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Essay on Democracy in 100, 300 and 500 Words

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  • Updated on  
  • Jan 15, 2024

Essay on Democracy

The oldest account of democracy can be traced back to 508–507 BCC Athens . Today there are over 50 different types of democracy across the world. But, what is the ideal form of democracy? Why is democracy considered the epitome of freedom and rights around the globe? Let’s explore what self-governance is and how you can write a creative and informative essay on democracy and its significance. 

Today, India is the largest democracy with a population of 1.41 billion and counting. Everyone in India above the age of 18 is given the right to vote and elect their representative. Isn’t it beautiful, when people are given the option to vote for their leader, one that understands their problems and promises to end their miseries? This is just one feature of democracy , for we have a lot of samples for you in the essay on democracy. Stay tuned!

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What is democracy , sample essay on democracy (100 words), sample essay on democracy (250 to 300 words), sample essay on democracy for upsc (500 words).

Democracy is a form of government in which the final authority to deliberate and decide the legislation for the country lies with the people, either directly or through representatives. Within a democracy, the method of decision-making, and the demarcation of citizens vary among countries. However, some fundamental principles of democracy include the rule of law, inclusivity, political deliberations, voting via elections , etc. 

Did you know: On 15th August 1947, India became the world’s largest democracy after adopting the Indian Constitution and granting fundamental rights to its citizens?

Must Explore: Human Rights Courses for Students 

Must Explore: NCERT Notes on Separation of Powers in a Democracy

Democracy where people make decisions for the country is the only known form of governance in the world that promises to inculcate principles of equality, liberty and justice. The deliberations and negotiations to form policies and make decisions for the country are the basis on which the government works, with supreme power to people to choose their representatives, delegate the country’s matters and express their dissent. The democratic system is usually of two types, the presidential system, and the parliamentary system. In India, the three pillars of democracy, namely legislature, executive and judiciary, working independently and still interconnected, along with a free press and media provide a structure for a truly functional democracy. Despite the longest-written constitution incorporating values of sovereignty, socialism, secularism etc. India, like other countries, still faces challenges like corruption, bigotry, and oppression of certain communities and thus, struggles to stay true to its democratic ideals.

essay on democracy

Did you know: Some of the richest countries in the world are democracies?

Must Read : Consumer Rights in India

Must Read: Democracy and Diversity Class 10

As Abraham Lincoln once said, “democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people.” There is undeniably no doubt that the core of democracies lies in making people the ultimate decision-makers. With time, the simple definition of democracy has evolved to include other principles like equality, political accountability, rights of the citizens and to an extent, values of liberty and justice. Across the globe, representative democracies are widely prevalent, however, there is a major variation in how democracies are practised. The major two types of representative democracy are presidential and parliamentary forms of democracy. Moreover, not all those who present themselves as a democratic republic follow its values.

Many countries have legally deprived some communities of living with dignity and protecting their liberty, or are practising authoritarian rule through majoritarianism or populist leaders. Despite this, one of the things that are central and basic to all is the practice of elections and voting. However, even in such a case, the principles of universal adult franchise and the practice of free and fair elections are theoretically essential but very limited in practice, for a democracy. Unlike several other nations, India is still, at least constitutionally and principally, a practitioner of an ideal democracy.

With our three organs of the government, namely legislative, executive and judiciary, the constitutional rights to citizens, a multiparty system, laws to curb discrimination and spread the virtues of equality, protection to minorities, and a space for people to discuss, debate and dissent, India has shown a commitment towards democratic values. In recent times, with challenges to freedom of speech, rights of minority groups and a conundrum between the protection of diversity and unification of the country, the debate about the preservation of democracy has become vital to public discussion.

democracy essay

Did you know: In countries like Brazil, Scotland, Switzerland, Argentina, and Austria the minimum voting age is 16 years?

Also Read: Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship

Democracy originated from the Greek word dēmokratiā , with dēmos ‘people’ and Kratos ‘rule.’ For the first time, the term appeared in the 5th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in Greek city-states, notably Classical Athens, to mean “rule of the people.” It now refers to a form of governance where the people have the right to participate in the decision-making of the country. Majorly, it is either a direct democracy where citizens deliberate and make legislation while in a representative democracy, they choose government officials on their behalf, like in a parliamentary or presidential democracy.

The presidential system (like in the USA) has the President as the head of the country and the government, while the parliamentary system (like in the UK and India) has both a Prime Minister who derives its legitimacy from a parliament and even a nominal head like a monarch or a President.

The notions and principle frameworks of democracy have evolved with time. At the core, lies the idea of political discussions and negotiations. In contrast to its alternatives like monarchy, anarchy, oligarchy etc., it is the one with the most liberty to incorporate diversity. The ideas of equality, political representation to all, active public participation, the inclusion of dissent, and most importantly, the authority to the law by all make it an attractive option for citizens to prefer, and countries to follow.

The largest democracy in the world, India with the lengthiest constitution has tried and to an extent, successfully achieved incorporating the framework to be a functional democracy. It is a parliamentary democratic republic where the President is head of the state and the Prime minister is head of the government. It works on the functioning of three bodies, namely legislative, executive, and judiciary. By including the principles of a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic, and undertaking the guidelines to establish equality, liberty and justice, in the preamble itself, India shows true dedication to achieving the ideal.

It has formed a structure that allows people to enjoy their rights, fight against discrimination or any other form of suppression, and protect their rights as well. The ban on all and any form of discrimination, an independent judiciary, governmental accountability to its citizens, freedom of media and press, and secular values are some common values shared by all types of democracies.

Across the world, countries have tried rooting their constitution with the principles of democracy. However, the reality is different. Even though elections are conducted everywhere, mostly, they lack freedom of choice and fairness. Even in the world’s greatest democracies, there are challenges like political instability, suppression of dissent, corruption , and power dynamics polluting the political sphere and making it unjust for the citizens. Despite the consensus on democracy as the best form of government, the journey to achieve true democracy is both painstaking and tiresome. 

Difference-between-Democracy-and-Dictatorship

Did you know: Countries like Singapore, Peru, and Brazil have compulsory voting?

Must Read: Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Notes

Democracy is a process through which the government of a country is elected by and for the people.

Yes, India is a democratic country and also holds the title of the world’s largest democracy.

Direct and Representative Democracy are the two major types of Democracy.

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  • Democracy Essay for Students in English

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Essay on Democracy

Introduction.

Democracy is mainly a Greek word which means people and their rules, here peoples have the to select their own government as per their choice. Greece was the first democratic country in the world. India is a democratic country where people select their government of their own choice, also people have the rights to do the work of their choice. There are two types of democracy: direct and representative and hybrid or semi-direct democracy. There are many decisions which are made under democracies. People enjoy few rights which are very essential for human beings to live happily. 

Our country has the largest democracy. In a democracy, each person has equal rights to fight for development. After the independence, India has adopted democracy, where the people vote those who are above 18 years of age, but these votes do not vary by any caste; people from every caste have equal rights to select their government. Democracy, also called as a rule of the majority, means whatever the majority of people decide, it has to be followed or implemented, the representative winning with the most number of votes will have the power. We can say the place where literacy people are more there shows the success of the democracy even lack of consciousness is also dangerous in a democracy. Democracy is associated with higher human accumulation and higher economic freedom. Democracy is closely tied with the economic source of growth like education and quality of life as well as health care. The constituent assembly in India was adopted by Dr B.R. Ambedkar on 26 th November 1949 and became sovereign democratic after its constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950.

What are the Challenges:

There are many challenges for democracy like- corruption here, many political leaders and officers who don’t do work with integrity everywhere they demand bribes, resulting in the lack of trust on the citizens which affects the country very badly. Anti-social elements- which are seen during elections where people are given bribes and they are forced to vote for a particular candidate. Caste and community- where a large number of people give importance to their caste and community, therefore, the political party also selects the candidate on the majority caste. We see wherever the particular caste people win the elections whether they do good for the society or not, and in some cases, good leaders lose because of less count of the vote.

India is considered to be the largest democracy around the globe, with a population of 1.3 billion. Even though being the biggest democratic nation, India still has a long way to becoming the best democratic system. The caste system still prevails in some parts, which hurts the socialist principle of democracy. Communalism is on the rise throughout the globe and also in India, which interferes with the secular principle of democracy. All these differences need to be set aside to ensure a thriving democracy.

Principles of Democracy:

There are mainly five principles like- republic, socialist, sovereign, democratic and secular, with all these quality political parties will contest for elections. There will be many bribes given to the needy person who require food, money, shelter and ask them to vote whom they want. But we can say that democracy in India is still better than the other countries.

Basically, any country needs democracy for development and better functioning of the government. In some countries, freedom of political expression, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, are considered to ensure that voters are well informed, enabling them to vote according to their own interests.

Let us Discuss These Five Principles in Further Detail

Sovereign: In short, being sovereign or sovereignty means the independent authority of a state. The country has the authority to make all the decisions whether it be on internal issues or external issues, without the interference of any third party.

Socialist: Being socialist means the country (and the Govt.), always works for the welfare of the people, who live in that country. There should be many bribes offered to the needy person, basic requirements of them should be fulfilled by any means. No one should starve in such a country.

Secular: There will be no such thing as a state religion, the country does not make any bias on the basis of religion. Every religion must be the same in front of the law, no discrimination on the basis of someone’s religion is tolerated. Everyone is allowed to practice and propagate any religion, they can change their religion at any time.

Republic: In a republic form of Government, the head of the state is elected, directly or indirectly by the people and is not a hereditary monarch. This elected head is also there for a fixed tenure. In India, the head of the state is the president, who is indirectly elected and has a fixed term of office (5 years).

Democratic: By a democratic form of government, means the country’s government is elected by the people via the process of voting. All the adult citizens in the country have the right to vote to elect the government they want, only if they meet a certain age limit of voting.

Merits of Democracy:

better government forms because it is more accountable and in the interest of the people.

improves the quality of decision making and enhances the dignity of the citizens.

provide a method to deal with differences and conflicts.

A democratic system of government is a form of government in which supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodic free elections. It permits citizens to participate in making laws and public policies by choosing their leaders, therefore citizens should be educated so that they can select the right candidate for the ruling government. Also, there are some concerns regarding democracy- leaders always keep changing in democracy with the interest of citizens and on the count of votes which leads to instability. It is all about political competition and power, no scope for morality.

Factors Affect Democracy:

capital and civil society

economic development

modernization

Norway and Iceland are the best democratic countries in the world. India is standing at fifty-one position.

