Writing based on Texts

Reading, noting, & synthesizing sources, reading sources.

synthesis paper graphic organizer

The following video provides a brief introduction to the parts of a journal article to read first.

The video below applies the process of reading a journal article to a specific example, to highlight the process.

Taking Notes on your Sources

synthesis paper graphic organizer

Taking notes on researched sources involves more than annotating, paraphrasing, summarizing, and using other note-taking strategies that are discussed in this text’s section on Reading a Text. It also involves noting the publication’s information, as well as noting whether you’ve quoted, paraphrased, or summarized each piece of information. Because research writing means that you’re juggling a lot of pieces of information—your own ideas included!—this is another place in which visual cues and graphic organizers are useful.

Initial Stage: Organizing Notes Source by Source

You most likely will take notes on one source at a time. When you take notes for research writing purposes, always make sure to put the whole citation for the source at the start, before the notes for that source. If the article has a link to the citation, or a citation already created within the article, simply copy and paste the citation. If not, then make sure to note the following information, which you can also download and use as a  Source Information Checklist .

  • article or chapter title
  • publication title (journal, book, newspaper title)
  • date of publication
  • date online material was accessed
  • publisher and place of publication for books
  • editor if there is one
  • page number range for the whole article or chapter

Then, as you take notes from this source, indicate by each note whether you’re quoting, paraphrasing, summarizing, or noting your own thoughts or questions. For quotes, use a “Q” or simply use quotation marks, and make very sure that you reproduce the original text’s exact words and punctuation. Use a “P” for paraphrases, an “S” for summaries, and a “Mine” for your own ideas, or any other shorthand system that makes sense to you. For different sources, you may want to take notes in different colored text. However you take notes, make sure that you house all information from one source together, so that you can clearly identify which bit of information comes from which source. Also, make sure to record the exact page number of each piece of piece of information you note, so that you have accurate information for in-text citations.

The video below summarizes and provides an example of how to take research notes.

Link to this video, which shows one student’s experience organizing notes source by source: See It In Practice: Note-Taking

Second Stage: Synthesizing Notes from Many Sources

synthesis paper graphic organizer

In order to get to the point at which you can develop a draft by ideas, you need to:

  • understand the concept of synthesis, which is the way you link ideas, and
  • learn about and apply one more graphic organizer, an idea matrix.

The following video discusses synthesis fully, and offers an example of an idea matrix (research matrix), starting at approximately 3:47. Make sure that you understand how this graphic organizer works—it’s a really useful method of synthesizing notes from many sources.

Another way of synthesizing notes from many sources is to use an idea matrix graphic organizer as you take notes. Do this as a precursor to doing your own idea matrix for writing with topic sentence assertions, your own supporting details and insights, and your notes from sources. Doing two idea matrices, one for note-taking and one for writing, is one way to help organize a lot of information, especially for more complex research writing.

Research Question/Working Thesis:   What are the physical and psychological benefits of regular exercise?

