative research is based on epistemic beliefs that can be traced back to David Hume. Hume and others who followed in his wake suggested that we can never directly observe cause and effect. Rather we perceive what is called ...

  22. Chapter 1 AND 2 Quantitative Research Paper

    CHAPTER 2 METHOD. Research Design. The researchers used the quantitative descriptive research design in doing the research study. The goal of the study is to know the impacts of discrimaination of grade 12 STEM students' social and mental health in Agusan National High School.

  23. Chapter 1 Quantitative research in education: Impact on evidence-based

    Chapter 1 Quantitative research in education: Impact on evidence-based instruction. April 2010. Advances in Special Education 20:3-17. DOI: 10.1108/S0270-4013 (2010)0000020004. Authors: Frederick ...


    THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND CHAPTER 1 -A hypothesis is a prediction of the possible outcomes of a study (Fraenkel & Wallen, 2009) -Hypotheses are statements in quantitative research in which the investigator makes a prediction about the outcome of a relationship among attributes or characteristics (Creswell, 2012). Hypothesis

  25. What is Quantitative Research Design? Definition, Types, Methods and

    The quantitative research design process typically involves several key steps to ensure a systematic and rigorous approach to data collection and analysis. While the specific steps may vary depending on the research context, here are the key stages commonly involved in quantitative research design: 1. Identify the Research Problem

  26. How to Write a Literature Review

    Examples of literature reviews. Step 1 - Search for relevant literature. Step 2 - Evaluate and select sources. Step 3 - Identify themes, debates, and gaps. Step 4 - Outline your literature review's structure. Step 5 - Write your literature review.

  27. Reference examples

    More than 100 reference examples and their corresponding in-text citations are presented in the seventh edition Publication Manual.Examples of the most common works that writers cite are provided on this page; additional examples are available in the Publication Manual.. To find the reference example you need, first select a category (e.g., periodicals) and then choose the appropriate type of ...

  28. Chapter 1: Research Questions

    Chapter 1: Home; Narrowing Your Topic; Problem Statement; Purpose Statement; Alignment; Conceptual Framework; Theoretical Framework; Quantitative Research Questions This link opens in a new window; Qualitative Research Questions This link opens in a new window; Qualitative & Quantitative Research Support with the ASC This link opens in a new window; Library Research Consultations This link ...

  29. ChatGPT

    Early access to new features. Access to GPT-4, GPT-4o, GPT-3.5. Up to 5x more messages for GPT-4o. Access to advanced data analysis, file uploads, vision, and web browsing

  30. Unveiling Medical Oxygen Utilization Through Survey Insights ...

    This research article presents a survey-based study aimed at exploring the utilization of oxygen therapy among healthcare professionals in Argentina, it is part of the "Project of Research and Development No. 6227: Quantitative Assessment of Oxygen Consumption and Associated Technologies" at the School of Engineering, National University of Entre Ríos.