Assessment fees and services
In the Middle Years Programme (MYP), Diploma Programme (DP) and Career-related Programme (CP), students take exams. Schools pay a fee for each student in the exams.
IB ANNOUNCES CANDIDATE REGISTRATION FEE ELIMINATED FOR NOVEMBER 2019
Middle Years Programme
- Individual subject registration fee is paid for each subject taken by an individual student.
Assessment fees for Middle Years Programme
1 september 2021 - 31 august 2022 (november 2022 session), 1 september 2022 - 31 august 2023 (november 2023 session), schools receive the following services.
- A comprehensive coordinator's handbook
- Access to IB Answers by telephone or email
- Access to the IB information systems (IBIS) for tasks necessary to administer student assessment
- Validation of grades of final-year students through the submission of samples of student work for external moderation
- Assessment reviewed by external moderators, appointed and trained by the IB, who apply the same criteria and achievement levels worldwide
- Moderation reports providing detailed advice for schools in relation to understanding and applying subject-specific objectives and assessment criteria
Students receive the following services
- An IB record of achievement and IB Middle Years Programme certificate where conditions are met
The IB assesses student work as direct evidence of achievement against the stated assessment objectives of Diploma Programme courses.
- The candidate subject fee is paid for each subject taken by an individual student. There is no fee for theory of knowledge or the extended essay assessment by diploma category students.
Assessment fees for Diploma Programme
1 september 2021 - 31 august 2022 (november 2022 session) , 1 september 2022 - 31 august 2023 (november 2023 session) .
Higher fees are charged where IB deadlines for student registration are missed.
There is also the core fee for course candidates:
Core fees (per candidate)
The fee is for each core requirement of the Diploma Programme a course candidate is registered for, and for diploma candidates retaking a core requirement. These core fees do not apply to a diploma category registration.
1 September 2021 - 31 August 2022 (May and November 2022 sessions)
1 september 2022 - 31 august 2023 (may and november 2023 sessions), schools receive the following services.
- Access to the IB information system (IBIS) for tasks necessary to administer student assessment
- A range of teacher feedback, including subject reports for each examination session
- Comprehensive assessment using a wide range of assessment methods including moderated internal assessment and externally marked examinations
- Assessment by an international team of examiners and moderators, overseen by independent chief examiners
- Clerical checking of assessment material to ensure administrative accuracy
- Where appropriate, access arrangements and consideration of individual special circumstances
- Access to results one day after results are released to schools
- A printed diploma, diploma results or certificate (depending on their results)
- Transmission of results to universities worldwide, upon request
From the November 2014 examination session onwards, the Career-related Programme (CP) will change from the current per capita fee to the standard assessment fee of the Diploma Programme.
Assessment fees for the CP
- The candidate subject fee is paid for each assessed subject taken by an individual student. There is no fee for the reflective project.
An additional late fee will be incurred for a DP subject registration, reflective project registration or amendment to a subject, level or language after the first registration deadline. The late fee increases again after the second deadline.
- A comprehensive coordinator’s handbook
- A printed certificate and certificate of results (depending on their results)
The IB issues invoices to the counterparties (IB World Schools or candidate schools) for the following areas:
Candidacy and consultancy (fee A), candidacy and application (fee B) fees
Annual programmes fees
Other service and ad hoc fees
The IB shall send invoices to schools at each scheduled cycle for the Annual Programmes and Assessment Fees.
The IB shall send invoices for Candidacy, Application and Workshop Fees after these services have been registered or confirmed.
Schools shall retain invoices for the timeframe required by the tax jurisdictions.
The IB shall send an electronic copy of the invoice to the counterparty by default. A physical hard copy will be sent only upon request.
Extended Essay Writers
Latest Extended Essay Requirements Updates for the Years 2023/2024
The extended essay — those two words that either thrill you or send shivers down your spine. You’re probably here because you want to stay ahead of the curve. In my experience, nothing spells success like being prepared. The extended essay requirements are guidelines and a gateway to academic growth. Thus, being in the know is crucial. So, let’s dig into what’s new and what remains timeless for the extended essay in the coming academic years .
The Basics: What Hasn’t Changed
While updates are significant, let’s remember the enduring aspects of the extended essay that remain the same. These unalterable elements serve as your steady footing in the ever-shifting landscape of IB criteria. Knowing what hasn’t changed is just as vital as understanding what has. So, without further ado, let’s tackle the basics here to stay.
The Core Structure
Here’s the good news: the basic framework of the extended essay hasn’t been overhauled. According to general IB criteria, you’ll still be working with the tried-and-true formula of an introduction, body, and conclusion. Adhering to this core structure is your first step to crafting an impressive extended essay. Now, let’s talk about components to include:
- Introduction . Your opening should clearly outline your research question and the scope of your investigation.
- Body . This is where the magic happens. Your arguments, evidence, and analysis go here.
- Conclusion . Wrap up your ideas and state the implications of your findings.
Now, you might think this is pretty straightforward, and it is! However, how you fill in this structure makes all the difference.
Furthermore, let’s talk about what you’re being graded on. While the extended essay requirements may get updated, some things remain constant. You’re still judged on a range of criteria, from the strength of your argument to how well you can organize your thoughts. Believe me, these aren’t just arbitrary rules; they are the core skills you need to develop not just for the IB but for academic pursuits beyond. Here are all the criteria you need to keep in mind:
- Focus and Method . It refers to how well you have defined your topic and the quality of your research question.
- Knowledge and Understanding . It measures how well you grasp the issue you’re writing about.
- Critical Thinking . Examiners consider how well you analyze, synthesize, and evaluate your topic.
- Presentation . It includes your essay’s layout, organization, and citation of sources .
- Engagement . This relatively new addition examines your engagement with the research process.
In sum, while the updates are essential to take into account, remember that the essence of the extended essay remains rooted in rigorous research, structured argumentation, and original thought. From my experience, mastering these core elements is the key to success.
Significant Updates: What You Need to Know
Alright, let’s shift gears and focus on the new changes. While the foundation of the extended essay remains robust, the IB is open to tweaking the details. And they are not just cosmetic; they can significantly impact your score. Let’s break down these recent updates and why they’re essential.
