Essay on Sport Event

Students are often asked to write an essay on Sport Event in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Sport Event


A sports event is a physical competition that allows athletes to showcase their skills. It offers excitement, entertainment, and often brings people together.

Types of Sports Events

Sports events can be local, national, or international. They range from school sports days and community games to the Olympics.

Importance of Sports Events

Sports events promote physical fitness, team spirit, and discipline. They also provide an opportunity for athletes to gain recognition.

In conclusion, sports events play a crucial role in society. They are not just about competition, but also about unity, health, and personal growth.

250 Words Essay on Sport Event

Sports events are multifaceted phenomena that serve as a nexus for communal bonding, economic development, and cultural expression. They have the potential to shape societal norms and influence global perspectives, transcending the mere spectacle of athletic prowess.

Social Impact of Sports Events

Sports events act as a social glue, fostering a sense of community and shared identity. They provide a platform for the celebration of diversity, promoting inclusivity and unity. The Olympic Games, for instance, symbolize the confluence of nations, showcasing the power of sports to bridge cultural and political divides.

Economic Implications

Sports events also have significant economic implications. They stimulate local economies, create jobs, and attract tourism. Cities hosting major events like the FIFA World Cup often experience a surge in infrastructure development, leading to long-term economic growth. However, they should also consider the potential for environmental degradation and resource misallocation.

Cultural Significance

The cultural significance of sports events is profound. They serve as a platform for cultural exchange and mutual understanding, promoting global harmony. Furthermore, they can help shape a nation’s image, influencing perceptions on the global stage.

Sports events are more than just games; they are catalysts for social, economic, and cultural transformation. As we engage with these events, it is crucial to consider their broader implications, harnessing their potential to foster unity, stimulate economic growth, and promote cultural understanding.

500 Words Essay on Sport Event

Introduction: the essence of sport events.

Sport events are an integral part of human culture, providing a platform for athletes to showcase their skills and for spectators to engage in shared experiences. These events are not just about competition; they are a celebration of talent, determination, and the unifying power of sport.

The Historical Context of Sport Events

The tradition of organized sport events dates back to ancient times. The Olympic Games of ancient Greece, first recorded in 776 BC, are perhaps the most famous early example. These games were a religious festival and a social occasion as well as a sporting event. They brought together the city-states of Greece in a spirit of friendly competition and mutual respect.

The Modern Landscape of Sport Events

In the modern era, sport events have expanded in scope and scale. They range from local community games to international mega-events like the FIFA World Cup and the Olympic Games. These events attract millions of spectators, both on-site and through media broadcasts, making them a significant cultural and economic phenomenon.

The Economic Impact of Sport Events

Sport events have a substantial economic impact. They generate revenue through ticket sales, broadcasting rights, and sponsorships. They also stimulate economic activity in the host city or country, including tourism, construction, and retail. For instance, according to a study by Ernst & Young, the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil contributed $7.2 billion to the Brazilian GDP.

Sport Events and Cultural Exchange

Sport events also facilitate cultural exchange and promote mutual understanding among nations. Athletes and spectators from different cultural backgrounds come together, providing opportunities for interaction and learning. This cultural diplomacy can foster international goodwill and contribute to peace.

The Social Significance of Sport Events

Sport events can also have profound social implications. They can inspire individuals and communities, promote physical fitness and mental well-being, and provide a sense of identity and belonging. Moreover, they can be platforms for social change, as seen in the Paralympic Games’ role in promoting disability rights.

The Challenges of Hosting Sport Events

Hosting sport events, particularly mega-events, is not without challenges. These include the high costs of preparation, potential environmental impacts, and the risk of facilities becoming “white elephants” after the event. Therefore, sustainable planning and management are essential to ensure the event’s long-term benefits outweigh the costs.

Conclusion: The Future of Sport Events

In conclusion, sport events are a powerful force in society. They offer economic benefits, foster cultural exchange, and have the potential to inspire and bring about social change. However, they also pose significant challenges that require careful planning and management. As we look to the future, the continued evolution of sport events will undoubtedly be a fascinating area of study and engagement.

That’s it! I hope the essay helped you.

If you’re looking for more, here are essays on other interesting topics:

  • Essay on My Favourite Sport
  • Essay on My Favourite Sport Basketball
  • Essay on My Favourite Song

Apart from these, you can look at all the essays by clicking here .

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sport events essay

How to Write a Non-Cliche College Essay About Sports + Examples

What’s covered:, what makes a sports essay cliche.

  • How To Make Your Sports Essay Unique

Great Examples of College Essays About Sports

Where to get your college essay edited for free, or by an expert.

You’ve been brainstorming essay topics for your college applications, and you think you’ve finally found the right one: an extended metaphor likening your experience on the field with overcoming personal struggles. The problem: many other students have this same thought. 

The purpose of a college essay is to make yourself stand out as a unique individual, but when students write about sports, they often blend in. Because of that, students are usually advised to pick a different topic.

That being said, it is possible to write a non-cliche college essay about sports if you put in a little extra effort. Read along to learn how to make your sports essay different from all the other sports essays.

Sports essays are cliche when they follow a standard trajectory. Some of these trajectories include writing a story about:

  • An agonizing defeat
  • Forging bonds with teammates
  • Overcoming adversity
  • Overcoming an injury
  • Refusing to quit
  • Victory during a big game

Because sports essays have very similar themes and “lessons learned,” it can be difficult to make your story stand out. These trajectories also often focus too much on the sport or storyline, and not enough on the writer’s reflections and personality.

As you write your essay, try to think about what your experience says about you rather than what you learned from your experience. You are more than just one lesson you learned!

(Keep in mind that the sports essay is not the only college essay cliche. Learn about other essay cliches and how to fix them in our complete guide).

How to Make Your Sports Essay Unique

1. focus on a specific moment or reflection..

The college essay is a way for students to humanize themselves to admissions officers. You do not feel human if you are describing yourself as just another player on the field!

One important way to make your essay about you (not just about sports) is by focusing on a specific moment in time and inviting the reader to join you in that moment. Explain to the reader what it would be like to be sitting in that locker room as you questioned the values of the other players on your team. Ask your reader to sit with you on the cot in the trainer’s room as your identity was stripped away from you when they said “your body can’t take this anymore.” Bring your reader to the dinner table and involve them in your family’s conversation about how sports were affecting your mental health and your treatment of those around you.

Intense descriptions of a specific experience will evoke emotions in your reader and allow them to connect with you and feel for you.

When in doubt, avoid anything that can be covered by ESPN. On ESPN, we see the games, we see the benches, we even see the locker rooms and training rooms. Take your reader somewhere different and show them something unique.

2. Use sports to point out broader themes in your life.

The main risk when writing about sports is neglecting to write about yourself. Before you get started, think about the main values that you want to express in your sports essay. Sports are simply your avenue for telling the reader what makes you unique. 

As a test, imagine if you were a pianist. Would you be able to talk about these same values? What if you were a writer? Or a chemist? Articulating your values is the end, and sports should simply be your means.

Some values that you might want to focus on:

  • Autonomy (you want to be able to set your mind to anything and achieve it on your own)
  • Growth (you seek improvement constantly)
  • Curiosity (you are willing to try anything once)
  • Vulnerability (you aren’t afraid to fail, as long as you give it your all)
  • Community (you value the feedback of others and need camaraderie to succeed)
  • Craft (you think that with deliberate care, anything can be perfected)
  • Responsibility (you believe that you owe something to those around you and perhaps they also owe something to you)

You can use the ESPN check again to make sure that you are using sports as an avenue to show your depth.

Things ESPN covers: how a player reacts to defeat, how injuries affect a player’s gameplay/attitude, how players who don’t normally work well together are working together on their new team.

Things ESPN doesn’t cover: the conversation that a player had with their mother about fear of death before going into a big surgery (value: family and connection), the ways that the intense pressure to succeed consumed a player to the point they couldn’t be there for the people in their life (value: supporting others and community), the body image issues that weigh on a player’s mind when playing their sport and how they overcame those (value: health and growth).

3. Turn a cliche storyline on its head.

There’s no getting around the fact that sports essays are often cliche. But there is a way to confront the cliche head-on. For example, lots of people write essays about the lessons they learned from an injury, victory, and so on, but fewer students explain how they are embracing those lessons. 

Perhaps you learned that competition is overwhelming for you and you prefer teamwork, so you switched from playing basketball to playing Dungeons & Dragons. Maybe, when your softball career ended abruptly, you had to find a new identity and that’s when you became obsessed with your flower garden and decided to pursue botany. Or maybe, you have stuck with football through it all, but your junior-year mental health struggle showed you that football should be fun and you have since started a nonprofit for local children to healthily engage with sports.

If your story itself is more cliche, try bringing readers to the present moment with you and show why the cliche matters and what it did for you. This requires a fair amount of creativity. Ensure you’re not parroting a frequently used topic by really thinking deeply to find your own unique spin.

Night had robbed the academy of its daytime colors, yet there was comfort in the dim lights that cast shadows of our advances against the bare studio walls. Silhouettes of roundhouse kicks, spin crescent kicks, uppercuts and the occasional butterfly kick danced while we sparred. She approached me, eyes narrowed with the trace of a smirk challenging me. “Ready spar!” Her arm began an upward trajectory targeting my shoulder, a common first move. I sidestepped — only to almost collide with another flying fist. Pivoting my right foot, I snapped my left leg, aiming my heel at her midsection. The center judge raised one finger. 

There was no time to celebrate, not in the traditional sense at least. Master Pollard gave a brief command greeted with a unanimous “Yes, sir” and the thud of 20 hands dropping-down-and-giving-him-30, while the “winners” celebrated their victory with laps as usual. 

Three years ago, seven-thirty in the evening meant I was a warrior. It meant standing up straighter, pushing a little harder, “Yes, sir” and “Yes, ma’am”, celebrating birthdays by breaking boards, never pointing your toes, and familiarity. Three years later, seven-thirty in the morning meant I was nervous. 

The room is uncomfortably large. The sprung floor soaks up the checkerboard of sunlight piercing through the colonial windows. The mirrored walls further illuminate the studio and I feel the light scrutinizing my sorry attempts at a pas de bourrée, while capturing the organic fluidity of the dancers around me. “Chassé en croix, grand battement, pique, pirouette.” I follow the graceful limbs of the woman in front of me, her legs floating ribbons, as she executes what seems to be a perfect ronds de jambes. Each movement remains a negotiation. With admirable patience, Ms. Tan casts me a sympathetic glance.   

There is no time to wallow in the misery that is my right foot. Taekwondo calls for dorsiflexion; pointed toes are synonymous with broken toes. My thoughts drag me into a flashback of the usual response to this painful mistake: “You might as well grab a tutu and head to the ballet studio next door.” Well, here I am Master Pollard, unfortunately still following your orders to never point my toes, but no longer feeling the satisfaction that comes with being a third degree black belt with 5 years of experience quite literally under her belt. It’s like being a white belt again — just in a leotard and ballet slippers. 

But the appetite for new beginnings that brought me here doesn’t falter. It is only reinforced by the classical rendition of “Dancing Queen” that floods the room and the ghost of familiarity that reassures me that this new beginning does not and will not erase the past. After years spent at the top, it’s hard to start over. But surrendering what you are only leads you to what you may become. In Taekwondo, we started each class reciting the tenets: honor, courtesy, integrity, perseverance, self-control, courage, humility, and knowledge, and I have never felt that I embodied those traits more so than when I started ballet. 

The thing about change is that it eventually stops making things so different. After nine different schools, four different countries, three different continents, fluency in Tamil, Norwegian, and English, there are more blurred lines than there are clear fragments. My life has not been a tactfully executed, gold medal-worthy Taekwondo form with each movement defined, nor has it been a series of frappés performed by a prima ballerina with each extension identical and precise, but thankfully it has been like the dynamics of a spinning back kick, fluid, and like my chances of landing a pirouette, unpredictable. 

Why it works:

What’s especially powerful about this essay is that the author uses detailed imagery to convey a picture of what they’re experiencing, so much so that the reader is along for the ride. This works as a sports essay not only because of the language and sensory details, but also because the writer focuses on a specific moment in time, while at the same time exploring why Taekwondo is such an important part of their life.