  • Reading, Noting, & Synthesizing Sources, includes information adapted from Excelsior OWL; attribution below. Authored by : Susan Oaks. Project : Introduction to College Reading & Writing. License : CC BY-NC: Attribution-NonCommercial
  • Labeling Notes. Provided by : Excelsior College. Located at : https://owl.excelsior.edu/research/note-taking/note-taking-labeling-notes/ . Project : Excelsior OWL. License : CC BY: Attribution
  • image of students in library, reading at computer terminals . Authored by : Michal Jarmoluk . Provided by : Pixabay. Located at : https://pixabay.com/photos/library-book-reading-computers-488673/ . License : CC0: No Rights Reserved
  • video How to Read a Scholarly Article. Provided by : Pitt Community College Library. Located at : https://youtu.be/c3tV8g70YuU . License : Other . License Terms : YouTube video
  • video How to Read a Scholarly Journal Article. Authored by : Tim Lockman. Provided by : Kiswaukee College Library. Located at : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EEVftUdfKtQ . License : Other . License Terms : YouTube video
  • image of student sitting on library floor, looking at laptop. Authored by : Varun Kulkarni . Provided by : Pixabay. Located at : https://pixabay.com/photos/library-study-alone-reading-male-2414380/ . License : CC0: No Rights Reserved
  • video Taking Notes for Research Papers. Authored by : Jared Chandler. Located at : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tEnctzdmC3M . License : Other . License Terms : YouTube video
  • video See it in Practice: Note-Taking. Provided by : Excelsior College OWL. Located at : https://owl.excelsior.edu/research/note-taking/note-taking-see-it-in-practice/ . License : CC BY: Attribution
  • video Synthesizing Information. Provided by : GCFLearnFree.org. Located at : https://youtu.be/7dEGoJdb6O0?t=70 . License : Other . License Terms : YouTube video
  • video Finding & Entering Conversations in your Research. Provided by : Utah State University Libraries. Located at : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vkj6vk7rxek . License : Other . License Terms : YouTube video
  • image of a seated man with shapes around his head, representing ideas to be blended. Authored by : 52Hertz . Provided by : Pixabay. Located at : https://pixabay.com/illustrations/late-stage-synthesis-fantasy-1431760/ . License : CC0: No Rights Reserved

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Mapping the Conversation A Graphic Organizer Tool for Synthesis Assignments

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College students struggle with synthesis assignments, often producing serial summaries of texts (for example, Aitchison & Lee, 2006; Bloom, 1956). Graphic organizers visualize the connections between information in multiple texts (for example, Daher & Kiewra, 2016; Hall & Strangman, 2008). This essay introduces the Mapping the Conversation exercise as such a graphic organizer and discusses its set-up and execution. The exercise challenges students’ critical thinking and actively engages them in the writing process, ultimately aiding students in producing complex and concise syntheses. The exercise was originally developed for a first-year writing course but can be adapted for advanced writers and courses across all majors.

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Learning about Synthesis Analysis

What D oes Synthesis and Analysis Mean?

Synthesis: the combination of ideas to

Synthesis, Analysis, and Evaluation

  • show commonalities or patterns

Analysis: a detailed examination

  • of elements, ideas, or the structure of something
  • can be a basis for discussion or interpretation

Synthesis and Analysis: combine and examine ideas to

  • show how commonalities, patterns, and elements fit together
  • form a unified point for a theory, discussion, or interpretation
  • develop an informed evaluation of the idea by presenting several different viewpoints and/or ideas

Key Resource: Synthesis Matrix

Synthesis Matrix

A synthesis matrix is an excellent tool to use to organize sources by theme and to be able to see the similarities and differences as well as any important patterns in the methodology and recommendations for future research. Using a synthesis matrix can assist you not only in synthesizing and analyzing,  but it can also aid you in finding a researchable problem and gaps in methodology and/or research.

Synthesis Matrix

Use the Synthesis Matrix Template attached below to organize your research by theme and look for patterns in your sources .Use the companion handout, "Types of Articles" to aid you in identifying the different article types for the sources you are using in your matrix. If you have any questions about how to use the synthesis matrix, sign up for the synthesis analysis group session to practice using them with Dr. Sara Northern!

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How to Write a Synthesis Essay: Examples, Topics, & Outline

A synthesis essay requires you to work with multiple sources. You combine the information gathered from them to present a well-rounded argument on a topic. Are you looking for the ultimate guide on synthesis essay writing? You’ve come to the right place!

Our specialists will write a custom essay specially for you!

In this guide by our custom writing team, you will find:

  • a step-by-step writing guide;
  • a list of 34 synthesis essay topics;
  • a full essay sample in MLA format.
  • 📚 Synthesis Essay Definition
  • 📝 Essay Types
  • ✅ Step-by-Step Guide
  • ✍️ Topics & Prompts
  • 📑 Example & Formatting Tips

📚 What Is a Synthesis Essay?