Updated Formatting Rules
The devil is in the details, they say, and nowhere is this truer than in the formatting of your extended essay. New rules have emerged, affecting how you cite your sources and even how your title page should look:
- Citation Styles . Pay attention to changes in citation guidelines. Whether using APA, MLA, or Chicago, ensure you’re up-to-date.
- Title Page Layouts . Previously, title pages had more flexible guidelines, but recent updates have standardized this more.
- Page Margins and Fonts . A minor but crucial aspect that’s often overlooked. The guidelines might specify particular fonts or margin sizes you must adhere to.
Remember to consider these changes; they can impact your score.
Changes in Subject Availability
For those who relish variety, there are changes in the subjects available for the extended essay. Some topics entered the arena, while others quietly bowed out. Here are all the critical aspects to consider:
- New Subjects . Find out what’s new on the menu. It could be an opportunity to explore a fresh area of interest.
- Removed Subjects . Just as crucial, make sure your chosen subject is still available.
- Altered Guidelines . Sometimes, the subject stays, but the rules change. Keep an eye on that as well.
As someone who has been through this, I know that consulting the latest extended essay guide for subject availability is a non-negotiable step.
Topic and Research Question Guidelines
Now, this is the meat and potatoes of your extended essay. The topic and research question are your guiding lights. From what I’ve seen, the recent updates place an even greater emphasis on framing a research question that doesn’t just pique your curiosity but also meets the IB’s stringent academic criteria. So, let’s talk about some areas to focus on:
- Question Specificity . The more specific your issue, the better. A focused question allows for in-depth analysis.
- Alignment with Subject Guidelines . Make sure your question fits the guidelines for your particular subject.
- Interdisciplinary Approaches . Consider a multidisciplinary question that spans multiple areas if your issue allows it.
In conclusion, while the basics give you a stable foundation, understanding the significant updates in requirements equips you with the latest tools to excel. It’s like having an old recipe but with new spices — you’re taking something proven and adding your contemporary flair. Happy writing!
Subject-Specific Changes: A Closer Look
These changes are like those special spices; each subject has unique requirements that can make or break your essay. Let’s dig into how these changes impact your choice of subject.
Humanities and Social Sciences
Ah, the ever-fascinating fields of History , Economics, Psychology, and the like. For instance, historical research now demands more primary sources than before, or economics emphasizes real-world applications. So, what to watch for:
- Primary Sources . Especially in History, the emphasis on original documents or eyewitness accounts has increased.
- Current Events . In subjects like Economics or Politics, incorporating current affairs might now carry more weight.
From my experience, these subjects often have specialized criteria that might surprise you.
For those of you inclined towards the empirical and the logical, subjects like Biology , Chemistry , and Physics have also seen notable updates:
- Experimental Design . Recent guidelines might demand more stringent controls in your experiments.
- Ethical Considerations . Especially in Biology, ethical considerations for experiments involving living organisms have tightened.
These changes often revolve around research methods. Some older techniques might be out, and new, more reliable ways are in.
As for the creatively inclined, fields like Visual Arts and Music have also seen their fair share of updates. If you’re a budding artist or musician, you’re in for exciting changes. For instance, there may be more emphasis on the contextual study of artworks or the integration of theory and practice in Music :
- Portfolio Requirements . The need for a portfolio, complete with process journals or sketchbooks, might have been updated.
- Contextual Analysis . New guidelines may require you to relate your work to broader themes or social issues.
As always, I advise reading the fine print for your chosen subject. It’s like reading the recipe before cooking; you’ll have something more palatable.
The Assessment: What Examiners Are Looking For
Finally, let’s tackle a vital aspect often glossed over—the assessment criteria. This is where the proverbial rubber meets the road; knowing what the examiners want can spell the difference between a middling and an outstanding essay. So, let’s take a moment to decode the essentials.
Understanding the Rubric
I can’t stress enough how crucial it is to familiarize yourself with the grading rubric. It doesn’t just tell you what to include; it tells you what is valued most:
- Research Question . A well-framed question can set the stage for the entire essay.
- Methodology . How you plan to tackle your research question is often as important as the findings.
- Organization and Structure . Yes, how well your essay flows can indeed impact your score.
- Originality and Insight . Examiners love to see a new angle or fresh perspective on a topic .
Many students underestimate its importance, thinking it’s just a box-ticking exercise. But believe me, this is your roadmap to success.
Need help with your IB extended essay?
From research and analysis to structuring and editing, our skilled mentors will be by your side, helping you craft an exceptional extended essay that not only meets the wordcount and stringent IB criteria but also reflects your passion for selected IB group .
Past Students’ Experiences
You know what they say — the story often repeats itself. It holds for extended essays as well. Past essays can be a goldmine of do’s and don’ts. From my experience, essays that hit the mark often share some common characteristics, like clear arguments, robust evidence, and a compelling narrative:
- Clarity of Argument . A well-articulated thesis that is supported throughout the essay.
- Strong Evidence . Use reputable sources to back up your claims.
- Cohesive Structure . Logical flow from the introduction to the conclusion.
- Engaging Narrative . The ability to weave a fascinating story around your facts and findings.
The best way to meet the requirements is to understand them inside out. It’s akin to reading the rules before playing a new board game — the more you know, the better your chances of winning. So, whether you’re just starting or in the middle of your extended essay adventure, remember these pointers to align with what the examiners seek. And, of course, make it a fun learning experience!
Conclusion: Your Roadmap to Success
Knowing the extended essay Requirements can make or break your IB experience. Keep an eye on these updates, consult regularly with your supervisors, and give yourself plenty of time to research and write. Lastly, numerous guides and tools can help you along the way. Seek them out and use them to your advantage.
I’ve covered the updates in extended essay requirements as comprehensively as possible while keeping it engaging. Happy essay writing , future scholars!
