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How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in Chicago/Turabian

Academic theses and dissertations can be a good source of information when writing your own paper. They are usually accessed via a university’s database or a third party database, or found on the web. The main difference between a thesis and a dissertation is the degree type they are submitted for:

  • Thesis—A document submitted to earn a degree, such as a master’s degree, at a university.
  • Dissertation—A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university.

This guide will show you how to create notes-bibliography style citations for theses and dissertations in a variety of formats using the 17th edition of the  Chicago Manual of Style.

Guide Overview

  • Citing a thesis or dissertation from a database
  • Citing a thesis or dissertation from the web
  • Citing an unpublished thesis or dissertation

Citing a Thesis or Dissertation from a Database

Citation structure.

1. First name Last name, “Title” (master’s thesis or PhD diss., University Name, year published), page number, Database (Identification Number).

Bibliography:

Last name, First name. “Title.” Master’s thesis or PhD diss., University Name, year published. Database (Identification Number).

Screen Shot 2014-04-07 at 1.23.21 PM

Citation Example

1. Kimberly Knight,  “Media Epidemics: Viral Structures in Literature and New Media” (PhD diss., University of California, Santa Barbara, 2011), 17, MLA International Bibliography (2013420395).

Knight, Kimberly.  “Media Epidemics: Viral Structures in Literature and New Media.” PhD diss., University of California, Santa Barbara, 2011. MLA International Bibliography (2013420395).

Citing a Thesis or Dissertation from the Web

1. First name Last name, “Title” (master’s thesis or PhD diss., University Name, year published), page number, URL.

Last name, First name. “Title.” Master’s thesis or PhD diss., University Name, year published. URL.

ThesisDissertationImage

1. Peggy Lynn Wilson, “Pedagogical Practices in the Teaching of English Language in Secondary Public Schools in Parker County” (PhD diss., University of Maryland, College Park, 2011), 25, https://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/11801/1/Wilson_umd_0117E_12354.pdf.

Wilson, Peggy Lynn. “Pedagogical Practices in the Teaching of English Language in Secondary Public Schools in Parker County.” PhD diss., University of Maryland, College Park, 2011. https://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/11801/1/Wilson_umd_0117E_12354.pdf.

Citing an Unpublished Thesis or Dissertation

In rare cases, you may need to cite a thesis or dissertation that has not yet been published. This is particularly the case if you want to cite your own work or the work of a colleague.

1. First name Last name, “Title” (unpublished manuscript, Month Day, Year last modified), format.

Last name, First name. “Title.” Unpublished manuscript, last modified Month Day, Year. Format.

1. John Doe, “A Study of Generic Topic” (unpublished manuscript, June 19, 2021), Microsoft Word file.

Doe, John. “A Study of Generic Topic.” Unpublished manuscript, last modified June 19, 2021. Microsoft Word file.

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Theses & Dissertations

Citing a published thesis, citing an unpublished thesis, citing a thesis in online database or repository.

  • CMS 14.224: Theses and dissertations

Titles of unpublished works appear in "quotation marks"—not in italics . This treatment extends to theses and dissertations, which are otherwise cited like books.

The kind of thesis, the academic institution, and the date follow the title. Like the publication data of a book, these are enclosed in parentheses in a note but not in a bibliography.

If the document was consulted online, include a URL or, for documents retrieved from a commercial database, give the name of the database and, in parentheses, any identification number supplied or recommended by the database.

For dissertations issued on microfilm, see 14.120 . For published abstracts of dissertations, see 14.197 .

Note-Bibliography

First-name Last-name, "Title of Thesis: Subtitle," (Publisher, Year).

      Mihwa Choi, “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty,” PhD diss., (University of Chicago, 2008).

Short Note:

Last-name, "Title of Thesis."

Choi. “Contesting Imaginaires ."

Bibliography Entry:

Last-name, First-name. "Title of Thesis: Subtitle." Year.

Choi, Mihwa. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.” PhD diss. University      of Chicago, 2008.

Author-Date

Text Citation:

(Last-name Year)

(Mihwa 2008)

Reference Entry:

Last-name, First-name. Year. "Title of Thesis: Subtitle."