India is a parliamentary democratic republic where the President is head of the state and Prime minister is head of the government. The guiding principles of democracy such as protected rights and freedoms, free and fair elections, accountability and transparency of government officials, citizens have a responsibility to uphold and support their principles. Democracy was first practised in the 6 th century BCE, in the city-state of Athens. One basic principle of democracy is that people are the source of all the political power, in a democracy people rule themselves and also respect given to diverse groups of citizens, so democracy is required to select the government of their own interest and make the nation developed by electing good leaders.

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FAQs on Democracy Essay for Students in English

1. What are the Features of Democracy?

Features of Democracy are as follows

Equality: Democracy provides equal rights to everyone, regardless of their gender, caste, colour, religion or creed.

Individual Freedom: Everybody has the right to do anything they want until it does not affect another person’s liberty.

Majority Rules: In a democracy, things are decided by the majority rule, if the majority agrees to something, it will be done.

Free Election: Everyone has the right to vote or to become a candidate to fight the elections.

2. Define Democracy?

Democracy means where people have the right to choose the rulers and also people have freedom to express views, freedom to organise and freedom to protest. Protesting and showing Dissent is a major part of a healthy democracy. Democracy is the most successful and popular form of government throughout the globe.

Democracy holds a special place in India, also India is still the largest democracy in existence around the world.

3. What are the Benefits of Democracy?

Let us discuss some of the benefits received by the use of democracy to form a government. Benefits of democracy are: 

It is more accountable

Improves the quality of decision as the decision is taken after a long time of discussion and consultation.

It provides a better method to deal with differences and conflicts.

It safeguards the fundamental rights of people and brings a sense of equality and freedom.

It works for the welfare of both the people and the state.

4. Which country is the largest democracy in the World?

India is considered the largest democracy, all around the world. India decided to have a democratic Govt. from the very first day of its independence after the rule of the British. In India, everyone above the age of 18 years can go to vote to select the Government, without any kind of discrimination on the basis of caste, colour, religion, gender or more. But India, even being the largest democracy, still has a long way to become perfect.

5. Write about the five principles of Democracy?

There are five key principles that are followed in a democracy. These Five Principles of Democracy of India are -  secular, sovereign, republic, socialist, and democratic. These five principles have to be respected by every political party, participating in the general elections in India. The party which got the most votes forms the government which represents the democratic principle. No discrimination is done on the basis of religion which represents the secular nature of democracy. The govt. formed after the election has to work for the welfare of common people which shows socialism in play.

essay on democratic government in english

By the People: Essays on Democracy

Harvard Kennedy School faculty explore aspects of democracy in their own words—from increasing civic participation and decreasing extreme partisanship to strengthening democratic institutions and making them more fair.

Winter 2020

By Archon Fung , Nancy Gibbs , Tarek Masoud , Julia Minson , Cornell William Brooks , Jane Mansbridge , Arthur Brooks , Pippa Norris , Benjamin Schneer

Series of essays on democracy.

The basic terms of democratic governance are shifting before our eyes, and we don’t know what the future holds. Some fear the rise of hateful populism and the collapse of democratic norms and practices. Others see opportunities for marginalized people and groups to exercise greater voice and influence. At the Kennedy School, we are striving to produce ideas and insights to meet these great uncertainties and to help make democratic governance successful in the future. In the pages that follow, you can read about the varied ways our faculty members think about facets of democracy and democratic institutions and making democracy better in practice.

Explore essays on democracy

Archon fung: we voted, nancy gibbs: truth and trust, tarek masoud: a fragile state, julia minson: just listen, cornell william brooks: democracy behind bars, jane mansbridge: a teachable skill, arthur brooks: healthy competition, pippa norris: kicking the sandcastle, benjamin schneer: drawing a line.

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Home — Essay Samples — Government & Politics — Forms of Government — Democracy

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Essays on Democracy

Democracy essay topics and outline examples, essay title 1: the evolution of democracy: historical origins, principles, and contemporary challenges.

Thesis Statement: This essay explores the historical roots of democracy, its foundational principles, and the contemporary challenges it faces in the context of modern societies.

  • Introduction
  • Origins of Democracy: Ancient Greece and Beyond
  • Democratic Principles: Rule of Law, Freedom, and Participation
  • Democracy in Practice: Case Studies of Democratic Nations
  • Challenges to Democracy: Populism, Authoritarianism, and Erosion of Institutions
  • Electoral Systems: Voting Methods and Representation
  • Media and Democracy: The Role of Information and Misinformation
  • Conclusion: Safeguarding Democracy in the 21st Century

Essay Title 2: The Democratic Experiment: Comparative Analysis of Democratic Systems Worldwide

Thesis Statement: This essay conducts a comparative analysis of democratic systems in different countries, highlighting variations in practices, governance structures, and outcomes.

  • Democratic Models: Presidential vs. Parliamentary Systems
  • Democratic Variations: Federalism and Unitarism
  • Elections and Representation: Proportional vs. First-Past-the-Post Systems
  • Citizen Participation: Direct Democracy and Referendums
  • Case Studies: Analyzing Democracies in Europe, Asia, and the Americas
  • Democratic Challenges: Corruption, Voter Suppression, and Civic Engagement
  • Conclusion: Lessons Learned from Global Democratic Experiences

Essay Title 3: The Digital Age and Democracy: Technology, Social Media, and the Shaping of Political Discourse

Thesis Statement: This essay examines the influence of technology and social media on democratic processes, including their impact on political communication, public opinion, and election outcomes.

  • The Digital Revolution: Internet Access and Political Engagement
  • Social Media Platforms: Their Role in Disseminating Information and Disinformation
  • Filter Bubbles and Echo Chambers: The Polarization of Political Discourse
  • Online Activism: Grassroots Movements and Their Impact
  • Regulation and Ethics: Balancing Free Speech and Accountability Online
  • Case Studies: Examining Elections and Political Campaigns in the Digital Age
  • Conclusion: Navigating the Intersection of Technology and Democracy

Religious Freedom Controversies in Democratic Societies

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The Role of Federalism in Democracy

The concepts and fundamental principles of democracy, what is functioning democracy and its specification, the concept of democracy and non-democracy, let us write you an essay from scratch.

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The Importance of Participation for Democracy

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The Government’s Right to Rule and Citizens’ Duty to Obey in a Democracy

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essay on democratic government in english

Sample Essay On Democracy, with Outline

Published by gudwriter on June 9, 2018 June 9, 2018

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Democracy Essay Sample Outline

Introduction.

Thesis: Democracy is a system of government where the will of the people is the ultimate power. Though it has a decisive influence in most countries where it is practiced, several drawbacks amount from the practice.

Paragraph 1:

Democracy is, ‘the government of the people, by the people, and for the people.’

  • Free and fair elections characterize it.
  • A country that thrives in a democracy should prioritize the protection of human freedoms and rights.

Paragraph 2:

Democracy discards privileges of a class or group of men.

  • Ordinary people have the right to choose their leaders.
  • All voters are eligible for leadership positions.

Paragraph 3:

Democracy ensures that all people are treated as equals before the law.

  • Citizens make laws in a democratic country through their representatives.
  • All people regardless of their influence in the society are treated equally under the law.

Paragraph 4:

Democracy instills a sense of responsibility in all citizens within a country.

  • People take part in governing their country.
  • People rise against oppression and air their views on governance.

Paragraph 5: 

Democracy greatly reduces the likelihood of political dissent.

  • A democratically elected government receives its mandate from a majority of the citizenry.
  • A majority should be content with it.

Paragraph 6:

Democracy operates by an exceptional majority.

  • Illiterate persons and the ignorant, who make up the majority are given the power to choose leaders instead of the elites.
  • Leadership positions are given to irresponsible people.

Paragraph 7:

Democracy proliferates inefficiency in governance.

  • Most leaders in democratic countries focus more on creating political alliances rather than on development and administration. Administration in many democratic countries is run by bureaucrats, who have no obligation to the people.
  • Elected leaders do not foster development in their countries.

Paragraph 8:

Democracy encourages corruption.

  • Most leaders use their political influence to benefit those close to them.
  • Only supporters of a political regime benefit from an elected government.

Democracy gives people the power to govern themselves. It allows them to make laws, which promote equality and fair treatment for all. However, it also encourages corruption and promotes inefficiency in governance. Appropriate use of democracy benefits both a country and its people.

Make use of the best writing tools that will come in handy when writing your essays or handling your assignments.

Free Essay On Democracy for Students

Democracy is a system of government where the will of the people is the ultimate power. It was introduced to give ordinary people the ability to take part in determining who governs them. Over the years more and more countries have followed the democratization path in an effort to improve their links with other democratic countries. It is a practice that is highly recommended by most international organizations. Even though this form of governance has real influence in most countries where it is practiced, it also has its downside. Below is a discussion regarding what democracy entails, and its positive and negative impacts in countries where it is practiced.

Many sources define democracy as, ‘the government of the people, by the people, and for the people.’ Freedom in a country is realized through the use of an open mechanism of selecting leaders. In this light, a democratic nation should be characterized by free and fair elections. Ordinary people hold the ultimate power in a democratic country, and therefore should be allowed to actively participate in civic life and politics. A state that thrives on democracy should prioritize the protection of human freedoms and rights. The rule of law is one of the crucial components of justice. In a democratic country, all individuals are treated equally under the law.

Merits of Democracy

Democracy discards privileges of a class or group of people. In a democratic environment, only people with the right to vote are given the responsibility of leadership. Every voter in a country has the potential to lead others. In a democratic state, the administration is not limited to few groups or individuals. It gives ordinary people the freedom to choose their leaders and to serve as leaders. Democracy ensures that no individual is above others as is often evident in other forms of government such as monarchies and anarchies. It upholds the values of equality and liberty in a country.

Democracy also ensures that all people are treated equally before the law. In a democratic country, rules are made by ordinary people through their representatives in the legislature. Laws made take into consideration the welfare of all people and not for those who belong to a particular class. The freedoms, interests, and rights of every citizen are highly and equally safeguarded. Resources in such a nation are similarly distributed because democracy stresses on equality of all persons. People in the three social classes are governed by the same set of rules and regulations. The law applies to all individuals irrespective of their influence in society. Perhaps you maybe interested in what it means to be American sample esays .

This method of governance further instills a sense of responsibility in all citizens within a country. It gives the common man the right of belonging to a particular nation. It also gives them a chance to participate in the nation’s governance. The people are therefore compelled to take matters of governance upon themselves so that if anything goes wrong, they will stand and question those they put in positions of leadership. They feel entitled to oppose any form of oppression that may arise in their country. They are given the right to speak up their minds and express their views about the governance or leadership without fear of being victimized.