Luke MacQuoid has extensive experience teaching English as a foreign language in Japan, having worked with students of all ages for over 12 years. Currently, he is teaching at the tertiary level. Luke holds a BA from the University of Sussex and an MA in TESOL from Lancaster University, both located in England. As well to his work as an IB Examiner and Master Tutor, Luke also enjoys sharing his experiences and insights with others through writing articles for various websites, including extendedessaywriters.com blog
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Sat / act prep online guides and tips, the complete ib extended essay guide: examples, topics, and ideas.
International Baccalaureate (IB)
IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay, but it doesn't have to be a source of stress! In this article, I'll get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources you need to get an A on it.
If you're reading this article, I'm going to assume you're an IB student getting ready to write your Extended Essay. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our introductory IB articles first, including our guide to what the IB program is and our full coverage of the IB curriculum .
IB Extended Essay: Why Should You Trust My Advice?
I myself am a recipient of an IB Diploma, and I happened to receive an A on my IB Extended Essay. Don't believe me? The proof is in the IBO pudding:
If you're confused by what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay , and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. In layman's terms, my IB Diploma was graded in May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and I received an A grade on it.
What Is the Extended Essay in the IB Diploma Programme?
The IB Extended Essay, or EE , is a mini-thesis you write under the supervision of an IB advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts toward your IB Diploma (learn more about the major IB Diploma requirements in our guide) . I will explain exactly how the EE affects your Diploma later in this article.
For the Extended Essay, you will choose a research question as a topic, conduct the research independently, then write an essay on your findings . The essay itself is a long one—although there's a cap of 4,000 words, most successful essays get very close to this limit.
Keep in mind that the IB requires this essay to be a "formal piece of academic writing," meaning you'll have to do outside research and cite additional sources.
The IB Extended Essay must include the following:
- A title page
- Contents page
- Body of the essay
- References and bibliography
Additionally, your research topic must fall into one of the six approved DP categories , or IB subject groups, which are as follows:
- Group 1: Studies in Language and Literature
- Group 2: Language Acquisition
- Group 3: Individuals and Societies
- Group 4: Sciences
- Group 5: Mathematics
- Group 6: The Arts
Once you figure out your category and have identified a potential research topic, it's time to pick your advisor, who is normally an IB teacher at your school (though you can also find one online ). This person will help direct your research, and they'll conduct the reflection sessions you'll have to do as part of your Extended Essay.
As of 2018, the IB requires a "reflection process" as part of your EE supervision process. To fulfill this requirement, you have to meet at least three times with your supervisor in what the IB calls "reflection sessions." These meetings are not only mandatory but are also part of the formal assessment of the EE and your research methods.
According to the IB, the purpose of these meetings is to "provide an opportunity for students to reflect on their engagement with the research process." Basically, these meetings give your supervisor the opportunity to offer feedback, push you to think differently, and encourage you to evaluate your research process.
The final reflection session is called the viva voce, and it's a short 10- to 15-minute interview between you and your advisor. This happens at the very end of the EE process, and it's designed to help your advisor write their report, which factors into your EE grade.
Here are the topics covered in your viva voce :
- A check on plagiarism and malpractice
- Your reflection on your project's successes and difficulties
- Your reflection on what you've learned during the EE process
Your completed Extended Essay, along with your supervisor's report, will then be sent to the IB to be graded. We'll cover the assessment criteria in just a moment.
We'll help you learn how to have those "lightbulb" moments...even on test day!
What Should You Write About in Your IB Extended Essay?
You can technically write about anything, so long as it falls within one of the approved categories listed above.
It's best to choose a topic that matches one of the IB courses , (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.), which shouldn't be difficult because there are so many class subjects.
Here is a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay:
- Biology: The Effect of Age and Gender on the Photoreceptor Cells in the Human Retina
- Chemistry: How Does Reflux Time Affect the Yield and Purity of Ethyl Aminobenzoate (Benzocaine), and How Effective is Recrystallisation as a Purification Technique for This Compound?
- English: An Exploration of Jane Austen's Use of the Outdoors in Emma
- Geography: The Effect of Location on the Educational Attainment of Indigenous Secondary Students in Queensland, Australia
- Math: Alhazen's Billiard Problem
- Visual Arts: Can Luc Tuymans Be Classified as a Political Painter?
You can see from how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic . So how do you pick when the options are limitless?
How to Write a Stellar IB Extended Essay: 6 Essential Tips
Below are six key tips to keep in mind as you work on your Extended Essay for the IB DP. Follow these and you're sure to get an A!
#1: Write About Something You Enjoy
You can't expect to write a compelling essay if you're not a fan of the topic on which you're writing. For example, I just love British theatre and ended up writing my Extended Essay on a revolution in post-WWII British theatre. (Yes, I'm definitely a #TheatreNerd.)
I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to take the Extended Essay seriously. I was fortunate enough to receive a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC's School of Dramatic Arts program. In my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about my Extended Essay; thus, I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship.
But how do you find a topic you're passionate about? Start by thinking about which classes you enjoy the most and why . Do you like math classes because you like to solve problems? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze literary texts?
Keep in mind that there's no right or wrong answer when it comes to choosing your Extended Essay topic. You're not more likely to get high marks because you're writing about science, just like you're not doomed to failure because you've chosen to tackle the social sciences. The quality of what you produce—not the field you choose to research within—will determine your grade.
Once you've figured out your category, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper . What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending a few hours on this type of brainstorming.
One last note: if you're truly stumped on what to research, pick a topic that will help you in your future major or career . That way you can use your Extended Essay as a talking point in your college essays (and it will prepare you for your studies to come too!).
#2: Select a Topic That Is Neither Too Broad nor Too Narrow
There's a fine line between broad and narrow. You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you can't write 4,000 words on it.
You can't write about WWII because that would be a book's worth of material. You also don't want to write about what type of soup prisoners of war received behind enemy lines, because you probably won’t be able to come up with 4,000 words of material about it. However, you could possibly write about how the conditions in German POW camps—and the rations provided—were directly affected by the Nazis' successes and failures on the front, including the use of captured factories and prison labor in Eastern Europe to increase production. WWII military history might be a little overdone, but you get my point.
