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Class 12 Business Studies Case Study Questions

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In this article, we will discuss how to get CBSE class 12 Business Studies Case Study Questions from the myCBSEguide App and our Student Dashboard for free.

For the students appearing for class 12 board exams from the Commerce Stream, Business Studies is a core subject. Business Studies as a subject provides a way of perceiving and interacting with the business ecosystem . It well establishes the interdependence of business on various social, political, legal and economic forces and vice-versa. Business Studies is a purely theoretical and a relevantly easier subject for the Commerce students. Business Studies class 12 exam is a highly scoring subject and it facilitates the students to increase their percentile and excel in academics.

12 Business Studies Paper Design

The exam is divided into 2 parts:

  • Part A generally contains questions from Principles and Functions of Management and carries 60 marks.
  • Part B comprises questions from Business Finance and Marketing, it carries a total of 40 marks.

The syllabus of class 12 Business Studies comprises 12 chapters that are divided into 2 books

  • Principles and Functions of Management
  • Business Finance and Marketing

Business Studies Syllabus

CBSE has released the latest class 12 syllabus (2022-23) for Business Studies. 

Business Studies Case Study Questions

Case-based questions have always been an integral part of Business Studies class 12 question papers for the past many years. Students are required to focus more on case studies as they require the application of their knowledge of the key business concepts. In the year 2021-22 CBSE introduced a few changes in the question paper pattern to enhance and develop analytical and reasoning skills among students. Sanyam Bhardwaj, controller of examinations, CBSE quoted that case-based questions would be based on real-life situations encountered by the students.

The purpose was to drift from rote learning to competency and situation-based learning. He emphasized the fact that it was the need of the hour to move away from the old system and formulate new policies to enhance the critical reasoning skills of students. Introducing case study questions was a step toward achieving the goals of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.

What is a case study question? (Business Studies)

A case study in reference to Business Studies can be thought of as a real-world test of how the implementation works. It is predominantly a report of an organization’s implementation of something such as a practice, a product, a system, or a service. Case studies based on NCERT text form a substantial part of the Business Studies examination. Initially, they were confusing for both students and teachers but now there is a clarity that has made the question paper more student-friendly. A significant weightage has been given to case-based and application-based questions.

Critical and Analytical Thinking

These questions demand critical and analytical thinking on behalf of the students. The best part of these questions is that they provide conceptual hints and keys that point to the right answer. According to the new pattern implemented by CBSE, case-based questions would carry a significant weightage of more than 30% in the Business Studies question paper.

Case Study Passage

As part of these questions, the students would be provided with a comprehensive passage, based on which analytical questions will have to be answered by them. The students would be required to read the passage carefully before attempting the questions. In the coming examination cycle (2022-23), case-based questions have a weightage of around 30%.

Types of Case Study questions in Business Studies

CBSE plans to increase the weightage of such questions in the following years, so as to enhance the intellectual and analytical abilities of the students. Case study questions would be based on various topics and chapters in Business Studies. It is expected from the students to have complete knowledge of the concepts in their syllabus.

They will have to let go of the shortcut techniques and get to read their textbooks with full concentration, especially for solving case-based questions in Business Studies for the passages given are generally lengthy and require an in-depth study. The best part of having these questions is that the question itself projects a hint of its solution.

The questions asked could be :

  • Direct and simple-such questions can easily be solved as the answers are either there in the given passage or the student can solve it at ease by reading and analyzing the passage carefully.
  • Indirect and application-based- These are the ones that would require the student to have complete knowledge of the topic and could be answered by application of the concepts. The answers to such questions are slightly tricky and not visible in the given passage, though the passage would highlight the concept on which the questions would be asked by CBSE.

Class 12 Business Studies Case Study

Case study questions asked by CBSE were stated to be quite challenging by many students. It prominently focuses on real and present scenarios of the business world. Though the exam, on the whole, was quite direct and its difficulty level was termed out to be moderate. Around 30% of the question paper consisted of case-based questions that required high-order thinking and analytical skills from the students.

Content of Case Study Questions

The concept of case-based questions is not new since CBSE has always included questions based on Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTs) and case-based questions. Though now we will have an increased percentage of such questions in the question paper. The student has to keep in mind that the concept-based questions can be attempted only with the proper understanding of the business concepts.

Benefits Of Case-based Questions

Class 12 Business Studies syllabus comprises two books and CBSE can ask Case study questions from any of them. Students must prepare themselves thoroughly for both the books. They must practice class 12 Business Studies case-based questions from the various options available to them.

  • Enhance the intellectual capabilities of the students.
  • Provide a complete and deeper understanding of the subject.
  • Inculcate analytical reasoning and temperament in students.
  • Help students retain knowledge for longer periods of time.
  • Would definitely help to discard the concept of rote learning and cramming without understanding the core of the subject.
  • The questions would facilitate bringing out the much-awaited change in the prevalent system of education in India that hinders the strengthening of practical learning.

Some Case-Study Questions (Business Studies) Class 12

Here are some case study questions for CBSE class 12 Business Studies. If you wish to get more case study questions and other related study material, download the myCBSEguide App now. You can also access it through our Student Dashboard .

Business Studies Case Study 1

Read the following text and answer the questions: ABLEX Ltd. is a big and well-reputed company. The biggest challenge for the company is managing many employees at the same time. As the company has various departments like human resources, marketing, finance,etc., it is very necessary for the company to maintain unity in different departments. All the employees work hard for the organisation. Despite their different interest, they all perform various activities together so as to achieve the objectives of the company. The career of employees is shown a developmental path through proper training modules and job enrichment. Ajay is a manager who assigns all duties and responsibilities to his employees in the department. He uses all sources to develop proper communication with them and leaves no attempt to motivate them.

  • It integrates Group Efforts
  • It is a Continuous process
  • It ensures Unity of Action
  • It is Pervasive
  • Top Level Management
  • Middle-Level Management
  • Lower Level Management
  • Supervisory Level Management
  • Economic objectives
  • Social Objectives
  • Organisational Objectives
  • Personal Objectives

Answer Key:

  • (c) It ensures unity of action
  • (b) Middle-level management
  • (c) Personal objectives
  • (a) Directing

Business Studies Case Study 2

Read the following text and answer the question: Mohan works in a bulb manufacturing company. Each bulb that is manufactured is of standard size and quality. Further, if there is any unrequited type of bulb manufactured then its production is stopped. Last month when the company came to know that 10-watt bulbs were no more liked by customers, their production was stopped. He works in the purchasing department. His job is to purchase the filaments required to make bulbs. This time when he purchases the filament he gets the instruction from the seller that some special care needs to be taken in the first hour of fixing the filaments inside the bulb. Mohan knows this information should be given immediately to the production department before the assembling process starts. However, he finds that his company’s policies only allow him to give the message to his immediate boss who will further pass this message to his boss. The passing of this message will continue until it reaches the desired person in the production department. Based on the passage answer the following questions:

  • Method study
  • Fatigue study
  • Standardization and simplification
  • None of these
  • Scalar chain
  • Departmentalization
  • Division of Work
  • None of the above
  • Organization
  • Authority and Responsibility
  • All of these
  • Division of work
  • Scalar Chain
  • (b) Fatigue study
  • (a) Scalar chain
  • (c) Gang plank
  • (a) Division of work

Business Studies Case Study 3

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: Two years ago Radhika completed her degree in food technology. She worked for some time in a company manufacturing chutneys, pickles and murabbas. She was not happy in the company and decided to have her own organic food processing unit for the same. She set the objectives and the targets and formulated an action plan to achieve the same. One of her objectives was to earn 10% profit on the amount invested in the first year. It was decided that raw materials like fruits, vegetables, spices, etc. will be purchased on three months’ credit form farmers cultivating organic crops only. She also decided to follow the steps required for the marketing of the products through her own outlets. She appointed Rakesh as a production manager who decides the exact manner in which the production activities are to be carried out. Rakesh also prepared a statement showing the number of workers that will be required in the factory throughout the year. Radhika informed Mohan about her sales target for different products, area wise for the forthcoming quarter. While working on the production table a penalty of 100 per day for not wearing the caps, gloves and apron was announced.

  • Standing Plan
  • (a) Objectives
  • (c) Procedure
  • (b) Programme

Tips to Solve Case Study Questions in Business Studies

Let’s try to comprehend and solve case study questions of class 12 Business Studies. As mentioned earlier, the entire syllabus is divided into 2 books. It is expected from the students to rigorously follow the NCERT book as the language written is quite simple and crisp. The exam in spite of being totally theoretical is quite scoring.