Further, democracy has a significant strength in its ability to greatly reduce the likelihood of political dissent. Collier (2012) explains that since a democratically elected government receives its mandate from a majority of the citizenry, it implies that a majority should be content with it. This is not possible in other forms of government. It is only by constituting and running a government as informed by the needs of those who elect it that a system of governance can be said to be based on approval by the majority. Not even when a dictatorship works in the interest of all citizens can it be considered to enjoy majority approval. This is because the only sure way of determining what the public needs and/or wants is through elections. On the other hand however, the minority needs may not be fully met by a democratic government. Those who voted against such a government would feel left out and would thus develop a feeling of dissatisfaction (Collier, 2012). This notwithstanding, no system of politics or governance can see everybody get satisfied and it is only through democracy that a majority can be satisfied.

Demerits of Democracy

Democracy operates on majority rule. As earlier mentioned, democracy gives ordinary people the power to choose their leaders. Those who are preferred by the majority are regarded to be the elected leaders. However, in most countries, a high proportion of the population consists of illiterate or ignorant individuals who do not care about how the government is run. These people vote blindly and end up giving leadership positions to unqualified and undeserving persons. The elite makes up the minority in many countries, and their few numbers restrict them from determining those that assume positions of power.

Democracy also proliferates inefficiency in governance. Most leaders in democratic countries focus more on creating political alliances rather than on development and administration. Administration in many democratic countries is run by bureaucrats, who have no obligation to the people. Since most of those that elect such leaders are ignorant individuals, they are sucked into the debates of political alliances thus paying less attention to the delivery of services by such leaders. It therefore becomes difficult to foster infrastructural, social, and economic development in many democratic countries. People neglect their responsibilities of keeping the government in check, making it hard for leaders to make any meaningful developments. Democracy therefore negatively influences the ability of a country to experience significant economic growth.

Further, democracy encourages corruption. After elected leaders assume office, they embark on activities of forming new political parties and alliances. Leadership values and promises made to the people are forgotten. Developments are only initiated in regions that support ruling regimes, while other regions are neglected. The value of equality, which democracy purports to uphold, is often overlooked. Most state jobs are given based on favoritism. People in leadership positions use their influence to benefit those close to them and those who belong to their communities or support their political movements.

Democracy gives people the power to govern themselves. Through it, equality is upheld, and the rule of law takes its course. However, it also gives illiterate and ignorant individuals the power to lead others, and this contributes to inefficiency in governance and promotes corruption. Thus, democracy may only be of benefit to a country if used appropriately and in line with the true meaning of the word. Scheme through some quality criminal justice research paper topics you can choose for your assignment.

Ankita, T. (2016). “13 valid demerits of democracy form of government”. Preserve Articles . Retrieved June 19, 2020 from http://www.preservearticles.com/201106248563/13-valid-demerits-of-democracy-form-of-government.html

Ankita, T. (2017). “13 most essential merits of democracy form of government”. Preserve Articles . Retrieved June 19, 2020 from http://www.preservearticles.com/201106248562/13-most-essential-merits-of-democracy-form-of-government.html

Campbell, D. F. (2008). The basic concept for the democracy ranking of the quality of democracy .

Collier, R. (2012). Fundamental principles of democracy . Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Ghiorgis, A. (2012). “Principles of democracy”. Asmarino . Retrieved June 19, 2020 from http://asmarino.com/articles/1442-principles-of-democracy

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Essay On Democracy

Democracy is a form of government that is based on the principle that political power should rest with the people. It is a system that is characterized by free and fair elections, the rule of law, the protection of human rights, and the separation of powers between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.

History of Democracy

The history of democracy can be traced back to ancient Greece, where the city-state of Athens practiced a form of direct democracy. In this system, citizens were able to gather in the agora to debate and vote on issues. However, this system was limited to a small number of citizens and excluded women, slaves, and foreigners.

The modern form of democracy emerged during the Enlightenment in the 18th century. Political philosophers such as John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that political power should be based on the consent of the governed. The American and French Revolutions were also significant in advancing the principles of democracy.

Principles of Democracy

There are several key principles that underpin democracy. These include:

Free and Fair Elections

Elections must be held regularly and must be free from manipulation or coercion. Citizens must have the right to vote and to participate in the political process without fear of intimidation or repression.

The Rule of Law

The rule of law means that everyone is subject to the law, no one is above the law, and the law applies equally to everyone. This ensures that the rights of citizens are protected and that no one is able to abuse their power.

Protection of Human Rights

Democracy is founded on the principle that all human beings are equal and have certain inalienable rights. These rights include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly, and the right to a fair trial.

The Separation of Powers

The separation of powers ensures that no one branch of government can dominate the others. The legislative branch makes the laws, the executive branch enforces the laws, and the judicial branch interprets the laws. This ensures that power is distributed and that no one person or group is able to control the government.

Advantages of Democracy

Democracy has several advantages as a form of government. These include:

Democracy promotes individual freedom and liberty. Citizens are free to express their opinions, associate with others, and participate in the political process. This is important in promoting social and economic development and in ensuring that citizens can live fulfilling lives.

Transparency and Accountability

Democracy is based on transparency and accountability. Government officials are accountable to the people and must be transparent in their actions. This ensures that citizens are able to hold their government accountable for its actions.

Democracies are more stable and less prone to conflict than non-democratic states. This is because democratic states are able to resolve conflicts peacefully and through the political process rather than through violence.

Disadvantages of Democracy

Despite its advantages, democracy also has several disadvantages. These include:

Slow Decision Making

Democratic decision-making can be slow and inefficient. This is because decisions must be made through a process of consultation and debate, which can take time.

Majority Rule

Democracy is based on the principle of majority rule. This means that the interests of minority groups may be overlooked or ignored in the pursuit of the interests of the majority.

Populism is a form of politics that appeals to ordinary people and seeks to mobilize them against elites, intellectuals, and other groups. Populist leaders often rely on emotional appeals and simplistic solutions to complex problems, which can lead to policies that are ineffective or harmful.

Challenges to Democracy

Democracy faces several challenges in the modern world. These include:

Authoritarianism

Authoritarian leaders and states pose a challenge to democracy. Authoritarian leaders seek to consolidate their power and suppress opposition, often through violence and repression. They may also use propaganda and disinformation to maintain their grip on power.

Polarization

Polarization is a growing problem in many democracies. This occurs when political parties and groups become more extreme and are unwilling to compromise or work with their opponents. It can lead to gridlock and paralysis in the political system.

Corruption is a major challenge to democracy. It undermines public trust in government institutions and can lead to a breakdown in the rule of law. Corruption can take many forms, including bribery, embezzlement, and nepotism.

Democracy is a form of government that is based on the principle that political power should rest with the people. It is a system that is characterized by free and fair elections, the rule of law, the protection of human rights, and the separation of powers between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. While democracy has several advantages, it also faces several challenges in the modern world. These include authoritarianism, polarization, and corruption. It is important for citizens to remain vigilant and to work to protect and strengthen democratic institutions and values.

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Democracy Essay

Democracy is derived from the Greek word demos or people. It is defined as a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. Democracy is exercised directly by the people; in large societies, it is by the people through their elected agents. In the phrase of President Abraham Lincoln, democracy is the “Government of the people, by the people, and for the people.” There are various democratic countries, but India has the largest democracy in the world. This Democracy Essay will help you know all about India’s democracy. Students can also get a list of CBSE Essays on different topics to boost their essay-writing skills.

500+ Words Democracy Essay

India is a very large country full of diversities – linguistically, culturally and religiously. At the time of independence, it was economically underdeveloped. There were enormous regional disparities, widespread poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, and a shortage of almost all public welfare means. Since independence, India has been functioning as a responsible democracy. The same has been appreciated by the international community. It has successfully adapted to challenging situations. There have been free and fair periodic elections for all political offices, from the panchayats to the President. There has been a smooth transfer of political power from one political party or set of political parties to others, both at national and state levels, on many occasions.

India: A Democratic Country

Democracy is of two, i.e. direct and representative. In a direct democracy, all citizens, without the intermediary of elected or appointed officials, can participate in making public decisions. Such a system is only practical with relatively small numbers of people in a community organisation or tribal council. Whereas in representative democracy, every citizen has the right to vote for their representative. People elect their representatives to all levels, from Panchayats, Municipal Boards, State Assemblies and Parliament. In India, we have a representative democracy.

Democracy is a form of government in which rulers elected by the people take all the major decisions. Elections offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers. This choice and opportunity are available to all people on an equal basis. The exercise of this choice leads to a government limited by basic rules of the constitution and citizens’ rights.

Democracy is the Best Form of Government

A democratic government is a better government because it is a more accountable form of government. Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts. Thus, democracy improves the quality of decision-making. The advantage of a democracy is that mistakes cannot be hidden for long. There is a space for public discussion, and there is room for correction. Either the rulers have to change their decisions, or the rulers can be changed. Democracy offers better chances of a good decision. It respects people’s own wishes and allows different kinds of people to live together. Even when it fails to do some of these things, it allows a way of correcting its mistakes and offers more dignity to all citizens. That is why democracy is considered the best form of government.

Students must have found this “Democracy Essay” useful for improving their essay writing skills. They can get the study material and the latest update on CBSE/ICSE/State Board/Competitive Exams, at BYJU’S.

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Democratic Governments Role in the Global Economy Essay

Introduction.

Recently there has been an ongoing debate about the role of democratically elected governments in the global economy. There are some who are of the opinion that the government and not the international finance should be the ultimate source of discipline for national economies. While others argue that democracy itself is the problem when it comes to the global economy.

Democratic government in the global economy

Democracy is one of the most effective forms of government in today’s increasing integrated World. As it allows governments to be accounted to the electorate who brought them into power and not the global financial institutions. While the international finance players advocate for free market economy system without considering the effects that it would have in the local economy.

Democratic governments have come up with fiscal policies aimed at insulating the local market against risks brought about by the free market especially those that originate externally. This has enabled these countries to have a good welfare state, as evidenced by countries such as the Netherlands and Denmark who have an open market system but still manage to keep the risks as low as possible (Rodrik 316).

As globalization has allowed workers to be easily substituted across national boundaries. Democracy has permitted governments to come up with minimum working conditions in order to safeguard the domestic workers from exploitation, as their main priority is the electorate.

Democratic form of government has allowed countries to develop their own form of capitalism nationally. This has allowed countries to come up with their own style of corporate governance, mode of organizing the labor markets and ways of administering safety nets. This has ensured that the system does not suffer from the backlash of globalization (Rodrik 310).

Problems Posed by a democratic government in the global economy

Though, the democratic form of government is one of the effective ways of dealing with globalization, there are various problems it poses in dealing with the global economy. Milton (90) argues that, while fiscal policies by governments are viewed by many as ways of helping the economy grow, they in fact make the economy to be smaller and less stable.