If you're really stuck trying to pinpoint a not-too-broad-or-too-narrow topic, I suggest trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. Once you begin looking through the list of sample essays below, you'll notice that many use comparisons to formulate their main arguments.
I also used a comparison in my EE, contrasting Harold Pinter's Party Time with John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in order to show a transition in British theatre. Topics with comparisons of two to three plays, books, and so on tend to be the sweet spot. You can analyze each item and then compare them with one another after doing some in-depth analysis of each individually. The ways these items compare and contrast will end up forming the thesis of your essay!
When choosing a comparative topic, the key is that the comparison should be significant. I compared two plays to illustrate the transition in British theatre, but you could compare the ways different regional dialects affect people's job prospects or how different temperatures may or may not affect the mating patterns of lightning bugs. The point here is that comparisons not only help you limit your topic, but they also help you build your argument.
Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade-A EE, though. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison-based topic and are still unsure whether your topic is too broad or narrow, spend about 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is out there.
If there are more than 1,000 books, articles, or documentaries out there on that exact topic, it may be too broad. But if there are only two books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow. If you're still unsure, ask your advisor—it's what they're there for! Speaking of advisors...
Don't get stuck with a narrow topic!
#3: Choose an Advisor Who Is Familiar With Your Topic
If you're not certain of who you would like to be your advisor, create a list of your top three choices. Next, write down the pros and cons of each possibility (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!).
For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher and we get along really well, but he teaches English. For my EE, I want to conduct an experiment that compares the efficiency of American electric cars with foreign electric cars.
I had Ms. White a year ago. She teaches physics and enjoyed having me in her class. Unlike Mr. Green, Ms. White could help me design my experiment.
Based on my topic and what I need from my advisor, Ms. White would be a better fit for me than would Mr. Green (even though I like him a lot).
The moral of my story is this: do not just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor . They might be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. For example, I would not recommend asking your biology teacher to guide you in writing an English literature-based EE.
There can, of course, be exceptions to this rule. If you have a teacher who's passionate and knowledgeable about your topic (as my English teacher was about my theatre topic), you could ask that instructor. Consider all your options before you do this. There was no theatre teacher at my high school, so I couldn't find a theatre-specific advisor, but I chose the next best thing.
Before you approach a teacher to serve as your advisor, check with your high school to see what requirements they have for this process. Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form , for instance.
Make sure that you ask your IB coordinator whether there is any required paperwork to fill out. If your school needs a specific form signed, bring it with you when you ask your teacher to be your EE advisor.
#4: Pick an Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best
Some teachers might just take on students because they have to and aren't very passionate about reading drafts, only giving you minimal feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the time to read several drafts of your essay and give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make my Extended Essay draft better.
Ask a teacher that you have experience with through class or an extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have absolutely no connection to. If a teacher already knows you, that means they already know your strengths and weaknesses, so they know what to look for, where you need to improve, and how to encourage your best work.
Also, don't forget that your supervisor's assessment is part of your overall EE score . If you're meeting with someone who pushes you to do better—and you actually take their advice—they'll have more impressive things to say about you than a supervisor who doesn't know you well and isn't heavily involved in your research process.
Be aware that the IB only allows advisors to make suggestions and give constructive criticism. Your teacher cannot actually help you write your EE. The IB recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in total with the candidate discussing the EE.
#5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow
The IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be one to two double-spaced pages), research question/focus (i.e., what you're investigating), a body, and a conclusion (about one double-spaced page). An essay with unclear organization will be graded poorly.
The body of your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about eight to 18 pages long (again, depending on your topic). Your body can be split into multiple parts. For example, if you were doing a comparison, you might have one third of your body as Novel A Analysis, another third as Novel B Analysis, and the final third as your comparison of Novels A and B.
If you're conducting an experiment or analyzing data, such as in this EE , your EE body should have a clear structure that aligns with the scientific method ; you should state the research question, discuss your method, present the data, analyze the data, explain any uncertainties, and draw a conclusion and/or evaluate the success of the experiment.
#6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later!
You will not be able to crank out a 4,000-word essay in just a week and get an A on it. You'll be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books and plays as well!). As such, it's imperative that you start your research as soon as possible.
Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Some schools want them as soon as November of your senior year; others will take them as late as February. Your school will tell you what your deadline is. If they haven't mentioned it by February of your junior year, ask your IB coordinator about it.
Some high schools will provide you with a timeline of when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor, and when certain drafts are due. Not all schools do this. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure whether you are on a specific timeline.
Below is my recommended EE timeline. While it's earlier than most schools, it'll save you a ton of heartache (trust me, I remember how hard this process was!):
- January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least your top three options).
- February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor. If they decline, keep asking others until you find one. See my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor.
- April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at least seven to 10) to your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline.
- Summer Between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between your junior and senior year. I know, I know—no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me—this will save you so much stress come fall when you are busy with college applications and other internal assessments for your IB classes. You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely won't be able to get everything you want to say into 4,000 articulate words on the first attempt. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape so you don't have to work on too many revisions during the school year on top of your homework, college applications, and extracurriculars.
- August/September of Senior Year: Turn in your first draft of your EE to your advisor and receive feedback. Work on incorporating their feedback into your essay. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft.
- September/October of Senior Year: Submit the second draft of your EE to your advisor (if necessary) and look at their feedback. Work on creating the best possible final draft.
- November-February of Senior Year: Schedule your viva voce. Submit two copies of your final draft to your school to be sent off to the IB. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate.
Remember that in the middle of these milestones, you'll need to schedule two other reflection sessions with your advisor . (Your teachers will actually take notes on these sessions on a form like this one , which then gets submitted to the IB.)
I recommend doing them when you get feedback on your drafts, but these meetings will ultimately be up to your supervisor. Just don't forget to do them!
The early bird DOES get the worm!
How Is the IB Extended Essay Graded?
Extended Essays are graded by examiners appointed by the IB on a scale of 0 to 34 . You'll be graded on five criteria, each with its own set of points. You can learn more about how EE scoring works by reading the IB guide to extended essays .
