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Assignment of Membership Interest: The Ultimate Guide for Your LLC

LegalGPS : November 30, 2023 at 8:16 AM

As a business owner, there may come a time when you need to transfer ownership of your company or acquire additional members. In these situations, an assignment of membership interest is a critical step in the process. This blog post aims to provide you with a comprehensive guide on everything you need to know about the assignment of membership interest and how to navigate the procedure efficiently. So, let's dive into the world of LLC membership interest transfers and learn how to secure your business!

concept of a foreign LLC business

What is an Assignment of Membership Interest?

An assignment of membership interest is a document that allows a member of an LLC to transfer their ownership share in the company to another person or entity. This can be done in the form of a sale or gift, which are two different scenarios that generally require different types of paperwork. An assignment is typically signed by the parties involved and delivered to the Secretary of State's office for filing. However, this process can vary depending on where you live and whether your LLC has members other than yourself as well as additional documents required by state law.

Necessary Approvals and Consent

Before initiating the assignment process, it's essential to review the operating agreement of your LLC, as it may contain specific guidelines on how to assign membership interests.

Often, these agreements require the express consent of the other LLC members before any assignment can take place. To avoid any potential disputes down the line, always seek the required approvals before moving forward with the assignment process.

Impact on Ownership, Voting, and Profit Rights

It's essential to understand that assigning membership interests can affect various aspects of the LLC, including ownership, voting rights, and profit distribution. A complete assignment transfers all ownership rights and obligations to the new member, effectively removing the original member from the LLC. For example, if a member assigns his or her interest, the new member inherits all ownership rights and obligations associated with that interest. This includes any contractual obligations that may be attached to the membership interest (e.g., a mortgage). If there is no assignment of interests clause in your operating agreement, then you will need to get approval from all other members for an assignment to take place.

On the other hand, a partial assignment permits the original member to retain some ownership rights while transferring a portion of their interest to another party. To avoid unintended consequences, it's crucial to clearly define the rights and responsibilities of each party during the assignment process.

two people posing back to back

Types of Membership Interest Transfers

Membership interest transfers can be either complete or partial, depending on the desired outcome. Understanding the differences between these two types of transfers is crucial in making informed decisions about your LLC.

Complete Assignment

A complete assignment occurs when a member transfers their entire interest in the LLC to another party, effectively relinquishing all ownership rights and obligations. This type of transfer is often used when a member exits the business or when a new individual or entity acquires the LLC.

For example, a member may sell their interest to another party that is interested in purchasing their share of the business. Complete assignment is also used when an individual or entity wants to purchase all of the interests in an LLC. In this case, the seller must receive unanimous approval from the other members before they can transfer their entire interest.

Partial Assignment

Unlike a complete assignment, a partial assignment involves transferring only a portion of a member's interest to another party. This type of assignment enables the member to retain some ownership in the business, sharing rights, and responsibilities proportionately with the new assignee. Partial assignments are often used when adding new members to an LLC or when existing members need to redistribute their interests.

A common real-world example is when a member receives an offer from another company to purchase their interest in the LLC. They might want to keep some ownership so that they can continue to receive profits from the business, but they also may want out of some of the responsibilities. By transferring only a partial interest in their membership share, both parties can benefit: The seller receives a lump sum payment for their share of the LLC and is no longer liable for certain financial obligations or other tasks.

How to Draft an Assignment of Membership Interest Agreement

A well-drafted assignment of membership interest agreement can help ensure a smooth and legally compliant transfer process. Here is a breakdown of the key elements to include in your agreement, followed by a step-by-step guide on drafting the document.

Key elements to include:

The names of the assignor (the person transferring their interest) and assignee (the person receiving the interest)

The name of your LLC and the state where it was formed

A description of the membership interest being transferred (percentage, rights, and obligations)

Any required approvals or consents from other LLC members

Effective date of the assignment

Signatures of all parties involved, including any relevant witnesses or notary public

Step 1: Gather Relevant Information

Before you begin drafting the agreement, gather all pertinent data about the parties involved and the membership interest being transferred. You'll need information such as:

The names and contact information of the assignor (the person transferring their interest) and assignee (the person receiving the interest)

The name and formation details of your LLC, including the state where it was registered

The percentage and value of the membership interest being transferred

Any specific rights and obligations associated with the membership interest

Step 2: Review the LLC's Operating Agreement

Examine your LLC's operating agreement to ensure you adhere to any predetermined guidelines on assigning membership interests. The operating agreement may outline specific procedures, required approvals, or additional documentation necessary to complete the assignment process.

If your LLC doesn't have an operating agreement or if it's silent on this matter, follow your state's default LLC rules and regulations.

Step 3: Obtain Necessary Approvals and Consents

Before drafting the assignment agreement, obtain any necessary approvals or consents from other LLC members as required by the operating agreement or state law. You may need to hold a members' meeting to discuss the proposed assignment and document members' consent in the form of a written resolution.

Step 4: Outline the Membership Interest Being Transferred

Detail the membership interest being transferred in the Assignment of Membership Interest Agreement. Specify whether the transfer is complete or partial, and include:

The percentage of ownership interest being assigned

Allocated profits and losses, if applicable

Voting rights associated with the transferred interest

The assignor's rights and obligations that are being transferred and retained

Any capital contribution requirements

Step 5: Determine the Effective Date of the Assignment

Set an effective date for the assignment, which is when the rights and obligations associated with the membership interest will transfer from the assignor to the assignee.

This date is crucial for legal and tax purposes and helps both parties plan for the transition. If you don’t specify an effective date in the assignment agreement, your state's law may determine when the transfer takes effect.

Step 6: Specify Conditions and Representations

In the agreement, outline any conditions that must be met before the assignment becomes effective. These could include obtaining certain regulatory approvals, fulfilling specific obligations, or making required capital contributions.

Additionally, you may include representations from the assignor attesting that they have the legal authority to execute the assignment. Doing this is important because it can prevent a third party from challenging the assignment on grounds of lack of authority. If the assignor is an LLC or corporation, be sure to specify that it must be in good standing with all necessary state and federal regulatory agencies.

Step 7: Address Tax and Liability Issues

Clearly state that the assignee will assume responsibility for any taxes, liabilities, and obligations attributable to the membership interest being transferred from the effective date of the assignment. You may also include indemnification provisions that protect each party from any potential claims arising from the other party's actions.

For example, you can include a provision that provides the assignor with protection against any claims arising from the transfer of membership interests. This is especially important if your LLC has been sued by a member, visitor, or third party while it was operating under its current management structure.

Step 8: Draft the Entire Agreement and Governing Law Clauses

In the closing sections of the assignment agreement, include clauses stating that the agreement represents the entire understanding between the parties concerning the assignment and supersedes any previous agreements or negotiations. Specify that any modifications to the agreement must be made in writing and signed by both parties. Finally, identify the governing law that will apply to the agreement, which is generally the state law where your LLC is registered.

This would look like this:

Step 9: Review and Sign the Assignment Agreement

Once you've drafted the Assignment of Membership Interest Agreement, ensure that all parties carefully review the document to verify its accuracy and completeness. Request a legal review by an attorney, if necessary. Gather the assignor, assignee, and any necessary witnesses or notary public to sign the agreement, making it legally binding.

Sometimes the assignor and assignee will sign the document at different times. If this is the case, then you should specify when each party must sign in your Assignment Agreement.

lawyers working together

Importance of a Professionally-drafted Contract Template

To ensure a smooth and error-free assignment process, it's highly recommended to use a professionally-drafted contract template. While DIY options might seem tempting, utilizing an expertly-crafted template provides several distinct advantages.

Advantages of using a professionally-created template:

Accuracy and Compliance: Professionally-drafted templates are designed with state-specific regulations in mind, ensuring that your agreement complies with all necessary legal requirements.

Time and Cost Savings: With a pre-written template, you save valuable time and resources that can be better spent growing your business.

Reduced Legal Risk: Legal templates created by experienced professionals significantly reduce the likelihood of errors and omissions that could lead to disputes or litigations down the road.

How our contract templates stand out from the rest:

We understand the unique needs of entrepreneurs and business owners. Our contract templates are designed to provide a straightforward, user-friendly experience that empowers you with the knowledge and tools you need to navigate complex legal processes with ease. By choosing our Assignment of Membership Interest Agreement template, you can rest assured that your business is in safe hands. Click here to get started!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Assignment of Membership Interest

As you embark on the journey of assigning membership interest in your LLC, here are some frequently asked questions to help address any concerns you may have:

Is an assignment of membership interest the same as a sale of an LLC? No. While both processes involve transferring interests or assets, a sale of an LLC typically entails the sale of the entire business, whereas an assignment of membership interest relates to the transfer of some or all membership interests between parties.

Do I need an attorney to help draft my assignment of membership interest agreement? While not mandatory, seeking legal advice ensures that your agreement complies with all relevant regulations, minimizing potential legal risks. If you prefer a more cost-effective solution, consider using a professionally-drafted contract template like the ones we offer at [Your Company Name].

Can I assign my membership interest without the approval of other LLC members? This depends on your LLC's operating agreement and state laws. It's essential to review these regulations and obtain any necessary approvals or consents before proceeding with the assignment process.

Do you need a lawyer for this?

The biggest question now is, "Do you need to hire a lawyer for help?" Sometimes, yes ( especially if you have multiple owners ). But often for single-owner businesses, you don't   need a lawyer to start your business .