Choi, Mihwa. 2008. “Contesting  Imaginaires  in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.”  PhD diss.       University of Chicago.

Note -Bibliography

Note #. First-name Last-name, "Title of Thesis: Subtitle," Unpublished thesis type, University. Year.

Barry C. Hosking, "The Control of Gastro-intestinal Nematodes in Sheep with the Amino-acetonitrile Derivative, Monepantel with a Particular Focus on Australia and New Zealand," PhD diss., (Ghent University, 2010).

Note #. Last-name,"Title of Thesis."

Barry C. Hosking, "The Control of Gastro-intestinal Nematodes."

Bibliography:

Last-name, First-name. "Title of Thesis: Subtitle." Unpublished thesis type. University. Year.

Hosking, Barry C. "The Control of Gastro-intestinal Nematodes in Sheep with the Amino-acetonitrile Derivative, Monepantel with a Particular Focus on Australia and New Zealand." PhD diss., Ghent University, 2010.

(Hosking 2010)

Last-name, First-name.  Year.  "Title of Thesis: Subtitle." Unpublished thesis type. University.

Hosking, Barry C.    2010.  "The Control of Gastro-intestinal Nematodes in Sheep with the Amino-acetonitrile Derivative, Monepantel with a Particular Focus on Australia and New Zealand." PhD diss., Ghent University.

Note #. First-name Last-name, "Title of Thesis: Subtitle," Database Name (Identifier if given), Year, Internet address.

      12. Meredith Stewart, "An Investigation into Aspects of the Replication of Jembrana Disease Virus, " Australasian Digital Theses Program (WMU2005.1222), 2005, http://wwwlib.murdoch.edu.au/adt/browse/view/adt-MU20051222.104106.

Note #. Last-name, "Title of Thesis."

21. Stewart, "An Investigation into Aspects."

Last-name, First-name. "Title of Thesis: Subtitle." Database Name (Identifier if given), Year. Internet address.

Stewart, Meredith. "An Investigation into Aspects of the Replication of Jembrana Disease Virus ." Australasian Digital Theses Program (WMU2005.1222),  2005. http://wwwlib.murdoch.edu.au/adt/browse/view/adt-MU20051222.104106.

(Stewart 2005)

Last-name, First-name. Year. "Title of Thesis: Subtitle."  Database Name  (Identifier if given), Internet address.

Stewart, Meredith. 2005. "An Investigation into Aspects of the Replication of Jembrana Disease Virus ." Australasian Digital Theses Program  (WMU2005.1222),    http://wwwlib.murdoch.edu.au/adt/browse/view/adt-MU20051222.104106.

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Chicago Manual of Style Publication Manual

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Chicago Manual of Style Basics

  • Chicago Style Guide (Purdue OWL) Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) provides extensive explanation and examples of Chicago style.
  • Turabian Quick Guide A brief overview of the most common examples of citation formats from Kate Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers.

Please note: Chicago Manual of Style has two different citation options:

  • Notes-Bibliography Style
  • Author-Date Reference Style

If you are unsure which one to use, please contact your instructor.

Chicago Manual of Style Formatting

Formatting Citations and the Works Cited/Reference List

  • Chicago Style Citation Guide An excellent guide to using the Chicago style citation format from Western Oregon University Library.
  • Chicago Style Citation Guide (Seattle)   This useful guide from the Seattle Central Community College Library covers the basics of the Chicago citation style in an easy to use format.
  • Chicago Style Guide Chicago citation style guide from the Santa Fe College (Gainesville, FL) Library.

Other Resources

  • Term Paper Handbook for Chicago (Turabian) Style A detailed guide on how to format your research paper in the Chicago citation style from the Sierra College Writing Center. Includes examples citations of notes and a bibliography.

Chicago Manual of Style Citation and Research Paper Examples

Citation Examples

  • Citation Examples from the Chicago Manual of Style Online

Research Paper Examples

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  • Chicago Style Sample Research Paper: Notes/Bibliography Style  OWL (Online Writing Lab) at Purdue University. Notes and Bibliography (NB) Style
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Chicago Citation Guide (17th Edition): Papers & Bibliographies

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Paper & Bibliography Formatting

  • General Paper Formatting
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Assemble your paper in the following order:

  • Body of paper
  • Appendix (if needed)
  • Bibliography
  • Use Times New Roman, Size 12 (unless otherwise instructed).