- Criterion A: Focus and Method (6 points maximum)
- Criterion B: Knowledge and Understanding (6 points maximum)
- Criterion C: Critical Thinking (12 points maximum)
- Criterion D: Presentation (4 points maximum)
- Criterion E: Engagement (6 points maximum)
How well you do on each of these criteria will determine the final letter grade you get for your EE. You must earn at least a D to be eligible to receive your IB Diploma.
Although each criterion has a point value, the IB explicitly states that graders are not converting point totals into grades; instead, they're using qualitative grade descriptors to determine the final grade of your Extended Essay . Grade descriptors are on pages 102-103 of this document .
Here's a rough estimate of how these different point values translate to letter grades based on previous scoring methods for the EE. This is just an estimate —you should read and understand the grade descriptors so you know exactly what the scorers are looking for.
Here is the breakdown of EE scores (from the May 2021 bulletin):
How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma?
The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to determine how many points you get toward your IB Diploma.
To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to receive an IB Diploma, read our complete guide to the IB program and our guide to the IB Diploma requirements .
This diagram shows how the two scores are combined to determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the least). In order to get your IB Diploma, you have to earn 24 points across both categories (the TOK and EE). The highest score anyone can earn is 45 points.
Let's say you get an A on your EE and a B on TOK. You will get 3 points toward your Diploma. As of 2014, a student who scores an E on either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to receive an IB Diploma .
Prior to the class of 2010, a Diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the Extended Essay or Theory of Knowledge and still be awarded a Diploma, but this is no longer true.
Figuring out how you're assessed can be a little tricky. Luckily, the IB breaks everything down here in this document . (The assessment information begins on page 219.)
40+ Sample Extended Essays for the IB Diploma Programme
In case you want a little more guidance on how to get an A on your EE, here are over 40 excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure. Essays are grouped by IB subject.
- Business Management 1
- Chemistry 1
- Chemistry 2
- Chemistry 3
- Chemistry 4
- Chemistry 5
- Chemistry 6
- Chemistry 7
- Computer Science 1
- Economics 1
- Design Technology 1
- Design Technology 2
- Environmental Systems and Societies 1
- Geography 1
- Geography 2
- Geography 3
- Geography 4
- Geography 5
- Geography 6
- Literature and Performance 1
- Mathematics 1
- Mathematics 2
- Mathematics 3
- Mathematics 4
- Mathematics 5
- Philosophy 1
- Philosophy 2
- Philosophy 3
- Philosophy 4
- Philosophy 5
- Psychology 1
- Psychology 2
- Psychology 3
- Psychology 4
- Psychology 5
- Social and Cultural Anthropology 1
- Social and Cultural Anthropology 2
- Social and Cultural Anthropology 3
- Sports, Exercise and Health Science 1
- Sports, Exercise and Health Science 2
- Visual Arts 1
- Visual Arts 2
- Visual Arts 3
- Visual Arts 4
- Visual Arts 5
- World Religion 1
- World Religion 2
- World Religion 3
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US - Extended Essay Guide: 2023 EE Deadline Calendar
- Class of '25 EE Deadline Calendar
- 2024 EE Deadline Calendar
- Examples of Extended Essays
- Computer Science
- Design Technology
- Global Politics
- Studies in Lang. and Lit. (Group 1)
- Studies in Lang. and Lit. (Group 2)
- Sports, Exercise, and Health Science
- World Studies
- Print and eBooks
- Web Resources
- Searching Tips
- Referencing and citing
- Notetaking Advice
- Tools and Strategies to Narrow Your Topic
- Supervisor Support
- Last Updated: Oct 30, 2023 11:30 AM
- URL: https://libguides.zis.ch/ee2024
Extended Essay: Extended Essay Home
- Extended Essay Home
- Academic Honesty
- Research and Source Information
- EE Formal Presentation - Formatting & Citing
- Reflection Overview
- Read Exemplar EEs
Key Features of the Extended Essay
- The extended essay is compulsory for all students taking the Diploma Programme and is an option for course students.
- A student must achieve a D grade or higher to be awarded the Diploma.
- The extended essay is externally assessed and, in combination with the grade for theory of knowledge, contributes up to three points to the total score f or the IB Diploma.
- The extended essay process helps prepare students for success at university and in other pathways beyond the Diploma Programme.
- When choosing a subject for the extended essay, students must consult the list of available Diploma Programme subjects published in the Handbook of procedures for the Diploma Programme for the session in question.
- The extended essay is a piece of independent research on a topic chosen by the student in consultation with a supervisor in the school.
- It is presented as a formal piece of sustained academic writing containing no more than 4,000 words accompanied by a reflection form of no more than 500 words.
- It is the result of approximately 40 hours of work by the student.
- Students are supported by a supervision process recommended to be 3–5 hours, which includes t hree mandatory reflection sessions .
- The third and final mandatory reflection session is the viva voce , which is a concluding interview with the supervising teacher.
Important Due Dates for the EE
Class of 2024 extended essay deadlines:.
8 May: First reflection due in ManageBac
24 August: Second reflection due in ManageBac
20 September: Completed draft due to Supervisor
23 October: Completed EE due to Supervisor
23 October - 3 November: Viva Voce and final reflection due in ManageBac
16 November: EE Assembly
Extended Essay Books in the Library
Find both of these Extended Essay books in the IB and University Collection.
- EE Expectations Agreement to be signed by student, supervisor and parent
- This criterion focuses on the topic, the research question and the methodology.
- It assesses the explanation of the focus of the research (this includes the topic and the research question), how the research will be undertaken, and how the focus is maintained throughout the essay.
Criterion B: Knowledge and Understanding [6 marks]
- This criterion assesses the extent to which the research relates to the subject area/discipline used to explore the research question, or in the case of the world studies extended essay, the issue addressed and the two disciplinary perspectives applied, and additionally the way in which this knowledge and understanding is demonstrated through the use of appropriate terminology and concepts.
Criterion C: Critical Thinking [12 marks]
- This criterion assesses the extent to which critical-thinking skills have been used to analyse and evaluate the research undertaken.
Criterion D: Presentation [4 marks]
- This criterion assesses the extent to which the presentation follows the standard format expected for academic writing and the extent to which this aids effective communication.