Many business owners instead use tools like  Legal GPS for Business , which includes a step-by-step, interactive platform and 100+ contract templates to help you start and grow your company.

We hope this guide provides valuable insight into the process of assigning membership interest in your LLC. By understanding the legal requirements, implications, and steps involved, you can navigate this essential task with confidence. Ready to secure your business with a professionally-drafted contract template? Visit our website to purchase the reliable and user-friendly Assignment of Membership Interest Agreement template that enables your business success.

LLC Membership Interest Assignment

Choose the state where the LLC is formed (and primarily does business). This will be the state where all of the initial business documents for the LLC, like the Articles of Organization or Certificate of Formation, have been filed.

State of Alabama

This assignment ("Assignment") is made by and between the following parties: ________ , hereinafter known as "Assignor," having an address at the following:

and ________ , hereinafter known as "Assignee," having an address at the following:

Assignor, an individual, hereby assigns, transfers, and conveys all of Assignor's right, title and interest in and to all of Assignor's membership interests in ________ , a Alabama Limited Liability Company, hereinafter known as the "LLC," to Assignee, an individual. Such membership interest amounts to the following percentage ownership: ________ % (________ percent) membership interest, along with voting rights in the LLC, and this Assignment shall leave Assignor with no interest in the LLC. Assignee hereby accepts this Assignment.

This assignment is effective as of ________ and is made for good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged.

Assignor hereby represents and warrants and that Assignor has good title to the membership interest conveyed herein and that Assignor has no limitations on making such assignment, such as any security interest, lien, or encumbrance.

88882225 2552525 5225282228 525 85555228 2552 82 8888 2522 522 82228 22 2252282 88882222'8 5282822 22 252 2228258582 82225282 82 252 228 58 52858525.

5588 5888222222 85588 82 85885 525 8825822 5222 588 22 88882225 525 88882222'8 8588288258, 25528225228, 52858, 525 5888228.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, Assignor and Assignee have caused this Assignment to be executed on the following date: ________ .

Assignor: ________

Signature: __________________________

Assignee: ________

Consent To Assignment Of Membership Interest

Each and all of the members of ________ , a Alabama Limited Liability Company, hereby consent to the assignment, transfer and conveyance of membership interest in ________ made by the attached LLC Membership Interest Assignment. Each and all of the members further agree that Assignee is now a member of ________ and Assignor retains no further interest in ________ .

Assignee shall have all the rights and powers of a member henceforth.

This consent is made on the following date: ____________________.

Name of Member: __________________________



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Assignment and Assumption of Membership Interests | Practical Law

llc assignment agreement

Assignment and Assumption of Membership Interests

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Assignment of LLC Interest

An Assignment of LLC Interest is a document through which an LLC member can transfer their ownership rights.


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If an LLC member wishes to transfer their ownership rights to a different entity for any reason, they'll need to submit an Assignment of LLC Interest. This document will be a way for the member to communicate this intention to other LLC members.

What Is an Assignment of LLC Interest?

You can use an Assignment of LLC Interest in situations where an LLC member wishes to secure a loan, settle a debt, or leave their LLC. 

In such cases, this document will serve to transfer the member's interest – which can be done wholly or partially – according to state laws and the governing documents of the LLC in question.

Other Names for Assignment of LLC Interest

Since the document's content takes precedence over the title, an Assignment of LLC Interest doesn't necessarily have to bear that name. It's also called:

  • Assignment Agreement
  • Transfer Agreement
  • Interest Transfer Agreement

Who Needs an Assignment of LLC Interest?

LLC members may decide to assign their interest for several reasons. One of the more common reasons for assignment is providing collateral for a loan.

Another reason might be if the member needs to settle a debt, in which case the assignment remains effective while the debt is present.

Finally, a member can assign interest to their legal heirs. In this case, the assignment becomes valid upon the member's death.

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Create your own documents by simply answering our easy-to-understand questionnaire to get exactly what you need out of your Assignment of LLC Interest.

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How to Create an Assignment of LLC Interest With 360 Legal Forms

An Assignment of LLC Interest should clearly outline the rights and limitations as they apply both to the assignor, i.e., the LLC member transferring interest, and the assignee, i.e., the party receiving interest. For this reason, the document should be detailed and carefully crafted. State laws can potentially restrict assignments, and documents contrary to those laws can be subject to invalidation.

Let 360 Legal Forms help with our extensive library of attorney-vetted legal forms. The process is fast and easy. All you need to do is fill out our easy-to-understand questionnaire. Once complete, simply download your form as a PDF or Word document from your secure online account.

What Information Will I Need to Create My Assignment of LLC Interest?

To create your document, please provide:

  • Assignor Information: Details on the LLC member transferring interest 
  • Assignee Information: Details on the entity receiving interest
  • Assignment Type: Description of whether the assignment is partial or full 
  • Type of Partial Assignment (If Applicable): Determining whether the assignor will transfer a portion of ownership or specific rights and responsibilities
  • Signatures : All involved parties need to sign the document to make it legally binding 

Assignment of LLC Interest Terms

  • Assignor : The LLC member assigning their rights, responsibilities, and interest
  • Assignee: The individual or other entity receiving the rights, obligations, and interest from the Assignor
  • Authority : A confirmation that the agreement is following regulations affecting all parties (Assignor and Assignee)
  • Severability : If you can't execute any individual part of the agreement, the rest of the agreement will remain valid

Assignment of LLC Interest Signing Requirements

An Assignment of LLC Interest is a legally binding document, which means all parties should ensure they understand and agree to all terms within it before signing. 

Once the Assignor and Assignee confirm that all information in the document is correct, both parties will need to sign the document to make it valid.

What to Do With Your Assignment of LLC Interest?

An Assignment of LLC Interest defines the scope of interest an LLC member will transfer to another party for other members of the LLC. 

After signing the document, you will execute the interest transfer. Both parties should keep their copies of this document for the record.

Frequently Asked Questions

LLC members often have two roles within the LLC: as interest owners and managers. When a member decides to assign interest to another party, the transfer won't affect that member's management role. 

Should an LLC member wish to leave the LLC management, they'll need to resign from that role in an action separate from the interest transfer. At that point, they’ll determine their replacement in the management following the LLC operating agreement and the state laws.

An LLC member can transfer their interest fully or partially. Full transfer means that the Assignee receives interest identical to that previously held by the Assignor.

In the case of a partial transfer, an LLC member will assign either a portion of their interest or only certain rights to the Assignee. 

In most states, the Assignee won't have the right to participate in the operations of the LLC in question. The Assignee is also protected from the Assignor's liabilities, but this may vary according to the state. For example, the Assignee receives the liability in Florida and California.

If the Assignee is introduced into the LLC as a member following the transfer, the Assignee's limitations and rights will be the same as the Assignor's. 

Most states will not prohibit any LLC members from assigning interest. Likewise, in most states, interest transfer won't mean that the Assignor relinquishes their right to vote or continue their involvement in LLC management. 

Texas is an exception since that state's law mandates that the Assignor must forfeit their LLC membership upon transfer.

Notifying all LLC members of an assignment is mandatory, and in some states, you can only enforce the document upon approval by all LLC members. 

LLC members can decide whether the Assignee will become a member if the Assignor wishes to resign their position. The interest transfer doesn't guarantee that the Assignee will automatically become an LLC member.

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Assignment of Limited Liability Company Interest

By Joe Stone, J.D.

llc assignment agreement

  • Do All Members of an LLC Have to Sign the Purchase Contract?

As a limited liability company member, you usually have the right to assign your membership interest in the LLC to a nonmember, subject to the requirements of state LLC law. Typically, the assignment provides the nonmember with the right to receive your share of any LLC profits but does not give the nonmember any of your management rights. The remaining LLC members usually decide whether the nonmember is admitted as a member with management rights.


An assignment involving your LLC membership occurs whenever there is a transfer of your property rights in the membership. The transfer of rights can occur voluntarily such as in a sale of your membership to cash out of the LLC. Another type of voluntary transfer involves using your membership to satisfy your personal debts in lieu of bankruptcy, generally referred to as an assignment for the benefit of creditors. A transfer of your membership to your legal heirs or designated beneficiaries occurs by operation of law upon your death. In each situation, the assignment results in a complete transfer of your property rights in your LLC membership.

LLC Membership Interest

An LLC is commonly considered a cross between a corporation and partnership. LLC members enjoy personal liability protection, as do a corporation's shareholders, and the ability to structure the LLC management to suit their own needs, as in a partnership. An LLC is also like a partnership in that the profits and losses of the LLC are passed through to each member just as in a partnership. As a result, your LLC membership consists of two parts: an economic interest -- the right to share in the profits and losses of the LLC; and a control interest -- the right to vote on and manage the affairs of the LLC.

Membership Transfer Rules

If a member assigns his LLC membership to a nonmember without the consent of the other members, state law typically limits the assignment to only economic rights, not control rights. For example, Arizona Revised Statute 29-732 states that “the assignment of an interest in a limited liability company does not…entitle the assignee to participate in the management of the business and affairs of the limited liability company or to become or to exercise the rights of a member.” The Revised Uniform Limited Liability Act, which has been adopted in nine states as of June 2013, contains a similar provision that states, "the transferor retains the rights of a member other than the interest in distributions transferred and retains all duties and obligations of a member." To acquire control rights, the LLC members must consent to extend full membership to the nonmember.