A synthesis essay is an assignment that requires a unique interpretation of a particular topic using several reliable sources. To write it, you need to understand, analyze, and synthesize information. That is why this type of essay is used in the AP Lang exam to assess students’ reasoning skills.

The key features of the synthesis essay are:

  • Debatable topic . If your goal is to write a good synthesis essay, it’s necessary to choose an arguable topic. It’s best to choose something that people have different opinions about. This will allow you to use many sources with various viewpoints for your synthesis.
  • Clear thesis statement. It’s a sentence that briefly describes the main idea of your essay.
  • Reliable sources to prove your thesis . For a synthesis essay, your opinion is not enough. You also need to find the evidence. Keep in mind that simply reading an online encyclopedia won’t do; make sure to choose only reliable sources.

What Does It Mean to Synthesize Information?

Synthesis is a process that has huge importance in nature, science, and our everyday life. The word stems from Ancient Greek “synthesis,” which means “putting together.” In general, synthesis is the combination of components to form a connected whole.

The picture shows examples of synthesis usage in various spheres: biochemistry, physics, and sound creation.

In everyday life, we usually resort to it to synthesize information . This means taking the data from different sources and bringing it together. This process is the opposite of analyzing:

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  • For an analysis , you break problems into pieces,
  • For a synthesis , you combine separate elements into a whole.

We use synthesis for analysis papers, research papers, argument papers, and business reports.

What Does Synthesis Mean in Writing?

Synthesis in writing means summarizing and connecting different sources considering a particular topic. Although synthesis and analysis are two opposite things, they usually go together in synthesis essays. The process consists of 2 stages:

  • Conduct the analysis. For that, you break down a problem into parts and analyze the sources. It’s helpful to highlight everything regarding your topic while reading.
  • Carry out the synthesis. The next step is to formulate an opinion and combine the highlighted information from the sources.

Synthesis is not only used in writing but also in reading comprehension . It’s useful to do this kind of reading while studying your sources. There are three reading comprehension stages:

  • Your previous knowledge about the topic.
  • Expansion of your knowledge while you are reading.
  • Understanding of the problem when you have finished reading.

So, synthesized reading comprehension means combining three stages in one and formulating one statement.

Synthesis vs Summary: What Is the Difference?

A summary is a paraphrasing of the written source in your own words. For a good summary, it’s necessary to include all of the text’s key elements. Meanwhile, synthesis means combining different ideas from different sources. You don’t have to include all the key points; just choose everything related to your topic.

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The picture explains the difference between a synthesis and a summary.

Both of these techniques are used for the synthesis essay:

  • The summary goes in the conclusion. You briefly sum up your paper’s main ideas.
  • Synthesis goes in the body paragraphs. Here, you combine multiple sources to prove a point.

📝 Synthesis Essay Types

There are two main types of a synthesis essay: argument and explanatory synthesis.

Both of them require working with multiple reliable sources and analyzing information. The only difference is that an argument synthesis essay requires your own opinion, while an explanatory synthesis essay does not.

Argument Synthesis Essay: Outline and Definition

As you already know, an argument synthesis essay requires you to state your own opinion about the given topic and back it up with several reliable sources. The purpose of such an essay is to persuade the reader that your point is correct.

Here’s what an argument synthesis essay consists of:

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Explanatory Synthesis Essay: Definition and How to Write

An explanatory informative synthesis essay requires you to stay neutral towards the problem you are discussing. This means you cannot express your own opinion considering the given question or a problem. Your task is just to inform the reader. That’s why this essay type is also called informative synthesis.

Check out this explanatory essay outline:

✅ How to Write a Synthesis Essay Step by Step

When it comes to the synthesis essay outline, it’s not too different from other assignments. Have a look at this template:

The picture shows a synthesis essay outline: introduction, main body, and conclusion.