Criterion E: Engagement [6 marks]
- This criterion assesses the student’s engagement with their research focus and the research process.
- It will be applied by the examiner at the end of the assessment of the essay, and is based solely on the candidate’s reflections as detailed on the RPPF , with the supervisory comments and extended essay itself as context.
- Only the first 500 words are assessable.
A = 27 - 34
B = 21 - 26
C = 14 - 20
D = 7 - 13
E = 0 - 6
Ee guide and website.
- Next: Academic Honesty >>
- Last Updated: Aug 28, 2023 9:17 AM
- URL: https://isk-ke.libguides.com/c.php?g=838029
Gr. 11-12 Extended Essay
What is the extended essay.
- The York School Extended Essay Handbook 2021/2022
IB Extended Essay Guide (updated February 2022)
Student responsibilities, tips for a successful ee journey, extended essay workshops 2022-2023, extended essay workshops 2021-2022.
- Choose a Subject
- Choose a Topic
- Draft a Research Question
- Develop Your Search Strategy
- Computer Science
- Visual Arts
- World Studies
- Academic Integrity
- Common Questions
- For Supervisors
- EE Examples
What is the significance of the extended essay.
The extended essay provides:
- practical preparation for undergraduate research
- an opportunity for students to investigate a topic of personal interest to them, which relates to one of the student's six DP subjects, or takes the interdisciplinary approach of a World Studies extended essay.
Through the research process for the extended essay, students develop skills in:
- formulating an appropriate research question
- engaging in a personal exploration of the topic
- communicating ideas
- developing an argument.
Participation in this process develops the capacity to analyze, synthesize and evaluate knowledge.
An extended essay can also be undertaken in world studies , where students carry out an in-depth interdisciplinary study of an issue of contemporary global significance, across two IB diploma disciplines.
How is study of the Extended Essay structured?
Students are supported throughout the process of researching and writing the extended essay, with advice and guidance from a supervisor who is usually a teacher at the school.
Students are required to have three mandatory reflection sessions with their supervisors. The final session, a concluding interview, is also known as viva voce .
The extended essay and reflection sessions can be a valuable stimulus for discussion in countries where interviews are required prior to acceptance for employment or for a place at university.
How is the Extended Essay assessed?
All extended essays are externally assessed by examiners appointed by the IB. They are marked on a scale from 0 to 34.
The score a student receives relates to a band. The bands are:
A – work of an excellent standard. B – work of a good standard. C –work of a satisfactory standard. D – work of a mediocre standard. E – work of an elementary standard.
Find out how points awarded for the extended essay contribute to a student’s overall diploma score .
IB Diploma Points Matrix (TOK + EE)
Source: International Baccalaureate. (n.d.). What is the extended essay? https://www.ibo.org/programmes/diploma-programme/curriculum/extended-essay/what-is-the-extended-essay/
Regarding the EE in general:
- Observe the extended essay regulations as set by the school and the IB
- Meet all EE deadlines
- Practice Academic Integrity by careful note-taking and proper referencing & citation of information sources used
- Maintain and update the Extended Essay workspace in ManageBac
Regarding subject choice:
- Choose a subject in which you are already enrolled, and which you thoroughly understand and are comfortable with
- READ the subject-specific requirements for your chosen subject
Regarding your supervisor:
- Initiate regular communication with your supervisor & respond to their communications
- Attend 3 mandatory reflection sessions with your supervisor
Talk to diploma subject teachers. Ask questions!
Map out a timeline of deadlines, research days, writing days. Allow for unforeseen delays.
Plan your information sources. Keep track of what you've used through a working bibliography.
ALWAYS proofread your drafts before submitting them
Get a Toronto Public Library card (free access to their databases & resources)
What strategies can students use to discuss the extended essay in their university application?
- Intro to EE Research Resources Presentation from November 2022 sessions.
- Choosing & Refining a Topic / Identifying Sources Presentation from December 2022 sessions.
- Annotating & Evaluating Sources Presentation from January 2023 sessions.
- Rocking the Research Question Workshop Presentation from April 6, 2022 EE Research Day.
- Identifying & Accessing Sources Workshop Presentation from April 6, 2022 EE Research Day.
- Evaluating Sources Workshop Presentation from April 6, 2022 EE Research Day.
- Structure & Formatting for the EE Workshop Presentation from May 3, 2022 EE Research Day.
- Awesome Editorial Techniques Workshop Presentation from May 3, 2022 EE Research Day.
- Next: Timeline >>
- Last Updated: Aug 28, 2023 7:59 PM
- URL: https://yorkschool.libguides.com/extendedessay
Extended Essay Requirements Updates for the Years 2023/2024
Table of contents
- Writing Metier
The main idea behind the IB extended essay is to promote research and writing skills. While students can choose the research topic themselves, they have to be in touch with a supervisor who guides them throughout. There are many other aspects and criteria for the IB extended essay that students have to follow. We have collected all those key moments you should focus on in this article.
The IB extended essay is an in-depth study of a particular research topic. The student needs to pick up an IB EE topic based on what they are good at or what they have ample knowledge about ad then they can begin working on it.
⏭ ORDER CUSTOM EXTENDED ESSAY ⏮
We have selected the main features of International Baccalaureate extended essays in one article. Below you will find a list of main requirements for the extended essay format . Let’s start with key features.
Key features of Extended essay
- For all the students taking the Diploma Program, this extended essay is a must. However, for course students, it is optional.
- Students need to have a D grade at the very least to be awarded the diploma.
- The essay is a combination of theory and knowledge, and it contributes up to three points to the total score in the IB diploma.
- Before students choose a subject for the extended essay , they need to first look at the list of available subjects published in the Diploma Program Assessment procedures for the session in question.
- The maximum word count for the extended essay is 4000 words . A reflection form also has to be submitted, which has to be around 500 words. The approximate time for writing an extended essay is 40-50 hours
- The supervision process for this is around 2 to 5 hours, in which there are three mandatory sessions as well. In the final session, the supervisor conducts an interview with the student as well.