This is because as governments increase their expenditure it results in the GDP rising by the same margin. In addition, when governments institute trade barriers, they prevent the local market from competing effectively in the global market thus resulting in the imbalance of trade with other countries.

Also Sachs (30) argues in his book that, while many democratic governments applied blanket trade barriers in the hope of protecting the local market, they ended up hurting it. Since the results of the barriers became more detrimental than those that would have been caused by a free market. Also through protectionism, governments have limited the local market from accessing a variety of commodities in the global economy. This has denied the electorate freedom of choice, which they promised to protect.

Solutions to problems caused by the government

While there are many problems which democratic governments pose to the global economic system, they can take the following steps to solve these problems. First they need to understand the trade agreements keenly in order to avoid applying blanket barriers to trade, thus avoiding the negative effects caused by them (Sachs 30).

Also the governments need to monitor their fiscal policies so as to ensure that they grow the economy rather than destroying it (Milton 90). Governments need to come up with effective measures to globalization to protect the electorate as well as reap the benefits that come with it.

Works Cited

Milton, Friedman. Capitalism and Freedom. 40 th anniversary ed. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2002. 85-107. Print.

Rodrik, Dani. Has Globalization Gone Too Far?. New York: Institute for International Economics , 1997. 316. Print.

Rodrik. Dani. The New Global Economy and Developing Countries: Making Openness Work”. New York: Overseas Development Council , 1999. 310. Print.

Sachs, Jeffrey. The end of poverty: Economic possibilities for our time (introduction). New York: Penguin Press, 2005. 30. Print

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Home » Complete Essay On Democracy For Beginners To Expert Level

Complete Essay On Democracy For Beginners To Expert Level

Complete Essay On Democracy For Beginners To Expert Level

Learn complete essay topic on Democracy in English for beginners to expert level. This blog contains a 1000+ words essay on Democracy . Democracy is known as the finest form of G overnment . Why so? Because in a democracy , the people of the country choose their Government . They enjoy certain rights which are very essential for any human being to live freely and happily.

Complete Essay On Democracy For Beginners To Expert Level

Table of Contents

1000+ Words Essay on Democracy

  • Democracy is a popular form of Government. It is practiced successfully in many countries of the world.
  • Dictatorship is a system of Government in which one party or one person rules the country.
  • In Democracy there is full freedom of expressing public opinion.
  • Democracy has many defects. It is difficult to form of Government. It is not successful in a country where most of the people are uneducated.
  • Democracy in spite of all its defects is better than dictatorship.

Democracy is a popular form of Government. It is practiced successfully in many countries of the world. In this form of Government, people elect their own rulers. In a democratic country, there are many political parties. They take part in elections. The party which wins by the majority of the vote is declared successful. It is called to form Government. The rest of the parties are supposed to sit on the opposition benches. In the assembly, important issues are debated and discussed by both the ruling party as well as the opposition party. The decision on different problems of the country is taken after much deliberation .

Dictatorship is a system of Government in which one party or one person rules the country. The entire power rests with that party or the ruler. The party comes into power after the election. However, unlike democracy, there is no opposition party. All the votes are cast in favor of one party. In a dictatorship, no one can oppose the ruler. There are many restrictions on the freedom of people . An individual does not enjoy any type of freedom. The radio, the television, the newspaper, and other mass media conceal facts. In a dictatorship, an individual does not enjoy any respect. This form of Government is popular in communist countries such as Russia, China, and East Germany.

In a democracy, there is full freedom of expressing public opinion. An individual enjoys full freedom to think, write, and express his views. The press is completely free. The policies of the Government are debated and discussed freely in the newspaper as well as in the Assembly Hall. In a democracy, a person enjoys respect and importance.

Democracy is linked with justice. Everybody has equal rights in the eye of the law. The voters can choose and remove their rulers according to their own will. This form of Government is popular and successful in America, Britain, India, and Japan . Democracy has failed in underdeveloped countries. It has not worked successfully in many Asian countries. The reasons for its failure are the following:

Democracy is a difficult system of Government. Only educated and sensible people can understand and run it. In our country and in many other Asian countries , most people are uneducated and backward. They cannot understand the real spirit and structure of a democratic system of Government. Most of the people in our country are poor. At the time of the election , the voters were bribed and tempted to give votes in favor of irresponsible and uneducated candidates. In this way, in democracy, the responsible and educated candidates do not return to the assembly.

In a democratic form of Government, the candidates use unfair means to win the election. The candidates of the rival party are kidnapped. The ballot boxes are broken and undue pressure is exercised on the officers who conduct the election. In this way, the elections open the gateway to corruption, bribery, and selfishness.

Democracy has many merits but it has many demerits also. It is known for its inefficiency and slowness. At the time of national emergencies, it fails to cope with the situation. The national issues of great importance are debated and discussed in the assembly. It takes a long time to arrive at any decision. In this way, many problems of utmost importance remain unsolved in the light of the above discussion. We can say that democracy inspires by its defects is still a popular form of Government. It is better than dictatorship.

Complete Essay On Democracy For Beginners To Expert Level

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Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship in English for Children and Students

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Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship Democracy is the system of Government where people are given the power to elect the political leaders who will form the Government. Dictatorship is the Government where a single person rules. This person is called the dictator. In a democracy, citizens of the state choose their leaders and play an active role in building nations. Dictatorship, in contrast, is the type of Government where the power lies in the hands of a single leader, political group, or entity, and people have no right to elect their leader.

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Democracy vs. Dictatorship

Long and Short Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship in English

Here are essays of varying lengths on Democracy vs. Dictatorship to help you with the topic in your exam. You can select any Democracy vs. Dictatorship essay as per your need and interest:

Short Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship – Essay 1 (200 words)

Democracy is a government formed by the people. It refers to the rule of the majority. The basic principles of Democracy are political freedom, the rule of law, and equality. People elect political leaders who represent them and further the political decision-making at the local, regional, and national levels. Political leaders and parties with majority votes are elected.

The political leaders represent the people; therefore, the system is called representative Democracy. Democracy is the most common form of Government across the world. In this form of Government, every individual has equal rights and freedom to express their thoughts and opinions. Democracy leads to the prosperity and development of society.

Dictatorship refers to the form of Government where a single individual possesses absolute power and rules the state. The characteristics of dictatorship are suspension of elections, rule by decree, civil liberties, the proclamation of a state of emergency, and repression of political opponents without the rule of law. Dictators eliminate certain rights of people, mostly interfering with human rights. Dictators can be found throughout human history. Adolf Hitler, Saddam Hussein, and Benito Mussolini have been some famous dictators. People often feel insecure under a dictatorship.

Democracy offers freedom and voice to the people, whereas in a dictatorship, there is ruthless oppression of people.

Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship – What do you Prefer – Essay 2 (300 words)

Introduction

The difference between Democracy and dictatorship is that in a democracy, people get to choose their leaders, while in dictatorship single individual or political entity rules the country. Democracy allows the free development of human personality, whereas the other form of Government hinders the development of human personality. Both are opposite political philosophies in terms of perception and approach and come with some merits and demerits.

What do you Prefer?

The basic characteristics of Democracy are equality, liberty, and fraternity. It gives freedom of thought, speech, and expression. It promises active participation and involvement of the governed in the governance. The chief principle of Democracy is that power is implemented with respect to human rights. It makes people interested in the country and its democratic process. In a democratic government, individuals’ freedom and rights are given importance. Democracy gives the right to eligible people to choose their leader, but most people make irrational judgments. The majority of population in developing nations such as India is illiterate, and the judgment made is not completely independent.

In a dictatorship, the governed have no right to voice/her opinion. In a dictatorship, absolute power is concentrated in the hands of the dictator. A strong and well-run dictatorship can be very effective. It can prove to be better than Democracy. But there is fear that the dictator may become authoritarian and ruthless. A dictatorship can run smoothly and steadily as the power lies in the hands of a single individual. It is solely on the dictator as to how he uses the power. He can use it for the nation’s advancement or for purposes like exploiting people, terrorism, etc.

No guarantee would justice be served in any form of Government. The success of any form of Government is based on the selection of rulers or political leaders selected through by-elections. I value the individual’s dignity, equality, and justice. I believe Democracy is any day better than the other alternatives.

Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship – Which is better – Essay 3 (400 words)

Democracy and Dictatorship are two political philosophies. We often hear these two terms together as these two are the most common types of Government, often at odds with one another. Democracy is the people’s Government, which gives all eligible citizens the right to participate in electing their political leaders by giving them a voice in legislation. Dictatorship gives absolute power to one individual, a dictator.

Democracy vs. Dictatorship

Both Democracy and dictatorship have some pros and cons. Democracy allows full freedom for the general public to express their thoughts and have a voice in legislation. In a dictatorship, people are bound to follow the rules and laws decided and defined by the dictator.

Some attributes of Democracy are the rule of law, freedom of the judiciary and press, and human rights. Still, in unstable democracies, these may be weak and lead to slow economic growth. The decision-making process can be much slower, which hampers the development of the nation. In fragile and unstable democracies, political leaders may be corrupt and mean.

A strong and stable dictatorship can be better than a weak democracy. If the dictator is efficient and works for the nation’s advancement, he can make quick decisions and enforce discipline for the nation’s progress. In a country like India, where people are ignorant and not educated enough to make correct judgments the Government formed can be corrupt. A strong democracy is important for the development of people and society.

Which of the Two is Better?

Democracy is better compared to dictatorship as it allows people the right to express and voice their opinion. In a dictatorship, there is no freedom of thoughts and expression, and people are subjected to the ideas and beliefs of a single ruler. Democracy is the Government by the people, so it is less endangered to revolution as the people choose the Government and can change their leaders by electing other leaders. There is no freedom of expression in a dictatorship, leading to unhappy people and violent revolutions.

However, whether it is a democracy or dictatorship, any political leader has no guarantee of good conduct. We are witness to political leaders who are corrupt or often misuse their power to lead their own party. In the end, the political leaders’ character, moral standards, integrity, and ethical approach lead to strong Government.

A good dictator is better than a bunch of corrupt, petty, and selfish leaders coming to rule in Democracy. On the other hand, a strong democracy with political leaders that work for social reform and advancement of the society and nation can be better than a ruthless and corrupt dictator. So, it all depends on the kind of person/people in power.

Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship – What is the Difference – Essay 4 (500 words)

Democracy is a type of Government in which eligible citizens have the right to elect representatives to form a government body. It involves citizens directly by giving them a voice in legislation. On the other hand, dictatorship is the form of Government where all the power is placed in the hands of one person, the dictator. Democracy and dictatorship have emerged as the two major forms of Government across the world since the beginning of the 19 th and 20 th centuries.

What is a Democratic Form of Government?