  • Read the passage in depth.
  • Try to comprehend the situation and focus on the questions asked.
  • Generally, the passage given in Business Studies is lengthy but the solutions are brief and simple.
  • Can follow a reversal pattern, i.e read the questions before and then search for the answers. You will save time.
  • Answer briefly and precisely.
  • Focus on solidifying key Business Studies fundamentals for acing any case study. If your concepts are clear, you will hardly face any difficulty in answering them.
  • While answering the case study, pick the keywords or any keyline based on which you are withdrawing your conclusion. You need to highlight the reason for your answer.

These simple points if kept in mind will definitely help the student to fetch good marks in case study-based questions in class 12 Business Studies.

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Business Studies Class 12 Case Studies With Solutions

Here we have to provide Case Study Of Business Studies Class 12 CBSE PDF Download from BST Class 12 case studies with answers books prepared by the subject experts.

Case Study Of Business Studies Class 12 CBSE PDF

Business studies class 12 case studies with solutions, answers.

Part A & B: Principles and Functions of Management & Business Finance and Marketing

  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 1 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 2 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 3 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 4 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 5 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 6 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 7 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 8 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 9 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 10 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 11 Case Studies
  • Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 12 Case Studies

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  • Class 12th /

Business Studies Class 12 Case Studies

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  • Updated on  
  • Feb 12, 2021

Business Studies Class 12 Case Studies

The Central Board of Secondary Examination [CBSE] carries out periodic changes frequently in the structure of syllabus and question pattern across different commerce subjects . With more and more questions being added which aim to evaluate concept-application, analysis and interpretation, the prevalent practice of theoretical learning is being done away with. The inclusion of Business Studies class 12 case studies is a step in this direction. Further, the vast nature of syllabus in the subject makes this way testing much more practical in place of merely listing and rewriting. Here, we present a full-fledged guide on how to tackle these case studies questions in a way that can get you better scores.

This Blog Includes:

Overview & structure, what is a case study, business studies class 12 case studies: examples, how to solve case studies in business studies class 12.

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Business studies broadly encompass ‘Principles and Functions of Management’ which deal with management, its nature, elements, theories and application as well as ‘Business Finance and Marketing’ which concerns financial markets , marketing management and consumer protection. Before taking a look at the Business Studies Class 12, take a look at the pattern of the paper is as follows:

Note: Case studies are not separate sections or parts. They can be asked as all across the above-mentioned sections.

In particular, case studies are based on real-life scenarios which concern business-related situations. This involves, for instance, cases wherein a person starts a business concern, problems faced in its management, a unique set of circumstances encountered and a host of other different situations. The students are required to correlate concepts in management and solve questions based on their understanding of such concepts. Identification of a particular aspect of Business Management is also a highly used testing criterion.

Here are a few examples of case study questions you can expect to see in the Class 12 Business Studies paper based on official CBSE Question Paper 2020:

Umang Gupta is the Managing Director of Denver Ltd. The company had established a good name for itself and had been doing well. It was known for the timely completion of orders. The Production Manager, Ms Kanta was efficiently handling the processing of the order and had a team of fourteen motivated employees working under her. Everything was going on well. Unfortunately, she met with an accident. Umang knew that in the absence of Ms Kanta, the company may not be able to meet the deadlines. He also knew that not meeting the deadlines may lead to customer dissatisfaction with the risk of loss of business and goodwill. So, he had a meeting with his employees in which accurate the speedy processing of orders was planned. Everybody agreed to work as a team because the behaviour of Umang Gupta was positive towards the employees of the organisation. Hence everyone put in extra time and efforts and the targets were met on time. Not only this, Umang visited Ms Kanta and advised her to take sufficient rest. 1. Identify the leadership style of Umang Gupta and draw a diagram depicting the style. 2. State any two values highlighted by the behaviour of Umang Gupta. (CBSE, Delhi 2017)

Indian Youth Organisation (IYO) organised a visit of its members to an old age home to inculcate the habit of social work among them. The visit revealed that the living conditions of the inmates of the old age home were not hygienic. So, the IYO members decided to clean the premises. During their cleanliness drive, they realised that the old age home also required pest control. But some of the inmates of old age home were reluctant about it because they believed that the pest control might create health problems for them. IYO, therefore, decided to provide ethical, safe and odourless pest control. They showed to the inmates of old age home a pamphlet of the proposed pest control product which promised easy, inexpensive and long-lasting pest control. The inmates happily agreed and the pest control was carried out. It worked for a fortnight but to their dismay, the effect started wearing off. IYO contacted the pest control company which kept on postponing their visit. After waiting for a month, IYO filed a cased in the consumer court. The consumer court was satisfied with the genuineness of the complaint and issued necessary directions to the pest control company. 1. State the six directions that might have been issued by the court. 2. Also, identify any two values that are being communicated by IYO to society. (CBSE, Delhi 2017)

ABC Ltd is a consumer appliance company established in 1992. With its effort of quality maintenance, it has established a competent name in the market for its products. In its efforts of specialisation, it has set up different departments of finance, sales, manufacturing, technical services and maintenance services. As the spaces of operation have risen along with soaring consumer demand, ABD Ltd came to resolution to alter its current principle of management in order to meet varying requirements of the environment.  Write the specific general principle of management the company intends to modify to meet the changing requirements.

Gold Land Pvt. Ltd. is a wheat-producing company. Daily 5000 bags of wheat weighing 10 kg each are produced here. In comparison to the previous year, this ere has been less number of bags produced on a per-day basis. The number is around 4500 which is less than the target of 5000 set by the company. The company however has been able to reduce the costs involved in comparison to last year’s spending on the production and packaging of each bag. The quality of bags has also been up to the mark. Identify the concept of management ignored here.

A floor manager of a mall is a very good manager as he utilizes all the functions of management to minimize the cost of maintenance of his area. He directs all the staff members under him to follow the targets and advises them to put their efforts in the direction of the achievement of these targets. Under his guidance, the employees admit that they learn a lot and are able to meet their targets. This has led to an increase in their salaries. Identify the importance of management highlighted above.

A bank named ‘Dhan Sangraha Karta’ allows the Kapoor family to deposit their money time and again in it. It gives a definite return to this family which is in the form of interest. To get this interest the money stored in the household of Kapoor family gets entry into this bank. Nearby there is a stock exchange, Mr Rajan Kapoor, who is the head of the family, goes there and buys securities. He says that in this way more return in earned by him on his saved money though the risk is also there. 1. Identify the process in the above case performed by the bank and the stock exchange. 2. What are the roles of the bank and the stock exchange with respect to each other? 3. Name a condition for the bank to perform its role in this process. 4. Name a condition for the stock market to perform its role in this process.

To make the sports day of the school successful the Headmaster of the school divided all the activities into task groups each dealing with a specific area like holding of the event, the arrangement of medals, refreshments etc. Each group was placed under the overall supervision of a senior teacher. The physical education teacher was made responsible for holding different events, the home science teacher for refreshments and the Maths teacher for medals. Identify the function of management performed by the Headmaster in doing so.

Exploring Class 12 notes? Don’t Forget to Check Out Our Exclusive Guide on CBSE Accountancy Class 12 !

RTVB Technologies Ltd. entered the gaming market via its launch of a comprehensive gaming brand name that focused on gaming consoles, games and other accessories. This was done after careful consideration of changing consumer needs and market trends. While its products are expensive, they are of high quality as well as eco-friendly. Their efforts were to differentiate their product from the existing items available in the market and devoted significant efforts, time and money in the creation of the brand name as without this they can only focus on awareness for generic products and can never be sure of sale of products. After some time, their efforts led to a positive growth in demand of products and parallelly as the customers liking also grew, the higher price was no longer a buyer. Over time, the company’s gaming brand became regarded as a status symbol owing to its impressive quality and consumers by using them felt a sense of pride. I. What is RTVB Ltd.’s marketing management philosophy? II. In the above case, describe the benefits of branding to the marketeers.

Note: You can access more Business Studies Class 12 Case Studies here .

Since they aim to analyze the student’s understanding of business studies and management studies, the case studies in Class 12 can be intricate and complex ones to comprehend. But there are many ways to easily solve them and grasp the concepts covered under Business Studies. We have enlisted some of the best tips and tricks you can utilise to crack the case studies in Business Studies Class 12:

Read NCERT Books for Business Studies thoroughly and go through all the topics covered in each chapter. NCERT books can be your best buddy in exploring the nuances of business and management as they describe the essential topics in a simpler and uncomplicated manner. Once you have read all the chapters given in NCERT as well as the case studies under each chapter then move towards studying with reference books.