How to Synthesize: Working with Sources

After you’ve decided on your topic, it’s time to figure out how to synthesize articles into one text. This is how you do it:

  • Choose reliable sources: the ones printed in journals or published on academic websites.
  • Become familiar with them and see if they fit into your essay.
  • Try to find a few sources for each point. It will increase your essay’s reliability.
  • Relate each source to your arguments and see similarities between them.
  • Don’t forget to list every source in the references.

When you are done with a comprehensive analysis of related literature, try to step back and imagine a person who has a different opinion on this topic. Think of some arguments that they can provide to prove their opinion. After you have the list of arguments, find the written evidence of why they are wrong and put them in your essay.

Analyzing and organizing sources is the first and very important step for the synthesis essay. So make sure you do understand what the text means before using it as a reference.

Synthesis Essay Outline: How to Write

For structuring your essay, it’s useful to try mapping . This technique means combining the information from different sources and rearranging it to create a new direction. To do it, you need to analyze the authors’ ideas and come up with your own conclusions.

The best way to do that is called synthesis matrix or graphic organizer. It’s a chart that you can make when you start working on your essay. Here you have a horizontal column that states the main ideas and a few vertical columns that present sources. Your task is to take sources you have chosen and write down the main ideas from them.

Here’s an example of a matrix chart:

While doing that, you will see how many sources contain the same ideas. When you analyze them, you will be able to formulate your thesis backed up with evidence. The synthesis matrix also helps to see new arguments you can cover in your synthesis paper.

How to Write an Introduction for a Synthesis Essay

Now it’s time to start writing the paper. In the introductory part of the essay, you can include:

  • A short yet catchy sentence or a quotation that would present the topic. The start of your essay should make people interested. It’s best to make the first sentence not only informative but also easy to understand.
  • The texts that are used for the essay. Provide the titles and the authors’ names (use the appropriate guidelines depending on the writing style.)
  • The background information which is needed to understand your essay. Definitions of terms or unknown words considering the topic can be included in this part. Otherwise, people may find it hard to understand what they are reading about.

How to Write a Thesis for a Synthesis Essay

A thesis statement is a point of view on a certain problem that you will defend in your essay. It should contain the key points that you want to include in your paper. Here’s how to create a perfect thesis statement:

  • Find several central ideas in the chart.
  • Choose the ones that are repeated the most often and the ones that you feel need to be in your essay.
  • Combine them, and you have a thesis statement with all the key points.
  • Make a draft of the thesis statement. Try to formulate the main idea you want to present in your essay.
  • Elaborate on this idea. Add some details and expand it a bit further.

If the whole picture is coherent, and it conveys exactly what you wanted, then this is your perfect thesis statement. See the example below:

Gender inequality still exists at the workplace: women are less likely to get the most responsible positions, easily lose careers due to maternity leave, and often receive less pay for the same amount of work.

How to Write Synthesis Paragraphs for the Main Body

Your essay’s main body consists of a few paragraphs. Each of them presents a different argument considering the topic. When you start a paragraph, make sure to begin with a topic sentence, which informs the reader about the paragraph’s main idea. Then, include the synthesized sources and elaborate on them.

Here’s what you should and shouldn’t do when writing the main body:

You can use the following words to present the ideas from your sources. They will help you reflect the authors’ tone:

How to Conclude a Synthesis Essay

There are quite a few ways to conclude the synthesis paper. Have a look at some of the options:

  • Paraphrase the thesis. As you remember, the thesis is the main idea of your essay. The conclusion is a good place to remind your readers about it. When they are done with the reading, they remember the most important thing from your essay.
  • Synthesize the arguments. There is no need to repeat everything you wrote in your essay. Just briefly summarize the most crucial points.
  • Answer the “So what” question. Tell the readers why this topic matters, why you’ve chosen it, and why it’s valuable for the reader.
  • Provide a closure. It’s an effective strategy when you want to make the reader think. Leave them with a strong statement at the end of your essay.