Democracy is the Government elected by a majority of the people. It generates the citizens’ interest in the country’s politics by giving them the right to elect government members. It is important in a democratic system that the citizens of the country participate and are aware of the social issues and their right to vote. There should be a sense of responsibility in people. The elections should be monitored impartially to ensure system integrity.

Characteristics of Democracy

Some characteristics of Democracy are legal equality, the rule of law, and political freedom. Democracy runs with the principle of majority rule. Under Democracy, all eligible citizens have equal access to legislative processes and are equal before the law. A vote by every eligible citizen is valuable and has equal weight. The constitution protects the rights and liberties of the citizens. Democracy protects human rights through cooperation and coordination. It offers diversity to represent all the communities. Equality lies at the heart of Democracy.

What is a Dictatorship Form of Government?

In a dictatorship, the absolute power is with the dictator. The dictator is the political leader who holds extraordinary power and exercises his power for self-interest. In a dictatorship, the ruler is the one who acts for the whole Nation.

Characteristics of Dictatorship

Dictatorship is characterized by some chief features such as civil liberties, suspension of elections, rule by decree, the proclamation of the state of emergency, and repression of political opponents without acting in accord with the rule of law.

The most common feature attributed to dictators is to take advantage of their position, usually by restraining the freedom of speech of the people’s citizens. It is done in order to maintain social and political supremacy. People have no right to voice their thoughts on the way they are governed. No elections are held, and people have no right to choose their leaders. In a dictatorship, the law-making body is a single person that is the dictator. So, law enforcement may become brutal at times. In such a type of Government, there is little regard for the rights of the people.

In a democratic form of Government, people enjoy great liberty. The power is with the masses. They can choose the Government, and they can change the Government. Every eligible citizen has equal rights and freedom of self-expression. In a dictatorship, there is the rule of a dictator. People have no right to elect their leaders and have to follow the laws and rules of the dictator. Thus, Democracy is the best form of Government that leads to the development of people and society as the rights and liberties of the citizens are highly respected.

Long Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship – Merits and Demerits – Essay 5 (600 words)

Democracy and Dictatorship are two different types of government or political philosophies. These are the two types of governments exactly unlike one another. Democracy is the Government allowing people to govern via a voting system. On the other hand, dictatorship takes power away from people and grants it to one individual ruler.

Merits and Demerits of Democracy

Merits of Democracy: Democracy is the Government of people compared to the Government of a single ruler or a class of people. It gives voice to the citizens of the country in legislation and develops a sense of responsibility among them. People elect the members of Government themselves in a democratic government, so it gives the freedom of thought and speech.

Democracy has been defined as the Government of the people, by the people, and for the people. People have the right to elect their representatives by giving their valuable votes. These representatives represent the citizens in the legislature. If the citizens are not happy with their representatives, they may not re-elect them in the next elections.

Demerits of Democracy: Democracy also has its set of disadvantages, and one of the biggest disadvantages is the rule of ignorance. People who are not educated or intelligent are likely to take the wrong decisions in casting votes, and this can lead to the wrong choice of government leaders. In our country, people fail to take sound or independent decisions. The corrupt politicians or those who lack skills but are famous personalities like actors often get elected due to the ignorance of people.

Merits and Demerits of Dictatorship

Demerits of Dictatorship: In dictatorship majority of power is granted to one individual. People have no right to interfere in how they are governed and cannot be involved in the political system. A dictatorship is a dominant form of Government. There are no elections and human rights issues in this form of Government. In a dictatorship, law enforcement and lawmaking can often become forceful and violent. The dictators may often use their power for personal benefits and make wrong judgments that are not in favour of the country. The chief issues in this form of Government are propaganda, repression, and media blackouts.

There is no freedom of speech and thought under dictatorship. People can get into trouble for opposing their Government. An individual does not enjoy liberty and right for the development of his personality and is forced to act as governed by his ruler. Dissenters can be a threat to the dictator. So, dictators often use their power to give unfair verdicts. In a dictatorship, there is no freedom of individual expression and political diversity, which can often lead to unhappy people and violent revolutions.

Merits of Dictatorship: However, there are certain advantages of dictatorship. The election is a complicated process. As mentioned above, the majority of the population, especially in developing nations, is ignorant and illiterate and cannot make a correct judgments. Some argue that something as unpredictable and complex as elections can be a disaster. Instead, in a dictatorship government can move quickly by giving power to an individual.

A dictator is a leader who is an expert in the field of administration and organization. He is the one who has a quick decision-making ability that can work in the favour of his country and people. Dictators can bring social reforms and eliminate social evils and crimes through laws and regulations. A dictator, who works for his country’s advancement and betterment, proves to be successful and is liked by all. A dictatorship can lead to a stable government as the dictator remains in power for a long time.

Thus, both Democracy and dictatorship are political philosophies with their own merits and demerits. However, Democracy is considered better as it is the Government of the people.

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Democracy In India Essay

Democracy is regarded as the best type of government since it allows citizens to directly elect their leaders. They have access to a number of rights that are fundamental to anyone's ability to live freely and peacefully. There are many democratic countries in the world, but India is by far the biggest. Here are a few sample essays on the topic ‘Democracy In India’.

100 Words Essay On Democracy

200 words essay on democracy, 500 words essay on democracy.

Democracy In India Essay

Democracy is a term used to describe a form of government in which the people have a voice by voting. Democracy is an essential part of any society, and India is no exception. After years of suffering under British colonial control, India attained democracy in 1947. India places a great emphasis on democracy. India is also without a doubt the largest democracy in the world.

The spirit of justice, liberty, and equality has permeated Indian democracy ever since the country attained independence. As the world’s largest democracy, India has been a shining example of how democracy can foster progress and ensure rights for all its citizens.

In a democracy, the people have the ultimate say in how their government is run. They elect representatives to represent them in government, and they can hold those representatives accountable through regular elections. And finally, the rule of law is important in a democracy to ensure that everyone is treated equally before the law and that the government operates within its proper bounds. Democracy has been a recent phenomena in human history, only really taking root in the last few centuries. But it has quickly become one of the most popular forms of government around the world. India is one of the world’s largest democracies, with over 1 billion people living within its borders.

India's constitution serves as the foundation for its democracy. The Indian Constitution guarantees equality for all citizens regardless of caste, creed, or religion. It also establishes a system of representative government, with elected officials at the national, state, and local levels. And finally, it enshrines the rule of law by establishing an independent judiciary to interpret and uphold the Constitution.

There are many different types of democracy, but most modern democracies are based on the principles of popular sovereignty, representative government, and rule of law and public opinion.

There are two main types of democracies—direct and representative. Direct democracy allows citizens to participate directly in the decision-making process, while representative democracy allows citizens to elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf. The advantages of democracy in India include the fact that it allows for greater participation of citizens in the political process, and it also provides checks and balances on the government. The disadvantages of democracy in India include the fact that it can be slow to make decisions and that it can be difficult to hold people accountable for their actions.

Features Of Indian Democracy

Sovereignty | One important aspect of Indian democracy is sovereignty. The absolute control a governing body has over itself without external influence is referred to as sovereignty. In India's democracy, people can also exert their power. The fact that Indians choose their representatives is remarkable. Furthermore, these officials continue to be accountable to the general public.

Political Equality | It is the foundation of Indian democracy. It also simply means that everyone is treated equally under the law. The fact that there is no discrimination based on caste, religion, race, creed, or sect is particularly notable. As a result, all Indian citizens have equal political rights.

Rule Of Majority | A key component of Indian democracy is the rule of the majority. Furthermore, the winning party creates and governs the government. In addition, the party with the most seats creates and governs the country. Most importantly, no one can object to majority support.

Socialist | Being socialist implies that the country continuously prioritises the needs of its citizens. The poor person should be offered numerous incentives, and their fundamental needs should be met by any means necessary.

Secular | There is no such thing as a "state religion," and there is no discrimination based on religion in this nation. In the eyes of the law, all religions must be equal; it is not acceptable to discriminate against anyone based on their religion. Everyone has the right to practise and spread any religion, and they are free to do so at any moment.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Democracy In India

There are many advantages and disadvantages of democracy in India. On the one hand, democracy gives everyone an equal say in how the country is run. This is particularly important in a country as large and diverse as India. On the other hand, democracy can also be slow and chaotic, and it can be difficult to get things done. One advantage of democracy in India is that it ensures that everyone has a say in how the country is run. This is especially important in a country as large and diverse as India.

There are many different languages spoken in India, and democracy ensures that everyone has a voice. Another advantage of democracy in India is that it leads to more stability than other forms of government. In a dictatorship, for example, one person has all the power. This can lead to them making decisions that are not in the best interests of the country. In a democracy, there are checks and balances in place so that no one person has too much power.

Explore Career Options (By Industry)

  • Construction
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Data Administrator

Database professionals use software to store and organise data such as financial information, and customer shipping records. Individuals who opt for a career as data administrators ensure that data is available for users and secured from unauthorised sales. DB administrators may work in various types of industries. It may involve computer systems design, service firms, insurance companies, banks and hospitals.

Bio Medical Engineer

The field of biomedical engineering opens up a universe of expert chances. An Individual in the biomedical engineering career path work in the field of engineering as well as medicine, in order to find out solutions to common problems of the two fields. The biomedical engineering job opportunities are to collaborate with doctors and researchers to develop medical systems, equipment, or devices that can solve clinical problems. Here we will be discussing jobs after biomedical engineering, how to get a job in biomedical engineering, biomedical engineering scope, and salary. 

Ethical Hacker

A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startup owns its cyberspace on the world wide web. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path try to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he or she succeeds in it then he or she gets its illegal authority. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path then steal information or delete the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization.

Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

Water Manager

A career as water manager needs to provide clean water, preventing flood damage, and disposing of sewage and other wastes. He or she also repairs and maintains structures that control the flow of water, such as reservoirs, sea defense walls, and pumping stations. In addition to these, the Manager has other responsibilities related to water resource management.

Geothermal Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as geothermal engineers are the professionals involved in the processing of geothermal energy. The responsibilities of geothermal engineers may vary depending on the workplace location. Those who work in fields design facilities to process and distribute geothermal energy. They oversee the functioning of machinery used in the field.

Geotechnical engineer

The role of geotechnical engineer starts with reviewing the projects needed to define the required material properties. The work responsibilities are followed by a site investigation of rock, soil, fault distribution and bedrock properties on and below an area of interest. The investigation is aimed to improve the ground engineering design and determine their engineering properties that include how they will interact with, on or in a proposed construction. 

The role of geotechnical engineer in mining includes designing and determining the type of foundations, earthworks, and or pavement subgrades required for the intended man-made structures to be made. Geotechnical engineering jobs are involved in earthen and concrete dam construction projects, working under a range of normal and extreme loading conditions. 