Margins and Indents

  • Your margins should be 1 inch on all sides.
  • Indent new paragraphs by one-half inch.
  • Double-space the main text of your paper.
  • Single-space the footnotes and bibliography, but add a blank line between entries.
  • Start numbering your pages on the  second  page of your paper (don't include the title page).
  • Put your page numbers in the header of the first page of text (skip the title page), beginning with page number 1. Continue numbering your pages to the end of the bibliography.
  • Place the footnote number at the end of the sentence in which you have quoted or paraphrased information from another source. The footnote number should be in superscript, and be placed  after  any punctuation (This is an example. 3 ).
  • Put your footnotes in the footer section of the page.

An  annotated bibliography  is a list of citations for various books, articles, and other sources on a topic. The annotated bibliography looks like a Works Cited page but includes an annotation after each source cited. An annotation is a short summary and/or critical evaluation of a source. Annotated bibliographies can be part of a larger research project, or can be a stand-alone report in itself.

Types of Annotations

 A  summary annotation  describes the source by answering the following questions: who wrote the document, what the document discusses, when and where was the document written, why was the document produced, and how was it provided to the public. The focus is on description. 

 An  evaluative annotation  includes a summary as listed above but also critically assesses the work for accuracy, relevance, and quality. Evaluative annotations can help you learn about your topic, develop a thesis statement, decide if a specific source will be useful for your assignment, and determine if there is enough valid information available to complete your project. The focus is on description and evaluation.

Formatting Rules

The  Chicago Manual of Style  states the following formatting rules.   Check your assignment description in case your instructor has other instructions .

  • The text should be double-spaced.
  • Numbering starts on the first page of writing (not the title page), at the top right of the page.
  • Reference list entries must have a hanging indent (to do this in Microsoft Word 2003, click Format, then Paragraph, then Special, and choose Hanging).
  • There should be 1 inch (2.54 cm) margins all around (top, bottom, left, and right) on each page.

Example Formatting

This annotation includes only one paragraph, a summary of the book. It provides a concise description of the project and the book's project and its major features.

Davidson, Hilda Ellis.  Roles of the Northern Goddess . London: Routledge, 1998.

Stacks, Geoff, Erin Karper, Dana Bisignani, and Allen Brizee. "Annotated Bibliographies." Purdue Online Writing Lab. Last modified March 10, 2013. Accessed October 10, 2017.

  • Chicago 17 Notes & Bibliography Style Sample Paper (Purdue OWL)
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What is Chicago Style?

" The Chicago Manual of Style  (CMOS) covers a variety of topics from manuscript preparation and publication to grammar, usage, and documentation" (Purdue OWL)

Chicago Style is utilized most by those in the humanities and most often in history to cite sources, however, always confirm with your professor which style is required even if the course is in one of these disciplines.

What is Turabian?

Turabian is actually not a separate citation style, but a manual that is considered the authoritative student resource on Chicago style.  The Turabian manual reflects the guidelines found in The Chicago Manual of Style , however, "the recommendations in this manual in some instances diverge from The Chicago Manual of Style in small ways, to better suit the requirements of academic papers as opposed to published works" (Turabian, Booth, Colomb, & Williams, 2013, p. xiv).

Remember: always confirm your citations with your professor before turning in a paper!

General Guidelines

Papers in chicago style should follow these guidelines:.

  • Margins no less than 1" and no greater than 1.5"
  • Preferably 12 pt. Times New Roman font
  • Double-spaced including block quotations, notes, bibliography entries, table titles, and figure captions

Chicago Major Paper Sections:

  • Bibliography
  • Notes (Endnotes/Footnotes)

For further instructions please visit the Purdue OWL - Chicago Guide

Quick Links to Chicago Citation Rules

Chicago Notes & Bibliography:

Notes and bibliography in Chicago style

Links go to the Purdue Owl - Chicago Guide

Chicago Style Examples

Chicago style footnotes & endnotes examples, quotations/paraphrases/summaries:.