After the emotional image is created, the student finishes their essay with valuable reflection. With the reflection, they show admissions officers that they are mature and self-aware. Self-awareness comes through with statements like “surrendering what you are only leads you to what you may become” and maturity can be seen through the student’s discussion of values “honor, courtesy, integrity, perseverance, self-control, courage, humility, and knowledge, and I have never felt that I embodied those traits more so than when I started ballet.” These are the kinds of comments that should find their way into a sports essay!

sport events essay

“Advanced females ages 13 to 14 please proceed to staging with your coaches at this time.” Skittering around the room, eyes wide and pleading, I frantically explained my situation to nearby coaches. The seconds ticked away in my head; every polite refusal increased my desperation.

Despair weighed me down. I sank to my knees as a stream of competitors, coaches, and officials flowed around me. My dojang had no coach, and the tournament rules prohibited me from competing without one.

Although I wanted to remain strong, doubts began to cloud my mind. I could not help wondering: what was the point of perfecting my skills if I would never even compete? The other members of my team, who had found coaches minutes earlier, attempted to comfort me, but I barely heard their words. They couldn’t understand my despair at being left on the outside, and I never wanted them to understand.

Since my first lesson 12 years ago, the members of my dojang have become family. I have watched them grow up, finding my own happiness in theirs. Together, we have honed our kicks, blocks, and strikes. We have pushed one another to aim higher and become better martial artists. Although my dojang had searched for a reliable coach for years, we had not found one. When we attended competitions in the past, my teammates and I had always gotten lucky and found a sympathetic coach. Now, I knew this practice was unsustainable. It would devastate me to see the other members of my dojang in my situation, unable to compete and losing hope as a result. My dojang needed a coach, and I decided it was up to me to find one. 

I first approached the adults in the dojang – both instructors and members’ parents. However, these attempts only reacquainted me with polite refusals. Everyone I asked told me they couldn’t devote multiple weekends per year to competitions. I soon realized that I would have become the coach myself.

At first, the inner workings of tournaments were a mystery to me. To prepare myself for success as a coach, I spent the next year as an official and took coaching classes on the side. I learned everything from motivational strategies to technical, behind-the-scenes components of Taekwondo competitions. Though I emerged with new knowledge and confidence in my capabilities, others did not share this faith.

Parents threw me disbelieving looks when they learned that their children’s coach was only a child herself. My self-confidence was my armor, deflecting their surly glances. Every armor is penetrable, however, and as the relentless barrage of doubts pounded my resilience, it began to wear down. I grew unsure of my own abilities.

Despite the attack, I refused to give up. When I saw the shining eyes of the youngest students preparing for their first competition, I knew I couldn’t let them down. To quit would be to set them up to be barred from competing like I was. The knowledge that I could solve my dojang’s longtime problem motivated me to overcome my apprehension.

Now that my dojang flourishes at competitions, the attacks on me have weakened, but not ended. I may never win the approval of every parent; at times, I am still tormented by doubts, but I find solace in the fact that members of my dojang now only worry about competing to the best of their abilities.

Now, as I arrive at a tournament with my students, I close my eyes and remember the past. I visualize the frantic search for a coach and the chaos amongst my teammates as we compete with one another to find coaches before the staging calls for our respective divisions. I open my eyes to the exact opposite scene. Lacking a coach hurt my ability to compete, but I am proud to know that no member of my dojang will have to face that problem again.

In the beginning, you might think this is another cliche sports essay about overcoming adversity. But instead, it becomes a unique statement and coming-of-age tale that reads as a suspenseful narrative. 

The author connects their experience with martial arts to larger themes in their life but manages to do so without riffing off of tried-and-true themes. Through statements like “I knew I couldn’t let them down. To quit would be to set them up to be barred from competing like I was” we learn about the students values and their desire to be there for those who depend on them. 

The student also brings it full circle, demonstrating their true transformation. By using the “Same, but Different” ending technique , the student places themself in the same environment that we saw in the intro, but experiences it differently due to their actions throughout the narrative. This is very compelling!

“1…2…3…4 pirouettes! New record!” My friends cheered as I landed my turns. Pleased with my progress, I gazed down at my worn-out pointe shoes. The sweltering blisters, numbing ice-baths, and draining late-night practices did not seem so bad after all. Next goal: five turns.

For as long as I can remember, ballet, in all its finesse and glamor, had kept me driven day to day. As a child, the lithe ballerinas, donning ethereal costumes as they floated across the stage, were my motivation. While others admired Messi and Adele, I idolized Carlos Acosta, principal dancer of the Royal Ballet. 

As I devoted more time and energy towards my craft, I became obsessed with improving my technique. I would stretch for hours after class, forcing my leg one inch higher in an effort to mirror the Dance Magazine cover girls. I injured my feet and ruined pair after pair of pointe shoes, turning on wood, cement, and even grass to improve my balance as I spun. At competitions, the dancers with the 180-degree leg extensions, endless turns, and soaring leaps—the ones who received “Bravos!” from the roaring audience—further pushed me to refine my skills and perfect my form. I believed that, with enough determination, I would one day attain their level of perfection. Reaching the quadruple-pirouette milestone only intensified my desire to accomplish even more. 

My efforts seemed to have come to fruition two summers ago when I was accepted to dance with Moscow’s Bolshoi Ballet at their renowned New York City summer intensive. I walked into my first session eager to learn from distinguished ballet masters and worldly dancers, already anticipating my improvement. Yet, as I danced alongside the accomplished ballerinas, I felt out of place. Despite their clean technique and professional training, they did not aim for glorious leg extensions or prodigious leaps. When they performed their turn combinations, most of them only executed two turns as I attempted four. 

“Dancers, double-pirouettes only.” 

Taken aback and confused, I wondered why our teacher expected so little from us. The other ballerinas seemed content, gracing the studio with their simple movements. 

As I grew closer with my Moscow roommates, I gradually learned that their training emphasized the history of the art form instead of stylistic tricks. Rather than show off their physical ability, their performances aimed to convey a story, one that embodied the rich culture of ballet and captured both the legacy of the dancers before them and their own artistry. As I observed my friends more intently in repertoire class, I felt the pain of the grief-stricken white swan from Swan Lake, the sass of the flirtatious Kitri from Don Quijote, and I gradually saw what I had overlooked before. My definition of talent had been molded by crowd-pleasing elements—whirring pirouettes, gravity-defying leaps, and mind-blowing leg extensions. This mindset slowly stripped me from the roots of my passion and my personal connection with ballet. 

With the Bolshoi, I learned to step back and explore the meaning behind each step and the people behind the scenes. Ballet carries history in its movements, from the societal values of the era to each choreographer’s unique flair. As I uncovered the messages behind each pirouette, kick, and jump, my appreciation for ballet grew beyond my obsession with raw athleticism and developed into a love for the art form’s emotive abilities in bridging the dancers with the audience. My journey as an artist has allowed me to see how technical execution is only the means to a greater understanding between dancer and spectator, between storyteller and listener. The elegance and complexity of ballet does not revolve around astonishing stunts but rather the evocative strength and artistry manifested in the dancer, in me. It is the combination of sentiments, history, tradition, and passion that has allowed ballet and its lessons of human connection to become my lifestyle both on and off stage.

This essay is about lessons. While the author is a dancer, this narrative isn’t really about ballet, per se — it’s about the author’s personal growth. It is purposefully reflective as the student shows a nice character arc that begins with an eager young ballerina and ends with a reflection on their past. The primary strength of this essay is the honesty and authenticity that the student approaches it with.

In the end, the student turns a cliche on its head as they embrace the idea of overcoming adversity and demonstrate how the adversity, in this case, was their own stereotypes about their art. It’s beautiful!

“Getting beat is one thing – it’s part of competing – but I want no part in losing.” Coach Rob Stark’s motto never fails to remind me of his encouragement on early-morning bus rides to track meets around the state. I’ve always appreciated the phrase, but an experience last June helped me understand its more profound, universal meaning.

Stark, as we affectionately call him, has coached track at my high school for 25 years. His care, dedication, and emphasis on developing good character has left an enduring impact on me and hundreds of other students. Not only did he help me discover my talent and love for running, but he also taught me the importance of commitment and discipline and to approach every endeavor with the passion and intensity that I bring to running. When I learned a neighboring high school had dedicated their track to a longtime coach, I felt that Stark deserved similar honors.

Our school district’s board of education indicated they would only dedicate our track to Stark if I could demonstrate that he was extraordinary. I took charge and mobilized my teammates to distribute petitions, reach out to alumni, and compile statistics on the many team and individual champions Stark had coached over the years. We received astounding support, collecting almost 3,000 signatures and pages of endorsements from across the community. With help from my teammates, I presented this evidence to the board.

They didn’t bite. 

Most members argued that dedicating the track was a low priority. Knowing that we had to act quickly to convince them of its importance, I called a team meeting where we drafted a rebuttal for the next board meeting. To my surprise, they chose me to deliver it. I was far from the best public speaker in the group, and I felt nervous about going before the unsympathetic board again. However, at that second meeting, I discovered that I enjoy articulating and arguing for something that I’m passionate about.

Public speaking resembles a cross country race. Walking to the starting line, you have to trust your training and quell your last minute doubts. When the gun fires, you can’t think too hard about anything; your performance has to be instinctual, natural, even relaxed. At the next board meeting, the podium was my starting line. As I walked up to it, familiar butterflies fluttered in my stomach. Instead of the track stretching out in front of me, I faced the vast audience of teachers, board members, and my teammates. I felt my adrenaline build, and reassured myself: I’ve put in the work, my argument is powerful and sound. As the board president told me to introduce myself, I heard, “runners set” in the back of my mind. She finished speaking, and Bang! The brief silence was the gunshot for me to begin. 

The next few minutes blurred together, but when the dust settled, I knew from the board members’ expressions and the audience’s thunderous approval that I had run quite a race. Unfortunately, it wasn’t enough; the board voted down our proposal. I was disappointed, but proud of myself, my team, and our collaboration off the track. We stood up for a cause we believed in, and I overcame my worries about being a leader. Although I discovered that changing the status quo through an elected body can be a painstakingly difficult process and requires perseverance, I learned that I enjoy the challenges this effort offers. Last month, one of the school board members joked that I had become a “regular” – I now often show up to meetings to advocate for a variety of causes, including better environmental practices in cafeterias and safer equipment for athletes.

Just as Stark taught me, I worked passionately to achieve my goal. I may have been beaten when I appealed to the board, but I certainly didn’t lose, and that would have made Stark proud.

This essay uses the idea of sports to explore a more profound topic—growing through relationships. They really embrace using sports as an avenue to tell the reader about a specific experience that changed the way they approach the world. 

The emphasis on relationships is why this essay works well and doesn’t fall into a cliche. The narrator grows not because of their experience with track but because of their relationship with their coach, who inspired them to evolve and become a leader.

Have a draft of your college essay? We’re here to help you polish it. Students can participate in a free Peer Review, or they can sign up for a paid review by CollegeVine’s experts. Sign up for your free CollegeVine account today to start improving your essay and your chances of acceptance!

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sport events essay

Building a Better Teacher

How teaching works (and how to teach it to everyone), sports day essay: a comprehensive guide.

Sports day at your school is one of those special occasions that every student looks forward to. It's a day filled with excitement, camaraderie, and a chance to showcase your athletic skills. Writing a sports day essay can be a fantastic way to capture the memories and emotions of this event. In this comprehensive guide,  the trick to writing a good sports essay for your school  we'll walk you through the process of writing an outstanding sports day essay. Whether you're a student tasked with this assignment or just want to relive the experience, read on to discover how to create a memorable essay that captures the spirit of the day.