While solving case studies for Business Studies Class 12, understand the question carefully and highlight all the key aspects mentioned that seem important. This can vary from the changes brought forward by a business firm to a decision that led to something important or the beliefs and philosophies an enterprise started with. Highlight all the key pointers and then start drafting the answers.

If the question asks an analysis of a certain aspect of a decision or management, it’s better to write down all the key pointers elucidating the pros and cons of the issue you are asked to analyse . Once you have the pointers, you can write down the answer easily.

Don’t write lengthy answers and try to make them concise and insightful . Adhere to the word limit provided and draft a comprehensive answer accordingly.

Some questions might explicitly mention the topic from the syllabus for Business Studies Class 12 such as “analyse the step taken by ______ Manager as per the Functions of Management”. You can use this as a hint to answer the question as per the concepts covered under the Functions of Management in the syllabus. Look out for such hints in the question on case studies as they can help you draft an impressive and high-scoring answer.

While preparing for the class 12 examinations, one can make use of the following resources:

  • Case Studies Mentor in Business Studies Class- XII by Alka Dhawan
  • Case Studies in Business Studies by Tapan Pathak for CBSE Class 12 by Tapan Pathak
  • Business Studies with Case Studies for Class-XI by Sandeep Garg
  • Business Studies for Class 12 – Question-Answer Bank by MeriPustak
  • CBSE Class 12 Business Studies-Case Studies by Shiv Das
  • Oswaal CBSE Question Bank Class 12 Business Studies Book by Oswaal Books
  • Business Studies for Class 12 by RK Singla
  • All In One Business Studies CBSE class 12 2019-20 (Old Edition) by Arihant Experts
  • ABD’s Business Studies – Mastering Case Studies – (Class XII) (2019-2020) by Neeru Sethi

It requires a solid grasp over business and management concepts to tackle Business Studies Class 12 Case Studies. If you are planning to pursue a degree in Business after class 12, take assistance of our team of experts at Leverage Edu and we’ll help you find a suitable course and university thus gearing you up for a successful future ahead.

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TOP Tips and Tricks to Solve Case Study Questions of CBSE Class 12 Business Studies

Tips and tricks to solve case study questions of cbse class 12 business studies: cbse board is set to conduct the class 12 business studies examination 2023 on march 25, 2023. check here your answer to the question "how to solve case study questions in business studies class 12" with top tricks and tips in this article..

Pragya Sagar

Questions in CBSE Class 12 Business Studies

Max. Marks: 80 

  • Questions carrying 3 marks .
  • Questions carrying 4 marks . 
  • Questions carrying 6 marks . 

1st Trick: Do not read the case study first! 

Firstly, you should read the questions and then read the case study. This will help you because you would know what exactly you are looking for in the contents of the case study. 

2nd Trick: Do not JUST read!

3rd trick: do not re-write the story.

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Chapter-wise Case Studies - Business Studies (BST) Class 12 - Commerce - Notes, Videos & Tests

Part of the course, chapter-wise case studies study material.

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Chapter-wise Business Studies Case Studies Class 12 Solved Pdf 2023-24

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  • CBSE Board , Class 12th
  • Last Updated On April 2, 2024

Chapter wise Business Studies Case Studies Class 12 Solved Pdf

Business studies case studies class 12 are available for students to practice on this page. The Central Board of secondary education has changed the paper pattern and now asks more case studies than direct questions. Business studies class 12 case studies with solutions are provided to students such that they can easily assess their performance with the solutions provided. The business studies class 12 case studies pdf download is available for students.

Business Studies is a main subject of the Commerce Stream in class 12th that helps students to understand how businesses are crucial for the economy. As the present students are the future of the nation. So, if any student wants to establish their own business then the basic learnings will serve them practically that is beyond academics. NCERT Books for Class 12 Business Studies are designed on the CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus.

Students can also go through the CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Sample Paper and business studies previous year question papers to practice more and score well in the 12th Boards. VidyaSetu is one of the leading Online portals that is known for providing Free Online Video Lectures by subject experts. Every Online Class is based on a particular chapter of Business Studies in a way to develop a deep understanding so that students can themselves solve business studies case studies in class 12 . Business case study examples are provided in such a way that students can get an idea of every topic’s case studies. Business case studies with solutions are provided on this page below. Students can also find the Business Studies class 12 question bank pdf and business studies book at VidyaSetu.

Also Check: Accounts Project Class 11

Important chapters of Business Studies

Part A: Principles and Functions of Management

  • Nature and Significance of Management
  • Principles of Management
  • Business Environment
  • Controlling

Part B: Business Finance and Marketing

  • Financial Management
  • Financial Markets
  • Marketing Management

Chapter-wise Business Studies Class 12 Case Studies With Solutions-

Business studies case studies class 12 has become the most important question as it is tricky and at the same time needs an absolute understanding of the topic. Earlier CBSE used to ask direct questions regarding the meaning, advantages, or disadvantages but now they ask business case studies. This is the case as the central board of secondary education felt that there should be more understanding in business studies so that students could apply it practically in the near future. Business case studies examples are given below with solutions of business studies case studies class 12.

Watch Youtube Video Lectures that will help you solve business studies case studies class 12 For all chapters

Youtube Lecture- 25- Multiple Choice Question: Principles of Management

Youtube Lecture- 26- Long Answer Question: Principles of Management

Youtube Lecture- 39- Short Answer Question

Youtube Lecture- 40- Long Answer Question

Youtube Lecture- 72- Business Environment, MCQs

Youtube Lecture- 73- Short Answer Question

Youtube Lecture- 74- Long Answer Questions

Tips to Solve Case Study Questions in Business Studies

Let’s attempt to understand and solve the case study questions for business studies in class 12. As was already established, two books cover the full syllabus. Students should carefully read the NCERT book because it has been written in clear, basic English. Despite being just theory, the exam is quite difficult.

  • Read the passage in depth.
  • Try to comprehend the situation and focus on the questions asked.
  • Generally, the passage given in Business Studies is lengthy, but the solutions are brief and simple.
  • Can follow a reversal pattern, i.e. read the questions before and then search for the answers. You will save time.
  • Answer briefly and precisely.
  • Focus on solidifying key Business Studies fundamentals for acing any case study. If your concepts are clear, you can answer them quickly.
  • While answering the case study, pick the keywords or any keyline based on which you withdraw your conclusion. You need to highlight the reason for your answer.

If these simple concepts are kept in mind, students can do well on case study-based problems in class 12 Business Studies.

Benefits Of Solving Business Studies Class 12 Case Studies With Solutions

  • It helps students in understanding what kind of questions can come in the business studies examination and also test their knowledge and preparation.
  • Students will get aware of answers and the board exam paper pattern.
  • Candidates can analyze their preparation for the coming exam by solving the previous year’s question papers.
  • Candidates will also understand how to manage to complete the exam on time.
  • Solving business studies case studies class 12 will help in Building Confidence in students.
  • Solving the case studies can help you to score more than 90% marks in CBSE class 12th business studies exam

Conclusion-

The business studies case studies class 12 mainly focuses on providing business case studies with solutions pdf to make it student-friendly and useful for both Class 12th Exams and other Competitive Examinations. Business studies class 12 case studies pdf download covers chapter-wise case studies with solutions. The students can download business case studies with solutions pdf from the page above at absolutely free of cost.