Other Considerations

LLC members usually create an operating agreement to govern their rights and duties to the LLC and each other. Unless specifically prohibited by state law, the members can agree to provisions in the operating agreement that alter the default rules that apply under state law. In anticipation of future assignments, the members can include in an operating agreement the rules for whether control rights can be assigned with economic rights and under what conditions.

  • FindLaw: Legal Dictionary -- Assignment
  • Texas Secretary of State: Selecting A Business Structure
  • The Free Dictionary: Limited Liability Company
  • Arizona Legislature: Arizona Revised Statute 29-732
  • National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws: Revised Uniform Limited Liability Act
  • National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws: Enactment Status Map -- RULLCA
  • Operating Agreements; The Basics

Joe Stone is a freelance writer in California who has been writing professionally since 2005. His articles have been published on LIVESTRONG.COM, and He also has experience in background investigations and spent almost two decades in legal practice. Stone received his law degree from Southwestern University School of Law and a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy from California State University, Los Angeles.

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  • Can an LLC Offer Both Preferred & Common Shares?

LLC Membership Interest Assignment Free

When one party wants to transfer the ownership of an interest in an LLC, they can use this LLC Membership Interest Assignment. The document can also be used when one party wishes a membership interest in an LLC transferred to them.

LLC Membership Interest Assignment preview

Template Overview

When one member of an LLC, also known as a Limited Liability Company, wants to transfer their interests to another party, this LLC Membership Interest Assignment can be used. Such contracts are particularly prevalent when a member of an LLC leaves the company and wants to give up his interest.

Usually, LLC Membership Interest Assignments are created with an operating LLC. In most states, a limited liability company has to have Articles of Organization (also known as Certificates of Formation). 

An LLC can be created for any reason. If an LLC owner chooses to waive their interest in the LLC, this LLC Membership Interest Assignment can be used.

This document is quite straightforward that consists of information needed to transfer an interest in an LLC. Both the Assignor (a person transferring the interest) and the Assignee (a person receiving the interest) can fill out the information about themselves.

You fill out a form. The document is created before your eyes as you respond to the questions.

At the end, you receive it in Word and PDF formats. You can modify it and reuse it.

How to use this template

When one party wants to transfer the ownership of an interest in an LLC, they can use this document. The document can also be used when one party wishes a membership interest in an LLC transferred to them (with approval from the owner). Note that both parties should completely understand that the membership interest will be fully assigned. 

The filing party will have to specify identifying information about parties and the details of the membership interest, including percentage and whether or not it comes with voting rights. 

A completed document requires signatures from both parties.

Applicable law

Individual state laws govern LLC Membership Interest Assignments.  

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Sale and Assignment of LLC Membership Interests

Transfers from Member to Member or to Non-Member Third Parties by David J. Willis J.D., LL.M.


This article addresses legal points to consider when conveying a membership interest in a limited liability company from one individual to another. It does not address the initial issuance of such interests when the LLC is formed, nor sales of membership interests by an existing LLC to incoming members.

Additionally, this article addresses absolute assignments (full and final transfers) rather than collateral assignments (made only as security for a loan) which are a different topic entirely.

Assignments of this type may follow the execution of a letter of intent which provides for a due-diligence period. This article does not cover the contents of such an LOI but does address issues that should be considered by a prospective assignee in conducting due diligence. An LOI will often make reference to specific due diligence steps that a buyer will be permitted to take.

After covering definitions and applicable law, we will turn to principal points that should be considered in negotiating and drafting an assignment of LLC membership interest.


Relevant statutory definitions.

Applicable law is found in the Business Organizations Code (BOC):

Bus. Orgs. Code Section 1.002. DEFINITIONS

(7) “Certificated ownership interest” means an ownership interest of a domestic entity represented by a certificate issued in bearer or registered form.

(32) “Fundamental business transaction” means a merger, interest exchange, conversion, or sale of all or substantially all of an entity’s assets.

(35)(A) “Governing authority” means a person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity under this code and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this code divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, “governing authority” means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this code.

(41) “Interest exchange” means the acquisition of an ownership or membership interest in a domestic entity as provided by Subchapter B, Chapter 10. The term does not include a merger or conversion.

(46) “Limited liability company” means an entity governed as a limited liability company under Title 3 or 7. The term includes a professional limited liability company.

(53) “Member” means: (A) in the case of a limited liability company, a person who has become, and has not ceased to be, a member in the limited liability company as provided by its governing documents or this code. . . .

(54) “Membership interest” means a member’s interest in an entity. With respect to a limited liability company, the term includes a member’s share of profits and losses or similar items and the right to receive distributions, but does not include a member’s right to participate in management.

(64) “Ownership interest” means an owner’s interest in an entity. The term includes the owner’s share of profits and losses or similar items and the right to receive distributions. The term does not include an owner’s right to participate in management.

(69-b) “Person” means an individual or a corporation, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, trust, association, or other organization, estate, government or governmental subdivision or agency, or other legal entity, or a protected series or registered series of a domestic limited liability company or foreign entity.

(87) “Uncertificated ownership interest” means an ownership interest in a domestic entity that is not represented by an instrument and is transferred by: (A) amendment of the governing documents of the entity; or (B) registration on books maintained by or on behalf of the entity for the purpose of registering transfers of ownership interests.

A well-drafted assignment of LLC membership interest will be mindful of and consistent with these statutory terms.

Statute Authorizing LLC Membership Assignments

Foundational to the idea of a sale and assignment of LLC membership interest is the legal authority to enter into such a transaction in the first place:


(a) A membership interest in a limited liability company may be wholly or partly assigned.

(b) An assignment of a membership interest in a limited liability company: (1) is not an event requiring the winding up of the company; and (2) does not entitle the assignee to: (A) participate in the management and affairs of the company; (B) become a member of the company; or (C) exercise any rights of a member of the company.

Consent by other members is required. BOC Section 101.103(s) states that a “person who, after the formation of a limited liability company, acquires directly or is assigned a membership interest in the company or is admitted as a member of the company without acquiring a membership interest becomes a member of the company on approval or consent of all of the company’s members.” BOC Section 101.105 states that a “limited liability company, after the formation of the company, may: (1) issue membership interests in the company to any person with the approval of all of the members of the company. . . .”

An additional consent requirement is found in BOC Section 101.356(c) which provides that, for the most part, “a fundamental business transaction of a limited liability company, or an action that would make it impossible for a limited liability company to carry out the ordinary business of the company, must be approved by the affirmative vote of the majority of all of the company’s members.”

Accordingly, it is advisable to accompany an assignment of membership interest with a special meeting of members that approves and ratifies the change. One or more LLC resolutions may be produced as well. All affected parties (and their spouses, even if non-members) should sign off.

What category of property is an LLC membership interest?

Regardless of the type of property owner by a limited liability company, a membership interest in the LLC is personal property:


(a) A membership interest in a limited liability company is personal property.

(a-1) A membership interest may be community property under applicable law.

(a-2) A member’s right to participate in the management and conduct of the business of the limited liability company is not community property.

(b) A member of a limited liability company or an assignee of a membership interest in a limited liability company does not have an interest in any specific property of the company.

The characterization of an LLC membership interest as personal property is important because it also signifies what it is not . For instance, it is not a real property interest even though the LLC may own real estate. It is not a negotiable instrument subject to the Uniform Commercial Code (found in Texas Business & Commerce Code Section 3.201 et seq.). Nor is a small-business LLC membership interest usually considered to be a security subject to state and federal securities laws: “An interest in a partnership or limited liability company is not a security unless it is dealt in or traded on securities exchanges or in securities markets, [and the company agreement] expressly provide[s] that it is a security . . . or it is an investment company security.” Tex. Bus. & Com. Code Sec. 8.103(c).

The foregoing applies regardless of whether the membership interest is considered certificated or uncertificated.

Statutory Qualifications for LLC Membership

Qualifications and requirements for membership in an LLC are found in the BOC:


(a) A person may be a member of or acquire a membership interest in a limited liability company unless the person lacks capacity apart from this code.

(b) A person is not required, as a condition to becoming a member of or acquiring a membership interest in a limited liability company, to:

(1) make a contribution to the company; (2) otherwise pay cash or transfer property to the company; or (3) assume an obligation to make a contribution or otherwise pay cash or transfer property to the company.

(c) If one or more persons own a membership interest in a limited liability company, the company agreement may provide for a person to be admitted to the company as a member without acquiring a membership interest in the company.

Rights and Duties of an Assignee


(a) A person who is assigned a membership interest in a limited liability company is entitled to:

(1) receive any allocation of income, gain, loss, deduction, credit, or a similar item that the assignor is entitled to receive to the extent the allocation of the item is assigned; (2) receive any distribution the assignor is entitled to receive to the extent the distribution is assigned; (3) require, for any proper purpose, reasonable information or a reasonable account of the transactions of the company; and (4) make, for any proper purpose, reasonable inspections of the books and records of the company.

(b) An assignee of a membership interest in a limited liability company is entitled to become a member of the company on the approval of all of the company’s members.

(c) An assignee of a membership interest in a limited liability company is not liable as a member of the company until the assignee becomes a member of the company.


(a) An assignee of a membership interest in a limited liability company, after becoming a member of the company, is:

(1) entitled, to the extent assigned, to the same rights and powers granted or provided to a member of the company by the company agreement or this code; (2) subject to the same restrictions and liabilities placed or imposed on a member of the company by the company agreement or this code; and (3) except as provided by Subsection (b), liable for the assignor’s obligation to make contributions to the company.