Essay on Sports Day: Where to Begin

Writing an essay on sports day requires careful planning and organization. Here are the essential steps to get you started:

  • Choose a Captivating Introduction: Start your essay with an attention-grabbing introduction that sets the stage for the rest of your narrative. Consider using a quote, anecdote, or interesting fact related to sports day.
  • Describe the Atmosphere: Paint a vivid picture of the atmosphere on sports day. Use descriptive language to help your readers feel like they were there with you.
  • Highlight Your Participation: Share your personal experiences and involvement in the sporting activities. Describe the events you participated in and your feelings throughout the day.
  • Include Emotions and Insights: A reflection paper requires you to delve into your thoughts and feelings. Discuss what you learned from the experience and any insights you gained.
  • Engage the Senses: Appeal to the readers' senses by describing the sights, sounds, and even the tastes of the day. This will make your essay more engaging and relatable.
  • Conclude with Impact: Wrap up your essay with a meaningful conclusion that leaves a lasting impression. Share your overall thoughts on the significance of sports day in your school life.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Sports day at my school.

Q: What is sports day at my school? A: Sports day at my school is an annual event where students participate in various sporting activities and compete in friendly competitions. It's a day filled with excitement and camaraderie.

Your Favorite Day

Q: Is sports day your favorite day at school? A: For many students, sports day is indeed their favorite day at school. It offers a break from regular classes and allows them to showcase their athletic talents.

Conclusion of Sports Day Essay

Q: How should I conclude my sports day essay? A: Your conclusion should summarize the key points of your essay and reiterate the significance of sports day in your school life. Leave your readers with a memorable thought or reflection.

Dos and Don'ts for Writing a Sports Day Essay

When crafting your sports day essay, keep these dos and don'ts in mind:

  • Do provide a detailed description of the events and activities on sports day.
  • Do reflect on your personal experiences and emotions throughout the day.
  • Do engage the readers' senses by using descriptive language.
  • Do conclude your essay with a meaningful insight or reflection.
  • Don't merely list the events without adding your personal perspective.
  • Don't forget to proofread and edit your essay for clarity and coherence.
  • Don't use overly technical language or jargon that might alienate your readers.
  • Don't rush the writing process; take your time to craft a well-structured essay.

In conclusion, writing a sports day essay is an opportunity to relive and celebrate this memorable event in your school life. By following our comprehensive guide and keeping the dos and don'ts in mind, you can create an engaging and impactful essay that captures the essence of sports day.

Final Thoughts on Sports Day

As you sit down to write your sports day essay, remember that it's not just an academic assignment; it's a chance to relive and cherish the excitement, friendships, and life lessons that sports day brings. So, grab your pen and paper (or keyboard) and start crafting your masterpiece. Happy writing!

Useful Resources: https://twinfluence.com/ultimate-essay-writing-checklist-for-students/

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Sport Events for Sport Participation: A Scoping Review

Associated data.

Research on sport participation impacts from sport events has been sporadic. This scoping review assesses the current state of literature that addresses impacts, legacies, and leveraging of sport events for sport participation outcomes and the gaps in terms of study context and research designs. Two systematic approaches of article identification were performed: a traditional database search and a systematic manual search. Studies on sport participation outcomes from events mainly focused on mega sport events and adult populations, with the majority employing cross-sectional data and quantitative methods. The use theoretical of frameworks is limited and inconsistent. There is a need for longitudinal investigations, as well as more focus on youth populations, participant events, and smaller-sized events to advance the research agenda for sport participation outcomes from sport events.


Prior to 2005, the thought that sport participation is inherently associated with sport events remained largely anecdotal, with little academic attention given to the phenomenon (Coalter, 2004 ; Weed et al., 2015 ). The scant empirical research into this notion had in fact not supported the idea that elite athletic success trickles down into grassroots participation (e.g., Hindson et al., 1994 ). In 2005, however, the London 2012 bid committee submitted a bid to host the 2012 Olympic Games with the explicit legacy claim of inspiring a generation to be more physically active (Weed et al., 2015 ). As such, academic researchers took notice, and sport participation as a possible legacy of sport events has become an increasingly popular line of inquiry (e.g., Annear et al., 2019 ), including in the field of sport management (Weed et al., 2015 ). Indeed, impacts (i.e., changes directly associated with an event), legacies (i.e., long-term impacts; planned or unplanned), and leveraging (i.e., strategically planned impacts) of sport events are starting to receive more attention in sport management scholarship as it focuses on impact assessment, process-oriented management, optimization of event outcomes to inform sport, and event planning and management (Taks et al., 2015 ).

To date, there is little empirical support for the inherent association between staging sport events and sport participation (Weed et al., 2015 ; Annear et al., 2019 ). Such findings have led to the notion that explicit plans must be made prior to the event to achieve desired outcomes, and the plans must be managed during the lead-up, implementation of, and after the event takes place (Chalip et al., 2017 ). This process is referred to as leveraging (Chalip, 2006 ). Event leveraging involves using an event to elicit further indirect benefits outside the event's primary goal that would have occurred at a much slower rate had the event not taken place (Chalip, 2006 , 2014 ). However, research on the association between hosting sport events and sport participation and leveraging sport events for participation outcomes has been sporadic, and systematic types of reviews conducted on the phenomenon have mainly focused on mega-spectator sport events (Weed et al., 2015 ), generally neglecting smaller-sized spectator and participant events. Indeed, there is a need for a more comprehensive overview including a greater variety of contexts and events to illustrate and synthesize these findings from a broader perspective. Thus, the purpose of this study is to conduct a scoping review to assess the current state of literature that addresses impacts (i.e., changes directly associated with an event), legacies (i.e., long-term impacts; planned or unplanned), and leveraging (i.e., strategically planned impacts) of sport events for sport participation outcomes and the gaps in terms of study context and research designs. The terms impact, legacy, and leverage are indeed all related to changes associated with events. They are all different, however, with regard to strategic and structural considerations. Impacts, though not formally defined in the literature, involve any change associated with the event. These could be changes that are planned or unplanned, within the host community or outside of it, and can take place at any point temporally. Legacy and leverage have more formal definitions and conceptualizations. Legacy is the long-term impact of an event that can be planned or unplanned, positive or negative, tangible or intangible, which remains in the host community long after the event is over (Preuss, 2019 ). Leveraging, however, is a strategic approach to using a sport event to achieve desired outcomes (Chalip, 2006 ).

Outcomes that have been posited to date, and how we define sport participation from sport events, include those who currently participate in sport increase their participation rates; current participants switching or diversifying sports; former participants starting to participate again; and the most contentious form of participation being nonparticipants taking up sport for the first time (e.g., Weed et al., 2015 ). In other words, we are interested in the change in nature of sport participation. These outcomes may come about at any stage of the event—in event lead-up, prior to the event taking place; during the event; or post-event.

Indeed, scholars have attempted to synthesize findings of research conducted on the phenomenon of sport participation from sport events to come to conclusions about the ability of sport events to stimulate sport participation (McCartney et al., 2010 ; Weed et al., 2015 ; Annear et al., 2019 ; Thompson et al., 2019 ; Thomson et al., 2020 ; Potwarka and Wicker, 2021 ). Such reviews, however, have taken focused approaches to evaluate specific types of events or contexts. For instance, the systematic review by Weed et al. ( 2015 ) investigated sport participation impacts of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Similarly, McCartney et al. ( 2010 ) investigated health and socioeconomic impacts of major multi-sport events through a systematic review, and Annear et al. ( 2019 ) conducted a systematic review of sport participation impacts of mega sport events. However, the review by Annear et al. ( 2019 ) only included studies that addressed adult populations. Potwarka and Wicker ( 2021 ) considered empirical studies that specifically addressed the trickle-down effect (i.e., spectators inspired by athletes to participate in sport or physical activity). Finally, two systematic quantitative literature reviews by Thomson et al. ( 2020 ), Thomson et al. ( 2020 ) explicitly focused on legacy and spectator sport events, neglecting research investigating non-legacy impacts (e.g., short-term impacts, leveraging) and participant-based events. Five of the six reviews (e.g., McCartney et al., 2010 ; Weed et al., 2015 ; Annear et al., 2019 ; Thompson et al., 2019 ; Thomson et al., 2020 ) found no inherent effect on sport participation and/or physical activity associated with hosting major sport events, while the remaining review identified specific conditions under which the specific phenomenon of the trickle-down effect might occur (e.g., Potwarka and Wicker, 2021 ). The targeted scope of these reviews creates boundaries to studying sport participation from sport events. A wider variety of different contexts in terms of event size (i.e., size, scale, and scope; small, medium, large, mega; multi-sport to single sport, etc.), type of event (participant/spectator), and study population (e.g., youth/adults) should also be considered when undertaking future investigations. By broadening the scope of inclusion for a review of the literature on sport participation from sport events, we can draw attention to different contexts and study designs for investigating the phenomenon. Thus, a more comprehensive review of literature on sport participation impacts of various sizes and types of sport events will add to this body of knowledge. Therefore, this scoping review provides an overview of a wide variety of studies examining the relationship between sport events and sport participation outcomes. Their various study contexts (i.e., size of events, type of event, study population) and associated research designs (i.e., theory, study design, methodology, type of data, methods) are examined. Possible gaps in study context and research designs can then be determined, which can subsequently inform avenues for future research.

To achieve a comprehensive review of the literature, two systematic approaches of article identification were performed—a traditional database and a systematic manual search. This dual approach is based on previous findings that both methods lead to different pools of identified articles; one method of article identification can omit relevant articles that can be identified through other strategies (Teare and Taks, 2020 ). As such, we first present the methodological approach for the execution of the scoping review. Next, the current status of research in this domain is presented, and avenues for future research are identified and discussed.

Arksey and O'Malley ( 2005 ) identified four distinct purposes for conducting a scoping review that fall under two broader ways of thinking. The first way of thinking is considering the scoping review as a preliminary step to a systematic review. The possible purposes associated with this way of thinking would be (1) to map the fields of study to assess the range of evidence and (2) to assess if conducting a systematic review is necessary (Arksey and O'Malley, 2005 ). The second broad way of thinking is to consider the scoping review as a stand-alone study. An associated purpose would be (3) to summarize and disseminate findings for practitioners (Arksey and O'Malley, 2005 ). The final purpose, and the one undertaken in the current study, is (4) to identify gaps in the existing literature by assessing the overall state of research evidence (Arksey and O'Malley, 2005 ).

A scoping review, which is by default systematic, assesses the nature and extent of research evidence in a replicable and rigorous way (Grant and Booth, 2009 ; Whittemore et al., 2014 ). A scoping review provides an overview of a particular line in inquiry, including the size of available literature, scope of studies, and highlights gaps in methodologies and findings (Grant and Booth, 2009 ). Unlike other types of systematic approaches to reviews, such as systematic reviews or meta-analyses, a scoping review does not appraise or synthesize the findings of the articles, as was the case for the systematic reviews on sport participation from sport events previously mentioned (i.e., McCartney et al., 2010 ; Weed et al., 2015 ; Annear et al., 2019 ). The articles are not assessed within the parameters of a scoping review to avoid exclusion of relevant literature. As the phenomenon examined here is a relatively new line of inquiry, all investigations (i.e., both empirical and conceptual peer-reviewed articles) should be considered to add to the understanding of the current state of literature. Thus, the purpose of the current review is to understand the state of the literature rather than provide a synthesis of findings regarding the ability of events to stimulate sport participation.

The scoping review was executed following the five-step framework ( Table 1 ) of Arksey and O'Malley ( 2005 ) and was extended with a comprehensive systematic manual journal search framework following the guidelines of Teare and Taks ( 2020 ). The selection process was established based on the following research question: “What is the current state of literature that addresses impacts, legacies, and leveraging of sport events for sport participation outcomes in terms of study context and research designs?” (step 1).

Scoping review framework (Adapted from Arksey and O'Malley, 2005 ).

Gray background indicates extension of the framework of Arksey and O'Malley ( 2005 ) and Teare and Taks ( 2020 ) .

Article Selection Process

Preliminary readings of related articles (e.g., Veal et al., 2012 ; Weed et al., 2015 ; Chalip et al., 2017 ; Taks et al., 2018 ) served to identify key words and terms to select the articles (step 2). The following inclusion criteria were determined: peer-reviewed articles or book chapters; available online; written in English; address impacts, legacies, leveraging of sport events; with sport participation as an outcome, not as a potential application. For example, studies that measured sport participation rates or assessed sport participation experiences were included, while studies that empirically assessed outcomes of sport events that are not sport participation (e.g., livability of areas on London; Smith et al., 2015 ) but mentioned potential sport participation implications only were excluded. The database search took place in January 2019, including articles published up to and including 2018, and the comprehensive systematic manual search included all issues up to and including 2018.