- A bibliography also has to be there right at the end, where students reference all of the sources that they have used for the essay. They have to use an acknowledge reference style like Harvard or APA referencing . The sources that they use need to be very reliable ones.
Aims of the Extended essay
The main aim of the extended essay is to allow students to develop sound research skills, which is something that is very important for their entire lives.
- They need also to develop communication skills.
- This essay allows them to polish their analytical skills as well since they have to explore a certain topic in a lot of detail.
- They learn how to conduct research using a systematic process that begins with an initial literature search first that helps build background right at the start.
- Students become more intelligent as well when they study a topic in so much detail.
Extended essay rubric
Let’s break down the Extended Essay Rubric in a more conversational style:
Focus and Method [6 points]
This is about how clear and well-defined your topic and research question are. It also considers if your chosen methods for exploring this topic are suitable. In short, are you on point and does your approach make sense?
Knowledge and Understanding [6 points]
Here, the focus is on your grasp of the topic. Do you show a good understanding of the theories and concepts related to it? Think of it as showing that you’ve done your homework on the topic.
Critical Thinking [12 points]
This is a biggie. It’s about how well you analyse, evaluate, and create arguments in your essay. It’s not just about presenting facts, but how you engage with them.
Presentation [4 points]
This one’s about the formal stuff. Is your essay well-structured and neatly organized? Are your citations accurate? It’s about making sure your essay is well-packaged and follows all the required guidelines.
Engagement [6 points]
This is all about your personal connection to the topic and the research process. Did you bring something of yourself to the essay? They want to see your personal touch.
Remember, the official IB Extended Essay guide will give you a much more detailed breakdown, so it’s definitely worth a look for all the nitty-gritty details
Main duties of IB student
- Students must make sure that they are first fully aware of the regulations outlined in the Diploma Program Assessment procedures so that they can comply with those.
- They have to make sure that there is academic honesty and integrity when they are working. They cannot use anyone else’s work when doing their essay.
- Students need to choose a topic that they are enthusiastic about. They need to spend a considerable amount of time doing this research, so they need to make sure that the topic that they choose is one on which they have information to work on.
- Students need to make sure that they are mindful of the deadline when working so that they don’t lose out on marks. Otherwise, they will need to search for options if they fail their IB extended essay .
- Every student needs to make sure that they have a supervisor who guides them throughout so that they know what exactly they have to do throughout the process.
- Students need to make sure that they complete the reflection process as well so that they know what exactly they are doing and how they are supposed to complete it.
- Students can also go through several exemplars so that they know what needs to be done and how they can work to score higher.
- The supervisor needs to make sure that they guide students and provide them with all the help that they need to complete their research.
EE grading criteria
Again, it’s crucial to refer to the official IB Extended Essay guide for a complete understanding of the grading process. But this gives you a general idea of the grading scale and what each grade signifies.
Ready to write an extended essay?
With all of these things in mind, students can surely complete their extended essays in the right way and in due time. The extended essay allows students to polish their writing skills and explore their creativity in the best way as well.
If you want to write a good IB EE, you can also check our article on how to write an extended essay with tips and tricks. Enjoy reading 😉
Students should use this to their benefit and make sure that they showcase their skills when working on the extended essay.
Should you need any assistance with writing your IB extended essay, feel free to contact our experts EE writers . They can help you complete any type of extended essay no matter the topic you have chosen.
Free topic suggestions
Vasyl Kafidoff is a co-founder and CEO at WritingMetier. He is interested in education and how modern technology makes it more accessible. He wants to bring awareness about new learning possibilities as an educational specialist. When Vasy is not working, he’s found behind a drum kit.
100+ ib extended essay topic ideas for your ease.
One of the very important requirements of an IB diploma is the extended essay. This really helps bring up the total score. And one problem students face here is gathering ideas for their IB extended essay. Here is some guiding information that can help with extended essay topics.
Fail your IB Extended essay? What to do?
Many students in the IB program have one big fear: what happens if they fail the IB extended essay? Will they get a second chance to pass? Is there any way they can redeem themselves? If you're in the same boat and worry about what you'll do if you fail your extended essay, then this guide can help you.
How Long Does it Take to Write an IB Extended Essay?
Many students studying International Baccalaureate are searching for an approximate time needed to write an IB extended essay. The IB extended essay needs to be of a maximum of 4000 words. Given that many words need to be completed, it goes without saying that there is a lot of research involved too. This is why this does take a sufficient amount of time as well.
How long is the IB Extended Essay? 🤔
The IB extended essay is designed to ensure that students learn critical learning skills and can organize their thoughts correctly. The idea is to help students build their skills and empower them to solve more complex real-life problems. However, most students tend to wonder how long the extended essay should be.
How to write IB Extended Essay? Tips and Tricks
Students across the world always find themselves trying to understand how IB extended essays work because, let’s face it, understanding it can get a little tricky. And that isn’t the case with just the IB EE (International Baccalaureate extended essay); it goes for all academic assignments. But with EE, your International Baccalaureate Diploma depends on it. And what is this extended essay for IB Diploma, you ask?
How to Make Your Essay Longer? Tricky Techniques!
Most of the times, essays come with specific requirements. There are different types of essays that are taught at schools and colleges, serving different purposes in the academic lives of students. Each and every essay comes with certain guidelines that need to be followed. One of the most important guidelines includes the word limit requirement.
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IB Guide: Extended Essay
- EE Examples
- NoodleTools Students
- NoodleTools Teacher
- Using the Library Catalogue
- Bibliothéque nationale de Luxembourg
- IB Official Resources This link opens in a new window
Great Extended Essay Books
Subject Specific Guidance
Subject Specific Pages
Group 1: studies in language and literature, group 2: language acquisition, including classical languages, group 3: individuals and societies, group 4: the sciences, group 5: mathematics, group 6: the arts, additional/other: interdisciplinary essays, extended essay: what write it, the extended essay provides:.
- practical preparation for undergraduate research
- an opportunity for students to investigate a topic of personal interest to them, which relates to one of the student's six DP subjects, or takes the interdisciplinary approach of a World Studies extended essay.