(b) An assignee of a membership interest in a limited liability company, after becoming a member of the company, is not obligated for a liability of the assignor that:

(1) the assignee did not have knowledge of on the date the assignee became a member of the company; and (2) could not be ascertained from the company agreement.

It is important to note that these statutory rights and duties are subject to “restrictions and liabilities” that may be imposed by the company agreement.


The company agreement.

When considering a transfer of LLC membership, it is important to first check the company agreement (operating agreement) to determine if there are buy-sell provisions or a right-of-first-refusal clause that must be worked through before the membership interest can be assigned. company agreements often require that before a sale and assignment of a membership interest can occur, the interest must first be offered pro rata to the other members, and/or to the company itself, before a transfer may be made to a person who is not currently a member. Unless waived, such provisions may be accompanied by an offer period of (for example) 10, 30, or 60 days.

Buy-sell and right-of-first-refusal provisions exist so that existing LLC members do not unwillingly find themselves in business with someone they do not know.

Non-Member Spouses

Are non-member spouses involved? Like real estate, personal property in Texas is presumed to be community property. A frequent error in transfers of LLC membership interest is failure to secure the signature of an assignor-seller’s non-member spouse. The result is that the entire interest may not have been conveyed, at least not in Texas. This is no different than if a grantee in a deed accepts the conveyance without requiring execution by the grantor’s spouse; since community property is presumed, the transfer may be incomplete if the spouse does not sign off, at least in a pro forma capacity.

To say that omitting the signature of a non-member spouse can drive subsequent disputes would be an understatement. Even though BOC Section 101.108 provides that a non-member spouse of an assignee may not assert control over the company, the potential for awkward and potentially disastrous disruption remains. Consider the case of a withdrawing member who is contemplating divorce but has not yet revealed this to other members who may want to buy his LLC membership interest. Will the assignment get tangled up in the parties’ divorce?

As is the case in transfers of real estate, it is common for sellers of an LLC membership interest to argue that the spouse should not be required to sign the assignment because the property transferred is a business asset rather than a part of the homestead. Real estate lawyers hear such excuses all the time. Other reasons may be given (“My wife is in China”). None of these excuses should be allowed to carry any weight unless the membership interest has been lawfully converted into separate property by a written partition agreement according to Section 4.102 et seq. of the Family Code.

What will be the accounting consequences? Is timing an issue?

There will likely be accounting consequences as a result of transferring an LLC membership interest. BOC Section 101.201 partially addresses this issue, stating “The profits and losses of a limited liability company shall be allocated to each member of the company on the basis of the agreed value of the contributions made by each member, as stated in the company’s records. . . .” This rule will apply unless the members collectively agree otherwise.

Attention should be given to the effective date of the assignment, since the transfer date may have more than one level of significance. It is advisable to select an effective date or record date for the assignment that facilitates easier calculation of profits and losses, or at least does not unduly complicate that calculation.

Will the membership interest pass a due-diligence inspection?

The issues referred to above are part of a larger group of due-diligence considerations that may concern a prospective buyer, which brings us to the due-diligence checklist in the next section.


Due diligence checklist.

The following is a partial list of items that should be of concern to a prospective assignee-buyer of an LLC Membership Interest:

(1) Valuation . Most small-business assignments of LLC membership interest occur among insiders who are already acquainted with the company’s assets, liabilities, management, and operations. For potential assignees who do not fall in this category, the question of valuation arises—not just valuation of the membership interest itself but valuation of the LLC as a whole, since the two are effectively inseparable.

Several articles could be written on how to evaluate and appraise a business; suffice it to say that there should be some rational basis for the asking price that can be independently confirmed by looking at the company’s finances and assets. Certain numbers will be hard (real property and bank accounts) and others will be soft (marketing strategy, proprietary information, and value of the brand).

If assets include real properties, an evaluation of value may include appraisals by licensed appraisers or the less-formal alternative of a broker price opinion (BPO). It is impressive if a real estate investment firm has an inventory of 30 rental properties; it is less so if half the properties are drowning in deferred maintenance. Numbers guys may be satisfied with financials and a spreadsheet; traditionalists will want to physically inspect the properties as part of the due-diligence process.

(2) Good Standing . It is important to verify that the LLC and the assignor (if a registered entity) are in good standing with the secretary of state and the comptroller. If not, they do not have the legal capacity to do business, which could potentially make execution of an LLC membership assignment invalid.

(3) Core LLC Documents . A prospective assignee-buyer will want to see core LLC documents including the certificate of formation; the certificate of filing (the secretary of state’s approval); the minutes of the first organizational meeting of members along with subsequent minutes of special meetings (if any) and annual meetings; company resolutions or grants of authority; the company agreement, as currently amended or restated; and any membership certificates that may have been issued (or at least a record of same).

Also: where are the official LLC records kept? Who is responsible for keeping them, and is access readily available? Is there a company book, i.e., a binder containing these? Failure of an LLC to keep organized and complete records is a warning sign for a potential assignee. This is true regardless of and aside from any statutory requirements for LLC record keeping.

A vital object of an assignee’s investigation should be the company agreement. The company agreement is essentially a partnership agreement among LLC members, so it will directly bind a prospective assignee . Is it valid? Is it a legal document of substance or is it a three-page printout from the internet that is not even relevant to Texas? Are provisions of the company agreement compatible with the intentions and goals of the assignee? What limitations does the company agreement impose (for example, restrictions on transfer of membership interests)? Can one easily re-sell the membership interest or are there hoops to jump through?

(4) Managers . It is operationally important to determine if the LLC is member-managed or manager-managed and, if the latter, to identity of the managers. Can the assignee work with these persons? Are they professional and competent? What is their track record?

(5) Member List . LLCs are required to keep current lists of members, their respective interests in the company, and a list of all contributions to the company. BOC Sections 101.501(a)(1)-(7). Fellow members of a smaller LLC are effectively your partners in the enterprise. It is good to know to know something about them.

(6) Contracts and Agreements with Third Parties . Any agreements with third parties that affect control, management, or operation of the LLC should be examined. Examples would be contracts with vendors or a property management agreement with a third-party management company. Is the LLC currently part of a joint venture with a different group of investors?

(7) Voting Agreements . These may or may not exist. Any one or more of the members may enter into voting agreements (including but not limited to proxies and pledges) that can affect control of the entity.

(8) Federal Tax Returns. Tax returns are important to verify how the LLC is taxed and how ownership is reported to the IRS. Tax returns and LLC records should be consistent in this respect. It is a good idea for a prospective assignee to have a CPA review the company’s tax returns.

(9) Texas Annual Filings . A prospective assignee should review the franchise tax returns and public information reports (PIRs) that must be annually filed with the comptroller’s office. Do these accurately reflect the LLC’s affairs? Are they diligently prepared and timely filed?

(10) Transactional Records . What property does the LLC own? Are warranty deeds in the name of the LLC duly recorded in the real property records? How are properties managed and who is responsible for doing so? What do the files and records look like—are they orderly or are they a mess? And what about completeness? Do files for rental properties contain all essential documents like warranty deeds, notes and loan agreements, deeds of trust, leases, appraisals, maintenance records, and so on? A specific person should be responsible for keeping such records at a designated location.

(11) Salaries, Draws, and Distributions. These should be examined to discover if there is a pattern of excessive or erratic compensation to managers or distributions to members. Is there a coherent schedule or plan? Are measures in place to insure that the LLC maintains sufficient working capital to fund existing and planned operations?

(12) Bank and Depository Accounts . Current and recent copies of account statements should be examined. Look for any unusual withdrawals or capital flows. Is the LLC adequately capitalized? Does it have an adequate capital reserve? Inadequate capitalization is the number one cause of small business failure.

(13) Records of Pending, Prospective, and Resolved Legal Actions . Is the LLC being sued? Has it been sued in the past? Do the managers have a history of shoddy or deceptive dealings? Is the LLC continually receiving DTPA notice letters from attorneys? Default letters from HOAs or appraisal districts? Does the company charter get periodically revoked (and then have to be reinstated) because the LLC fails to timely file its franchise tax return or PIR? Consider meeting with the LLC’s attorney and CPA. Require that confidentiality be waived in order to get a frank assessment of the situation.

(14) Best Practices Generally . It is important to ascertain whether or not the LLC is run with diligence, integrity, and in compliance with applicable law. What is the company culture with regard to best practices? Does the LLC have a regular business attorney and CPA to advise the managers? Or do the managers wing it on a DIY basis most of the time, counting on a surging market to cover their mistakes?

(15) Reputational Evidence . A prospective assignee may want to do some digging in order to evaluate the business and personal reputations of the managers and members. What is their professional history? The personal lives of the existing members may also be relevant: are any of them getting a divorce from a spouse who might turn into a hostile party? Was one of them just expelled from the country club for non-payment of dues? An internet search is, of course, the bare minimum but it may also be prudent to consider a private investigator (These are not just for the movies).

(16) Company Performance . How have the LLC’s investments fared, particularly over the last three years? What do the company accounts show and are these numbers verifiable? Does the spreadsheet match up with the checkbook?

Trends are an important part of value analysis. Try to reduce the LLC’s quarterly and annual results to line graphs for income and costs. Which way are these factors trending?

(17) Business Plan . Do the managers and members have specific goals or is their strategy more built around finding targets of investment opportunity? Is their plan realistic or pie-in-the-sky? What will the company likely look like in three years? Five years? Is a change in direction required?