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Business Studies Study Material for CBSE Class 12

Class 12 business studies advances your knowledge of the business world from what you learned in class 11 business studies teaching more important topics like management, planning, market, consumer protection, etc. completely prepare for the board or competitive exams with our cbse class 12 business studies study material that provides a structured blueprint with chapter-wise notes updated according to 2024-25 cbse guidelines. you can also test your knowledge with sample papers and the previous year's board question exam paper with solutions..

business case study class 12

Discover a smoother learning journey through our effortless roadmap

Chapter 1: Nature and Significance of Management

Management : Meaning, Characteristics, Objectives, and Importance

Difference between Efficiency and Effectiveness

Nature of Management as a Science, Art and Profession

Levels of Management - Top, Middle and Lower

Functions of Management - Planning, Organising, Staffing, Directing and Controlling

Coordination in Management : Concept, Features & Importance

Difference between Coordination and Cooperation

Chapter 2: Principles of Management

Nature and Significance of Principles of Management

14 Principles of Management by Henri Fayol

Difference between Unity of Command and Unity of Direction

Principles of Scientific Management

Techniques of Scientific Management

Difference between Time Study and Motion Study

Difference between Fayol and Taylor Theories of Management

Chapter 3: Business Environment

What is Business Environment ? | Meaning and Features

Importance of Business Environment

Dimensions of Business Environment

Economic Environment in India

New Industrial Policy : Features & Impact

Concept and Features of Demonetization

Chapter 4: Planning

11 articles

Features, Importance and Limitations of Planning

Planning Process: Concept and Steps

Types of Plans: Standing Plan and Single-use Plan

Difference between Standing Plans and Single-Use Plans

Difference between Policies and Objectives

Difference between Policies and Strategy

Difference between Policies and Procedures

Difference between Procedures and Methods

Difference between Procedures and Rules

Difference between Policies and Rules

Difference between Rules and Methods

Chapter 5: Organising

10 articles

Organising : Meaning, Importance and Process

Types of Organisation Structure

Difference between Functional Structure and Divisional Structure

Formal and Informal Organisation

Difference between Formal and Informal Organisation

Elements and Importance of Delegation

Difference between Authority, Responsibility and Accountability

Centralization and Decentralization

Difference between Centralization and Decentralization

Difference between Delegation and Decentralization

Chapter 6: Staffing

12 articles

Staffing : Meaning, Definition, Features and Importance

Staffing and Human Resource Management

Staffing Process

Sources of Recruitment (Internal and External: Meaning, Merits and Demerits)

Difference between Internal Recruitment and External Recruitment

Steps in Selection Process

Difference between Recruitment and Selection

Importance of Training and Development to Organisation and Employees

Methods of Training: On-the-Job Methods and Off-the-Job Methods

Difference between On-the-Job Training Methods and Off-the-Job Training Methods

Difference between Training and Development

Difference between Training, Development and Education

Chapter 7: Directing

19 articles

Directing: Meaning, Characteristics and Importance

Principles and Elements of Directing

Importance of Supervision

Features and Importance of Motivation

Process of Motivation

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory

Financial and Non-Financial Incentives

Difference between Financial and Non-financial Incentives

Features and Importance of Leadership

Types of Leadership Styles

10 Qualities of a Good Leader

Which is more effective Push or Pull marketing ?

Communication: Meaning, Definition, Features and Importance

Elements of Communication Process

Communication Channels | Formal and Informal

Formal Communication: Meaning, Types, Merits and Demerits

Informal Communication: Meaning, Networks, Merits and Demerits

Barriers to Effective Communication

Measures to improve Communication Effectiveness

Chapter 8: Controlling

Controlling in Management: Meaning, Nature, Importance and Limitations

Relationship between Planning and Controlling

Process of Controlling

Chapter 9: Financial Management

Role and Objectives of Financial Management

Types of Financial Decisions

Investment Decision: Meaning and Factors affecting Investment Decision

Financing Decision: Meaning and Factors affecting Financing Decision

Dividend Decision: Meaning and Factors affecting Dividend Decision

Financial Planning: Objectives and Importance

What is Capital Structure?

Factors affecting the choice of Capital Structure

What is Fixed Capital and Working Capital?

Factors Affecting the Fixed Capital

Factors Affecting the Working Capital

Chapter 10: Financial Markets

15 articles

Financial Market : Meaning, Functions, and Classification

Instruments of Money Market

What is Capital Market?

Difference between Money Market and Capital Market

What are the different Methods of Floatation of Securities in Primary Market?

Difference between Primary Market and Secondary Market

What is Stock Exchange?

Trading Procedure on a Stock Exchange

Basic Stock Market Terms | Common Terms in Stock Exchange

Depository System: Meaning, Services and Constituents

Demat Account: Types, Importance & How to Open

What is National Stock Exchange of India (NSEI)?

What is Over the Counter Exchange of India (OTCEI)?

Difference between NSEI and OTCEI

Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI): Objectives and Functions

Chapter 11: Marketing

24 articles

Marketing: Features and Functions

Advantages and Disadvantages of Commercial Paper

Marketing Management Philosophies

Elements of Marketing Mix : 4Ps

What is Product Mix?

Classification of Products

Difference between Convenience Products, Shopping Products and Speciality Products

Difference between Consumer Products and Industrial Products

What is Branding?

Packaging: Levels, Importance and Functions

What is Labelling?

Price Mix: Meaning and Factors Affecting Price Determination

What is Place/Physical Distribution Mix?

Types of Distribution Channels

Factors Determining Choice of Channels of Distribution

Components of Physical Distribution

What is Promotion Mix?

Advertising : Features, Merits and Demerits

Objections to Advertising

Personal Selling: Features, Merits and Role

Qualities of a Good Salesman

Difference between Advertising and Personal Selling

Sales Promotion: Merits, Demerits and Activities/ Techniques

Public Relations (PR) : Meaning, Importance, Roles and Tools

Chapter 12: Consumer Protection

Consumer Protection: Meaning, Importance and Means

Consumer Rights and Responsibilities

Who is a Consumer?

Consumer Protection Act 1986 v/s Consumer Protection Act 2019

Redressal Agencies under the Consumer Protection Act, 2019

Remedies available to Consumers under Consumer Protection Act 2019

Study Material Overview:

Our CBSE Class 12 Business Studies material provides concise notes covering the entire syllabus, keeping in mind the chapter-wise weightage for exams. Our resources include solved board papers for practice, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of business concepts. Equip yourself for success with our study material.

What do we offer?

GeeksForGeeks has curated the best study material for CBSE Class 12 business studies by taking inputs from teachers and pass-out students. The study material is the best choice to revise class 12 business studies before exams. We have provided chapter-wise notes, with extra emphasis on the important concepts that are frequently asked in board exam papers. Along with notes, the study material also consists of the previous year's board question paper solutions so that students can know the correct method to answer a question. By the end of this study material, you will have completed the entire class 12 business studies syllabus and mastered all important concepts. You can also test your knowledge with the help of a sample paper.

Key Highlights of this Study Material:

  • Based on Latest NCERT Guidelines and update for the 2024-25 academic session.
  • The in-depth teaching of the most important topics of CBSE class 12 Business studies.
  • The use of images and infographics makes it a better choice than hand-written notes.
  • The study material is easily accessible through the use of the internet.
  • Practice and learn using sample paper and board paper solutions.

business case study class 12

GeeksforGeeks breaks down complex ideas into easy-to-understand concepts. Very helpful.

business case study class 12

With GeeksforGeeks, It become easy to understand class 12th Business Studies. Their easy explanations and helpful practical examples make studying less stressful.

business case study class 12

Aryan Gupta

Easy to read and Understand. Great Business Studies learning Material

business case study class 12

Rohan Singh

Class 12 Business Studies Guide: Clear, simple, and exactly what I need for exams.

How many chapters are in Business Studies Class 12?

There are 12 chapters in CBSE class 12 business studies. They are categorized into two parts- Part A and Part B. Part A contains 8 chapters and Part B contains 4 chapters.

Is it necessary to use the Class 12 Business Studies notes PDF?

CBSE class 12 business studies note pdf is useful when revising the entire syllabus, but our study material not only helps you revise the entire syllabus but it will also help you revise specific important topics.

What should be the study plan to ace the CBSE class 12 Business Studies board exam?

The study plan to ace your business studies board exam should be, learning and revising important topics from our study material. Practice the previous year's questions, and at last, be consistent and practice every day.

How does this study material help in learning CBSE class 12 business studies?

The study material provided here is an updated study material that compiles every important concept with practice examples and solutions. After completing this study material, you can easily score 95+ in your board exams.

Are NCERT solutions helpful for Class 12 Business Studies?

Yes, NCERT solutions provide detailed solutions to all questions in the NCERT textbooks and are very helpful.

How to effectively use study materials for Class 12 Business Studies?

To effectively use our class 12 business studies study material, understand the concepts, practice questions regularly, and solve previous years examination questions.

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CBSE Business Studies Syllabus 2023-24 for Class 12

CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus provides an extensive range of concepts and advanced information regarding the subject, including all the questions in the Business Studies syllabus. A piece of good knowledge in the business can influence the growth of an organisation, earnings, personal development, and daily lives of people. Business has an important impact on the living and quality of lifestyle and also the environment we live in. Students can use the Business Studies CBSE Class 12 Syllabus for 2023-24 with the help of the link given below.

CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus 2023-24

The link below lets students download the latest CBSE Syllabus PDF for Class 12 Business Studies. Going through the syllabus will help students know the topics they will study in Business Studies during the academic year.

  • CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus 2023-24 PDF
  • CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus 2022-23 PDF
  • Download Term Wise CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus 2021-22 PDF

By clicking on the link above, students can directly access the CBSE Business Studies Syllabus for Class 12 for the academic year 2023- 24.

CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus

Business Studies CLASS–XII (2023-24)

Theory: 80 Marks Duration: 180 Minutes

Part A: Principles and Functions of Management

Unit 1: nature and significance of management.

  • Management – concept, objectives, and importance
  • Management as Science, Art and Profession
  • Levels of Management
  • Management functions-planning, organising, staffing, directing and controlling
  • Coordination- concept and importance

Unit 2: Principles of Management

  • Principles of Management- concept and significance
  • Fayol’s principles of management
  • Taylor’s Scientific management- principles and techniques

Unit 3: Business Environment

  • Business Environment- concept and importance
  • Dimensions of Business Environment, Economic, Social, Technological, Political and Legal
  • Demonetization – concept and features

Unit 4: Planning

  • Planning: Concept, importance and limitation
  • Planning process
  • Single use and standing plans. Objectives, Strategy, Policy, Procedure, method Rule, budget and Programme

Unit 5: Organising

  • Organising: Concept and importance
  • Organising Process
  • Structure of organisation- functional and divisional concept. Formal and informal organisation- concept
  • Delegation: concept, elements and importance
  • Decentralisation: concept and importance

Unit 6: Staffing

  • Staffing: Concept and importance of staffing
  • Staffing as a part of Human Resource Management concept
  • Staffing process
  • Recruitment process
  • Selection – process
  • Training and Development – Concept and importance, Methods of training – on the job and off the job – vestibule training, apprenticeship training and internship training

Unit 7: Directing

  • Directing: Concept and importance
  • Elements of Directing
  • Motivation – concept, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, Financial and non-financial incentives
  • Leadership – concept, styles – authoritative, democratic and laissez faire
  • Communication – concept, formal and informal communication; barriers to effective communication, how to overcome the barriers?

Unit 8: Controlling

  • Controlling – Concept and importance
  • Relationship between planning and controlling
  • Steps in process of control

Part B: Business Finance and Marketing

Unit 9: financial management.

  • Financial Management: Concept, role and objectives
  • Financial decisions: investment, financing and dividend- Meaning and factors affecting
  • Financial Planning – concept and importance
  • Capital Structure – concept and factors affecting capital structure
  • Fixed and Working Capital – Concept and factors affecting their requirements

Unit 10: Financial Markets

  • Financial Markets: Concept
  • Money market: Concept
  • Capital market and its types (primary and secondary)
  • Stock Exchange – Functions and trading procedure
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) – objectives and functions

Unit 11: Marketing

  • Marketing – Concept, functions and philosophies
  • Marketing Mix – Concept and elements
  • Product – branding, labelling and packaging – Concept
  • Price – Concept, Factors determining price
  • Physical Distribution – concept, components and channels of distribution
  • Promotion – Concept and elements; Advertising, Personal Selling, Sales Promotion and Public Relations

Unit 12: Consumer Protection

  • Consumer Protection: Concept and importance
  • Consumer Protection Act 2019: Meaning of consumer Rights and responsibilities of consumers Who can file a complaint? Redressal machinery Remedies available
  • Consumer awareness – Role of consumer organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)

Unit 13: Project Work

Guidelines for Project Work in Business Studies for Class 12

Introduction

The course in Business Studies is introduced at Senior School level to provide students with a sound understanding of the principles and practices bearing in business (trade and industry) as well as their relationship with the society. Business is a dynamic process that brings together technology, natural resources and human initiative in a constantly changing global environment. With the purpose to help them understand the framework within which a business operates, and its interaction with the social, economic, technological and legal environment, the CBSE has introduced Project Work in the Business Studies Syllabus for Classes XI and XII. The projects have been designed to allow students to appreciate that business is an integral component of society and help them develop an understanding of the social and ethical issues concerning them.

The project work also aims to empower the teacher to relate all the concepts with what is happening around the world and the student’s surroundings, making them appear more clear and contextual. This will enable the student to enjoy studies and use his free time effectively in observing what’s happening around.

By means of Project Work the students are exposed to life beyond textbooks giving them opportunities to refer materials, gather information, analyze it further to obtain relevant information and decide what matter to keep.

Objectives After doing the Project Work in Business Studies, the students will be able to do the following:

  • develop a practical approach by using modern technologies in the field of business and management;
  • get an opportunity for exposure to the operational environment in the field of business management and related services;
  • inculcate important skills of team work, problem solving, time management, information collection, processing, analysing and synthesizing relevant information to derive meaningful conclusions
  • get involved in the process of research work; demonstrate his or her capabilities while working independently and
  • make studies an enjoyable experience to cherish.

How to Use CBSE Class 12 Business Study Syllabus

To make the study process easy, we have mentioned a few things that CBSE Class 12   students should remember while studying as per the Business Studies Syllabus.

  • Students must study according to the CBSE Syllabus Class 12 from NCERT Books. Following the NCERT book will make the students understand the concept in depth.
  • Follow reference books to make the study easy.
  • It is important to understand the meaning of the concept and purpose of a concept.
  • As there are many points to remember, note each concept you have understood and keep it for future reference.
  • The advanced study helps and will give adequate time for revision.
  • Solve previous year and Business Studies Class 12 Sample Papers . This will help you to manage time and understand the question pattern.

Business studies for Class 12 is an advanced level of the previous class. Students studied the basic fundamental aspects of the subject in the previous classes, and in Class 12, they will study the progressed degree of concepts.

Also, Explore: Business Studies Study Guide

Frequently Asked Questions on CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Business Studies 2023-24

According to the cbse syllabus for class 12 business studies, which chapter is for more marks, why is the cbse syllabus for class 12 business studies important for exam preparation, where can i find the free cbse syllabus for class 12 business studies, leave a comment cancel reply.

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  • Business Environment Class 12 Notes CBSE Business Studies Chapter 3 (Free PDF Download)
  • Revision Notes

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Revision Notes for CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 3 - Free PDF Download

Class 12 is one of the most important stages in a student’s life when students should deliver their utmost attention to every subject. Learning from the proper notes is essential for securing good marks in the board exam. Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 3 revision notes are developed in accordance with CBSE board rules and are useful for building conceptual comprehension of the concepts covered in this chapter. The following article has been designed to assist students by providing a full examination of the subjects covered in the third chapter of Class 12 Business Studies.

Download CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Revision Notes 2024-25 PDF

Also, check CBSE Class 12 Business studies revision notes for other chapters:

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Related Chapters

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Access Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 3 - Business Environment Notes

Meaning of Business Environment

Business environment refers to all the factors that are outside the control of the business enterprise but may equally affect the performance of the business. The social, political, economic, technological factors that operate outside a business forms a part of the business environment.

Features of Business Environment

Totality of External Forces: Includes every external or outside force that could impact a business organisation such as government, competitors, etc.

Specific and General Forces: Particular factors are those that have a direct impact on a single corporate organisation. General forces are those that have a direct impact on the broader industry yet have an indirect impact on a firm.

Inter-Relatedness: Changes in general forces may have an impact on particular forces. A change in government (a political power, for example) may result in a change in tax rates or import-export rates (an economic force)

Dynamic Nature: The external forces keep changing due to constant change in technology, consumer preferences, availability of different types of raw material etc.

Uncertainty: Constant changes in environment makes it difficult to predict changes in the external environment.

Complexity: The interrelated and dynamic nature of external forces makes it difficult to prepare one single strategy to handle all the changes.

Relativity: The impact of changes depends on business to business country to country region to region etc.

Importance of Business Environment

Identification of Opportunities : It enables the firm to identify opportunities and get the first mover advantage. The positive external changes provide opportunities to a business organisation to improve its performance.

Identifying Threat: It helps the firm to identify threats and provide early warning signals. Adverse changes in the external factors act as ‘threats’ to the business which hinders performance. Early identification of threats helps managers to make strategies to convert threats into opportunities.

Tapping Useful Resources: Business utilizes the resources of the external environment as inputs like finance, labour etc., and supplies its output to the environment in the form of goods and services, taxes, etc.

Coping with Rapid Changes: The business environment is extremely dynamic so the managers need to develop strategies not only to cope with the changes but also to use them as their strengths to improve their market shares.

Planning and Policy Formulation: Clear understanding and analysis of the business environment help businesses to formulate its future plans and strategies to cope with all the external changes.