Synthesis Paper Proofreading Tips

When you have finally written your paper, there is still one important thing left to do. You need to check your paper for any grammatical and contextual mistakes. You certainly can do it yourself, but it would be perfect if you could ask somebody else to read it.

The first thing you need to check grammar-wise is the tense you are using. There is no single tense you need to use for the synthesis essay. It depends on the format:

  • If you’re writing in MLA format, use the present tense;
  • For APA essays, you use the past tense.

The next step is to check whether your synthesis essay has everything that’s required. For that, we have prepared the checklist of questions you can ask yourself to proofread your essays.

  • Is there a clear thesis statement?
  • Did you include all of the key points from the synthesis?
  • Are there clear transitions between paragraphs?
  • Did you organize a paragraph around a single idea?
  • Did you use reliable and up-to-date sources?
  • Did you analyze sources rather than just summarize them?
  • Did you mention every source you’ve used?

If you’ve answered “yes” to all the questions—congratulations, you are done with the essay! Otherwise, you need to come back and fix everything that you’ve answered “no” to.

✍️ Synthesis Essay Topics and Prompts

Sometimes, when you don’t have a topic , it is tough to come up with a suitable idea. That is why we have prepared two lists of topics that you can use for any synthesis essay type.

Explanatory Synthesis Essay Topics

The topics below are suitable for an explanatory synthesis essay:

  • The beginning of Hollywood cinema . Cinema is a huge industry in the USA. Tell the readers about its history. Describe what it was like in the beginning, which movie was the first one, and who started this industry.
  • Tactics on dealing with noisy children. Sometimes kids can be very loud, especially in public places. Write about different tactics that can help with this issue.
  • The effects of climate change on the water cycle.  Climate change has affected the water cycle significantly. Your task is to explain how.
  • The best American cities to live in. Provide the list of the best cities and explain why you’ve included them.
  • The importance of a healthy diet . Keeping a healthy diet is beneficial in many ways. Write about all the advantages it brings.
  • Who can become an entrepreneur? Entrepreneurship is not for everybody. In this essay, you can describe the qualities needed for having your own business.
  • The correlation between overpopulation and poverty . Describe how overpopulation leads to poverty and vice versa.
  • The advantages of taking an active vacation.
  • Cultural shock as a part of moving to a different country.
  • The consequences of the first wave of feminism.
  • Synthesis of Tan and Rodriguez’ essays ideas.
  • Difficulties you may encounter during the job interview.
  • How does reading prevent Alzheimer’s disease?
  • The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on businesses.
  • The connection between religion and politics in ruling the country.
  • What can non-verbal signals tell you about a person ?
  • The psychology of leadership .
  • The origins of the most common  stereotypes  about Americans.
  • Role of social media in business communication .
  • The synthesis of personal nursing philosophy concept.
  • Behavioral components of schizophrenia and psychosis.
  • Main components of successful entrepreneurship.
  • Critical components of scientific research.
  • Change in religion and human beliefs throughout history.
  • The effect of global warming on modern life.

Argument Synthesis Paper Topics

The list of topics for the Argument Synthesis Essay:

  • Vaping is better than smoking. People are starting to exchange cigarettes for vapes and e-cigarettes. In what ways are they less harmful?
  • Rich people should pay higher taxes. The same percentage of money doesn’t equal for rich and poor people. Explain why the ones who can afford more should share with others.
  • Depression is a disease. Prove that psychological problems must be recognized as real health issues that should be cured and not ignored.
  • Social media affects young people’s lives. Social media has a massive influence on people. In this essay, you can discuss which life spheres are the most affected.
  • Beauty pageants should be banned. Provide the reasons why they should be banned and tell the reader about psychological problems they can cause.
  • People should cut meat from their diet to stop global warming. Describe how the meat industry influences climate change.
  • The voting age should be 25+. Your task is to show the reasons why the votes of people under 25 should not be taken into account during elections.
  • A healthy lifestyle requires a lot of money.
  • Each healthy man should serve in the military.
  • School bullying should be punished by immediate exclusion.
  • Does friendship exist between men and women?
  • Drinking coffee is a bad habit.
  • Working hard is more important than being talented.
  • Everybody should visit a therapist at least once.
  • Should universities be free?
  • Artificial intelligence will cause huge unemployment rates.
  • Gaming should not be allowed to children under 18.
  • Components and strategies of social responsibility
  • Integration of relevant ethical theory and conceptual principles in health care
  • Children under 10 should be banned from gadgets .
  • Social media platforms facilitate cyberbullying.
  • Issues of distance education .
  • Social media addiction is a serious disease.
  • Deforestation critically contributes to global warming.
  • Healthcare should be free for everyone.

📑 Synthesis Essay Example & Synthesis Essay Format Tips

Now let’s talk about formatting. There are two writing styles you can use for a synthesis essay: APA or MLA. You need to choose the one that is required for your assignment.

We will start with the paper in APA format. It is usually used in science and education.

And these are MLA formatting rules:

Finally, we’ve prepared a synthesis essay sample for you to check out. Feel free to download the PDF file below:

First introduced in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, affirmative action policies aim to mitigate the discrepancy in opportunities available for underrepresented social groups by taking into account one’s minority background. The policies have become a pressing public issue that obstructs previously marginalized individuals, particularly in the educational environment.

Thank you for reading the ultimate guide on synthesis essay writing. We hope you found it helpful. Don’t forget to share it with your friends. Good luck with your assignments!

🔍 References

  • Writing a Synthesis Essay: Bowling Green State University
  • What Is Synthesis: University of Manitoba
  • Synthesis: Biology Online
  • Reading Strategies: Difference Summarizing and Synthesizing: WordPress
  • Summary, Analysis, Synthesis Definitions: University of Utah
  • Argumentative Synthesis: University of Arkansas
  • How to Synthesize Written Information: Simply Psychology
  • Mapping of Synthesis Essay: University of Nevada, Reno
  • Writing a Literature Review and Using a Synthesis Matrix: Florida International University
  • Synthesis Essay: Cleveland State University
  • Literature Review: Synthesizing Multiple Sources: Louisiana State University
  • Writing a Conclusion: Texas Women’s University
  • General APA Guidelines: Purdue University
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synthesis paper graphic organizer

Part-time Indian MCAS-style Synthesis Essay Prompt/FULL GRAPHIC ORGANIZER

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Preview of Synthesis Essay Prompt Graphic Organizer (AP Language and Composition) pdf

Synthesis Essay Prompt Graphic Organizer (AP Language and Composition) pdf

Preview of Synthesis Essay Graphic Organizer / Outline (Digital, Color-coded)

Synthesis Essay Graphic Organizer / Outline (Digital, Color-coded)

Preview of Synthesis Dinner Party - Digital Placemat Graphic Organizer (PRINTABLE) AP Lang

Synthesis Dinner Party - Digital Placemat Graphic Organizer (PRINTABLE) AP Lang

synthesis paper graphic organizer

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Synthesizing Graphic Organizers for Guided Reading

synthesis paper graphic organizer

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synthesis paper graphic organizer

Power Point: Synthesizing # 2 (with graphic organizer and success criteria)

synthesis paper graphic organizer

Synthesis Line of Reasoning Graphic Organizer | AP Lang & Pre-AP English

Preview of Protein Synthesis Vocabulary Graphic Organizer | Biology

Protein Synthesis Vocabulary Graphic Organizer | Biology

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IB Language & Literature Paper 2 Synthesis Claim Writing Graphic Organizer

synthesis paper graphic organizer

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Synthesizing using R.E.S.T. Strategy - Graphic Organizer

synthesis paper graphic organizer

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  1. LibGuides: Writing Resources: Synthesis and Analysis Practice

    Analysis to Synthesis Graphic Organizer. This graphic organizer will help you begin to organize sources by theme so you can then decide how each source fits into the theme. T-Chart Graphic Organizer. This graphic organizer allows you to examine two facets of their topic: argument and counter argument so you can begin to present all sides of the ...