    In-Text Rules:

Footnotes or endnotes should be included each time you use a source. Footnotes are added at the end of the page on which the source is referenced, and endnotes are compiled at the end of each chapter or at the end of the entire document.

A superscript number should be placed in the text following the end of the sentence or clause in which the source is referenced.

    Example:

"Our results demonstrate a rapid retreat of a marine ice sheet sector driven by grounding line retreat of the major ice stream," 1

    Footnote/Endnote Rule 1:

The first note for each source should include all relevant information about the source: author’s full name, source title, and facts of publication. If you cite the same source again, the note need only include the surname of the author, a shortened form of the title (if more than four words), and page number(s).

    Example Note:

1. Hans Petter Sejrup, Chris D. Clark, and Berit O. Hjelstuen, "Rapid Ice Sheet Retreat Triggered By Ice Stream Debuttressing: Evidence From The North Sea," Geology 44, no. 5 (May 2016): 358.

    Example Note (later in paper):

6. Sejrup, Clark, and Hjelstuen,"Rapid Ice Sheet Retreat Triggered," 356.

    Footnote/Endnote Rule 2:

If you cite from a single source two or more times consecutively, the corresponding note should be a shortened citation using only the author's last name and the page number.  In previous Chicago editions, the word “Ibid.,”  an abbreviated form of the Latin ibidem ,  which means “in the same place” was used, however this is now discouraged. 

**It is recommended that you confirm with your professor which note style they would prefer. 

    Example Consecutive Note:

2. Sejrup, Clark, and Hjelstuen, 356.

2. Ibid, 356.

( Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition , 2017).

Chicago Bibliography Examples

    Formula:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book . Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.

Bailey, Ronald. The End of Doom: Environmental Renewal in the Twenty-First Century . New York: Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Press, 2015.

    Formula for Downloaded ebook:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book . Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Reader version.

    Formula for Online ebook:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book . Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. doi or URL

    Example for Downloaded ebook:

Gombatz, Erika. Global Warming Series: Global Warming Big Book. San Diego, CA: Classroom Complete Press, 2008. Kindle.

    Example for Online ebook:

Gombatz, Erika. Global Warming Series: Global Warming Big Book. San Diego, CA: Classroom Complete Press, 2008. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/charlesouth/detail.action?docID=10561793

Print Journal:

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume, Issue no. (date): page numbers. doi.

Sejrup, Hans Petter, Chris D. Clark, and Berit O. Hjelstuen. "Rapid Ice Sheet Retreat Triggered By Ice Stream Debuttressing: Evidence From The North Sea." Geology 44, no. 5 (May 2016): 355-358.

https://doi.org/10.1130/G37652.1.

Online Journal:

Lastname, Firstname, and Firstname Lastname. "Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume, Issue no. (date): page numbers, doi or URL.

*Note: Some disciplines require the inclusion of the accessed date for online journal articles.  If your professor requires this the accessed date is added between the page numbers and the doi or URL as shown below:

Lastname, Firstname, and Firstname Lastname. "Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume, Issue no. (date): page numbers, Accessed Date, doi or URL.

Qu, Xia, and Gang Huang. "The Global Warming-Induced South Asian High Change and Its Uncertainty." Journal Of Climate 29, no. 6 (March 2016): 2259-2273, Accessed May 27, 2016,

https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0638.1.

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Clements, J., Angeli, E., Schiller, K., Gooch, S.C., Pinkert, L., Brizee, A., Murphy, R., Iacocca, V., & Schnurr, R. (2017, Nov. 8). Chicago manual of style 17th edition . Retrieved from

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/

Clements, J., Angeli, E., Schiller, K., Gooch, S.C., Pinkert, L., Brizee, A., Murphy, R., Iacocca, V., & Schnurr, R. (2017, Nov. 8). General format . Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/02/

The Chicago manual of style . (2010). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

The Chicago manual of style . (2017). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Turabian, K. L., Booth, W. C., Colomb, G. G., & Williams, J. M. (2013). A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations: Chicago Style for students and researchers . Chicago:

University of Chicago Press.