Operations Manager

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

Budget Analyst

Budget analysis, in a nutshell, entails thoroughly analyzing the details of a financial budget. The budget analysis aims to better understand and manage revenue. Budget analysts assist in the achievement of financial targets, the preservation of profitability, and the pursuit of long-term growth for a business. Budget analysts generally have a bachelor's degree in accounting, finance, economics, or a closely related field. Knowledge of Financial Management is of prime importance in this career.

Finance Executive

A career as a Finance Executive requires one to be responsible for monitoring an organisation's income, investments and expenses to create and evaluate financial reports. His or her role involves performing audits, invoices, and budget preparations. He or she manages accounting activities, bank reconciliations, and payable and receivable accounts.  

Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

Investment Banker

An Investment Banking career involves the invention and generation of capital for other organizations, governments, and other entities. Individuals who opt for a career as Investment Bankers are the head of a team dedicated to raising capital by issuing bonds. Investment bankers are termed as the experts who have their fingers on the pulse of the current financial and investing climate. Students can pursue various Investment Banker courses, such as Banking and Insurance , and  Economics to opt for an Investment Banking career path.

Underwriter

An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

A career as financial advisor is all about assessing one’s financial situation, understanding what one wants to do with his or her money, and helping in creating a plan to reach one’s financial objectives. An Individual who opts for a career as financial advisor helps individuals and corporations reduce spending, pay off their debt, and save and invest for the future. The financial advisor job description includes working closely with both individuals and corporations to help them attain their financial objectives.

Welding Engineer

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

Naval Architect

A Naval Architect is a professional who designs, produces and repairs safe and sea-worthy surfaces or underwater structures. A Naval Architect stays involved in creating and designing ships, ferries, submarines and yachts with implementation of various principles such as gravity, ideal hull form, buoyancy and stability. 

Field Surveyor

Are you searching for a Field Surveyor Job Description? A Field Surveyor is a professional responsible for conducting field surveys for various places or geographical conditions. He or she collects the required data and information as per the instructions given by senior officials. 

Highway Engineer

Highway Engineer Job Description:  A Highway Engineer is a civil engineer who specialises in planning and building thousands of miles of roads that support connectivity and allow transportation across the country. He or she ensures that traffic management schemes are effectively planned concerning economic sustainability and successful implementation.

Conservation Architect

A Conservation Architect is a professional responsible for conserving and restoring buildings or monuments having a historic value. He or she applies techniques to document and stabilise the object’s state without any further damage. A Conservation Architect restores the monuments and heritage buildings to bring them back to their original state.

Safety Manager

A Safety Manager is a professional responsible for employee’s safety at work. He or she plans, implements and oversees the company’s employee safety. A Safety Manager ensures compliance and adherence to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) guidelines.

A Team Leader is a professional responsible for guiding, monitoring and leading the entire group. He or she is responsible for motivating team members by providing a pleasant work environment to them and inspiring positive communication. A Team Leader contributes to the achievement of the organisation’s goals. He or she improves the confidence, product knowledge and communication skills of the team members and empowers them.

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor

A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.

Pathologist

A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Speech Therapist

Gynaecologist.

Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

Audiologist

The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

Dental Surgeon

A Dental Surgeon is a professional who possesses specialisation in advanced dental procedures and aesthetics. Dental surgeon duties and responsibilities may include fitting dental prosthetics such as crowns, caps, bridges, veneers, dentures and implants following apicoectomy and other surgical procedures.

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Fashion Blogger

Fashion bloggers use multiple social media platforms to recommend or share ideas related to fashion. A fashion blogger is a person who writes about fashion, publishes pictures of outfits, jewellery, accessories. Fashion blogger works as a model, journalist, and a stylist in the fashion industry. In current fashion times, these bloggers have crossed into becoming a star in fashion magazines, commercials, or campaigns. 

Photographer

Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Fashion Journalist

Fashion journalism involves performing research and writing about the most recent fashion trends. Journalists obtain this knowledge by collaborating with stylists, conducting interviews with fashion designers, and attending fashion shows, photoshoots, and conferences. A fashion Journalist  job is to write copy for trade and advertisement journals, fashion magazines, newspapers, and online fashion forums about style and fashion.

Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

Corporate Executive

Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

Production Manager

Quality controller.

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Essay on Democracy in English in 100,150,200,250,300,500 words - Democracy is a system of government that is recognized as the cornerstone of modern civilization.

Essay on Democracy in English

Essay on Democracy in English in 100,150,200,250,300,500 words – Democracy is a system of government that is recognized as the cornerstone of modern civilization.

Title: Democracy: A Beacon of Hope and Progress

Introduction

Democracy is a system of government that is recognized as the cornerstone of modern civilization. Rooted in the principles of liberty, equality and participation, democracy empowers citizens to shape their own destinies, make informed decisions and hold their leaders accountable. It is a system that has evolved over centuries, having its roots in ancient Greece and going through various transformations to become the prevailing form of government in many parts of the world today. This essay explores the concept of democracy, its basic principles, its strengths and challenges in contemporary society.

The Essence of Democracy

Democracy is a political system that places the power of governance in the hands of the people. It emphasizes the following basic principles:

  • Political Equality : Democracy upholds the idea that all citizens have an equal voice and equal say in determining the direction of their society. Regardless of one’s social, economic or cultural background, in a true democracy every person’s opinion has equal weight.
  • Individual Rights and Freedoms : A democracy respects and protects the rights and freedoms of its citizens, including freedom of speech, assembly and religion. It provides a framework within which the rule of law prevails, ensuring that the rights of minorities are protected against the tyranny of the majority.
  • RULE OF LAW : In a democratic society, everyone, including leaders and institutions, is subject to the law. This principle ensures that those in power are held accountable for their actions, promoting transparency and justice.
  • Regular Elections : Democratic governments are typically elected through periodic, free and fair elections. These elections allow citizens to express their preferences and elect leaders who will represent their interests.
  • Civil Society and Participation : Democracy encourages active civic participation. It thrives when citizens participate in political processes such as voting, public discourse, and peaceful protest. Civil society organizations play an important role in promoting transparency and accountability.

The Power of Democracy

  • Political Stability : Democracies are more stable because they provide mechanisms for peaceful transition of power. Elections offer a path to change without resorting to violence.
  • Protection of Individual Rights : Democracy’s commitment to individual rights protects citizens from authoritarian tyranny and promotes individual liberties.
  • Economic Prosperity : Many democratic nations have strong economies because political stability, rule of law, and individual freedoms create favorable conditions for innovation, entrepreneurship, and investment.
  • Social Progress : Democracies often prioritize social welfare and inclusiveness. They tend to have more developed education and healthcare systems, which reduce inequality and poverty.
  • International Peace : Democratic nations are less likely to engage in war with each other, contributing to global peace and cooperation.

Challenges of Democracy

  • Populism : Populist leaders can manipulate public opinion and weaken democratic institutions, leading to policies that do not serve the country’s long-term interests.
  • Political Polarization : Democracy is threatened when society is deeply divided along ideological lines, making compromise and consensus difficult to achieve.
  • Corruption : Corruption can undermine the foundations of democracy by eroding trust in institutions and diverting resources away from public welfare.
  • Voter apathy : Low turnout and political discrimination can weaken democratic systems, as they depend on active citizen participation.
  • Media manipulation : Misinformation and media manipulation can distort public discourse and influence election results, challenging the integrity of the democratic process.

Democracy is a dynamic and flexible system of government that empowers individuals, promotes personal freedoms, and promotes political stability. Its success depends on the active participation of informed and engaged citizens and their commitment to uphold the fundamental principles of equality, freedom and accountability. While democracy faces challenges, its ability to adapt and evolve makes it a beacon of hope and progress in a world striving for fairness, justice and human dignity. This is the most promising way to create societies that reflect the values of our citizens and promote the common good.

Essay on Democracy in English in 100 Words

Democracy is a system of government where power rests in the hands of the people. It is characterized by free and fair elections, protection of individual rights and rule of law. Democracy promotes transparency, accountability and civic participation, making it a cornerstone of modern societies. It ensures that citizens have a say in decisions that affect their lives, promote diversity and peaceful resolution of conflicts. Despite its challenges, democracy is a symbol of hope and progress, striving for a more just and fair world.

Essay on Democracy in English in 150 words

Democracy, derived from the Greek words “demos” (people) and “kratos” (power), represents government of the people, by and for the people. In a democratic system, citizens choose their representatives through free and fair elections, ensuring that the government derives its legitimacy from the consent of the governed. Democracy promotes fundamental rights, including freedom of speech, assembly and religion, while upholding the rule of law. It encourages civic participation and provides mechanisms for checks and balances to prevent abuse of power.

Democracy is not without challenges like voter apathy, corruption and polarization. Yet, it is a ray of hope and progress that fosters social cohesion, economic development and political stability. It allows for a peaceful transition of power, reflecting the will of the majority while protecting the rights of minorities. Democracy is a guiding principle in the quest for a more just and fair society.

Essay on Democracy in English in 200 Words

Democracy, a system of government rooted in the principles of popular sovereignty and individual rights, empowers citizens to participate in the decision-making process of their nation. It thrives on open and fair elections, upholding the rule of law and protecting civil liberties. In a democracy, the authority of the government derives from the consent of the governed, ensuring accountability and transparency.

Despite its strengths, democracy faces challenges such as voter apathy, corruption and political polarization. These issues can erode its foundations, but the resilience of democratic institutions and the commitment of people to their ideals keep democracy alive. It serves as a symbol of hope and progress, promoting economic development, social equality and peaceful coexistence.

Democracy promotes diversity and pluralism, allowing diverse voices to be heard and considered. It provides avenues for peaceful conflict resolution and supports the rights of minorities. While not perfect, it is a guiding light in the quest for a more just and fair world.

Essay on Democracy in English in 250 Words

Democracy, a form of government rooted in the principles of popular sovereignty and individual rights, is one of humanity’s most significant achievements. It empowers citizens to shape the destiny of their country through free and fair elections, the rule of law and the protection of civil liberties. A democracy that fosters transparency, accountability and civic participation is a beacon of hope and progress.

In a democratic system, power flows from the people to their elected representatives, ensuring that the government derives its legitimacy from the consent of the governed. It encourages open debate, diverse perspectives and peaceful resolution of conflicts. Democracy, however, is not without challenges, including voter apathy, political polarization, and the potential for corruption.

Despite these obstacles, democracy survives because it is the foundation of modern society. It promotes social cohesion, economic development and political stability. It allows for the peaceful transfer of power, upholds the rights of minorities and protects the vulnerable.