Database Search

Databases were chosen based on the research question and their likelihood to contain relevant articles. Based on preliminary readings, and in consultation with a research librarian at the author's institution, the following five databases and key words were used to search for articles published up to and including 2018: ABI Inform, Business Source Complete, Physical Education Index, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science. The following key search words were used “sport * N2 participat * ” OR “physical * N2 activ * ” AND “sport * event * ” OR Olympic * OR championship * OR “FIFA” OR “World Cup.” This initial search revealed 3,013 total articles. Duplicates were then removed, leaving 2,252 articles to be searched in the first round of screening. By keeping the search very broad and not including specific terms related to the nature of the sport participation impact (i.e., impact, legacy, or leverage), we were able to capture a wider range of articles.

The database search involved two rounds of screening to determine if the articles were to be included in the final pool of sources (step 3). Two researchers screened the articles independently. First, titles and abstracts were screened against the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Articles that were deemed to fit with the inclusion criteria by both researchers were moved directly to the second round of full-text screening. Articles that were excluded by both researchers were immediately eliminated. When the researchers disagreed, the articles were flagged, and both researchers met to discuss the titles and abstracts against the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Articles that were mutually agreed to be potentially relevant were moved to the second round of screening. After this first round of screening (title and abstracts) and discussing discrepancies, 2,053 articles were removed, and 199 articles were moved onto the second round of screening (full text). The authors then separately read all the articles of this second round in full. Articles that were agreed upon were included in the final pool of articles, and discrepancies were again discussed. Of essence was that a focus on sport participation outcomes had to be presented. After the second round of full-text screening, the database search yielded 111 relevant articles from five databases. Similar to McCartney et al. ( 2010 ) and Weed et al. ( 2015 ), we present the article selection process of the database search visually in Figure 1 (the left-hand side).

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Flow diagrams for the traditional database search and systematic manual search.

Systematic Manual Search

As per Teare and Taks ( 2020 ), there are three steps involved in conducting a systematic manual search: (1) selecting the top field-specific journals (as determined by impact factors) within the specified time frame to begin the search, (2) screening all issues for relevant articles (i.e., two rounds of screening of titles and abstracts, followed by full texts), and (3) examining the reference lists of the identified articles for additional relevant journals. The same process is then completed for the identified journals, and a full journal search of these new journals is performed until no new journals arise (Teare and Taks, 2020 ).

In the context of this study, the relationship between sport participation and events is examined through the lens of impacts, legacies, and leveraging. Though these themes can be found in other domains, through preliminary reading of articles, it was identified that sport participation from sport events is substantially researched in the field of sport management. Thus, sport management journals were a relevant starting point to serve the research purpose and question. It is important to note that though sport management journals serve as a starting point for the systematic manual search, the search is not limited to only sport management journals. In fact, as identified by Teare and Taks ( 2020 ), the systematic manual search is particularly useful when conducting scoping reviews on interdisciplinary topics such as the one in the present study, as it is able to identify journals and articles from several different domains. Teare and Taks ( 2020 ) suggest that this could be due to the varying terminology used in different domains to investigate a similar topic that might not be captured by the key words used in a database search.

Looking at impact factors, the top 3 journals in sport management are Sport Management Review, Journal of Sport Management , and European Sport Management Quarterly . All articles in all issues were examined using the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Titles, abstracts, and key words comprised the first round of screening, followed by full-text screening. The top 3 journals generated 13 articles. As indicated above, the reference lists of the identified articles were examined for additional journals, revealing 23 journals to be reviewed in round 2. The 23 journals of round 2 yielded 69 relevant articles whose reference lists identified an additional 23 journals. These 23 journals of round 3 were again fully searched, generating 20 relevant articles. These articles revealed an additional two journals in their reference list for a full search in round 4. The final two journals yielded one additional article. No new journals appeared in the article's reference list. Thus, four rounds of journal searches were undertaken until no new journals arose. In total, the systematic manual search yielded 51 journals (3 + 23 + 23 + 2 = 51) for a total 103 articles (13 + 69 + 20+ 1 = 103). The process of the systematic manual search is visually represented in Figure 1 (right-hand side).

Combining the Search Methods

The database search yielded 111 relevant articles, while the systematic manual search yielded 103 relevant articles, for a total of 214 total identified articles. When combining the results of the two search methods, only 68 articles were identified through both searches. Thus, this scoping review included 146 total unique articles (43 articles unique to the database search; 35 articles unique to the systematic manual search; 68 articles identified through both search methods). All articles included in the scoping review as well as their source search method are available online as a Supplementary File . The distinctive outcome between the database search and the manual search is important, as it informs researchers that one or the other method alone is insufficient to generate a comprehensive overview of the work in a specific area. Teare and Taks ( 2020 ) suggested that for interdisciplinary topics such as the phenomenon being addressed by the current study, more than one rigorous search strategy must be employed when conducting a comprehensive review. The need for multiple rigorous search strategies may stem from the different terminologies used in different fields to describe the same phenomenon (Teare and Taks, 2020 ). This notion is confirmed by the systematic literature review by Geurin and Naraine ( 2020 ) who adopted the approach of Teare and Taks ( 2020 ) to article identification. The database search by Geurin and Naraine ( 2020 ) yielded 173 unique articles, and their systematic manual search yielded an additional 48 unique articles that did not appear in the database search.

Data Analysis

Covidence ( www.covidence.org ), a systematic review management tool, was used to streamline the study selection process (systematic review as an umbrella term for systematic approach to conducting a review; Grant and Booth, 2009 ). All relevant articles were imported into the system, allowing the researchers to analyze the articles independently from one another. Categories of information to extract from the articles (i.e., step 4 in the scoping review framework; Arksey and O'Malley, 2005 ) were developed prior to extracting the data based on preliminary reading of systematic and scoping reviews (e.g., Allender et al., 2006 ; Filo et al., 2015 ; Dowling et al., 2018 ). In addition to basic journal-identifying data [i.e., author(s), year of publication, journal, article title, key words], particular attention was given to the study context. Unlike previous reviews of literature on sport participation from sport events (e.g., McCartney et al., 2010 ; Weed et al., 2015 ; Annear et al., 2019 ), the present review considers events that vary in size and scope (event size) and takes into account the type of event based on the way in which participants engage with the event (type of event: spectator or participant event) and (3) various populations (study population). This broader and more comprehensive approach highlights several key trends and identifies which research contexts are lacking, allowing to investigate the effectiveness of different sizes and types of events in stimulating sport participation, with particular consideration given to specific study populations. For the purpose of this scoping review, we used sport event typologies of Müller ( 2015 ) and Gammon ( 2012 ) to distinguish between different sizes of events. Olympic Games and the FIFA world cup constitute mega sport events (Müller, 2015 ). All other elite international championship events (single or multisport) are considered large events. Small and medium events include charity and community events, non-elite international events, and elite national competitions (single sport). As many scholars did not state the scale of these community and non-elite events, small- and medium-sized events were considered to be the same category (Gammon, 2012 ).

Study context was followed by the elements of the research design. An overview of the data extraction criteria is provided in Table 2 .

Data extraction categories.

Results and Discussion

This section reflects step 5 of the framework by Arksey and O'Malley ( 2005 ): reporting and summarizing the results. The following sections report and summarize the frequency of publications around sport participation from sport events, the study contexts of these publications, the research designs used, and the research findings of these studies.

Publication Frequency

There has been an increasing trend of articles published on the topic of sport participation from sport events. As seen in Figure 2 , there is a larger increase in the number of articles published around the 2012 Olympic Games. This spike makes historical sense, as the 2012 Olympic Games were the first major sport event to explicitly claim, and plan for, a mass sport participation legacy (Weed et al., 2015 ). Many of the articles published in 2010, 2011, and 2012 were prospective articles, commenting on and examining the potential and likelihood of the London Games on achieving the participation goals (e.g., Charlton, 2010 ; Wellings et al., 2011 ; Bloyce and Lovett, 2012 ; Bullough, 2012 ; Hughes, 2012 ; Selvanayagam et al., 2012 ). Many of the articles published on the 2012 Olympic Games from 2015 onward were evaluations of the 2012 Games' impact on sport participation in London and the United Kingdom (e.g., Black et al., 2015 ; Mackintosh et al., 2015 ; Chen and Henry, 2016 ; Darko and Mackintosh, 2016 ; Girginov, 2016 ; Brown et al., 2017 ; Hayday et al., 2017 ; Lovett and Bloyce, 2017 ; Brown and Pappous, 2018 ).

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Year of publication.

Study Context

As seen in Figure 3A , mega ( n = 88; 58%) and large ( n = 29; 19%) events combined account for over three-quarters of the studies included in this scoping review. Only 21% ( n = 32) of the studies consider the impacts of small- and medium-sized sport events on sport participation, indicating that more research in this context is encouraged. The 2% ( n = 1) of articles that were not applicable discussed sport events in general, not commenting on particular size of events (i.e., Inoue et al., 2015 ). In alignment with the year of publication trends corresponding to the 2012 Olympic Games, 52 (36%) studies included in this scoping review addressed the London 2012 Olympic Games. Other events that were commonly addressed include other Olympic Games ( n = 41; 28%), the Commonwealth Games ( n = 9; 6%), world or regional international championships (e.g., FIFA, World Rugby Championships, Pan American Games) ( n = 22; 15%), and qualifying or community events (e.g., participant running events, elite tennis events) ( n = 23; 16%).

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Study context: Size of event (A) , Type of event (B) , and Study population (C) .

A noteworthy finding with regard to the event size studied is that major multisport events tend to be studied without the inclusion of their parasport counterparts and vice versa . In other words, events like the Olympic Games or PanAmerican Games are studied without the inclusion of the Paralympic and Para-PanAmerican Games context, and the Paralympics and Para-PanAmerican Games are studied without the inclusion of the Olympic and PanAmerican Games context. For some investigations, keeping these events separate makes sense. For example, Coates and Vickerman ( 2016 ) considered the impact of the 2012 Paralympics for children with disabilities. Other investigations, however, could benefit from considering both the able-bodied and para iterations of events together, as discussed below, some populations have been found to be discouraged from sport participation by viewing elite able-bodied athletes but may be inspired by para-athletes (Carter and Lorenc, 2015 ). Future research on sport participation from major multisport events with able-bodied and parasport iterations should consider investigating both event contexts to better understand the overall impact of the event on the host community.

Type of Event

A similar trend appears with regard to type of event (i.e., spectator or participant) in the event. Here, 81% ( n = 119) of the studies address spectator events, while 18% ( n = 26) address participant events, and 1% ( n = 1) address both spectator and participant events ( Figure 3B ). This trend indicates that there is still much to be researched with regard to the power of participant events to impact sport participation. As discussed below, participant events can attract nonparticipants to take up sport (training for the event) and are associated with post-event continued participation (Bowles et al., 2006 ; Crofts et al., 2012 ). If a goal of an event is to stimulate sport participation, perhaps those in decision-making positions should consider hosting participant-based events rather than spectator events. Alternatively, the nature of participant events to attract new participants can be strategically leveraged with regard to participant events (e.g., hold a participant event alongside a spectator event; Derom et al., 2015 ) to optimize attraction of nonparticipants.