Turabian, K. L., Booth, W. C., Colomb, G. G., & Williams, J. M. (2018). A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations: Chicago Style for students and researchers . Chicago:

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Citation Help: Chicago Style Citation

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ISBN: 9780226287058

Published: 2017-09-05

This manual provides information on manuscript preparation, punctuation, spelling, quotations, captions, tables, abbreviations, references, bibliographies, notes, and indexes, with sections on journals and electronic media.

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Call Number: RESERVE LB 2369 .T8 2020

ISBN: 9780226816371

Published: 2020

The name Turabian has become synonymous with best practices in research writing and style. Her Manual for Writers continues to be the gold standard for generations of college and graduate students in virtually all academic disciplines.

 Sort Book from the Catalog Group  

This source contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. This method is primarily utilized in humanities courses and follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in 2017.

Sample paper for the Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition.

Sample paper for Chicago Manual of Style - Notes and Bibliography paper.

Here's an article on how to cite ChatGPT & generative AI. Remember, this is a new technology, and information may not be correct. Check with your instructor regarding appropriate use for class.

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Citing Sources at DKU

  • Citation Styles
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Major Citation Styles

Using style guides, other citation styles.

  • Citing Special Sources

In order to properly cite your sources, you must format your citations according to the rules of a given citation style . Different disciplines use different citation styles, so always ask your instructor if they have a preferred style. If you are not assigned a specific style, choose the one you prefer. 

The rules of a given citation style are listed in a style guide . DKU Library has physical copies of some of these guides, though they are more accessible online via Purdue University's Online Writing Lab. 

  • APA (American Psychological Association)
  • MLA (Modern Languages Association)

The American Psychological Association (APA) style is widely used across the  social sciences , especially in Psychology . Access the APA style guide here:

  • APA Style Guide (Purdue OWL)

An APA sample paper can be found  here . 

Source: Purdue OWL

The Chicago Manual of Style offers two different styles: the  notes and bibliography  system (for the humanities) and the  author-date  system (for the social sciences). Always ask your instructor if you are unsure which one to use. Refer to the style guides here:

  • Chicago Manual of Style (Quick Reference)
  • Chicago Manual of Style (Duke Login Required)
  • Chicago Manual of Style (Purdue OWL) 

You can find the print version in DKU Library's catalog here:

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An author-date sample paper can be found  here .

A note and bibliography sample paper can be found  here . 

The Modern Languages Association (MLA) style is used in the humanities, particularly English Literature . Refer to the MLA style guide here: 

  • MLA Style Guide (Purdue OWL)

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An MLA sample Works Cited page can be found  here .

An MLA sample paper can be found  here .

Purdue University's Online Writing Lab is a powerful source that contains the style guides for the three most common citation styles - APA, Chicago and MLA. Below is a short tutorial on how to use the Purdue OWL. 

  • AAA (American Anthropological Association)
  • CSE (Council of Science Editors)

The American Anthropological Association (AAA) style was used in Anthropology . In September 2015, the AAA forfeited its own style and has since been using the Chicago Manual of Style (author-date system).

  • For citation in Anthropology papers, refer to the Chicago Manual of Style above, or this quick style guide from the AAA .
  • For the historic AAA style, see this style guide (St. Mary's College) .

The Council of Science Editors (CSE) style is formerly known as the Council of Biology Editors (CBE). See its style guide here: 

  • CSE Quick Style Guide (PennState)
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How to Cite a Thesis or Dissertation in Chicago Footnote Referencing

2-minute read

  • 6th May 2020

Have you found useful ideas or data in someone else’s dissertation or thesis to support an argument in your own work? Our guide below explains how to cite a thesis or dissertation correctly in the Chicago footnote style.

Footnote Citation for a Thesis or Dissertation

The Chicago Manual of Style ’s footnote referencing system uses superscript numbers to point to citations. For instance:

Usually at the end of a sentence, like this. 1

The footnote format for a thesis or dissertation in Chicago referencing is similar to the one used for a book . The main difference is that you should use quote marks instead of italics for the title:

n. Author name, “Title of paper” (type of paper, academic institution, year of completion), page number, URL/database name (document ID).