Democracy thrives on citizen participation and encourages active participation in government policy making. It ensures that leaders are accountable for their actions and decisions. Although imperfect, democracy is an essential value in our quest for a fair, just and equitable world.

Essay on Democracy in English in 300 Words

Democracy, a system of government in which power is vested in the people, is a symbol of hope and progress in the contemporary world. A democracy rooted in the principles of individual rights, the rule of law, and free and fair elections empowers citizens to actively participate in the decision-making process of their nation.

One of the main principles of democracy is that leaders are elected by the people, ensuring that the government derives its powers from the consent of the governed. This basic concept promotes transparency, accountability and civic participation. Democracy fosters a society where diverse voices are heard and political disputes are resolved through peaceful means.

However, democracy is not free from challenges. Voter apathy, political polarization and corruption can undermine its effectiveness. Yet, the resilience of democratic institutions and the dedication of individuals to their ideals keep democracy alive. It is a system that accommodates change, leading to a peaceful transition of power.

Democracy not only provides a framework for political decision-making but also underpins economic development, social justice and human rights. It protects fundamental freedoms, such as freedom of speech, assembly and religion, and protects the rights of minorities.

In today’s interconnected world, democracy serves as a model for nations seeking a fair and just society. It promotes international cooperation and diplomacy while supporting peace and human rights globally. Democracy is an ongoing experiment, adapting to the evolving needs of society, and its principles continue to inspire people around the world for a better future.

Essay on Democracy in English in 500 Words

Democracy, a form of government where power rests in the hands of the people, is one of humanity’s most profound achievements. Derived from the Greek words “demos” (people) and “kratos” (power), democracy is characterized by a commitment to free and fair elections, the rule of law, protection of individual rights, and open and accountable governance. It is a system that stands as a beacon of hope and progress in the modern world.

At the heart of democracy is the principle of popular sovereignty, where government derives its legitimacy from the consent of the governed. Citizens participate in their nation’s decision-making process by electing their representatives, ensuring that leaders are accountable to the public. This fundamental aspect promotes transparency, accountability and civic participation.

Democracy fosters a society where diverse voices are not only tolerated but valued. It encourages open debate, exchange of ideas and peaceful resolution of conflicts. It is a system that allows for change and adaptation to accommodate the evolving needs and aspirations of society.

While democracy embodies these ideals, it is not without its challenges. Voter apathy, political polarization and the possibility of corruption could erode its foundations. Yet, the resilience of democratic institutions and the unwavering commitment of individuals to their principles keep democracy alive. It is a system that constantly seeks improvement and improvement, admitting its imperfections.

Democracy serves as a cornerstone of modern societies, providing a framework for political decision-making, but its influence extends beyond politics. It is based on economic development, social justice and human rights. Democracies tend to have stronger economies because they encourage innovation, entrepreneurship and individual initiative. They also place a strong emphasis on education and healthcare, striving for a more equitable distribution of resources and opportunities.

In addition to economic prosperity, democracy protects fundamental freedoms, including freedom of speech, assembly, and religion. It protects the rights of minorities and vulnerable groups, ensuring a voice and justice for all members of society. Moreover, democracy often leads to greater gender equality and social inclusion, thereby promoting the empowerment of women and marginalized communities.

The impact of democracy transcends national boundaries. It advocates peace, diplomacy and cooperation in international relations. Democratic nations resolve disputes through dialogue rather than conflict and are often champions of human rights and humanitarian causes around the world. Democracy is a force for stability and peace globally, contributing to preventing armed conflict and promoting diplomacy.

A unique quality of democracy is its adaptability. It is a dynamic system that can evolve to meet the changing needs of society. Over time, democracy has expanded to give voting rights to previously excluded groups such as women and minorities. They have also embraced technological advances using the Internet and social media to increase citizen participation and transparency.

However, as the world becomes increasingly interconnected, democracy faces new challenges. The spread of misinformation and the manipulation of digital platforms have raised concerns about the integrity of elections and the quality of public discourse. In addition, economic inequality and social divisions continue to challenge the principles of democracy.

Despite these challenges, democracy is a guiding light in the quest for a better world. It is a system that encourages individuals to actively participate in shaping their society, fostering a sense of ownership and responsibility. It provides a peaceful mechanism for the transfer of power, reducing the possibility of authoritarian regimes or violent coups.

Democracy’s ability to accommodate diverse perspectives and promote social cohesion makes it an essential tool for building inclusive and resilient societies. It allows the negotiation of competing interests and the pursuit of common goals. In doing so, democracy provides a platform for compromise and consensus-building, which is critical to addressing complex challenges, from climate change to public health crises.

After all, democracy is not a perfect system, but it represents the best hope for a fair, just and peaceful world. It is a system that empowers individuals, protects their rights and promotes civic participation. Democracy’s influence extends beyond politics, shaping economic development, social justice, and international relations. It is a system that can adapt to new realities and challenges, demonstrating its enduring relevance in the modern world.

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Essay on Democracy in India for Students and Children

500+ words essay on democracy in india.

Essay on Democracy in India – First of all, democracy refers to a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting. Democracy holds a special place in India. Furthermore, India without a doubt is the biggest democracy in the world. Also, the democracy of India is derived from the constitution of India. After suffering at the hands of British colonial rule, India finally became a democratic nation in 1947 . Most noteworthy, Indian democracy since independence is infused with the spirit of justice, liberty, and equality.

essay on democratic government in english

Features of Indian Democracy

Sovereignty is a vital feature of Indian democracy. Sovereignty refers to the full power of a governing body over itself without outside interference. Moreover, people can exercise power in Indian democracy . Most noteworthy, people of India elect their representatives. Moreover, these representatives remain responsible for common people.

The democracy in India works on the principle of political equality. Furthermore, it essentially means all citizens are equal before the law. Most noteworthy, there is no discrimination on the basis of religion , caste, creed, race, sect, etc. Hence, every Indian citizen enjoys equal political rights.

Rule of the majority is an essential feature of Indian democracy. Moreover, the party which wins the most seats forms and runs the government. Most noteworthy, no-one can object to support of the majority.

essay on democratic government in english

Another feature of Indian democracy is federal. Most noteworthy, India is a union of states. Furthermore, the states are somewhat autonomous. Moreover, the states enjoy freedom in certain matters.

Collective responsibility is a notable feature of Indian democracy. The council of Ministers in India is collectively responsible to their respective legislatures. Therefore, no minister alone is responsible for any act of their government.

Indian democracy works on the principle of formation of opinion. Furthermore, the government and its institutions must work on the basis of public opinion. Most noteworthy, public opinion must be formed on various matters in India. Moreover, the Legislature of India provides an appropriate platform to express public opinion.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Ways to Strengthen Democracy in India

First of all, people must stop having a blind belief in the media. Many times the news reported by media is out of context and exaggerated. Most noteworthy, some media outlets may propagate the propaganda of a particular political party. Therefore, people must be careful and cautious when accepting media news.

Another important way to strengthen the Indian democracy is to reject the consumer mentality in elections. Several Indians view national elections like consumers buying a product. Most noteworthy, elections should make Indians feel like participants rather than separatists.

People in India should make their voices heard. Furthermore, people must try to communicate with their elected official all year-round instead of just during elections. Therefore, citizens must write, call, email, or attend community forums to communicate with their elected official. This would surely strengthen Indian democracy.

Huge voter turnouts is really an efficient way to strengthen democracy in India. People must avoid hesitation and come out to vote. Most noteworthy, large voter turnout would signify a substantial involvement of the common people in Indian politics.

In conclusion, the democracy in India is something very precious. Furthermore, it is a gift of the patriotic national leaders to the citizens of India. Most noteworthy, the citizens of this country must realize and appreciate the great value of democracy. The democracy in India is certainly unique in the world.

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IR-2024-45, Feb. 21, 2024

WASHINGTON — During the busiest time of the tax filing season, the Internal Revenue Service kicked off its 2024 Tax Time Guide series to help remind taxpayers of key items they’ll need to file a 2023 tax return.

As part of its four-part, weekly Tax Time Guide series, the IRS continues to provide new and updated resources to help taxpayers file an accurate tax return. Taxpayers can count on IRS.gov for updated resources and tools along with a special free help page available around the clock. Taxpayers are also encouraged to read Publication 17, Your Federal Income Tax (For Individuals) for additional guidance.

Essentials to filing an accurate tax return

The deadline this tax season for filing Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return , or 1040-SR, U.S. Tax Return for Seniors , is April 15, 2024. However, those who live in Maine or Massachusetts will have until April 17, 2024, to file due to official holidays observed in those states.

Taxpayers are advised to wait until they receive all their proper tax documents before filing their tax returns. Filing without all the necessary documents could lead to mistakes and potential delays.

It’s important for taxpayers to carefully review their documents for any inaccuracies or missing information. If any issues are found, taxpayers should contact the payer immediately to request a correction or confirm that the payer has their current mailing or email address on file.

Creating an IRS Online Account can provide taxpayers with secure access to information about their federal tax account, including payment history, tax records and other important information.

Having organized tax records can make the process of preparing a complete and accurate tax return easier and may also help taxpayers identify any overlooked deductions or credits .

Taxpayers who have an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number or ITIN may need to renew it if it has expired and is required for a U.S. federal tax return. If an expiring or expired ITIN is not renewed, the IRS can still accept the tax return, but it may result in processing delays or delays in credits owed.

Changes to credits and deductions for tax year 2023

Standard deduction amount increased. For 2023, the standard deduction amount has been increased for all filers. The amounts are:

  • Single or married filing separately — $13,850.
  • Head of household — $20,800.
  • Married filing jointly or qualifying surviving spouse — $27,700.

Additional child tax credit amount increased. The maximum additional child tax credit amount has increased to $1,600 for each qualifying child.

Child tax credit enhancements. Many changes to the Child tax credit (CTC) that had been implemented by the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 have expired.

However, the IRS continues to closely monitor legislation being considered by Congress affecting the Child Tax Credit. The IRS reminds taxpayers eligible for the Child Tax Credit that they should not wait to file their 2023 tax return this filing season. If Congress changes the CTC guidelines, the IRS will automatically make adjustments for those who have already filed so no additional action will be needed by those eligible taxpayers.

Under current law, for tax year 2023, the following currently apply:

  • The enhanced credit allowed for qualifying children under age 6 and children under age 18 has expired. For 2023, the initial amount of the CTC is $2,000 for each qualifying child. The credit amount begins to phase out where AGI income exceeds $200,000 ($400,000 in the case of a joint return). The amount of the CTC that can be claimed as a refundable credit is limited as it was in 2020 except that the maximum ACTC amount for each qualifying child increased to $1,500.
  • The increased age allowance for a qualifying child has expired. A child must be under age 17 at the end of 2023 to be a qualifying child.