The importance of thorough due diligence conducted during an adequate inspection period cannot be understated. Knowledge, as they say, is power. If one must sign a confidentiality or non-disclosure agreement in order to get relevant information on the LLC and its members, then that is what should be done.


Assignments of interest generally.

All assignments of interest (regardless of the interest assigned) include—or should include—certain common clauses and provisions. After identifying the parties and the exact interest to be assigned, the document should state the consideration being paid; whether the consideration is nominal, cash, or a financed amount (secured or unsecured); recite both transfer and acceptance language; state whether the assignment is made entirely “as is” or instead with representations and warranties; state whether the assignee will have any recourse in the event certain post-assignment conditions are not met and identify the recourse mechanism; recite covenants and agreements of both parties that will result in the implementation of the transfer along with remedies for default if these measures are not carried out; a mutual indemnity clause; any special provisions agreed to by the parties; an alternative dispute resolution (mandatory mediation) clause; and conclude with various miscellaneous provisions that identify applicable law and venue, advise all parties to consult an attorney, set an effective date, and so forth.

A “Consent of Non-Member Spouses” should be appended if applicable. Exhibits to the assignment (pertaining to company assets and liabilities, for instance) may also be needed.

Representations and Warranties

An assignment may include a full set of representations and warranties (“reps and warranties”), limited reps and warranties, or no reps and warranties at all—in which case the assignment is made entirely as is and (in such cases) is almost always without recourse, meaning there is no defined remedy against the assignor-seller if the LLC membership goes sour for some reason. Representations and warranties may be made by assignor, assignee, both, or neither.

Core reps and warranties are basic assurances to which no reasonable party should object. Reps and warranties can get much more detailed and extensive from there. If attorneys are involved, the reps and warranties section of a contract may be heavily negotiated.

The assignor-seller’s goal is to minimize post-closing liability by transferring the membership interest “as is” to the maximum extent by including only a minimum number of reps and warranties. It should be noted that inclusion of the above-mentioned core items does not impair the ability of an assignor to assign an interest “as is.” For this reason, it is always somewhat suspicious when an assignor refuses to give any reps or warranties at all.

The assignee-buyer instead prefers a longer and more specific list of reps and warranties on the part of the assignor-seller. One of the goals of the assignee in the due diligence process is to ascertain, to the greatest extent practicable, the accuracy of reps and warranties that have been or will be made by the seller.

Examples of Reps and Warranties

Examples of basic reps and warranties would include assurances that each party, if a registered entity, is in good standing; the party has power and authority to enter into the transaction without joinder of others; and there exists no condition or circumstance that would render the transaction illegal or invalid or place the party in breach of an existing contract. Additional near-core items would include assurances that each party has performed adequate due diligence and has consulted an attorney before signing.

Both assignor and assignee should also want to include a statement that neither party is making or relying upon any reps or warranties that are not expressly set forth in the assignment. The goal is to prevent anyone from assuming anything or alleging that certain assurances were oral or implied.

Reps and Warranties: Duration and Default

Once reps and warranties are negotiated, it must be determined how long they will survive closing—if at all. 30 days? 90 days? Indefinitely?

A final issue in this area has to do with remedies for default in the event of breach. Attorneys frequently include a clause requiring that such default be a material (rather than a trivial) breach in order to be legally actionable. The issue is then raised, how does one define material ? One method is to impose a monetary floor, e.g., by confining assignor liability to issues that result in a loss or cost of (say) $10,000 or more.

Assignments Made “As Is”

As noted, an assignor-seller can include basic (limited) representations and warranties and still convey an LLC membership interest “as is.” Many business persons, including lawyers, do not adequately understand this. For example, stating that one has sufficient power and authority to enter into a transaction does not suggest any representation or warranty as to the item being conveyed. It is a core representation that should probably be included in every assignment.

The key to protecting the assignor is a thorough “as is” clause. Just as is true with real estate conveyances, the more thorough and extensive the “as is” clause, the better. One-liners will generally not do. This is particularly true if there have been oral or email negotiations over a period of weeks or months. The goal should be not only to convey the interest “as is” but also to entirely exclude any statement that cannot be expressly found in writing within the four corners of the assignment instrument.

Covenants and Agreements of the Parties

Covenants and agreements address the legal obligations of the parties going forward—specifically what actions they are required to take in order to implement the assignment. Covenants and agreements of the assignor-seller would include, for example, an obligation to promptly endorse and deliver to the assignee-buyer any certificates evidencing the membership interest in question.

The assignee-buyer should also covenant and agree to abide by the company agreement and other governing documents. Since Texas is a community property state, the spouse of a new assignee should also be asked to sign off on this commitment. The best practice is to secure the signatures of both the new assignee and any non-member spouse not only on the assignment but on the company agreement itself.

Additional covenants and agreements of the parties may be (and usually are) included. This is another area that is subject to extensive negotiation and customization to the circumstances.

Recourse by Assignee upon Occurrence of Specified Conditions

The option for some form of limited or conditional recourse may be included in any assignment of interest. In the case of an LLC membership interest, the assignment could provide that, upon occurrence of certain conditions, the assignee would have the right to re-convey the membership interest and receive return of all or part of the consideration. Examples of such conditions would be any adverse event—a negative outcome in a pending lawsuit or zoning proceeding; condemnation of certain LLC property; failure of a pending joint venture; or the discovery that any representations or warranties of assignor were materially false or deceptive when made. The availability of a recourse mechanism is generally time-limited, say for 90 days after closing. Some assignments might also refer to this recourse mechanism as a right to rescind.

In any assignment instrument, the alternative to full or limited recourse is no recourse at all by the assignee-buyer. For example, real estate notes are often sold without (either full or limited) recourse against the assignor-seller in the event that the borrower on the note defaults. In such a case, absent any provision for recourse, the assignee-buyer of the note would then be in possession of a non-performing asset. The remedy is not against the assignor, but to pursue the debtor directly.

Mutual Indemnity

Ideally, and unless there are special circumstances, the assignor and assignee should release and indemnify one another for LLC-related actions, claims, liabilities, and obligations occurring before and after (respectively) the effective date of the assignment. Indemnity provisions are useful and worthwhile, but one needs to clearly understand their limitations. They are not a covenant not to sue.

Non-Compete and Non-Disclosure Provisions

Sale by a departing LLC member to another member may raise concerns that the departing member will utilize proprietary and confidential information in order to compete with the company in the same line of business within the same geographical area. Agreements regarding intellectual property and non-competition are typically stand-alone full-length contracts; nevertheless, it is possible to include compact and enforceable IP and non-compete provisions that fit smoothly and purposefully into a sale and assignment of LLC membership interest. Failing to do this can be an error with serious consequences.

Corporate Transparency Act and FinCEN Reporting

The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), an arm of the Treasury Department, is charged with rulemaking to enforce the Corporate Transparency Act which was passed in 2021. The CTA contains sweeping requirements regarding the reporting of beneficial interests in LLCs and corporations.

To the extent that a sale and assignment of LLC membership interest constitutes a change in beneficial ownership, then a report to FinCEN will likely be required. The assignment instrument should expressly address the applicability of the CTA and designate which party (usually the assignee) will be responsible for filing a supplemental FinCEN report.

If the burden of FinCEN reporting falls on the assignee, then the assignor may want to include an indemnity clause for added protection. The assignor may also want to limit liability for past FinCEN reporting.

Alternative Dispute Resolution: Mandatory Mediation

Since we live in a litigation nation, it is highly advisable to include a provision that requires mediation prior to commencing legal action. Approximately 80% of mediations result in a settlement. In other words, mediation works, at least most of the time.

A mediation clause should require the conflicting parties to first confer in good faith and attempt to resolve the dispute in a way that accommodates the legitimate interests of both sides. If agreement is reached, it should be reduced to a signed writing and implemented. If not, the parties should then agree to formally mediate the dispute before a certified mediator prior to resorting to litigation or filing any complaint with a governmental or administrative agency.

A mandatory mediation provision should also state where the mediation will be held (which city or county) and for how long (mediations are usually either a half-day or a full day). Each party should commit to bearing its own fees and costs until the mediation is concluded.

Special Provisions and Stipulations

It is useful to include a catch-all special provisions section that allows room for terms that may be specific to the subject transaction and its unique circumstances. These special agreements and provisions frequently arise and this is the place to insert them.

Stipulations are a slightly different concept. For example, an assignment of LLC membership interest may involve a new list of members. It may also require a re-allocation of percentage interests among the remaining members. So it may be beneficial to include a stipulation that after conclusion of the assignment, the new membership list (with accompanying revised percentage interests) will be as described in Exhibit A. This usefully erases any doubt as to the overall final outcome of the transaction.

As previously noted, a special meeting of members is an important companion document to the assignment of LLC membership interest. The meeting, signed by all affected parties, can not only approve the assignment but mention issues such as record date, a general ratification of the assignment and the new member list, and also authorize issuance of new membership certificates.

No Reliance and No Representation Clauses

The assignor-seller (in particular) may want to make it clear that the assignment is made and accepted by the assignee-buyer only after a proper due-diligence investigation and without reliance on any statements or assurances (especially oral ones) made by the assignor-seller or its agents.