Study Population

As seen in Figure 3C , many of the studies included in this scoping review examined adult's sport participation practices ( n = 41; 27%) or examined the sport organization's perspective ( n = 35; 23%) on the ability of sport events to stimulate sport participation. Few studies considered population-level changes in overall sport participation ( n = 17; 11%) or youth populations ( n = 15; 10%). The limited focus on youth is particularly problematic as many of these claims of increases in sport participation are made about youth populations. Moreover, the majority of studies that include youth populations are conducted in the context of mega or large sport events, such as the London Olympics (e.g., Griffiths and Armour, 2013 ; Mackintosh et al., 2015 ; Darko and Mackintosh, 2016 ; Kohe and Bowen-Jones, 2016 ; Sandercock et al., 2016 ; Such, 2016 ; Kohe, 2017 ) and Vancouver Olympics (e.g., Craig and Bauman, 2014 ; Potwarka and Leatherdale, 2016 ). Of note, Dubnewick et al. ( 2018 ) and Silvey et al. ( 2018 ) considered the impact of the Indigenous Traditional Games and the Newfoundland and Labrador Winter Games, respectively, on Indigenous youths' sport participation. Both Games investigated were in fact small- or medium-scale participant events. While participating in the Indigenous Traditional Games enhanced sport experiences and helped develop a foundation of movement for youth (Dubnewick et al., 2018 ), youth who had participated in the Newfoundland and Labrador Winter Games reported intentions to remain active after the Games. However, many participants did not attribute their participation intentions to participation in the Games, but rather they would have continued to participate in sport if they had not participated in the event (Silvey et al., 2018 ). Thus, future research should investigate how (if at all) sport events affect youths' sport participation.

Indeed, marginalized populations have received some attention by researchers in the literature thus far. In addition to the work by Dubnewick et al. ( 2018 ) and Silvey et al. ( 2018 ) with Indigenous youth described above, researchers have considered some marginalized populations, such as people with a disability (e.g., Misener, 2015 ; Misener et al., 2015a ; Coates and Vickerman, 2016 ). There can, however, be a more target research agenda to strategically leverage sport events to provide sport participation opportunities for those who have traditionally been excluded from sport (e.g., low-income populations, homeless populations, LGBTQ+ populations, etc.).

Research Design

In alignment with findings of Annear et al. ( 2019 ) on lack of theory used to investigate sport participation from sport events, well over half the studies included in this scoping review did not clearly identify a theoretical framework. Of the 54 studies that did state a guiding framework, the most common theoretical or guiding frameworks include Transtheoretical Model ( n = 5), an Ecological Model ( n = 4), and a realist evaluation ( n = 3). The empirical articles employing the Transtheoretical model are all from the same research team (i.e., Ramchandani and Coleman, 2012 ; Ramchandani et al., 2015 , 2017a , b ). All four studies use surveys to assess adult elite sport event spectators' post-event intentions to participate in sport. All four studies also found that those who were inspired to intend to be active post-event were already active pre-event. The Transtheoretical model might be helpful in future investigations to understand behavior change associated with sport events; however, the contexts described here indicate that people who are already active engage with sport events. As discussed in sections below, research is needed to understand how events can be leveraged to engage inactive people with sport and physical activity.

Three studies (i.e., Derom and VanWynsberghe, 2015 ; Derom et al., 2015 ; Aizawa et al., 2018 ) employ a socioecological model, while one (i.e., Dubnewick et al., 2018 ) employs an Indigenous ecological model. These studies highlight the interconnectedness among individuals and event structures to suggest how sport events can impact community members. Social Ecology Theory (Stokols, 1992 ) suggests that individuals' behavior comes about from their interaction with both their physical (e.g., geography, architecture, technology) and sociocultural (e.g., culture, economics, politics) surroundings. The theory can be a useful tool for researchers to understand how leveraging initiatives can be designed to stimulate sport participation in a community and thus seems to have great potential in future work on sport event leveraging.

Finally, three studies employ a realist evaluation framework (i.e., Chen and Henry, 2016 ; Girginov, 2016 ; Bell and Daniels, 2018 ). These investigations place an emphasis on the context of the event and its ability to stimulate sport participation, particularly with regard to the resources provided for the purpose of increasing sport participation. A realist evaluation can be helpful in understanding how different types and sizes of events might be able to be leveraged by considering the event context and resources available. This approach might be helpful for researchers to consider when determining how different types and sizes of sport events might be able to be leveraged.

Other theories that were used by two studies include critical realism, neo-institutionalism, figuration theory, Foucault, Ansoff matrix, and Theory of Planned Behavior. There were an additional 29 other theories employed; however, each was only used in one study. The use of various theoretical lenses may be due to the diverse context of sport events to examine relevant sport-participating outcomes. On the other hand, the lack of theory use indicates that there is still little theoretical understanding of sport participation impacts of sport events. As such, future research might consider taking a grounded-theory approach to explore the phenomenon to develop a theory of sport participation from sport events.

It is also important to note that detailed models have been developed specifically to guide leveraging sport events for sport participation. Chalip et al. ( 2017 ) developed a model for leveraging sport events for sport participation and development. Taks et al. ( 2018 ) suggested an Event Leverage Framework to help community sport clubs leverage sport events taking place in their community, and Misener ( 2015 ) has developed the Parasport Leveraging Framework, which is a framework for leveraging parasport events for sport participation. None of the articles included in this review use these models to inform the design of the leveraging initiative. This means that although frameworks exist to guide leveraging initiatives for sport participation from sport events, they are not being utilized. Moreover, the lack of application makes it difficult to assess the effectiveness of these proposed frameworks. This lack of application of research-informed frameworks could be a contributing factor to the lack of research evidence to support the ability of sport events to stimulate sport participation. As such, stronger efforts to increase the ease of use of such frameworks by researchers are needed.

Study Design

A large portion (add 26%) of the studies included in this analysis have been cross-sectional in nature ( Figure 4A ). Very few have been longitudinal, making it difficult for researchers to make causal claims about the impacts of sport events. Even when studies are longitudinal, they tend to only use two time points, typically a pre-event and a post-event measure (e.g., Lane et al., 2012 ; Ramchandani et al., 2017b ). Though the pre–post event design allows researchers to collect baseline data to highlight potential post-event changes in sport participation, multiple pre-event snapshots will allow for a clearer understanding of baseline, and multiple post-event assessments will allow for the long-term effects of potential impacts to be understood. The use of multiple time points (i.e., three or more) is necessary to understand the role that the specific event plays in any sport participation changes (Creswell, 2014 ). This type of longitudinal data would allow researchers to track possible behavioral changes as well as the nature of participation among the study population while considering important contextual factors such as the presence of a sport event.

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Research design: Study design (A) , Methods, (B) , Type of data (C) , and Instruments (D) .

Moreover, researchers can also consider the lead-up to events in stimulating sport participation. Some studies have found that sport participation increases leading up to the Olympic Games but is not sustained (e.g., Wang and Theodoraki, 2007 ; Bauman et al., 2013 ), supporting the notion of Weed et al. ( 2015 ) on the pregnancy effect. Future research may want to consider the specific aspects of the pre-event atmosphere that stimulate sport participation and how to prolong those conditions to sustain participation.

The largest portion of studies employs a quantitative approach ( n = 49; 34%), including the use of nationally collected data ( Figure 4B ). Interestingly, Britain's Active Peoples Survey is used in a number of studies, coinciding with the theme of the London 2012 Olympics being heavily investigated (e.g., Bullough, 2012 ; Hughes, 2012 ; Carmichael et al., 2013 ). Although there has been a mix of qualitative ( n = 37; 25%), mixed methods ( n = 27; 19%), and conceptual ( n = 33; 22%) approaches to examining sport participation impacts of sport events, the use of more mixed methods research to investigate impacts of events might be helpful, as different data sources will provide an alternative perspective on a phenomenon (Creswell, 2014 ). For instance, a longitudinal, mixed methods design could be executed in the area or region where the event takes place. Community members (particularly youth), sport providers, and policymakers could all be interviewed pre- and post-event to better understand how the event (may/has) affected sport participation (or not) and why. Simultaneously, a longitudinal, quantitative approach can be executed in the same region, collecting benchmark measures pre-event as well as data about event experiences and post-event effect measures.

Moreover, it has been well-established in the literature that sport events are not likely to lead to mass-participation changes (e.g., McCartney et al., 2010 ; Weed et al., 2015 ; Annear et al., 2019 ), but rather targeted leveraging initiatives within specific contexts and targeted populations are needed (e.g., Misener, 2015 ; Chalip et al., 2017 ; Taks et al., 2018 ). As such, we encourage researchers to move away from population-level data and take on research methods that can support research aims that are more targeted to better understand and establish leveraging mechanisms in host communities. Such approaches can include participatory action research where researchers deliberately assist (sport) organizations with developing, implementing, and evaluating leveraging initiatives tied to events in their community.

Type of Data

The use of primary ( n = 65; 44%) and secondary ( n = 52; 36%) data is fairly evenly distributed among the studies included in this scoping review, along with studies that employ both types of data ( n = 22; 15%) ( Figure 4C ). There is a trend of the studies published in the early 2010s that investigated past events to see if there was a population-level change associated with major events. These studies, of course, would have used secondary data, which explains why there are so many studies in that category. For instance, Bauman et al. ( 2015 ) used population-level data to examine if there had been an increase in sport and physical activity among Australians immediately following the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Similar studies were conducted with regard to the Greek population and the Athens 2004 Olympics (Pappous, 2011 ) and Canadians and the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games (Perks, 2015 ).

The specific data collection instruments employed across all empirical studies ( n = 104) include surveys, with 43 studies employing primary data collection surveys and 10 using secondary survey data. Interviews ( n = 29) and document analyses ( n = 22) are also a popular means of data collection ( Figure 4D ). Less popular methods of data collection that have been employed are focus groups ( n = 2), membership data ( n = 4), observations ( n = 4), and diaries ( n = 4). The remaining studies were conceptual pieces ( n = 42) and thus did not employ specific methods of data collection. In line with our previous suggestion to execute longitudinal, mixed methods approaches for these types of studies, combining various types of data simultaneously is strongly encouraged to address more targeted research aims. For example, questionnaires measuring attitudes toward sport and physical activity at multiple time points can be conducted with participants simultaneously with journal entries to elaborate on cognitive and affective states while engaging with the sport event. Moreover, to assist youth in expressing their thoughts (Taylor, 2013 ), art-based methods of data collection can also be considered.

Research Findings

About a quarter of the studies supported that the event under investigation could positively impact sport participation ( n = 39; 27%); another quarter found that the sport event under investigation did not impact sport participation ( n = 37; 25%); and 51 (35%) of the studies found mixed results, meaning that the event in the study under investigation had an impact on participation under specific conditions and not in others, or it was not clear if the event had an impact. The remaining 13% ( n = 19) were commentary articles and thus did not include findings ( Figure 5 ). Note that impact, outcomes, legacies, and leveraging were not used as an extraction category. All papers with research findings related to any of these four concepts were included in this review. What is noticeable is that delineation between impacts, outcomes, and legacies were not always clear; these concepts were often used interchangeably. In studies reporting on leveraging, the concept was generally clearly defined, but these articles were limited and in an early stage of conceptual and theoretical development. Indeed, for the line of research addressing sport participation from sport events, clear definitions of the nature of sport participation impacts, outcomes, and leveraging should be established.

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Research findings.

Youth vs. Adult Populations

In terms of both adult and youth populations, the results for sport participation outcomes are mixed. For instance, there was no increase in sport participation among Australian adults following the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games (Bauman et al., 2015 ), but Aizawa et al. ( 2018 ) found that the cohort of Japanese citizens that experienced the 1964 Tokyo Olympics were more active than those who had not. However, the causality of this relationship is unclear, since other initiatives (e.g., policies) may have stimulated participation for that particular generation.

For a youth population, Canadian female youth living in regions that housed Olympic venues where Canadian female athletes performed well during the 2010 Vancouver Olympics experienced significant increases in sport participation post-event, whereas male youth in the same regions and both male and female youth outside of the regions did not experience a significant change in participation (Potwarka and Leatherdale, 2016 ). It should be noted, however, that increased participation in this case does not necessarily mean that nonparticipants take up sport (i.e., current participants could be participating at higher rates or trying different sports).

Spectator vs. Participant Events

In terms of live spectatorship of elite sports, both Ramchandani and Coleman ( 2012 ) and Potwarka et al. ( 2017 ) found that the live event inspired spectators to increase their sport participation. Potwarka et al. ( 2017 ) found that cognitive dimensions of the spectator experience (i.e., fantasy, flow, evaluation, esthetics, and physical attractiveness) led to the inspiration, though inspiration does not guarantee participation. Ramchandani and Coleman ( 2012 ) suggested that spectators must be provided with information on how to change or increase participation based on inspiration from attending sport events. Indeed, much of the support for spectator events has been found in the live-spectatorship context. There remains much to be investigated about how spectator events can impact sport participation in terms of whether these impacts exist, to what extent, and under what circumstances.