  2. PDF Synthesis Essay Instructions and Worksheets

    complete the Synthesis Essay Outline to organize your thoughts and identify sources that could provide evidence for each supporting idea. Next, you should be able to draft your essay by completing the Synthesis Essay Rough Draft Worksheet. Finally, after editing your draft, revise your essay and submit the final draft electronically as a PDF.

  3. PDF Synthesis Essay Graphic Organizer

    Transition to last sentence of essay "So what?";"how it connects to reader"; "big idea" ending Concluding Paragraph Topic Statement CD #1 Commentary #1 Commentary #2 CD #2 Commentary #3 Commentary #4 CD #3 Commentary #5 Commentary #6 Concluding/Transition Sentence Body Paragraph #3. Title: Synthesis Essay Graphic Organizer Author ...

  4. PDF Synthesizing Source Ideas for Your Research Paper

    Using such graphic organizer tools as a summary table/grid or a synthesis matrix can help with the visual organization of notes taken during the research phase.

  5. PDF Student Writing Center Resource: How to Effectively Synthesize

    3. Organize your themes- use a graphic organizer so you can see connections (see pg. 3 of this handout for more on this). What to Avoid 1. Constructing the body of your paper out of a series of summaries 2. Simply presenting your reader with masses of facts, examples or quotations that are not clearly used 3.

  6. Reading, Noting, & Synthesizing Sources

    learn about and apply one more graphic organizer, an idea matrix. The following video discusses synthesis fully, and offers an example of an idea matrix (research matrix), starting at approximately 3:47. Make sure that you understand how this graphic organizer works—it's a really useful method of synthesizing notes from many sources.

  7. Synthesis Essay Graphic Organizer / Outline (Digital, Color-coded)

    Description. Synthesis Essay Graphic Organizer / Outline (Digital, Color-Coded, with Instructions!) This digital synthesis essay graphic organizer has side-by-side writing guidance and writing space for students to organize their ideas! Students are guided through developing an introduction paragraph, body paragraphs (with topic sentences ...

  8. PDF Writing an Essay: Graphic Organizer

    Use this graphic organizer to plan your analytical/persuasive essay. The introduction should start with a broad statement and end with your thesis statement, which "zooms in" on the points you will explore in more depth. The body paragraphs must contain evidence to support your thesis. (The number of body paragraphs coincides with the ...

  9. Synthesis Essay Outline Graphic Organizer by Hutchclass

    Description. This graphic organizer can help AP Language and Composition students organize their synthesis essay. They are invited to write down their thesis statement and name their major contentions, and there is space for them to write information about sources and other support for each of their contentions. Total Pages. 1 page.

  10. Mapping the Conversation: A Graphic Organizer Tool for Synthesis

    This essay introduces the Mapping the Conversation exercise as such a graphic organizer and discusses its set-up and execution. The exercise challenges students' critical thinking and actively engages them in the writing process, ultimately aiding students in producing complex and concise syntheses.

  11. Guide to Synthesis Essays: How to Write a Synthesis Essay

    The writing process for composing a good synthesis essay requires curiosity, research, and original thought to argue a certain point or explore an idea. Synthesis essay writing involves a great deal of intellectual work, but knowing how to compose a compelling written discussion of a topic can give you an edge in many fields, from the social sciences to engineering.

  12. Mapping the Conversation: A Graphic Organizer Tool for Synthesis

    Graphic organizers visualize the connections between information in multiple texts (for example, Daher & Kiewra, 2016; Hall & Strangman, 2008). This essay introduces the Mapping the Conversation ...