Wrap-Up Provision Relating to Execution and Delivery of Documents and Records

It would be an oversight if an assignment of LLC membership interest failed to mention possession and delivery of company books and records, an omission that has resulted in more than a few lawsuits. An agreement to execute and deliver such additional and further documents as may be reasonably necessary to effectuate the purposes of the assignment should cover and include any affected LLC records, including the company book and accounting records. These may need to be transferred to a new assignee-owner or returned to the assignor-seller after due-diligence inspection.

Clients often do not understand why a sale and assignment of LLC membership interest cannot be a simple, one-page document. It is hoped that this article will clarify the answer to that question.

Information in this article is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not offered as legal advice upon which anyone may rely. The law changes. No attorney-client relationship is created by the offering of this article. This firm does not represent you unless and until it is expressly retained in writing to do so. Legal counsel relating to your individual needs and circumstances is advisable before taking any action that has legal consequences. Consult your tax advisor as well.

Copyright © 2024 by David J. Willis. All rights reserved. Mr. Willis is board certified in both residential and commercial real estate law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization. More information is available at his website, .

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LLC Membership Interest Transfer Agreement: Everything You Need to Know

An LLC membership interest transfer agreement must be filled out correctly and completely to protect members' interest. 3 min read updated on February 01, 2023

An LLC membership interest transfer agreement must be filled out correctly and completely to protect members' interest.

LLC Membership Interest Assignment

An LLC membership interest assignment document is used when a member of a limited liability company wants to transfer all of his or her interest in the business to another party. This document is used when an LLC member is leaving or wants to give up his interest in the company altogether. The law will allow the ownership interest to be transferred in some cases. 

However, this transaction means the new owner won't have a right to run the LLC. He or she will only have a share of the profits and losses. Most states require Articles of Organization to be filed when forming a limited liability company . This is in compliance with the state's laws. A limited liability company can be created and operated for any reason the business chooses, as long as they are within the law.

For example, if an individual runs a small dog-walking business, this person might want to form an LLC with a co-owner so they're both protected. If one owner no longer has an interest in the LLC, he can use the LLC Membership Interest Assignment so that interest can be assigned to someone else.

These documents are short and easy to fill out. All the information that's necessary to transfer an LLC is included. There is a spot for both the person who receives the interests (the assignee) and the person who transfers the interest (the assignor) to complete the document .

The LLC Membership Interest Assignments are governed by the laws in each state; federal law isn't involved with these. To change the LLC Membership Interest Assignments form, another form is filled out online. Once complete, it can be sent in PDF and Word formats for no charge. It can be modified and used again in the future.

LLC Membership Interest Assignment: How To Use

An owner involved in an LLC is called a member. The member's interest in the limited liability company is called the ownership stake. If any member of the LLC needs or wants to transfer ownership rights , this is done with an assignment of interest.

The LLC Membership Interest Assignment is used when a member wants to transfer his ownership in an LLC. It also can be used if a person wants that interest transferred to them, assuming the current member agrees to this. Both parties should understand that the membership interest will be reassigned. Both parties should keep a copy of the agreement on file.

The LLC Membership Interest Assignment requires this information:

  • The identities of both the parties as well as additional details of the membership interest.
  • Whether this interest comes with the right to vote.
  • What the percentage of the membership interest is.

There is an addendum at the end of the LLC Membership Interest Assignment that is optional. This is used in case the rest of the LLC members need to give full consent to the transfer.

This form needs signatures from the party receiving the document and the party who is assigning the interest. If there are only two total members, meaning just one will be left after the transfer, the process of transfer is easy. There are several forms to fill out, but the member essentially gives all his rights in the LLC to the member who remains. This transfer process differs depending on which state the transfer takes place in.

The majority of LLC statutes distinguish between member rights and member interests. The essential difference is the transferable interest of the member often only includes the right to participate in financial interests and other distributions as well as a share of profits or losses. They do not have a right to participate in control and management.

Usually, the member's financial interest can be assigned freely, given there aren't restrictions stated in the operating agreement. For example, in Washington state, an individual or entity that's assigned the member's interest can't participate in managing the LLC. The exception to this is if the assignee is admitted as a member through agreement by all the other members or through a process listed in the operating agreement.

If you need help with an LLC membership interest transfer agreement, you can  post your legal need  on UpCounsel's marketplace. UpCounsel accepts only the top 5 percent of lawyers to its site. Lawyers on UpCounsel come from law schools such as Harvard Law and Yale Law and average 14 years of legal experience, including work with or on behalf of companies like Google, Menlo Ventures, and Airbnb.

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Content Approved by UpCounsel

  • Transfer of Membership Interest in LLC: Everything to Know
  • LLC Membership Interest
  • Sale of Membership Interest in LLC Form
  • LLC Purchase Agreement
  • Assignment of Interest
  • Assignment of Interest In LLC
  • LLC Membership Units
  • How to Transfer LLC Membership Interest
  • LLC Membership Certificate Sample

Assignment Agreement


Jump to Section

An assignment agreement is a contract that authorizes a person to transfer their rights, obligations, or interests in a contract or property to another person. It serves as a means for the assignor to delegate duties and advantages to a third party while the assignee assumes those privileges and obligations. This blog post will discuss assignment agreement, its purpose, essential elements, and implementation practices.

Key Functions of an Assignment Agreement

Below are some key functions of an assignment agreement.

  • Facilitating Clear Transfer of Rights and Obligations: Assignment agreement plays a vital role in diverse industries and business transactions by facilitating a transparent transfer of rights and obligations between parties. These agreements encompass intellectual property rights, contractual duties, asset ownership, and other legal entitlements. By clearly defining the assignment's scope and nature, both parties can ensure a smooth transition without any uncertainties.
  • Ensuring Protection of Interest: Another important objective of the assignment agreement is safeguarding the assignor and assignee's interests. These agreements provide a legal framework that protects the assignee's rights while relieving the assignor of responsibilities and liabilities associated with the assigned asset or contract. This protection ensures that neither party faces unexpected consequences or disputes during or after the assignment.
  • Outlining Consensus on Terms and Conditions : Assignments often involve intricate terms and conditions, necessitating mutual understanding between the assignor and assignee. Assignment agreement serves as binding documents that outline the assignment's terms and conditions, including payment terms, timelines, performance expectations, and specific requirements. By reaching a consensus on these details, both parties can minimize potential conflicts and align their expectations.
  • Complying with Legal Laws: Ensuring legal compliance and enforceability is an important objective of the assignment agreement. Also, it is prudent to create these documents according to the relevant rules, regulations, and industry requirements. By adhering to legal guidelines, the assignment agreement becomes a robust legal instrument that provides a solid foundation for potential legal action in case of breaches or disputes.
  • Maintaining Confidentiality and Non-Disclosure: Many assignments involve confidential information, proprietary knowledge, or trade secrets that require protection. An objective of the assignment agreement is to establish clear guidelines regarding the confidentiality and non-disclosure of such information. These guidelines define the scope of confidential information, specify restrictions on its use or disclosure, and outline the consequences of any breaches. By ensuring clarity in these aspects, the agreement protects the interests of both parties and fosters a sense of trust .

Best Practices for Crafting an Assignment Agreement

Assignment agreements are vital in different business transactions, transferring rights and obligations from one person to another. Whether it's a merger, acquisition, or contract assignment, implementing an assignment agreement needs thorough consideration and adherence to best practices to ensure a seamless and lawfully sound process. Below are some key practices to follow when implementing an assignment agreement.

  • Identifying the Parties Involved: The initial step in implementing an assignment agreement is to identify the parties participating in the assignment agreement. It is vital to accurately define the assignor, who will transfer the rights, and the assignee, who will receive them. The assignment agreement should include precise details of both parties' names and contact information.
  • Defining the Scope and Extent of Assignment: It is imperative to define the assignment's scope and extent clearly to prevent potential disputes or ambiguity in the future. It specifies the rights, benefits, and obligations transferred from the assignor to the assignee. In addition, specific details such as intellectual property rights, contractual obligations, and any relevant limitations or conditions should be explicitly outlined.
  • Reviewing and Understanding Existing Contracts or Agreements: Assignment agreements often transfer rights and obligations from preexisting contracts or agreements. It is essential to thoroughly review and comprehend these existing contracts to facilitate a seamless transfer. Identifying any provisions restricting or prohibiting assignment is important and should be addressed accordingly. Seeking legal advice is advisable to ensure compliance with contractual obligations.
  • Obtaining Consent from Relevant Parties: In some cases, obtaining consent from third parties directly affected by the transfer of rights and obligations may be necessary. Also, it is important to identify these parties and obtain their consent in writing if required. Failure to get permission may lead to legal complications and a potential breach of contract .
  • Crafting a Comprehensive Assignment Agreement: Upon collecting all relevant data, it is time to create a comprehensive assignment agreement. This agreement should utilize unambiguous language to define the rights and obligations transferred, specify the effective date of the assignment, and outline any other relevant terms and conditions. Engaging legal professionals specializing in contract law is highly recommended to ensure the agreement's legal validity and enforceability.
  • Seeking Legal Advice and Performing Review: It is important to seek legal advice and conduct a thorough review before finalizing the assignment agreement. Experienced attorneys can provide valuable insights, identify potential risks, and ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations. The legal review helps minimize the likelihood of errors or oversights that could result in future disputes or legal challenges.
  • Executing and Recording the Assignment Agreement: Once the assignment agreement has been reviewed and approved, both parties should implement the document by signing it. Also, to enhance its enforceability, it is advisable to have the assignment agreement witnessed or notarized, depending on the jurisdiction's legal requirements. Additionally, maintaining a record of the executed contract is essential for future reference and as evidence of the assignment.
  • Communicating the Assignment: Effective communication of the assignment to all relevant parties is important after executing the assignment agreement. Stakeholders, such as employees, clients, suppliers, and contractors, should be notified about the transfer of rights and obligations. It ensures a smooth transition and minimizes potential disruptions or misunderstandings.
  • Documenting and Ensuring Compliance: Lastly, it is imperative to maintain proper documentation and ensure ongoing compliance with the assignment agreement's terms. Keeping copies of all relevant documents, including the assignment agreement, consent, and communications related to the assignment, is important. Regularly reviewing and monitoring compliance with the assignment agreement allows for prompt resolution of any issues and helps maintain a transparent and accountable process.