Although there are less studies ( N = 26; 18%) investigating participant events ( Figure 3 ), participant events seem to be more effective at increasing sport participation than their spectator counterparts; the majority of studies ( n = 18) concluded that the event did indeed have a positive impact on sport participation. In terms of participant events, Stevinson and Hickson ( 2014 ) found that a fun run was effective in attracting non-runners to participate. Moreover, Bowles et al. ( 2006 ) found that for the novice participants and first-time participants of a cycling event, there was a significant increase in post-event participation. Finally, Crofts et al. ( 2012 ) found that shorter distance participant events have the potential to lead to future participation in other participant events. Seemingly, participant events have a stronger potential than spectator sport events to stimulate new participation in sport. Events can impact sport participation before, during, and after the event takes place, and consistent with previous research on participant events (e.g., Funk et al., 2011 ), participant events seem to be effective in stimulating sport participation in that participants train in preparation for the event and intend to remain active post-event (e.g., Bowles et al., 2006 ; Crofts et al., 2012 ; Stevinson and Hickson, 2014 ; Coleman and Sebire, 2017 ) possibly in preparation for the next participant event (Crofts et al., 2012 ).

Mega/Large vs. Small/Medium-Sized Events

Generally speaking, there is little evidence to support that mega sport events stimulate grassroot participation. Toohey ( 2008 ) found that the policies and funding for sport around the 2000 Olympic Games in Australia heavily favored elite athletes at the expense of grassroots participation. With respect to the London 2012 Olympic Games, few organizations were willing to take on the responsibility of delivering a sport participation legacy (Bloyce and Lovett, 2012 ), and those eventually charged with delivering the legacy (e.g., community sport clubs) lack the resources to do so (Hughes, 2012 ). The lack of support for sport impacts from mega sport events has largely been conceptualized as an “unmet legacy” (Bloyce and Lovett, 2012 ; Hughes, 2012 ; Orr, 2018 ).

Grix et al. ( 2017 ) found that when London was awarded the bid to host the 2012 Olympic Games, and leading up to the Games, there was an increase in participation among the London population, though participation levels declined back to pre-bid levels. Interestingly, Carter and Lorenc ( 2015 ) found that watching the elite athletes during the London 2012 Olympic Games could actually discourage inactive adults from participating in sport, while watching mass participation events and Paralympic athletes could serve to inspire participation.

Small and medium spectator events show mixed results as to whether or not the event had stimulated sport participation, as two studies concluded that the event under investigation had positively impacted sport participation (i.e., Ramchandani and Coleman, 2012 ; Ramchandani et al., 2015 ), while three studies concluded that the event had no impact on sport participation (i.e., Taks et al., 2014 ; Hodgetts and Duncan, 2015 ; Misener et al., 2015b ). Interestingly, six of the studies found mixed results in that there was not enough evidence to support a claim of increased participation or there was increased participation among certain populations and no changes in participation among others (i.e., Taks et al., 2013 , 2015 , 2018 ; Derom and VanWynsberghe, 2015 ; Misener, 2015 ; Hoskyn et al., 2018 ). There is an additional gap with regard to the role of smaller sport events in contributing to sport participation outcomes. As suggested by Taks ( 2013 ), smaller events may be more powerful in improving social benefits to host communities, including sport participation. Thus, an additional line of research should address the role of small events in impacting sport participation.

Effect of Event Leveraging

Effects of event leveraging studies looking into how to effectively leverage non-mega sport events for sport participation impacts show mixed results (Misener et al., 2015a ; Chalip et al., 2017 ; Hoskyn et al., 2018 ; Taks et al., 2018 ). Effective leveraging strategies have yet to be identified, with results largely indicating that sport clubs lack the capacity to engage in leveraging strategies (Taks et al., 2018 ) or event attendees engage minimally with leveraging initiatives (Hoskyn et al., 2018 ).

Future research should attempt to establish best practices for event leveraging and identify benchmarks for event practitioners to draw from. Furthermore, drawing from marketing theory (Kotler and Keller, 2009 ), the use of similar strategies to elicit participation at a population level is ineffective; different populations need different stimuli to elicit participation outcomes.


As scoping reviews do not require an appraisal of research quality (Arksey and O'Malley, 2005 ), some of the articles included in the present scoping review could be of lower quality. Moreover, scoping reviews also do not involve a synthesis of research findings (Arksey and O'Malley, 2005 ), thus this project only briefly highlighted which types and sizes of sport events generate which outcomes, without addressing the ways that sport events can affect sport participation (if at all).

A scoping review was conducted to assess the current state of literature that addresses impacts, legacies, and leveraging of sport events for sport participation outcomes and the gaps in terms of study context and research designs. A summary of key findings discussed can be found in Table 3 .

Summary of key findings.

Studies looking into the potential impacts of sport events on sport participation tend to be cross-sectional in nature and primarily investigate adult populations or the population as a whole. These studies also tend to look into mega spectator-based events. This scoping review has provided several key insights for a research agenda for sport management scholars in the area of sport participation from sport events to subsequently inform sport policy and event planners and organizations. Moving forward, researchers should employ longitudinal investigations that collect data at multiple time points to help understand the specific role that the event plays in shaping attitudes, intentions, and behaviors toward sport participation. These investigations should also be more theory-driven. Specifically, behavior change theories may enhance our understanding of it and how behavioral outcomes (e.g., attitudes, intentions, and behaviors) toward sport participation are generated from sport events. However, given the use of limited, but various, theoretical lenses, a grounded-theory approach to exploring the phenomenon could also be considered to develop a theory of sport participation from sport events.

Furthermore, as many claims made about the impacts of sport events are made with regard to youth populations, future investigations should be conducted with these youth populations to better understand the role of the event with regard to youth. Moreover, and particularly relevant to sport management practitioners, participant events should also be considered as effective ways of increasing sport participation through events. If an important goal of hosting sport events is to increase participation in sport, hosting participant events should be considered, rather than spectator events, as this scoping review indicates that participant events may have more potential than spectator events in this regard. Alternatively, traditional spectator events, such as Olympics or PanAmerican Games, can consider implementing participant-based aspects, such as a mass participant event to help open the Games where citizens of the host region are invited to participate (e.g., Derom et al., 2015 ). Finally, more research is needed with regard to the role of small and medium sport events, both participant and spectator, in sport participation outcomes. As we can see from this scoping review, smaller participant events seem to have potential to increase sport participation; however, they are also underresearched. In summary, we recommend further lines of inquiry into the role and mechanisms of smaller events, both spectator and participant events, in impacting sport participation, as well as a focus on youth. Taking a longitudinal approach is also highly recommended.

Author Contributions

All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

Supplementary Material

The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fspor.2021.655579/full#supplementary-material

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Essays on sports event

Sports events are a great way to bring people together, helping to bridge divides and create connections. They can be an opportunity to have fun and celebrate successes, as well as build character through competition. Sports events come in all shapes and sizes, with different rulesets that cater to different sports enthusiasts ” from marathons and extreme obstacle courses to football matches or even paintball tournaments. There is something for everyone.At the most basic level, a sports event provides an opportunity for physical activity that can help people stay healthy and fit. Participating in team activities is also beneficial for social development, teaching important lessons about communication and teamwork skills that can be used beyond the playing field. It’s not just the athletes who benefit either; spectators get to enjoy exciting competitions while benefiting from being around others who share similar interests or goals.For those looking for more of a challenge, some sports events offer more intense competitions than traditional ones like basketball or tennis ” think mud runs or obstacle course races which require strength, agility and endurance to complete them successfully. For these kinds of activities it’s often best if friends form teams so they can tackle the various challenges together while still having plenty of fun along the way.No matter what kind of sport you’re into ” whether it’s running on your own or participating in a multi-player game ” attending a sports event offers something special that simply cannot be replicated at home. If you haven’t been involved in one before then why not give it try? You won’t regret it.

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Band 9 sample essay – sports

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These days some people spend a lot of money on tickets to go to sporting or events. Do you think this is a positive or negative development? 

The issue of whether to spend one’s hard earned wages on attending expensive football, rugby or baseball matches or other exclusive diversions as opposed using it more wisely and prudently has become a matter of concern for many.

Critics argue that such frivolity is a misuse of precious funds however, I personally believe the opposite. This essay will discuss why the benefits of attending sport or cultural occasions are worth more than the actual ticket price by using examples taken from the Harvard Business Review and the Woodstock Festival.

On the one hand those festival goers and sports fans who attend concerts, gigs, matches or athletic competitions happily extol the virtues of these on their overall well-being, both physical and mental. The main reason for this is twofold, firstly by watching, participating and enjoying a game people’s overactive stress levels can be radically reduced.

Secondly, many such important and well-respected events have become a noteworthy opportunity for socializing or networking . For example, a recent article published by the Harvard Business Review showed that key, ambitious top executives in the 500 Fortune companies had invested in tickets for basketball games not only for themselves but for their clients aiming to seek distraction and amusement while entertaining and nurturing future business contacts .

Therefore, although it could be suggested that the high price of ticket sales has been exacerbated by powerful Corporates or event organizers with sky high budgets , there is no doubt of the positive spin- offs to health and business.

On the other hand, if money is no object , then there is overwhelming evidence that going to festivals, attending concerts or investing in experiences is a growing trend which is appreciated because of its ability to build fond and durable memories which last a lifetime and become part of a family’s history .

An example of this was the mythical Woodstock music festival in 1969, which was a peaceful milestone witnessed by thousands of people who have afforded it legendary status. Thus, the emotional value of such events cannot be overstated.

To conclude from the aforementioned arguments, I firmly believe that despite the frequently prohibitively high prices of attending sport and cultural events, doing so can be enormously positive and justifiable for the benefits it brings to those who are there.  

From the significant growth in richly diverse Festivals worldwide, it could be predicted that in the future this kind of events will continue to grow in popularity as people elect to spend their earnings on experiences rather than in material goods.

Here are some of the collocations used in this essay which you may find useful to!

  • one’s hard earned wages
  • investing in experiences
  • misuse of precious funds
  • sky high budgets
  • positive spin-offs   
  • seek distraction and amusement
  • entertaining and nurturing future business contacts
  • ambitious top executives
  • noteworthy opportunity for socializing or networking
  • extol the virtues of
  • festival goers and sports fans
  • prohibitively high
  • part of a family’s history
  • build fond and durable memories
  • last a lifetime
  • if money is no object

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The Future of Global Sport Events Essay

Introduction, selection of the environment-friendly hosting country, adherence to the agenda for sustainable development, the scope of event, campaigns that focus on sustainability.

Nowadays, organizing and holding a mega-sporting event not only necessitates significant infrastructure and venue funding, but it may also be harmful to the surrounding ecosystem and climatic conditions. Although such sports events are generally helpful to the economic development and economic growth of the hosting country, the event’s setting has negative consequences for wildlife, natural resources, including water sources and woodlands, and the environment. As a result, ecological preservation has been more ingrained in the policy of International Sports Organizations (ISOs). Many entities of various sizes in the athletic realm are already actively involved in multiple facets of sustainable practices. As a result, the changes in the global sports events will continue to be implemented in the future, setting specific limits on the location and features of the event.

The first trend that global sports events will endure is the selection of the hosting country based on environment-friendly criteria. As International Sports Organizations, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and FIFA decide which countries or cities will hold certain sporting events and under what circumstances (Fermeglia, 2017). Sports Organizations have begun to play a dominant role in global warming management in past years by integrating green policy qualifying criteria that need to be achieved by applicant nations and municipalities (Fermeglia, 2017). These institutions have created a set of legal measures to mitigate the detrimental effect of events, giving them an opportunity to play a distinct role in the regulation of global environmental-related legislation. The Olympic committee and FIFA were driven to promote the notion of ‘Green Games’ due to rising concerns over global climatic changes (Fermeglia, 2017). As a result, host countries that desire to stage the Olympic Games or FIFA must implement specific legal tools to fit the criteria and guarantee climate commitments. This is an approach in IOC’s risk management since by selecting an environmentally-friendly host country or city, they receive less tension from the authorities and audience.