Improves Performance: The continuous monitoring of the business environment and changing business practices from traditional methods help business in improving their present performance and also continue to retain its market position in the long run.

Dimensions in Business Environment

Economic Environment: It refers to all those factors and forces that have an economic impact on the business activities. Key economic factors include inflation, money supply, price level, etc. For example, increase in inflation rates result in fall in disposable incomes and as a result the demand for products falls.

Social Environment: The social environment represents the society's conventions and traditions, values, culture, social trends, beliefs, and ethics in which businesses operate. Businesses, for example, are increasingly worried about the quality of things they offer as consumers become more conscious of their rights.

Political Environment: It includes political stability such as political leadership, political stability, practices of the ruling party, etc. For example, change in government, or unstable government.

Legal Environment: It includes all the legislations passed, administrative orders issued, court judgements or decisions taken by government or its related offices. For example, all cigarette packets must carry a warning ‘smoking is injurious to health’.

Technological Environment: It consists of forces relating to scientific improvements and innovations, which lead to better production techniques and methods to produce goods. For example, shift from books to e-books, telephones to touch screen mobile phones. 

Economic Environment In India

The Indian economic environment consists of various factors that impact the means of production and distribution of wealth. 

Some of the factors are:

Economic development stages of the country.

The economic structure of the country; Mixed economy structure.

Economic policies such as fiscal and monetary policies of the government.

Government’s economic planning for the country in terms of five year plans etc.

Economic indices of the country such as growth rate, national income, balance of payment, savings and investment rate etc.

Infrastructural facilities of the country such as health, communication, transportation etc.

Objectives of India's Development Plans

To raise the standard of living by reducing unemployment and poverty.

To set up a strong industrial base with emphasis on heavy and basic industries.

Self-Reliance.

Reduction in wealth and income inequalities.

Prevent exploitation and adopt a socialist pattern of development.

New Industrial Policy 1991

Due to economic problems like high government deficit, foreign exchange crisis and rising prices, the Government of India developed the new industrial policy with an aim to overcome the economic problems.

Industries under compulsory licensing were brought down to six by the government.

Dereservation of industries was done and the role of the public sector was limited only to four industries.

Disinvestment was carried out for many public sector industries.

Foreign capital policy was liberalised. 

FDI upto 100% was permitted for many sectors.

Automatic grants were given for technology agreements with foreign countries.

Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) was set up to promote foreign investment in India.

Liberalisation

It is a reform which was introduced to remove unnecessary controls, licensing and government restrictions in an economy. This marked the end of license raj in India. 

The main objectives of introducing liberalisation were:

To restrict licensing requirements to only a few core industries.

To remove all restrictions related to scale of operation expansion or contraction of business activities.

To remove restrictions on the movement of goods and services.

To provide freedom to fix prices.

To reduce tax rates and remove unnecessary control.

Twinkle import of foreign capital and technology.

To simplify the procedures of import and export.

Privatisation

It refers to the transfer of development responsibilities from the state to the private sector. Private sector enterprises are those in which the government owns less than 51 percent of the company.

 Objectives:

To introduce plant disinvestment of the public sector. 

Dilute the ownership stake in public sector companies to less than 51%.

Establishment of the Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction to evaluate the loss making and sick enterprises. 

Disinvestment, that means to transfer the ownership from the public sector to the private sector.

Globalisation

Globalisation entails making it possible for the world's diverse economies to participate in the creation of a global economy. This was done to facilitate the free movement of imports and exports around the world.

Globalisation promoted fast technological progress since geographical barriers were no longer an impediment.

Demonetization

The term demonetisation means to invalidate all the currency notes of a particular denomination by the government of a country. 

The Indian Government demonetised the two largest denomination notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 on 8th November, 2016. 

The aim of this move was to curb corruption and illegal activities and stop hoarding of black money.

Features of Demonetisation

After demonetisation, cash is deposited into banks for exchanging with new notes which makes the payment of tax compulsory with penalty rate.

Government introduced demonetisation to reduce tax evasion.

Demonetisation reduces the cash transactions in the economy which means more savings through the financial system and improving tax payment system.

Demonetisation facilitates tax administration, and pave way for a cashless economy

Impact of Demonetisation

Impact of Government Policy Changes on Business and Industry

The LPG reforms brought about a significant impact on Indian business and industry. The challenges are:

Increased competition: Increase in the number of Indian firms and entry of foreign companies increased competition especially in the service industry.

More demanding customers: Increase in the number of enterprises gives consumers wider choice of products leading to rise in expectations and demands.

Rapidly changing technological environment: Fast changing technology requires companies to install the latest machinery, adopt latest techniques of production leading to an increase in investments in the business.

Necessity for change: With change in government policies business had to modify their policies and practices, invest in research and development, innovation etc.

Need for developing human resource: With change in technology business enterprises need to educate and train their staff so that they are competent to handle changes.

Market orientation: With increased awareness among consumers business enterprises had to shift the product oriented operations to market oriented operations.

Loss of budgetary support to the public sector: Public sector had to run in competition with the private sector. Therefore, they had to organise their own resources and functions efficiently.

Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 3 Revision Notes: Free PDF Download

What is the meaning of business environment.

The business environment refers to the individuals, institutions, and various other elements that has an impact on business performance but cannot be controlled by the business enterprise. As per class 12 business studies chapter 3 revision notes, the technological, economic, social and political forces are also a part of the business environment. 

The class 12 business studies chapter 3 revision notes also mention that besides the awareness about external forces it is also important for the businesses to be dynamic. The reason for this is dynamic businesses can easily adapt to business environmental change, and on the basis of these changes they can also formulate plans.

Highlights of Class 12 Business Studies Business Environment Revision Notes

Meaning of business environment

Features of the business environment

Importance of business environment

The dimension of the business environment

The economic environment in India

Branches of new economic policy

Impact of government policy changes of business and industry

Why Business Environment is Important?

The importance of a business environment is clearly stated in the revision notes class 12 business studies chapter 3. Following are the main points of the notes at a glance. 

The business environment helps the firm in the identification of opportunities. These opportunities are exploited by business firms to the advantages of the company. It is the opportunity that helps businesses to grow. 

It is also the environment that opens the door for businesses to collect various resources that are useful for the business. The understanding of the business environment allows the firms to formulate policies that will produce a beneficial outcome.

Lastly, the business environment helps the business to identify potential threats and serve warning signals. There are numerous companies that have altered their business approach to understand the rising competition in the market. If you want to know more about importance go through the class 12 notes Business Environment. 

Why Choose Vedantu?

Vedantu is an app that has brought about a change in the field of education. There are various reasons why Vedantu is one of the most reputable online education platforms that provides notes for all courses and classes in addition to business studies class 12 chapter 3 revision notes. These are some of the reasons why you should utilise Vedantu's NCERT answers chapter 3 class 12 business studies revision notes.

It provides engaging content by teachers with good experience

A superior learning experience for students

Pushing students towards improvement

It is the leading online tutoring company

Students learn from the best teachers from across India

So, download the class 12 revision notes chapter 3 and prepare for your exams without any hassles. 

CBSE Class 12 Revision Notes and Key Points

CBSE Class 12 Revision Notes on Business Studies may help students revise the complete syllabus before exams. The revision notes contain all of the chapter's main formulae and topics. After finishing reading each chapter from the textbook, students can refer to these revision notes to complete the preparation for the exam. If you want to have a quick revision of the chapters just before the stressful exam days, revision notes will surely help you save a lot of time.

You can also download the other chapters' revision notes of CBSE Class 12 Business Studies available in free pdf format from our website. 

Students are advised to have an in-depth knowledge of each concept to secure high marks in the exam. As Chapter 3 Business Environment is an important chapter for Class 12, Revision Notes on Chapter 3 will help you clear your doubts during the last-minute revision before the exam. You can also check out the important questions and NCERT Solutions of Chapter 3 of Class 12 Business Studies from our website.

Other Chapter Links On CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Revision Notes

Chapter 1 - Nature and Significance of Management Notes

Chapter 2 - Principles of Management Notes

Chapter 3 - Business Environment Notes

Chapter 4 - Planning Notes

Chapter 5 - Organising Notes

Chapter 6 - Staffing Notes

Chapter 7 - Directing Notes

Chapter 8 - Controlling Notes

Chapter 9 - Financial Management Notes

Chapter 10 - Financial Markets Notes

Chapter 11 - Marketing Notes

Chapter 12 - Consumer Protection Notes

Chapter 13 - Entrepreneurship Development Notes

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FAQs on Business Environment Class 12 Notes CBSE Business Studies Chapter 3 (Free PDF Download)

1. What are topics covered in the CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Revision Notes Chapter 3- Business Environment?