Changes to the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC). The enhancements for taxpayers without a qualifying child implemented by the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 will not apply for tax year 2023. To claim the EITC without a qualifying child in 2023, taxpayers must be at least age 25 but under age 65 at the end of 2023. If a taxpayer is married filing a joint return, one spouse must be at least age 25 but under age 65 at the end of 2023.

Taxpayers may find more information on Child tax credits in the Instructions for Schedule 8812 (Form 1040) .

New Clean Vehicle Credit. The credit for new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicles has changed. This credit is now known as the Clean Vehicle Credit. The maximum amount of the credit and some of the requirements to claim the credit have changed. The credit is reported on Form 8936, Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit , and on Form 1040, Schedule 3.

More information on these and other credit and deduction changes for tax year 2023 may be found in the Publication 17, Your Federal Income Tax (For Individuals) , taxpayer guide.

1099-K reporting requirements have not changed for tax year 2023

Following feedback from taxpayers, tax professionals and payment processors, and to reduce taxpayer confusion, the IRS recently released Notice 2023-74 announcing a delay of the new $600 reporting threshold for tax year 2023 on Form 1099-K, Payment Card and Third-Party Network Transactions . The previous reporting thresholds will remain in place for 2023.

The IRS has published a fact sheet with further information to assist taxpayers concerning changes to 1099-K reporting requirements for tax year 2023.

Form 1099-K reporting requirements

Taxpayers who take direct payment by credit, debit or gift cards for selling goods or providing services by customers or clients should get a Form 1099-K from their payment processor or payment settlement entity no matter how many payments they got or how much they were for.

If they used a payment app or online marketplace and received over $20,000 from over 200 transactions,

the payment app or online marketplace is required to send a Form 1099-K. However, they can send a Form 1099-K with lower amounts. Whether or not the taxpayer receives a Form 1099-K, they must still report any income on their tax return.

What’s taxable? It’s the profit from these activities that’s taxable income. The Form 1099-K shows the gross or total amount of payments received. Taxpayers can use it and other records to figure out the actual taxes they owe on any profits. Remember that all income, no matter the amount, is taxable unless the tax law says it isn’t – even if taxpayers don’t get a Form 1099-K.

What’s not taxable? Taxpayers shouldn’t receive a Form 1099-K for personal payments, including money received as a gift and for repayment of shared expenses. That money isn’t taxable. To prevent getting an inaccurate Form 1099-K, note those payments as “personal,” if possible.

Good recordkeeping is key. Be sure to keep good records because it helps when it’s time to file a tax return. It’s a good idea to keep business and personal transactions separate to make it easier to figure out what a taxpayer owes.

For details on what to do if a taxpayer gets a Form 1099-K in error or the information on their form is incorrect, visit IRS.gov/1099k  or find frequently asked questions at Form 1099-K FAQs .

Direct File pilot program provides a new option this year for some

The IRS launched the Direct File pilot program during the 2024 tax season. The pilot will give eligible taxpayers an option to prepare and electronically file their 2023 tax returns, for free, directly with the IRS.

The Direct File pilot program will be offered to eligible taxpayers in 12 pilot states who have relatively simple tax returns reporting only certain types of income and claiming limited credits and deductions. The 12 states currently participating in the Direct File pilot program are Arizona, California, Florida, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Washington state and Wyoming. Taxpayers can check their eligibility at directfile.irs.gov .

The Direct File pilot is currently in the internal testing phase and will be more widely available in mid-March. Taxpayers can get the latest news about the pilot at Direct File pilot news and sign up to be notified when Direct File is open to new users.

Finally, for comprehensive information on all these and other changes for tax year 2023, taxpayers and tax professionals are encouraged to read the Publication 17, Your Federal Income Tax (For Individuals) , taxpayer guide, as well as visit other topics of taxpayer interest on IRS.gov.

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  1. Democracy Essay for Students and Children

    Significance of a Democracy Democracy is very important for human development. When people have free will to live freely, they will be happier. Moreover, we have seen how other forms of government have turned out to be. Citizens are not that happy and prosperous in a monarchy or anarchy. Furthermore, democracy lets people have equal rights.

  2. Essay on Democracy in 100, 300 and 500 Words

    Democracy is a form of government in which the final authority to deliberate and decide the legislation for the country lies with the people, either directly or through representatives. Within a democracy, the method of decision-making, and the demarcation of citizens vary among countries.

  3. Democracy Essay for Students in English

    Democracy, also called as a rule of the majority, means whatever the majority of people decide, it has to be followed or implemented, the representative winning with the most number of votes will have the power.

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    Feb. 17, 2024, 12:26 AM ET (MSN) The world's third-biggest democracy could be sliding backwards

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    Importance of democracy To explain the importance of democracy some fundamental questions need to be answered: What exactly is meant when people say 'democracy'? Why is it assumed democracy should be the preferred form of government in the world? How does it compare to other models for political organization?

  6. By the People: Essays on Democracy

    By the People: Essays on Democracy Harvard Kennedy School faculty explore aspects of democracy in their own words—from increasing civic participation and decreasing extreme partisanship to strengthening democratic institutions and making them more fair. Home Faculty & Research Policy Topics Democracy & Governance By the People Winter 2020

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    Democracy Essay Examples - Forms of Government - GradesFixer Home — Essay Samples — Government & Politics — Forms of Government Essays on Democracy Essay examples Essay topics 65 essay samples found 1 The Importance of Democracy in Today's World 1 page / 629 words

  8. Democracy Essay For Students & Children: In 600+ Words Essay

    Democracy Essay in 600+ Words Last updated on Oct 13, 2022 Download as PDF Democracy Essay for School Students in English The word democracy is derived from the Greek words 'demo', which means for people and 'Kratos', which means for power. Therefore, democracy can be thought of as 'the power of people.

  9. Democracy as the Best Form of Government Essay

    A democracy is a form of governance characterized by power sharing. The implication of this is that all the citizens have an equal voice in the way a nation is governed. This often encompasses either direct or indirect involvement in lawmaking. "Democracy" can be a very delicate subject for any writer. We will write a custom essay on your topic

  10. Democratic Governance Concept

    Democratic governance is based on legitimacy, order, stability, accountability, and transparency. It mainly involves promoting durable governance; this includes introducing of politics participation, a stable society, and freedom of media. In addition, democratic governance promotes the involvement of women and other minority groups in ...

  11. Sample Essay On Democracy

    Many sources define democracy as, 'the government of the people, by the people, and for the people.'. Freedom in a country is realized through the use of an open mechanism of selecting leaders. In this light, a democratic nation should be characterized by free and fair elections. Ordinary people hold the ultimate power in a democratic ...

  12. Democracy

    Democracy (from Ancient Greek: δημοκρατία, romanized : dēmokratía, dēmos 'people' and kratos 'rule') [1] is a system of government in which state power is vested in the people or the general population of a state. [2] Under a minimalist definition of democracy, rulers are elected through competitive elections while more expansive ...

  13. Essay On Democracy

    Corruption is a major challenge to democracy. It undermines public trust in government institutions and can lead to a breakdown in the rule of law. Corruption can take many forms, including bribery, embezzlement, and nepotism. Conclusion. Democracy is a form of government that is based on the principle that political power should rest with the ...

  14. Democracy Essay

    Democracy is of two, i.e. direct and representative. In a direct democracy, all citizens, without the intermediary of elected or appointed officials, can participate in making public decisions. Such a system is only practical with relatively small numbers of people in a community organisation or tribal council.

  15. Democratic Governments Role in the Global Economy Essay

    Democratic government in the global economy. Democracy is one of the most effective forms of government in today's increasing integrated World. As it allows governments to be accounted to the electorate who brought them into power and not the global financial institutions. While the international finance players advocate for free market ...

  16. Essay on Election and Democracy for Students and Children

    500 Words Essay on Election and Democracy. A democratic government is said to be the best kind of government. It ensures the active participation of the people where the citizens get the chance to choose their government. The candidate or party whom the people choose is through elections. Therefore, we see how elections play a pivotal role in a ...

  17. Essay on Democracy vs Dictatorship for Students

    In conclusion, the Democratic form of government is enjoyed by the people and it gives a great deal of liberty to people and the power is in the hand of masses. On the other hand, dictatorship takes away all those rights and liberty. Furthermore, power is in the hand of a single person. In a democracy, development happens to fulfill the need of ...

  18. Complete Essay On Democracy For Beginners To Expert Level

    1000+ Words Essay on Democracy Democracy. Outlines: Democracy is a popular form of Government. It is practiced successfully in many countries of the world. Dictatorship is a system of Government in which one party or one person rules the country. In Democracy there is full freedom of expressing public opinion. Democracy has many defects.

  19. Election and Democracy Essay in English for Children and Students

    Essay on the Role of Elections in a Democracy (300 words) - Essay 2. Democracy is the type of government in which the citizens of a country get the right to choose their representatives. These representatives come into power and form the government. These representatives are chosen by way of elections.

  20. Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship in English for Children and Students

    Democracy is a government formed by the people. It refers to the rule of the majority. The basic principles of Democracy are political freedom, the rule of law, and equality. People elect political leaders who represent them and further the political decision-making at the local, regional, and national levels.

  21. Democracy In India Essay

    Download PDF Democracy is regarded as the best type of government since it allows citizens to directly elect their leaders. They have access to a number of rights that are fundamental to anyone's ability to live freely and peacefully. There are many democratic countries in the world, but India is by far the biggest.

  22. Essay on Democracy in English

    Essay on Democracy in English in 300 Words Democracy, a system of government in which power is vested in the people, is a symbol of hope and progress in the contemporary world. A democracy rooted in the principles of individual rights, the rule of law, and free and fair elections empowers citizens to actively participate in the decision-making ...

  23. Essay on Democracy in India for Students and Children

    Essay on Democracy in India - First of all, democracy refers to a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting. Democracy holds a special place in India. Furthermore, India without a doubt is the biggest democracy in the world. Also, the democracy of India is derived from the constitution of India.

  24. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste: 2023 Article IV Consultation-Press

    Timor-Leste has made impressive progress since independence in 2002 but remains a fragile post-conflict nation with pressing development needs. With oil and gas production having recently come to a halt, progress on diversifying the economy and developing the private sector is urgently needed. Fiscal deficits are financed by the country's considerable Petroleum Fund savings, but regular ...

  25. Tax Time Guide 2024: What to know before completing a tax return

    IR-2024-45, Feb. 21, 2024 — During the busiest time of the tax filing season, the Internal Revenue Service kicked off its 2024 Tax Time Guide series to help remind taxpayers of key items they'll need to file a 2023 tax return.