Furthermore, another development that will pertain to staging global sports events involves adherence to the Agenda for Sustainable Development that concern both organizations and countries. According to the International Olympic Committee, 193 world leaders accepted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2015 at the UN summit (IOC, n.d.). The agenda involved a focus on five “Ps”: “People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace, and Partnerships” (IOC, n.d.). The plan includes 17 development efforts, and every nation must take measures to create growth while safeguarding the environment, according to the targets (IOC, n.d.). This is essential since it demonstrates that sustainability is a global issue that affects everyone. It is not only the responsibility of wealthy, industrialized countries. The agenda gives a structure for governments, corporations, and other organizations to outline how they aim to promote sustainable development and address the world’s most pressing environmental concerns.

Many of the objectives are strongly connected with the Olympic Movement, which promotes sports and Olympic values in communities around the world. Moreover, event sponsorship during the Olympics helps promote companies, such as Coca-Cola or Visa, that also have their environmental visions and goals, including The World Without Waste and sustainable packaging. Per the IOC statement, they think that the Olympic Movement can strengthen its commitment to the realization of the mentioned targets in the agenda by further incorporating sustainability in their programs and building relationships with appropriate entities (IOC, n.d.). The United Nations General Assembly reaffirmed the importance of sport in achieving sustainable development goals (IOC, n.d.). As it is mentioned in the 2030 agenda, sport is a crucial facilitator of environmental sustainability (IOC, n.d.). Thus, in the near future, there will be a trend of acknowledgment of sport through its expanding role in achieving progress and stability, and the organizations, as well as host countries, will have to comply with the agendas released by the United Nations General Assembly to achieve a shared vision.

An additional trend that will likely manifest itself with a stronger force in the future is the focus on legacy rather than financial profit and the size of the event. In this sense, due to environmental concerns, global sports events will most likely be of smaller sizes compared to the scopes of events today. One of the examples can be shown through the hosting of the 2022 FIFA Men’s World Cup in Qatar. This can be considered a pivotal moment for Qatar, a nation that is in the stage of progress with a smaller population and abundant gas reserves (Meza Talavera et al., 2017). It is a once-in-a-lifetime chance to host a global event while also leaving a great legacy for the nation.

Nevertheless, the planning, implementation, and consequences of such events are complex projects with long-term effects on the economy, culture, and ecosystem of the host state and surrounding region. Qatar’s proposal suggested a new FIFA architectural compact concept centered on a single metropolitan area, intending to host the world’s first carbon-neutral event (Meza Talavera et al., 2017). As a result, local organizers are implementing environmentally friendly materials and urban development conceptual frameworks and actively support the principle of legacies premised on Qatar’s National Vision 2030, which was necessitated by the UN, as seen previously.

Lastly, the trend that will be adopted by many organizations and hosting countries and cities are the focus on exploited sources for a better cause in order to protect the environment. For example, the National Hockey League (NHL) and the program, NHL Green program, launched in 2010, is among the most praised entities associated with environmental activities. Due to its low cost and ability to reach the target audience and bring awareness, promotional media is used, such as Instagram.

Recently, the water supply shortages and the negative effect of global warming made the issue of natural sources especially acute. Water is important to the League since it is required in large quantities to construct and maintain the hockey areas upon which 30-member teams compete (Kellison, 2017). As a result, in 2011, the League launched the Gallons for Goals initiative, in which the organization donates 1,000 gallons of fresh water to a severely dried river per goal being scored during the season (Kellison, 2017). The club contributed more than 6 million gallons of water in its first year by acquiring water restoration certificates (WRC), which were subsequently used to fund a variety of water resource restoration initiatives (Kellison, 2017). This way, while this global sports event’s scope involves the exploitation of water sources, the organization aims to have a positive impact by implementing green initiatives of maintaining water levels in local rivers and promoting such approaches.

Hence, sustainability, environmental issues, and greenwashing play an immense role in today’s society. In this sense, global sports events serve as a conduit for awareness and promotion of taking part in the trends aimed at preserving the ecosystems. While today there are trends aimed at organizations and hosting countries to incorporate changes, they are likely to strengthen in the near future. The first trend that will be implemented is the selection of host countries and cities based on their environment-friendly conditions. Another trend will involve compliance with the common visions and their help to promote sustainable development. Furthermore, the hosting countries and cities will be expected to narrow the scale of the event, opting for more optimal sizes and eco-friendly technologies. Lastly, organizations and hosting entities will be expected to have a direct impact on the environment via green initiatives.

Fermeglia, M. (2017). The show must be green: Hosting mega-sporting events in the climate change context. Carbon & Climate Law Review , 100-109.

IOC. (n.d.). Sustainability essentials . International Olympic Committee.

Kellison, T. B. (2017). Routledge handbook of sport and the environment . Routledge.

Meza Talavera, A., Al-Ghamdi, S. G., & Koç, M. (2019). Sustainability in mega-events: Beyond Qatar 2022. Sustainability , 11 (22), 1-27.

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IvyPanda. (2023, May 8). The Future of Global Sport Events. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-future-of-global-sport-events/

"The Future of Global Sport Events." IvyPanda , 8 May 2023, ivypanda.com/essays/the-future-of-global-sport-events/.

IvyPanda . (2023) 'The Future of Global Sport Events'. 8 May.

IvyPanda . 2023. "The Future of Global Sport Events." May 8, 2023. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-future-of-global-sport-events/.

1. IvyPanda . "The Future of Global Sport Events." May 8, 2023. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-future-of-global-sport-events/.


IvyPanda . "The Future of Global Sport Events." May 8, 2023. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-future-of-global-sport-events/.

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Essay on Importance of Sports for Students and Children

500+ words essay on importance of sports.

First of all, Sport refers to an activity involving physical activity and skill . Here, two or more parties compete against each other. Sports are an integral part of human life and there is great importance of sports in all spheres of life. Furthermore, Sports help build the character and personality of a person. It certainly is an excellent tool to keep the body physically fit. Most noteworthy, the benefits of Sports are so many that books can be written.  Sports have a massive positive effect on both the mind and body.

importance of sports

Physical Benefits of Sports

First of all, Sports strengthen the heart. Regular Sports certainly make the heart stronger. Hence, Sport is an excellent preventive measure against heart diseases . This certainly increases the life expectancy of individuals. Furthermore, a healthy heart means a healthy blood pressure.

Sports involve physical activity of the body. Due to this physical activity, blood vessels remain clean. Sports reduces the amount of cholesterol and fats in the body. This happens because of the increase of flexibility of the wall of the blood vessels. The flexibility increases due to physical exertion, which is the result of Sports.

Furthermore, the sugar level in blood also gets lower thanks to Sports. The sugar certainly does not accumulate in the blood due to physical activity.

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A person experiences a good quality of breathing because of Sports. Sports strengthen the lungs of the body. Sports certainly escalate the lung capacity and efficiency of the body. Hence, more oxygen enters the blood which is extremely beneficial. Furthermore, there are fewer chances of developing lung diseases due to Sports.

Appropriate body weight is easy to maintain because of sports. A Sports playing person probably does not suffer from obesity or underweight problems. Sports certainly help the body remain fit and slim.

Furthermore, Sports also improves the quality of bones. A person who plays sports will have strong bones even in old age. Several scientific research reports that Sports prevent many diseases. For example, many researchers conclude that Sports prevent the development of cancer.

Other Benefits of Sports

Sport is certainly an excellent tool to build self-confidence . Playing Sports increases confidence to talk properly. A sport certainly improves the skills of communicating with others. Furthermore, the person experiences confidence in sitting, standing, and walking properly. Hence, Sports enriches the social life of an individual.

Sports bring discipline in life. It certainly teaches the values of dedication and patience. Sports also teach people how to handle failure. Furthermore, the importance of following a time schedule is also present in Sports.

sport events essay

Above all, Sports improves the thinking ability of individuals. Sports certainly sharpen the mind. Children who play Sports probably perform better at exams than those who don’t.

Finally, Sports reduces the stress of mind . A Sports playing person would certainly experience less depression. Sports ensure the peace of mind of those playing it. Most noteworthy, Sports brings happiness and joy in the life of individuals.

A sport is an aspect of human life that is of paramount importance. It certainly increases the quality of human life. Sports must be made mandatory in schools. This is because it is as important as education. Everyone must perform at least one Sport activity on a regular basis.

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Essay on Sports

500+ word essay on the importance of sports.

Sports keep us healthy and active. We can have a healthy mind only when we have a healthy body. We can achieve anything in our lives if we have a healthy body and a peaceful mind. Physical and mental well-being comes naturally when we involve ourselves in sports activities. Sports help in improving our overall personality and make us more active and attentive. Here, students can find a 500+ Words Essay on the Importance of Sports where we will be discussing how important a role sports plays in our life.

Essay on the Importance of Sports

The topic of sports is very broad. It can serve as a form of therapy and a tool in different aspects of life, which can help change the world. Through sports, children develop physical skills, exercise, be team players, and improve their self-esteem. Sports play a significant role in advancing education and in enhancing knowledge.

Playing sports means regular exercising, jogging, going to the fitness centres or playing any game. There are different types of games involved in sports activities. Each game has its own specific rules. These sports activities are done either by individuals or teams for leisure, and entertainment as well as to compete against one another. Playing sports improves the physiological functions of the body organs and improves the functionality of the entire body system. Through sports, we learn different skills like leadership, patience, coordination, motivation, and team effort.

Sport has great importance in building personality, too. For some people, it is not only the body movement or playing strategy, but it’s a life philosophy. In the modern world, a positive attitude to sports is becoming a trend and style. Young people try to look sporty, fit and full of energy. A sports career in India was considered less lucrative in the past. However, now it has become one of the gainful professional options for students. Sometimes students take an interest in sports merely for adventure and a tension-free life. Now, sports games are gaining popularity. Various sports competitions are played at the international level, such as the Olympics. Apart from it, multiple matches and inter-city competitions are organised to promote the field of sports.

Benefits of Sports and Games

Nowadays, we can see problems related to unhealthy lifestyles. We sit more and more on the couch, surrounded by modern technologies. We don’t realise the importance and benefits of sports and physical activities. The lack of physical activity in our body leads to obesity and many other health problems such as heart disease and so. It has become a necessity of today’s world that all of us do daily physical activities or play any sports for a minimum of 30 minutes.

Regular physical activity benefits health in many ways. It helps build and maintain healthy bones, muscles and joints, controls weight, reduces fat, and prevents high blood pressure. Children who participate in physical activities such as sports, experience positive health benefits. These health benefits include a decreased risk of high blood pressure, obesity, heart disease, diabetes and cancer. Also, these children are less likely to smoke or use drugs and alcohol than children who don’t participate in sports.

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Frequently asked Questions on the Importance of Sports Essay

Why is playing sports important for us.

Playing sports not only helps in the active functioning of our body but also helps in flexibility and reduces the chances of falling sick.

Which was the first sport to be played in the world?

Wrestling is said to have been the first sport played in the world, depictions of the same can be found in the caves of France.

Which is the most famous sport in the world?

Football is ranked as the top sport with 3.5 billion followers, seconded by Cricket.

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Home — Essay Samples — Geography & Travel — Travel and Tourism Industry — The History of Moscow City


The History of Moscow City

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sport events essay


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47 facts about moscow.

Karita Mims

Written by Karita Mims

Modified & Updated: 04 Mar 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith

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Moscow, the capital city of Russia, holds a rich history and cultural heritage that dates back centuries. Known for its stunning architecture, iconic landmarks, and bustling city life, Moscow is a city that never fails to captivate its visitors. From the grandeur of the Red Square to the majestic Kremlin, there is an abundance of attractions to explore and discover.

In this article, we will uncover some intriguing facts about Moscow that highlight its uniqueness and significance. From its population and climate to its iconic subway system and vibrant arts scene, we will delve into the various aspects that make Moscow a truly remarkable city.

So, whether you’re planning a visit to Moscow or simply interested in learning more about this fascinating city, sit back and enjoy as we reveal 47 facts that will make you appreciate the charm and allure of Moscow.