Of course, you only need to give a URL or database name and ID if you accessed the paper online! To cite page 42 of John Smith’s printed PhD thesis, then, your footnote would look like this:

1. John Smith, “Useful Ideas for Research” (PhD diss., University of Learning, 2006), 42.

If you’re citing only an abstract, simply add the word “abstract” after the title:

2. Tom Persson, “Great Thoughts and Stuff,” abstract, (master’s thesis, Educational Establishment of City Name Here, 2012), 81, https://CityNameUniversity.edu/1901.11/39144.

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For repeat citations, use the standard shortened footnote format .

The Bibliography Entry

The bibliography entry for a thesis or dissertation will be similar to the first footnote citation. However, there are a few differences in the format:

  • You will need to use a period between each element, not a comma.
  • The first author’s name should be inverted (i.e., “Surname, First Name”)
  • You do not need parentheses for the additional paper information (i.e., the paper type, institution, and year of completion).
  • No page number is required.

So, bibliography entries for these sources should look like this:

Author Surname, Author First Name. “Title of paper.” Type of paper, academic institution, year of completion. URL/database ID.

Thus, you would present your bibliography entries as follows:

Persson, Tom. “Great Thoughts and Stuff.” Abstract. Master’s thesis, Educational Establishment of City Name Here, 2012. https://CityNameUniversity.edu/1901.11/39144.

Smith, John. “Useful Ideas for Research.” PhD diss., University of Learning, 2006.

The points above will help you cite a dissertation or thesis in Chicago footnote referencing. Want further help checking your references and writing are error free? Our team of expert proofreaders is available 24/7.

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APA Formatting and Style Guide (7th Edition)

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In-Text Citations

Resources on using in-text citations in APA style

Reference List

Resources on writing an APA style reference list, including citation formats

Other APA Resources

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Citation Styles

  • Get Started

Chicago Style Examples: Notes

Chicago style examples: bibliography, chicago style for citing archival items, turabian 9 (=chicago 17) examples inclusive of a first note, subsequent note, & bibliography synopsis.

  • CSE- Citation Name
  • CSE- Name Year
  • Specialized Citations

Chicago Style Resources

The following resources are helpful for citing in Chicago Style:

how to cite a dissertation chicago purdue owl

In-text citations in Chicago Style take the form of footnotes, as shown below:

- A footnote can contain multiple citations

- Footnote citations differ slightly from Bibliography citations (see box below)

An example of a Chicago Style Bibliography is below:

- Citations are organized alphabetically by author's last name

- Bibliography citations are formatted slightly differently than footnote citations (see box above)

Items from an archives are cited slightly differently than books, journal articles, or web pages. Instructions for how to cite archival material appear in the  Chicago Manual of Style under the heading "Manuscript Collections" in section 14.232. Some examples are below:

Item title, Date, Collection title, Box number, Folder number, Repository name, City name.

Executive Committee Meeting Minutes, April 1968, Board of Trustees Records, Box 55, Folder 12, Seattle Pacific University Archives, Seattle.

Memorandum, "Prayer for Dr. King," 6 April 1968, President's Office Collection, Cascade College Archives, Portland, OR.

Bibliography

Name of collection. Repository name.

Board of Trustees Records. Seattle Pacific University Archives, Seattle.

President's Office Collection, Cascade College Archives, Portland, OR.

Be consistent in how you render dates, item titles, and collection names. Locations of well-known repositories (Princeton University, National Archives) may be omitted.

For more examples, consult this Purdue University guide  - scroll to the bottom of the page.

  • Chicago Notes-Bibliography Style (17th ed.)
  • Chicago Notes-Bibliography Style (17th ed.). SYNOPSIS
  • Chicago Notes-Bibliography Style (17th ed.). BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • Chicago Notes-Bibliography Style (17th ed.). TABLE OF MAJOR DIFFERENCES
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  • Last Updated: May 6, 2024 6:28 PM
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How do I cite resources?