The topics covered in the CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Revision Notes Chapter 3- Business Environment, are as follows.

Dimensions of Business Environment

Economic Environment in India

The Branches of New Economic Policy

Demonetisation

Students are suggested to learn every topic in detail, so they can get a thorough understanding of the same. The CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Revision Notes Chapter 3- Business Environment will enhance their exam preparation and help them score well in their exams. 

2. Which is the best website for downloading the CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Revision Notes Chapter 3- Business Environment?

Vedantu is the best e-learning website for downloading the CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Revision Notes Chapter 3- Business Environment. Our subject-matter experts have prepared these revision notes after thoroughly examining the previous year question papers and the latest CBSE Class 12 Business Studies syllabus. Since these revision notes cover all the essential points from the chapter, students can refer to them for their exam preparation. These revision notes are available in a PDF file that is free to download. This ensures easy accessibility of the Class 12 Business Studies Business Environment revision notes for all students.

3. What is meant by demonetization?

Demonetisation is one of the most crucial administrative measures taken by the government of India, to check the circulation of black money. The currency notes of 500 and 1000 denominations were declared invalid or demonetized on 8 November 2016. As a result, 86 percent of the total cash in circulation happened to be invalid. The currency notes of 500 and 1000 denominations had to be exchanged for other notes or deposited in the bank and could be used to pay the utility bills.

4. What is meant by privatization?

The government of India redefined the roles of the private sector and the public sector as economic reform. As a part of privatization, the government f India promoted the transfer of ownership of public sector enterprises to the private sector. The ownership of enterprises that experienced a dilution of government ownership to more than 51 percent, have to be transferred to the private sector. Also, the enterprises that were incurring substantial losses over a considerable period, were referred to the Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction.

5. What do you mean by business environment according to Chapter 3 of Business Studies of Class 12?

The business environment is the totality of various individuals, institutions, and all other forces that do not form the business enterprise or are under the control of a business enterprise, but indirectly influences the performance of the business enterprise. From social, economic, technological, political to other such forces, they make the business environment. Government, consumers, media, courts, etc all influence a business. For example, government policies and changes in consumer behaviour and technology can affect businesses.  To understand more about the business environment in detail, visit Vedantu.

6. What is the significance of a business environment according to Chapter 3 of Business Studies of Class 12?

The business environment is important because it helps a business enterprise in getting various opportunities and the advantage of being the first mover. A business environment assists a business in identifying all the risks and warnings in engaging in an activity. Resources are also easily accessible for businesses through a business environment. It also helps in coping up with the ever-changing patterns of the environment relating to technology, consumer behaviour, global competition etc. Decision making and performance is also improved. 

7. What is liberalisation according to Chapter 3 of Business Studies of Class 12?

Liberalisation is a part of the economic reform which India had undertaken in 1991. The main aim of this liberalisation policy was to liberalise the businesses in India and lift the unnecessary restrictions and limitations posed by the government. This was mainly done to push away with the ‘License Permit Quota Raj’. The policy worked to abolish any license/permit required for most industries, remove restrictions on the movement of goods and services and on deciding the scale of business activities.

8. What is a legal environment according to Chapter 3 of Business Studies of Class 12?

The legal environment is one of the dimensions of the business environment. In a legal environment, all the legislations that are passed by the legislature and any other notice, policy, circular etc issued by the Government that might influence the functioning of a business is included. The judgments by the courts are also included in the legal environment. All business enterprises should follow these rules and guidelines that have been laid out by the three branches of the government. 

9. Where can I get the best Revision Notes for Chapter 3 of Business Studies of Class 12?

You can get the best Revision Notes for Chapter 3 of Business Studies of Class 12 at Vedantu. The notes are crisp but comprehensible. The lucid style helps students in grasping the concepts much more easily. You get a comprehensive summary of the full chapter with all the important points. Just going through this revision note will ensure that you have brushed through all the important topics that are required from the chapter to get maximum marks from this chapter in your exam.  The notes are free of cost and also available on Vedantu mobile app.

Study Materials for Class 12

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Manipur Board Class 12th Result 2024 OUT at cohsem.nic.in, check direct link

Manipur board class 12th result 2024 has been released by the council of higher secondary education (cohsem). students who took the class 12th board exam can download their results using their roll number, and date of birth. check direct link here..

Manipur Board Class 12th Result 2024 download link

In order to download Manipur Board Class 12th Result 2024, the students are required to enter their roll number in the result login window. The scorecards contain details such as the candidate’s name, date of birth, subject-wise marks, grade, qualifying status, and more.

How to download Manipur Board Class 12th Result 2024?

  • Visit the official website, manresults.nic.in
  • Click on the notification link that reads, 'Higher Secondary Examination 2024'
  • It will redirect you to the login page where you need to enter your roll number and click on 'submit' button
  • Higher Secondary Examination 2024 result will appear on the screen
  • Download Manipur Board Class 12th Result 2024 and save it for future reference

Direct link to download Manipur Board Class 12th Result 2024

Students will have to collect their Manipur Board Class 12th Result 2024 Mark sheet from their respective schools a few days after the result 2024 declaration. This year, the exams were conducted between  February 21 and March 23, 2024, in a pen-paper mode.  

In 2023, the results were declared on May 22. According to the data, around 36,717 students appeared for the exams of which, 24,513 students from Science followed by the Arts stream with 11,391 students and the Commerce stream with 813 students. The exams were conducted across 120 exam centres.

Manipur Board Class 12th Topper List 2024

In the Class 12th Manipur Board exam, Malemnganbi Laishram grabbed the first position in the science stream followed by Yumnam Khenika Devi and Mayanglambam Sania Devi. 

In Arts, Thokchom Sheityajit has secured the first position by securing 477 marks. Khaidem Niranda Devi and Sapam Langlel Chanu have secured second position with 474 marks. Jenita Longjam has secured third position with 472 marks.

In Commerce, Aiena Naorem has secured the top position by obtaining 447 marks. Kethallina Maisnam has secured second position with 438 marks and Longjam Aman Singh with 428 marks on third position.

What's next?

Students who are not satisfied with their class 12 board results will get an opportunity to appear in the improvement exams 2024. The exact date and time of conducting HSE improvement exams will be shared by the board in due course of time. Students are advised to stay tuned to the official website for latest updates.

Read all the Breaking News Live on indiatvnews.com and Get Latest English News & Updates from Education and Higher Studies Section

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Math’s Made Easy – Your Guide to Class 12 Math NCERT Solutions

Math's Made Easy - Your Guide to Class 12 Math NCERT Solutions

Mathematics is one of the most essential subjects as it is highly important if you want to pursue science in higher studies. It is one of the few subjects where students can secure 100% marks if done with utmost knowledge and dedication flawlessly. Although this subject remains easier in primary schools, it becomes quite harder in higher secondary. 

Often math’s of class 12 seems challenging to candidates due to its complexity and comprehensiveness. So, to solve their problems, the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) organization of the Indian Government has adopted some Class 12 Math’s NCERT solutions for qualitative analytical development.

A Comprehensive Guide to Class 12 Math’s NCERT Solutions

Following is the complete guide to the class 12 mathematics NCERT solutions:  

  • Math’s NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Chapter 1 Relations and Functions

Chapter 1 of the NCERT math’s book focuses on the revision of the concepts of relations, functions, codomain, and domain learnt in Class 11. Here, candidates explore many real-valued functions alongside their graphical diagrams. The chapter also has four exercises which are focused on the concepts clarified in the chapter.

  • Math’s NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Chapter 2 Inverse Trigonometric Functions

This is a trigonometry-based chapter, which explores the inverse trigonometric functions through 2 exercises that teach learners the behavior of those functions, their graphical illustrations, and the basic properties.

  • Math NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Chapter 3 Matrices 

This chapter is about the properties of one of the most essential tools of Math, namely Matrices. Here, students will learn the fundamentals of Matrices and matrix Algebra, as well as properties of matrix addition, multiplication of matrices, properties of scalar multiplication, transpose of a matrix, properties of multiplication of matrices, skew-symmetric matrices, and so on. 

  • Math NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Chapter 5 Continuity and Differentiability

This chapter takes you through the main concepts of Differentiability and Continuity and shows the major relationship between them. Besides, it deals with the differentiability and continuity of Inverse Trigonometric Functions. In addition, this chapter also gives you an introduction to logarithmic functions.