  13. PDF SynthesisEssayGraphicOrganizer

    37" " Fourth">>"and"this"is"the"most"challenging"move">>"the"writer"needs"to"imagine"presenting"each"of"his"or"her"best" positions"on"the"issue"to"each"of"the"authors ...

  14. DOC Jackson School District / Homepage

    The synthesis essay asks that you read a number of sources and comment on them in an original way. ... Alternative Graphic Organizer#2: Source Ideas and Text Evidence. Title and Author of Text . Source A Source B Big Idea: What is the message that the author is trying to create about real life?

  15. Mapping the Conversation: A Graphic Organizer Tool for Synthesis

    College students struggle with synthesis assignments, often producing serial summaries of texts (for example, Aitchison & Lee, 2006; Bloom, 1956). Graphic organizers visualize the connections between information in multiple texts (for example, Daher & Kiewra, 2016; Hall & Strangman, 2008). This essay introduces the Mapping the Conversation exercise as such a graphic organizer and discusses its ...

  16. PDF Synthesizing Information Graphic Organizer

    Synthesizing Information Graphic Organizer Purpose: This graphic organizer provides a space for organizing thoughts around evidence about a text and then combining those thoughts with textual evidence in order to produce a sound opinion. Sample/description: Teachers may use this graphic organizer as they work with students to both find text-

  17. LibGuides: Writing Resources: Synthesis and Analysis

    Synthesis: the combination of ideas to. form a theory, system, larger idea, point or outcome. show commonalities or patterns. Analysis: a detailed examination. of elements, ideas, or the structure of something. can be a basis for discussion or interpretation. Synthesis and Analysis: combine and examine ideas to.

  18. AP Language Synthesis Essay Graphic Organizer by PhDiva22

    Description. This graphic organizer allows students to complete the first stages of the synthesis essay. They will read and annotate the sources, create a thesis and identify the sources they would use in the final essay. Reported resources will be reviewed by our team.

  19. How to Write a Synthesis Essay: Examples, Topics, & Outline

    Find several central ideas in the chart. Choose the ones that are repeated the most often and the ones that you feel need to be in your essay. Combine them, and you have a thesis statement with all the key points. Make a draft of the thesis statement. Try to formulate the main idea you want to present in your essay.

  20. Copy of Graphic Organizer: F451 Synthesis Essay

    Inquiry Chart: As you read the sources, track your thinking in this graphic organizer. What questions do you need to ask and answer as you read to find evidence that will support your preliminary thesis? ... Copy of Graphic Organizer: F451 Synthesis Essay. Course: UT Invitational (2022_23) 6 Documents. Students shared 6 documents in this course ...

  21. Synthesis Graphic Organizer.pdf

    Synthesis Essay Graphic Organizer DIRECTIONS: Read the writing prompt and review the sources provided. On the lines provided below, draft a thesis statement that you may use in response to the essay prompt. Identify 3 sources and provide a quote/paraphrase that supports your thesis. Explain how this quote or paraphrase supports your thesis. In the remaining space, cite one point of refutation ...

  22. Synthesizing graphic organizers

    Teach the AP Language and Composition Synthesis Essay using this research project. Suitable for distance learning and Google Classroom®. Includes rubric, worksheets, handouts, graphic organizers, and a student exemplar to model an example of research writing.READY-TO-PRINT SCAFFOLDING WORKSHEETS INCLUDED5-LEVEL RUBRIC ALIGNED W/ COLLEGE BOARD EXPECTATIONSDIGITAL SLIDE DECKS FOR GOOGLE ...

  23. Copy of Synthesis Graphic Organizer

    Synthesis Essay Graphic Organizer Please note: I need to see you working with quotes from different texts within the same paragraph in order to prove your observations/new understandings--in other words, to support your overall "project." In short, your goal is to explore in writing the conversation that you and the texts are engaged in. In order to do so, you need to develop ideas on the ...