llc assignment agreement

Key Terms for Assignment Agreements

  • Assignor: The individual or entity that transfers their rights, responsibilities, or interests to another party using an assignment agreement. And by doing so, the assignor relinquishes any claims and duties associated with the assigned property, contract, or legal entitlements.
  • Assignee: The individual or entity that receives the rights, interests, or obligations through an assignment agreement. The assignee assumes the transferred rights and responsibilities, essentially taking on the role of the assignor.
  • Obligor: Refers to the party bound by a duty or obligation under a contractual or legal agreement. In an assignment agreement, the obligor is the party whose performance or obligations are assigned to the assignee.
  • Assignable Rights: These are the specific rights or interests that can be transferred from the assignor to the assignee via an assignment agreement. These include intellectual property rights, contractual rights, real estate interests, royalties, and other lawful entitlements.
  • Consideration: The value or benefit exchanged between the parties in an assignment agreement. Also, consideration is commonly paid in monetary payment, goods, services, or promises. It represents what each party gains or sacrifices as part of the assignment.
  • Notice of Assignment: A formal written notification provided by the assignor to the obligor, serving as a communication of the assignment of rights, interests, or obligations to the assignee. This notice establishes the assignee's rights and enables the obligor to fulfill their duties to the correct party.

Final Thoughts on Assignment Agreements

In a nutshell, assignment agreement plays an important role in business transactions, allowing for transferring of rights, duties, and interests between parties. Moreover, by understanding these objectives and addressing them through well-drafted assignment agreement, businesses and individuals can engage in assignments with confidence and clarity. Also, since an assignment agreement includes several legal complexities, it is rational to consult a professional attorney who can guide you through the process.

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Attorney Lois Li is a bilingual business and commercial attorney licensed in Michigan, U.S. since 2014, in Ontario, Canada since 2015, and in New York, U.S. since 2020. As an attorney licensed in two countries, Lois leads Alpine Law’s US/China/Canada practice. She is experienced in legal and contractual transactions in both English and Chinese. Lois has over six years of experience in assisting clients with business operations and legal services, and is specialized in advising companies with legal needs in International Business, Securities law, Cryptocurrency – Block chain, and Fin-Tech. Having served as both an outside and an in-house counsel, Lois worked with many startup and small businesses. With a strong understanding of core business and the ability to translate business needs into legal requirements, Lois has assisted many companies to establish policies and procedures, and drafted and negotiated employment and transaction contracts. Further licensed as a Registered Nurse since 2010, Lois specializes in healthcare law and is experienced in FDA, HIPAA, Medicare and Medicaid regulations. She has assisted many businesses in the medical and healthcare industry.

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Ann R. Dougherty, Esquire practices in both Pennsylvania and New Jersey with over 25 years of experience and has taught legal writing at the Delaware Law School of Widener University. Ann’s experience includes general liability, commercial property and bad faith insurance coverage litigation. Ann has successfully represented corporations in declaratory judgment matters concerning environmental and asbestos exposure, handled excess recoveries, comprehensive claim reviews and negotiated cost sharing agreements. She has also represented religious organizations including risk management strategies. In addition to practicing law, Ann also teaches introductory Philosophy and Ethics courses. Ann is a member of the Philanthropic Educational Organization for Women and the Daughters of the American Revolution. She has served on the Boards of the American Lung Association of the Mid-Atlantic for Delaware and the Wilmington Ballet Academy.

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Legal Templates

Home Business Assignment Agreement

Assignment Agreement Template

Use our assignment agreement to transfer contractual obligations.

Assignment Agreement Template

Updated February 1, 2024 Reviewed by Brooke Davis

An assignment agreement is a legal document that transfers rights, responsibilities, and benefits from one party (the “assignor”) to another (the “assignee”). You can use it to reassign debt, real estate, intellectual property, leases, insurance policies, and government contracts.

What Is an Assignment Agreement?

What to include in an assignment agreement, how to assign a contract, how to write an assignment agreement, assignment agreement sample.

trademark assignment agreement template

Partnership Interest

An assignment agreement effectively transfers the rights and obligations of a person or entity under an initial contract to another. The original party is the assignor, and the assignee takes on the contract’s duties and benefits.

It’s often a requirement to let the other party in the original deal know the contract is being transferred. It’s essential to create this form thoughtfully, as a poorly written assignment agreement may leave the assignor obligated to certain aspects of the deal.

The most common use of an assignment agreement occurs when the assignor no longer can or wants to continue with a contract. Instead of leaving the initial party or breaking the agreement, the assignor can transfer the contract to another individual or entity.

For example, imagine a small residential trash collection service plans to close its operations. Before it closes, the business brokers a deal to send its accounts to a curbside pickup company providing similar services. After notifying account holders, the latter company continues the service while receiving payment.

Create a thorough assignment agreement by including the following information:

  • Effective Date:  The document must indicate when the transfer of rights and obligations occurs.
  • Parties:  Include the full name and address of the assignor, assignee, and obligor (if required).
  • Assignment:  Provide details that identify the original contract being assigned.
  • Third-Party Approval: If the initial contract requires the approval of the obligor, note the date the approval was received.
  • Signatures:  Both parties must sign and date the printed assignment contract template once completed. If a notary is required, wait until you are in the presence of the official and present identification before signing. Failure to do so may result in having to redo the assignment contract.

Review the Contract Terms

Carefully review the terms of the existing contract. Some contracts may have specific provisions regarding assignment. Check for any restrictions or requirements related to assigning the contract.

Check for Anti-Assignment Clauses

Some contracts include anti-assignment clauses that prohibit or restrict the ability to assign the contract without the consent of the other party. If there’s such a clause, you may need the consent of the original parties to proceed.

Determine Assignability

Ensure that the contract is assignable. Some contracts, especially those involving personal services or unique skills, may not be assignable without the other party’s agreement.

Get Consent from the Other Party (if Required)

If the contract includes an anti-assignment clause or requires consent for assignment, seek written consent from the other party. This can often be done through a formal amendment to the contract.

Prepare an Assignment Agreement

Draft an assignment agreement that clearly outlines the transfer of rights and obligations from the assignor (the party assigning the contract) to the assignee (the party receiving the assignment). Include details such as the names of the parties, the effective date of the assignment, and the specific rights and obligations being transferred.

Include Original Contract Information

Attach a copy of the original contract or reference its key terms in the assignment agreement. This helps in clearly identifying the contract being assigned.

Execution of the Assignment Agreement

Both the assignor and assignee should sign the assignment agreement. Signatures should be notarized if required by the contract or local laws.

Notice to the Other Party

Provide notice of the assignment to the non-assigning party. This can be done formally through a letter or as specified in the contract.

File the Assignment

File the assignment agreement with the appropriate parties or entities as required. This may include filing with the original contracting party or relevant government authorities.

Communicate with Third Parties

Inform any relevant third parties, such as suppliers, customers, or service providers, about the assignment to ensure a smooth transition.

Keep Copies for Records

Keep copies of the assignment agreement, original contract, and any related communications for your records.

Here’s a list of steps on how to write an assignment agreement:

Step 1 – List the Assignor’s and Assignee’s Details

List all of the pertinent information regarding the parties involved in the transfer. This information includes their full names, addresses, phone numbers, and other relevant contact information.

This step clarifies who’s transferring the initial contract and who will take on its responsibilities.

Step 2 – Provide Original Contract Information

Describing and identifying the contract that is effectively being reassigned is essential. This step avoids any confusion after the transfer has been completed.

Step 3 – State the Consideration

Provide accurate information regarding the amount the assignee pays to assume the contract. This figure should include taxes and any relevant peripheral expenses. If the assignee will pay the consideration over a period, indicate the method and installments.

Step 4 – Provide Any Terms and Conditions

The terms and conditions of any agreement are crucial to a smooth transaction. You must cover issues such as dispute resolution, governing law, obligor approval, and any relevant clauses.

Step 5 – Obtain Signatures

Both parties must sign the agreement to ensure it is legally binding and that they have read and understood the contract. If a notary is required, wait to sign off in their presence.

Assignment Agreement Template

Related Documents

  • Purchase Agreement : Outlines the terms and conditions of an item sale.
  • Business Contract : An agreement in which each party agrees to an exchange, typically involving money, goods, or services.
  • Lease/Rental Agreement : A lease agreement is a written document that officially recognizes a legally binding relationship between two parties -- a landlord and a tenant.
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Assignment Agreement Template

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What Is Wage Assignment?

Definition and example of wage assignment, how wage assignment works, wage assignment vs. wage garnishment.

10’000 Hours / Getty Images

A wage assignment is when creditors can take money directly from an employee’s paycheck to repay a debt.