Through the research process for the extended essay, students develop skills in:
- formulating an appropriate research question
- engaging in a personal exploration of the topic
- communicating ideas
- developing an argument.
Participation in this process develops the capacity to analyze, synthesize and evaluate knowledge.
EE Reflection Process
- << Previous: Home
- Next: EE Examples >>
- Last Updated: Nov 13, 2023 1:47 PM
- URL: https://islux.libguides.com/ib
Extended Essay: Step 9. Set Deadlines for Yourself
- Extended Essay- The Basics
- Step 1. Choose a Subject
- Step 2. Educate yourself!
- Using Brainstorming and Mind Maps
- Identify Keywords
- Do Background Reading
- Define Your Topic
- Conduct Research in a Specific Discipline
- Step 5. Draft a Research Question
- Step 6. Create a Timeline
- Find Articles
- Find Primary Sources
- Get Help from Experts
- Search Engines, Repositories, & Directories
- Databases and Websites by Subject Area
- Create an Annotated Bibliography
- Advice (and Warnings) from the IB
- Chicago Citation Syle
- MLA Works Cited & In-Text Citations
- Step 9. Set Deadlines for Yourself
- Step 10. Plan a structure for your essay
- Evaluate & Select: the CRAAP Test
- Conducting Secondary Research
- Conducting Primary Research
- Formal vs. Informal Writing
- Presentation Requirements
- Evaluating Your Work
Setting Personal Deadlines and Managing Your Time
Time management websites and guides.
Find useful information on time management, as well as tips on how to make the most effective use of your time.
Time management is an important part of being a successful student.
Google Calendar is an easy way to stay organized and get reminders about important tasks.
You can learn how to use Google Calendar on this Google help page or at the Google Apps Learning Center.
Twelve-step Plan for Researching the Extended Essay - Step 9
9. Set deadlines for yourself that are realistic and take into consideration WSA's internal EE deadlines.
- << Previous: MLA Works Cited & In-Text Citations
- Next: Step 10. Plan a structure for your essay >>
- Last Updated: Oct 25, 2023 12:07 PM
- URL: https://libguides.westsoundacademy.org/ee
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Moscow court rules US journalist Evan Gershkovich must stay in jail until late August
A Moscow court has rejected an appeal by U.S. reporter Evan Gershkovich and upheld an earlier ruling that he should remain in jail on espionage charges.
Wall Street Journal reporter Evan Gershkovich stands in a glass cage in a courtroom at the Moscow City Court in Moscow, Russia, Thursday, June 22, 2023. Gershkovich, a Wall Street Journal reporter detained on espionage charges in Russia, appeared in court Thursday to appeal his extended detention. (AP Photo/Dmitry Serebryakov)
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Wall Street Journal reporter Evan Gershkovich stands in a glass cage in a courtroom at the Moscow City Court in Moscow, Russia, Thursday, June 22, 2023. Gershkovich, a reporter detained on espionage charges in Russia, appeared in court Thursday to appeal his extended detention. (AP Photo/Dmitry Serebryakov)
FILE - Wall Street Journal reporter Evan Gershkovich stands in a glass cage in a courtroom at the Moscow City Court, in Moscow, Russia, on April 18, 2023. A Moscow court is considering Wall Street Journal reporter Gershkovich’s appeal of his extended arrest on espionage charges. He was detained in Yekaterinburg in late March.(AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, File)
MOSCOW (AP) — A Moscow court on Thursday ruled that Wall Street Journal reporter Evan Gershkovich must remain in jail on espionage charges until at least late August, rejecting the American journalist’s appeal to be released.
The 31-year-old U.S. citizen was arrested in late March while on a reporting trip. A Moscow court ruled last month to keep him in custody until Aug. 30, but his lawyers had challenged the decision .
Gershkovich, wearing a black T-shirt and light blue jeans, looked tense and paced inside a glass defendant’s cage while waiting for the hearing to begin at the Moscow City Court. Then other journalists in the courtroom were asked to leave and the proceedings took place behind closed doors.
The ruling was broadcast to reporters, who watched it on two large TV screens in a separate room in the courthouse.
While waiting for the judge, Gershkovich smiled and chatted with his parents, who were present. U.S. Ambassador Lynne Tracy also attended.
“Evan continued to show remarkable strength and resiliency in these very difficult circumstances,” she told reporters afterward.
Tracy said she was “extremely disappointed” by the ruling, reiterating that Gershkovich was “an innocent journalist” and Russia’s charges against him were baseless.
“Such hostage diplomacy is unacceptable, and we call on the Russian Federation to release him,” she said.
The Wall Street Journal said in a statement after the hearing that Gershkovich “has been wrongfully detained for more than 12 weeks for nothing more than doing his job as a journalist,” and it again called for his immediate release.
Gershkovich and his employer have denied the allegations, and the U.S. government has declared him to be wrongfully detained .
His arrest in the city of Yekaterinburg rattled journalists in Russia, where authorities have not detailed what, if any, evidence they have to support the espionage charges.
Gershkovich is being held at Moscow’s Lefortovo prison, which is notorious for its harsh conditions. Tracy said the U.S. Embassy was denied consular access to Gershkovich on three occasions since she last visited him in jail in April.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov told reporters the ministry is considering another visit request from the embassy.
Analysts have pointed out that Moscow may be using jailed Americans as bargaining chips in soaring U.S.-Russian tensions over the Kremlin’s military operation in Ukraine. At least two U.S. citizens arrested in Russia in recent years — including WNBA star Brittney Griner — have been exchanged for Russians jailed in the U.S.
Ryabkov has cautioned , however, that the possibility of a swap in Gershkovich’s case “could only be considered after a court delivers its verdict.” Prominent lawyers who worked on espionage cases told The Associated Press that the investigation alone could take up to 18 months.
Gershkovich is the first American reporter to be arrested on espionage charges in Russia since September 1986, when Nicholas Daniloff, a Moscow correspondent for U.S. News and World Report, was arrested by the KGB. Daniloff was released without charge 20 days later in a swap for an employee of the Soviet Union’s U.N. mission who was arrested by the FBI, also on spying charges.