  • Math NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Chapter 6 Application of Derivatives

Apart from Differentiability and Continuity, this chapter takes you to the introduction of Derivatives. It explores the derivatives of various functions, and their uses like increasing and decreasing functions, rate of change of quantities, maxima and minima, approximations, tangents and normal, and miscellaneous examples.

  • Math NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Chapter 7 Integrals

This is one of the most crucial as well as time-consuming chapters in the Class 12 syllabus of Mathematics. It deals with the integration of functions, its applications in the calculation of areas, integration via trigonometric identities, and so on. In total, there are 11 exercises in this chapter.

  • Math NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Chapter 8 Application of Integrals

This chapter deals with the uses of integrals in computing areas under lines, simple curves, ellipses, and parabolas. It has two exercises which offer sufficient questions for practicing. 

  • Math NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Chapter 9 Differential Equations

This chapter takes you through the introduction of differential equations, general and particular solutions of a differential equation, degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation, order of a differential equation, etc. The chapter has six exercises for practicing questions/answers.

  • Math NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Chapter 10 Vector Equations

This chapter of NCERT math book gives an introduction to vector quantities, which is, the quantities having both direction and magnitude. The Vector algebra summons the rules of addition of vector integers, and other vital properties. This chapter also plays a crucial role in Physics.

  • Class 12 Math NCERT Solutions: Chapter 11 Linear Programming

This chapter mainly explores the rudimentary of linear programming, and their solutions using only the graphical technique.

  • Class 12 Math NCERT Solutions: Chapter 12 Probability

This chapter is about Conditional Probability, The Bayes’ Theorem, conditional probability, the multiplication rule of probability, the basics of conditional probability, etc. You can understand this chapter better by practicing more and more questions. 

Strengthening yourself in mathematics during class 12 is highly essential if you are planning to build your career on this subject. Since this subject is quite difficult in the higher secondary standard, the Indian Government provides the class 12 math NCERT solutions to help you secure good marks in the exam and build the foundation of a golden career.

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COMMENTS

  1. CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Case Studies

    CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Case Studies. Unit 1 - Nature and Significance of Management, Principles of Management and Business Environment. Unit 2 - Planning and Organising. Unit 3 - Staffing, Directing and Controlling. Unit 4 - Financial Management and Financial Market. Unit 5 - Marketing and Consumer Protection.

  2. Class 12 Business Studies Case Study Questions

    12 Business Studies Paper Design. The exam is divided into 2 parts: Part A generally contains questions from Principles and Functions of Management and carries 60 marks. Part B comprises questions from Business Finance and Marketing, it carries a total of 40 marks. The syllabus of class 12 Business Studies comprises 12 chapters that are divided ...

  3. Business Studies Class 12 Case Studies With Solutions

    Part A & B: Principles and Functions of Management & Business Finance and Marketing. Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 1 Case Studies. Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 2 Case Studies. Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 3 Case Studies. Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 4 Case Studies. Business Studies Class 12 Chapter 5 Case Studies.

  4. CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Notes FREE PDF Download

    Students can only enjoy Class 12 Business studies if they understand the complex terms and basic concepts in easy language. To help students perform well in the Class 12 Business studies exam and give them better clarity of all the crucial concepts of this subject, nothing can be better than well-explained Class 12 Business Studies Notes.

  5. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies

    NCERT Solutions Business studies for Class 12 is an advanced level of Class 11 NCERT Solutions. Chapterwise NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies is given below. Name of the Chapter. Chapter 1 Nature and Significance of Management. Chapter 2 Principles of Management. Chapter 3 Business Environment. Chapter 4 Planning. Chapter 5 Organising.

  6. CBSE Board 2023: Important CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Case Study

    CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Important Case Study-Based Questions: As per the CBSE board exam date sheet, the Class 12 Business Studies 2023 paper has been scheduled for March 25, 2023. The exam ...

  7. Business Studies Class 12 Case Studies

    Business Studies Class 12 Case Studies. The Central Board of Secondary Examination [CBSE] carries out periodic changes frequently in the structure of syllabus and question pattern across different commerce subjects. With more and more questions being added which aim to evaluate concept-application, analysis and interpretation, the prevalent ...

  8. NCERT Solutions Business Studies Class 12

    Business Studies Class 12 Notes provide concise summaries of key concepts, theories, and case studies, while NCERT Solutions offers comprehensive answers to textbook questions. Together, these resources serve as invaluable study aids, enabling students to understand concepts thoroughly and practice answering questions effectively. ...

  9. How to Solve Case Study Questions in Business Studies class 12

    Tips and Tricks to Solve Case Study Questions of CBSE Class 12 Business Studies: CBSE board is set to conduct the Class 12 Business Studies examination 2023 on March 25, 2023. Check here your ...

  10. Chapter-wise Case Studies

    These Chapter-wise Case Studies sections for Business Studies (BST) Class 12 Notes are comprehensive and detailed yet concise enough to glance through for exam preparations. The Chapter-wise Case Studies Topic is one of the critical chapters for Commerce aspirants to understand thoroughly to perform well in the Business Studies (BST) Class 12 ...

  11. Chapter-wise Business Studies Case Studies Class 12 Pdf 2023-24

    The business studies class 12 case studies pdf download is available for students. Business Studies is a main subject of the Commerce Stream in class 12th that helps students to understand how businesses are crucial for the economy. As the present students are the future of the nation.

  12. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies

    NCERT Class 12 Business Studies Solutions PDF Free Download (2023-24) Class 12 Business Studies Solutions gives you a basic idea of how to set up a business. Have an indepth understanding of all the fundamental concepts by making use of the NCERT Class 12th Business Studies Solutions. All the solutions are provided in accordance with the CBSE ...

  13. CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Study Material (2024

    GeeksForGeeks has curated the best study material for CBSE Class 12 business studies by taking inputs from teachers and pass-out students. The study material is the best choice to revise class 12 business studies before exams. We have provided chapter-wise notes, with extra emphasis on the important concepts that are frequently asked in board ...

  14. CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus 2023-24

    Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus provides a broad degree of illustrative examples, which helps the students to comprehend and learn quickly. The above-mentioned is the syllabus for Class 12 Business Studies. For more solutions and study materials for Class 12 Business Studies, visit BYJU'S or download the app for the best learning experience.

  15. Business Environment Class 12 Notes CBSE Business Studies ...

    Revision Notes for CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Chapter 3 - Free PDF Download. Class 12 is one of the most important stages in a student's life when students should deliver their utmost attention to every subject. Learning from the proper notes is essential for securing good marks in the board exam.

  16. CBSE Notes for Class 12 Business Studies

    CBSE Notes for Class 12 Business Studies. Revision Notes for CBSE Class 12 Business Studies - Free PDF Download. Free PDF download of CBSE Class 12 Business Studies revision notes and short key-notes to score more marks in your exams, prepared by our expert Business Studies teachers from the latest edition of CBSE (NCERT) books.

  17. Decentralization and Centralization

    Decentralization and Centralization | Class 12 Business Studies | The Doon Grammar-----Contact Us📞 075005 75777🌐 https://www.doongrammarschool.edu.in ️ ht...

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  20. Manipur Board Class 12th Result 2024 OUT at cohsem.nic ...

    How to download Manipur Board Class 12th Result 2024? Visit the official website, manresults.nic.in. Click on the notification link that reads, 'Higher Secondary Examination 2024'. It will ...

  21. Math's Made Easy

    Math's NCERT Solutions for Class 12: Chapter 1 Relations and Functions. Chapter 1 of the NCERT math's book focuses on the revision of the concepts of relations, functions, codomain, and domain learnt in Class 11. Here, candidates explore many real-valued functions alongside their graphical diagrams. The chapter also has four exercises which ...

  22. CBSE Class 12 results: 87.98% students pass exams, girls ...

    Girls have again outshone boys in the CBSE Class 12 board exams, results for which were declared on Monday with 87.98 per cent students passing the test. Last year, the total pass percentage was 87.33 per cent. Officials said 91.52 per cent girls cleared the exam, 6.40 percentage points higher than boys' pass percentage.

  23. German aviation company Lilium and Swiss firm to open new sites in

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  24. Doing Business in Ukraine 2024 Conference: Building Ukraine's ...

    The Center for Strategic & International Studies is pleased to announce its second Doing Business in Ukraine conference "Building Ukraine's Security Through a Modernized Economy.". The conference will convene Ukrainian leaders from both the private sector and municipal administrations, alongside representatives from multinational corporations, the Biden Administration, and the U.S ...