Key Takeaways:

  • Moscow, the capital of Russia, is a vibrant city with rich history, stunning architecture, and a thriving cultural scene. It’s known for its impressive skyline, bustling nightlife, and diverse population.
  • The city offers a mix of traditional and modern experiences, from world-class theaters and museums to exciting festivals and technological innovation. Moscow’s iconic landmarks, bustling river, and delicious cuisine make it a must-visit destination.

Moscow is the capital and largest city of Russia.

Moscow, the political, economic, and cultural center of Russia , is home to over 12 million people.

Moscow was founded in the 12th century.

The city has a rich history dating back to 1147 when it was established by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky.

The Moscow Kremlin is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

This iconic fortress complex serves as the official residence of the President of Russia.

Moscow is known for its stunning architecture.

The city boasts a mix of architectural styles, including medieval, Soviet-era, and contemporary designs.

The Moscow Metro is one of the busiest underground systems in the world.

With its grand stations adorned with artwork, the Moscow Metro is not only a convenient mode of transportation but also a major tourist attraction.

Red Square is located in the heart of Moscow.

This famous square is surrounded by iconic landmarks such as the Kremlin, Saint Basil’s Cathedral, and the State Historical Museum.

Moscow is home to several world-renowned theaters.

The Bolshoi Theatre and the Moscow Art Theatre are among the most prestigious theaters in the world, known for their exceptional ballet and theater performances.

The Moscow International Business Center is a modern skyscraper district.

Also known as Moscow City, this business hub features impressive skyscrapers, luxury hotels, and shopping centers.

Moscow experiences a continental climate.

The city enjoys warm summers and cold winters, with temperatures ranging from -10°C (14°F) in winter to 25°C (77°F) in summer.

Moscow is home to the largest number of billionaires in the world.

The city has a thriving economy and is a center for entrepreneurship and wealth.

The Moscow River flows through the city.

This picturesque river offers scenic views and recreational activities such as boating and river cruises.

Moscow has a vibrant nightlife scene.

The city is filled with trendy bars, nightclubs, and live music venues, offering entertainment for all tastes.

The Moscow State University is one of the oldest universities in Russia.

Established in 1755, it is renowned for its academic excellence and beautiful campus.

Moscow is home to several world-class museums and art galleries.

The State Tretyakov Gallery and the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts showcase an impressive collection of Russian and international art.

The Russian ballet originated in Moscow.

Moscow has played a pivotal role in the development of ballet, with the establishment of the Bolshoi Ballet School and the Bolshoi Theatre.

The Luzhniki Stadium hosted the 2018 FIFA World Cup final.

This iconic stadium has a capacity of over 80,000 spectators, making it one of the largest stadiums in Europe.

Moscow has an extensive park and green space system.

Parks such as Gorky Park and Tsaritsyno Park provide a tranquil escape from the bustling city and offer various outdoor activities.

The Moscow Zoo is one of the oldest and largest zoos in Russia.

Home to numerous animal species, the zoo is a popular attraction for both locals and tourists.

Moscow is a major hub for the Russian railway system.

The city’s train stations provide connections to various destinations within Russia and neighboring countries.

The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is one of the most prominent religious landmarks in Moscow.

This majestic Orthodox cathedral stands on the banks of the Moscow River and serves as a symbol of national resilience.

Moscow is famous for its vibrant food scene.

From traditional Russian cuisine to international flavors, the city offers a wide range of culinary delights for every palate.

The Russian National Library in Moscow is the largest library in the country.

With its vast collection of books, manuscripts, and documents, it is a valuable resource for researchers and scholars.

Moscow enjoys a rich cultural heritage.

The city hosts numerous festivals, concerts, and exhibitions throughout the year, showcasing its diverse cultural traditions.

Moscow has a well-developed public transportation system.

Commuters can access the city’s buses, trams, trolleybuses, and metro lines to navigate through the bustling streets.

The Moscow International Film Festival is one of the oldest film festivals in the world.

This annual event attracts acclaimed filmmakers and actors from around the globe, showcasing the best of international cinema.

Moscow is a city of bridges.

Spanning across the Moscow River and its tributaries, the city’s bridges offer breathtaking views, especially during sunset.

The State Historical Museum houses a vast collection of artifacts.

Visitors can explore Russia’s history through exhibits that cover various periods, including ancient civilizations, the tsarist era, and the Soviet Union.

Moscow has a thriving fashion and shopping scene.

The city is home to luxury boutiques, department stores, and fashion-forward designers, making it a haven for fashion enthusiasts.

The Moscow Circus is renowned for its spectacular performances.

Audiences can witness breathtaking acrobatics, daring stunts, and entertaining acts that showcase the skills of talented performers.

Moscow is home to the famous GUM department store.

This historic shopping center offers a luxurious shopping experience with its upscale boutiques and iconic architecture.

The Moscow International Literary Festival celebrates the city’s literary heritage.

Writers, poets, and literary enthusiasts gather to share their works and participate in discussions and panel sessions.

Moscow has a complex and efficient underground heating system.

Even during the harsh winter months, the city’s residents enjoy centralized heating, ensuring a warm and comfortable living environment.

The Moscow International Music House hosts prestigious classical music performances.

With its state-of-the-art concert halls, this venue attracts renowned orchestras, conductors, and soloists from around the world.

The State Kremlin Palace is a prominent venue for cultural events.

Located within the Moscow Kremlin, it hosts concerts, ballets, operas, and other artistic performances.

Moscow is at the forefront of technological innovation.

The city’s growing tech industry and startup culture contribute to its position as a leading digital hub in Russia.

The Moscow Aviation Institute is one of the oldest and largest aerospace engineering institutes in the world.

It has played a significant role in shaping the aviation and aerospace industry in Russia and beyond.

Moscow is known for its impressive skyline.

Towering skyscrapers such as the Federation Tower and the Mercury City Tower dominate the city’s modern landscape.

The Moscow International Festival “Circle of Light” showcases stunning light installations.

Buildings, landmarks, and parks are transformed into mesmerizing works of art through the use of colorful light displays.

Moscow has a network of scenic riverside promenades.

Residents and visitors can stroll along the banks of the Moscow River, enjoying views of the city’s landmarks and landscapes.

The Moscow Planetarium offers fascinating astronomical experiences.

Visitors can explore the mysteries of the universe through interactive exhibits, virtual space journeys, and stargazing sessions.

Moscow is home to a diverse population.

People from various ethnicities and cultures reside in the city, contributing to its multicultural atmosphere.

The Moscow International Business Association promotes economic development and investment opportunities.

It plays a crucial role in attracting foreign businesses and fostering partnerships for mutual growth.

Moscow has a thriving arts scene.

Galleries, art studios, and cultural centers showcase the works of talented artists, enriching the city’s cultural landscape.

The Moscow International Travel and Tourism Exhibition attracts industry professionals from around the world.

It serves as a platform to showcase emerging travel trends, destinations, and innovative technologies in the tourism industry.

Moscow has a rich literary history.

From Tolstoy to Dostoevsky, the city has been home to many renowned authors who have shaped Russian literature.

The Moscow International Festival of Circus Art showcases incredible circus performances.

Audiences are treated to thrilling acts, awe-inspiring acrobatics, and captivating clown shows.

Moscow hosted the 1980 Summer Olympics.

The city welcomed athletes from around the world to compete in a wide range of sporting events.

In conclusion, Moscow is a city that holds a rich history, vibrant culture, and remarkable architectural landmarks. From its iconic Red Square and breathtaking St. Basil’s Cathedral to its world-class museums and art galleries, Moscow truly has something to offer for everyone. The bustling city also boasts a diverse culinary scene, with a myriad of restaurants and cafes serving both traditional Russian dishes and international cuisines.

Additionally, Moscow’s efficient public transportation system makes it easy to navigate the city and explore its many attractions. Whether you’re interested in history, culture, or simply soaking in the vibrant atmosphere, Moscow is a must-visit destination.

With its intriguing blend of old and new, Moscow is a city that continues to captivate visitors from around the world. Plan your trip, immerse yourself in the beauty and energy of this remarkable city, and discover the countless wonders that Moscow has to offer.

Q: What is the best time to visit Moscow?

A: The best time to visit Moscow is during the months of May to September when the weather is mild and the city comes alive with festivals and outdoor activities.

Q: Are there any must-visit attractions in Moscow?

A: Yes, some of the must-visit attractions in Moscow include the Red Square , St. Basil’s Cathedral, the Kremlin, the Bolshoi Theatre, and the Tretyakov Gallery.

Q: Is it necessary to learn Russian before visiting Moscow?

A: While it’s not necessary to learn Russian, knowing a few basic phrases will certainly enhance your experience and make interactions with locals easier.

Q: How can I navigate the public transportation system in Moscow?

A: Moscow has an extensive metro system, which is the most convenient way to get around. Maps and signage are available in English, and there are also buses, trams, and taxis available.

Q: Is Moscow a safe city for tourists?

A: Moscow is generally a safe city for tourists. However, it’s always recommended to take basic precautions, such as avoiding isolated areas at night and keeping an eye on your belongings.

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Earth Day: How a senator’s idea more than 50 years ago got people fighting for their planet

FILE - Climate activists hold a rally to protest the use of fossil fuels on Earth Day at Freedom Plaza, April 22, 2023, in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster, File)

FILE - Climate activists hold a rally to protest the use of fossil fuels on Earth Day at Freedom Plaza, April 22, 2023, in Washington. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster, File)

FILE - Activists display prints replicating solar panels during a rally to mark Earth Day at Lafayette Square, Washington, April 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe, File)

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Millions of people around the world will pause on Monday, at least for a moment, to mark Earth Day. It’s an annual event founded by people who hoped to stir activism to clean up and preserve a planet that is now home to some 8 billion humans and assorted trillions of other organisms.

Here are answers to some common questions about Earth Day and how it came to be:


Earth Day has its roots in growing concern over pollution in the 1960s, when author Rachel Carson’s 1962 book “Silent Spring,” about the pesticide DDT and its damaging effects on the food chain, hit bestseller lists and raised awareness about nature’s delicate balance.

But it was a senator from Wisconsin, Democrat Gaylord Nelson, who had the idea that would become Earth Day. Nelson had long been concerned about the environment when a massive offshore oil spill sent millions of gallons onto the southern California coast in 1969. Nelson, after touring the spill site, had the idea of doing a national “teach-in” on the environment, similar to teach-ins being held on some college campuses at the time to oppose the war in Vietnam.

Nelson and others, including activist Denis Hayes, worked to expand the idea beyond college campuses, with events all around the country, and came up with the Earth Day name.

FILE - Wind turbines operate at an energy plant near Stetten, north of Kaiserslautern, Germany, as the sun rises on, March 19, 2024. According to a new report published Tuesday, April 16, 2024, last year, marked the best year for new wind projects. (AP Photo/Michael Probst, File)


A history of the movement by EarthDay.org, where Hayes remains board chair emeritus, says the date of the first Earth Day — April 22, 1970 — was chosen because it fell on a weekday between spring break and final exams and the aim was to attract as many students as possible.


It’s not a federal holiday. But many groups use the day to put together volunteer events with the environment in mind, such as cleanups of natural areas. You can see a list of events worldwide , or register your own event, at EarthDay.org.

FILE - Activists display prints replicating solar panels during a rally to mark Earth Day at Lafayette Square, Washington, April 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe, File)


It has. The overwhelming public response to the first Earth Day is credited with adding pressure for the U.S. Congress to do more to address pollution, and it did, passing landmark legislation including the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act. More broadly, it’s seen as the birth of the modern environmental movement. In later years, Earth Day expanded to become a truly global event. It now claims to have motivated action in more than 192 countries.

In 2000, Earth Day began taking aim at climate change, a problem that has grown rapidly more urgent in recent years.


This year’s Earth Day is focusing on the threat that plastics pose to our environment, with a call to end all single-use plastic and find replacements for their use so they can quickly be phased down.

The Associated Press’ climate and environmental coverage receives financial support from multiple private foundations. AP is solely responsible for all content. Find AP’s standards for working with philanthropies, a list of supporters and funded coverage areas at AP.org .

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