Key Takeaways

  • A wage assignment happens when money is taken from your paycheck by a creditor to repay a debt.
  • Unlike a wage garnishment, a wage assignment can take place without a court order, and you have the right to cancel it at any time.
  • Creditors can only take a portion of your earnings. The laws in your state will dictate how much of your take-home pay your lender can take.

A wage assignment is a voluntary agreement to let a lender take a portion of your paycheck each month to repay a debt. This process allows lenders to take a portion of your wages without taking you to court first.

Borrowers may agree to allow a lender to use wage assignments, for example, when they take out payday loans . The wage assignment can begin without a court order, although the laws about how much they can take from your paycheck vary by state.

For example, in West Virginia, wage assignments are only valid for one year and must be renewed annually. Creditors can only deduct up to 25% of an employee’s take-home pay, and the remaining 75% is exempt, including for an employee’s final paycheck.

If you agree to a wage assignment, that means you voluntarily agree to have money taken out of your paycheck each month to repay a debt.

State laws govern how soon a wage assignment can take place and how much of your paycheck a lender can take. For example, in Illinois, you must be at least 40 days behind on your loan payments before your lender can start a wage assignment. Under Illinois law, your creditor can only take up to 15% of your paycheck. The wage assignment is valid for up to three years after you signed the agreement.

Your creditor typically will send a Notice of Intent to Assign Wages by certified mail to you and your employer. From there, the creditor will send a demand letter to your employer with the total amount that’s in default.

You have the right to stop a wage assignment at any time, and you aren’t required to provide a reason why. If you don’t want the deduction, you can send your employer and creditor a written notice that you want to stop the wage assignment. You will still owe the money, but your lender must use other methods to collect the funds.

Research the laws in your state to see what percentage of your income your lender can take and for how long the agreement is valid.

Wage assignment and wage garnishment are often used interchangeably, but they aren’t the same thing. The main difference between the two is that wage assignments are voluntary while wage garnishments are involuntary. Here are some key differences:

Once you agree to a wage assignment, your lender can automatically take money from your paycheck. No court order is required first, but since the wage assignment is voluntary, you have the right to cancel it at any point.

Wage garnishments are the results of court orders, no matter whether you agree to them or not. If you want to reverse a wage garnishment, you typically have to go through a legal process to reverse the court judgment.

You can also stop many wage garnishments by filing for bankruptcy. And creditors aren’t usually allowed to garnish income from Social Security, disability, child support , or alimony. Ultimately, the laws in your state will dictate how much of your income you’re able to keep under a wage garnishment.

Creditors can’t garnish all of the money in your paycheck. Federal law limits the amount that can be garnished to 25% of the debtor’s disposable income. State laws may further limit how much of your income lenders can seize.

Illinois Legal Aid Online. “ Understanding Wage Assignment .” Accessed Feb. 8, 2022.

West Virginia Division of Labor. “ Wage Assignments / Authorized Payroll Deductions .” Accessed Feb. 8, 2022.

U.S. Department of Labor. “ Fact Sheet #30: The Federal Wage Garnishment Law, Consumer Credit Protection Act's Title III (CCPA) .” Accessed Feb. 8, 2022.

Sacramento County Public Law Library. “ Exemptions from Enforcement of Judgments in California .” Accessed Feb. 8, 2022.

District Court of Maryland. “ Wage Garnishment .” Accessed Feb. 8, 2022.


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    An assignment of membership interest is a legal document that allows members of a Limited Liability Company (or LLC) to reassign their interest in the company to a different party. LLC laws are different from state to state, so what's required in an assignment of membership agreement changes. Typically seen when a member wishes to exit a ...

  6. Transfer of Membership Interest in LLC: Everything to Know

    Updated October 29, 2020: The transfer of membership interest in LLC entities is done through an LLC Membership Interest Assignment. This document is used when an owner (member) of an LLC wants to transfer their interest to another party. They are typically used when a member plans to leave or wants to relinquish their interest in the business.

  7. Understanding an assignment and assumption agreement

    An assignment and assumption agreement is used after a contract is signed, in order to transfer one of the contracting party's rights and obligations to a third party who was not originally a party to the contract. The party making the assignment is called the assignor, while the third party accepting the assignment is known as the assignee.

  8. LLC Membership Interest Assignment

    LLC Membership Interest Assignment . State of Alabama. This assignment ("Assignment") is made by and between the following parties: _____, hereinafter known as "Assignor," having an address at the following: and _____, hereinafter known as "Assignee," having an address at the following:. Assignor, an individual, hereby assigns, transfers, and conveys all of Assignor's right, title and interest ...

  9. Assignment and Assumption of Membership Interests

    An assignment and assumption of membership interests used when a member of a limited liability company (LLC) wants to transfer its membership interest in the LLC to another entity. This Standard Document has integrated notes with important explanations and drafting and negotiating tips. While assignment and assumption agreements are generally governed by state law, this jurisdictionally ...

  10. Assignment of LLC Interest

    How to Create an Assignment of LLC Interest With 360 Legal Forms. An Assignment of LLC Interest should clearly outline the rights and limitations as they apply both to the assignor, i.e., the LLC member transferring interest, and the assignee, i.e., the party receiving interest. For this reason, the document should be detailed and carefully ...

  11. Assignment of Limited Liability Company Interest

    Assignment of Limited Liability Company Interest. As a limited liability company member, you usually have the right to assign your membership interest in the LLC to a nonmember, subject to the requirements of state LLC law. Typically, the assignment provides the nonmember with the right to receive your share of any LLC profits but does not give ...

  12. LLC Membership Interest Assignment Free

    When one party wants to transfer the ownership of an interest in an LLC, they can use this document. The document can also be used when one party wishes a membership interest in an LLC transferred to them (with approval from the owner). Note that both parties should completely understand that the membership interest will be fully assigned.

  13. Sale and Assignment of LLC Membership Interests

    Bus. Orgs. Code Sec. 101.108. ASSIGNMENT OF MEMBERSHIP INTEREST. (a) A membership interest in a limited liability company may be wholly or partly assigned. (b) An assignment of a membership interest in a limited liability company: (1) is not an event requiring the winding up of the company; and (2) does not entitle the assignee to: (A ...

  14. LLC Membership Interest Transfer Agreement: Everything You ...

    An LLC membership interest transfer agreement must be filled out correctly and completely to protect members' interest. LLC Membership Interest Assignment. An LLC membership interest assignment document is used when a member of a limited liability company wants to transfer all of his or her interest in the business to another party. This ...

  15. Avoiding the Pitfalls of Assigning an Interest in an LLC

    Saenz, the co-owners of an LLC agreed to a business divorce in which Saenz assigned the entirety of his interest in the company to Villareal. 5:20-cv-571, 2021 WL 1986831, at *2 (W.D. Tex. May 18, 2021). The assignment was part of a broad release of claims, both known and unknown. Villareal later filed suit, alleging that before signing the ...

  16. Assignment Agreement: What You Need to Know

    An assignment agreement is a contract that authorizes a person to transfer their rights, obligations, or interests in a contract or property to another person. It serves as a means for the assignor to delegate duties and advantages to a third party while the assignee assumes those privileges and obligations.

  17. Free Assignment Agreement Template

    Assignment Agreement Template. Use our assignment agreement to transfer contractual obligations. An assignment agreement is a legal document that transfers rights, responsibilities, and benefits from one party (the "assignor") to another (the "assignee"). You can use it to reassign debt, real estate, intellectual property, leases ...

  18. Assignment of LLC Interests

    5. Acceptance by Assignee. Assignee: (a) accepts the assignment of all of Assignor's right, title, and interest in and to the Assigned Interest; and (b) agrees to be bound by all of the terms, covenants, and conditions of this Agreement and of the Operating Agreement. Assignee hereby indemnifies and holds Assignor, and its manager, directors ...

  19. How to start an LLC in Arizona

    Complete publication requirements. Arizona requires all LLCs to publish a Notice of Formation for three consecutive weeks in an approved newspaper in the county of an LLC's principal office. A notice of formation will list 1) the LLC's name; 2) the statutory agent's name and address; 3) the LLC's principal business address; 4) whether the LLC ...

  20. PDF Limited Liability Company Interest Sale and Assignment Agreement

    Sale and Assignment; Closing; Post-Closing Adjustment. On the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement, Initial Member hereby sells to Transferee, and Transferee hereby purchases from Initial Member, all of Initial Member's right, title and interest in and to the LLC Interest for a purchase price of $43,237,216.44 (the ...


    Exhibit 10.1 . Execution Copy . ASSIGNMENT AGREEMENT . This Assignment Agreement (this "Agreement") is entered into as of October 27, 2021 by and among CENTRAL ARIZONA RESOURCES, LLC., (also d/b/a Central Arizona Resources Mining Associates LLC) a Nevada limited liability company with an address at 1915 S Stanley Ln, Spokane Valley, Washington, 99212 ("CAR"), PRESIDIO GROUP INC., a ...

  22. LegalZoom: Start Your Business, Form Your LLC or INC

    Sit tight while we file your paperwork with the Secretary of State. We'll update you on the status of your filing and when it's approved by the state, your documents will be uploaded to your account and you'll be off and running. It's that simple! Start your business.

  23. What Is Wage Assignment?

    A wage assignment is when a creditor takes money directly from an employee's paycheck without going to court. Learn how a wage assignment works and what your rights are. ... A wage assignment is a voluntary agreement to let a lender take a portion of your paycheck each month to repay a debt. This process allows lenders to take a portion of ...