  • APA, MLA, Chicago & Turabian
  • Other Styles
  • Legal Citation (Bluebook)
  • Citing Government Documents
  • Academic Honesty & Plagiarism
  • Citation Resources and Tools
  • Citation Managers

Quick Links

  • Chicago Manual of Style This link opens in a new window Online version & more less... The online version of the Chicago Manual of Style. Includes both the 15th and 16th editions.
  • Chicago Manual of Style Print 17th edition.
  • Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide A quick-start guide with examples.
  • Chicago-Style Q & A The editors of the Chicago Manual of Style answer your tough questions.
  • Chicago Manual of Style Formatting and Style Guide Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) & more less... A guide to Chicago style "in progress", with examples, from Purdue's writing program.
  • Updated: Sep 27, 2022 2:15 PM
  • URL: https://guides.lib.uchicago.edu/cite

Open sourcetools

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Locating and Using Images for Presentations and Coursework

  • Free & Open Source Images
  • How to Cite Images
  • Alt Text Image Descriptions

Copyright Resources

  • Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States from Cornell University Library
  • Copyright Overview from Purdue University
  • U.S. Copyright Office
  • Fair Use Evaluator
  • Visual Resources Association's Statement of Fair Use of Images for Teaching, Research, and Study
  • Creative Commons Licenses

Attribution

Again, the majority of images you find are under copyright and cannot be used without permission from the creator. There are exceptions with Fair Use, but this Libguide is intended to help you locate images you can use with attribution (and in some case, the images are free to use without attribution when stated, such as with stock images from pixabay). ***Please read about public domain . These images aren't under copyright, but it's still good practice to include attribution if the information is available. Attribution : the act of attributing something, especially the ascribing of a work (as of literature or art) to a particular author or artist. When you have given proper attribution, it means you have given the information necessary for people to know who the creator of the work is.

Citation General Guidelines

Include as much of the information below when citing images in a paper and formal presentations. Apply the appropriate citation style (see below for APA, MLA examples).

  • Image creator's name (artist, photographer, etc.)
  • Title of the image
  • Date the image (or work represented by the image) was created
  • Date the image was posted online
  • Date of access (the date you accessed the online image)
  • Institution (gallery, museum) where the image is located/owned (if applicable)
  • Website and/or Database name

Citing Images in MLA, APA, Chicago, and IEEE

  • Directions for citing in MLA, APA, and Chicago MLA: Citing images in-text, incorporating images into the text of your paper, works cited APA 6th ed.: Citing images in-text and reference list Chicago 17th ed.: Citing images footnotes and endnotes and bibliography from Simon Fraser University
  • How to Cite Images Using IEEE from the SAIT Reg Erhardt Library
  • Image, Photograph, or Related Artwork (IEEE) from the Rochester Institute of Technology Library

Citing Images in Your PPT

Currently, citing images in PPT is a bit of the Wild West. If details aren't provided by an instructor, there are a number of ways to cite. What's most important is that if the image is not a free stock image, you give credit to the author for the work. Here are some options:

1. Some sites, such as Creative Commons and Wikimedia, include the citation information with the image. Use that citation when available. Copy the citation and add under the image. For example, an image of a lake from Creative Commons has this citation next to it:  "lake"  by  barnyz  is licensed under  CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 .

2. Include a marker, such as Image 1. or Figure 1., and in the reference section, include full citation information with the corresponding number

3. Include a complete citation (whatever the required format, such as APA) below the image

4. Below the image, include the link to the online image location

5. Hyperlink the title of the image with the online image location

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Chicago Citation Style (17th Edition): Organization as Author

  • General Guidelines
  • One Author or Editor
  • Two or Three Authors or Editors
  • More Than Three Authors or Editors
  • Chapter or Article in a Multi-Author Book
  • Chapter or Article in a Multi-Volume Work
  • Organization as Author
  • Reference Book
  • Edition Other than the First
  • Basic Journal Article
  • Journal Article from an Online Periodical
  • Journal Article from Database
  • Magazine Article
  • Magazine Article from an Online Magazine
  • Newspaper Article
  • Newspaper Article from an Online Newspaper
  • Basic Web Page
  • Government Publication
  • Motion Picture (Video Recording)
  • Online Multimedia
  • Image from an Electronic Source
  • Published Photograph
  • Interviews & Personal Communications
  • Pamphlets, Brochures, and Reports
  • Scriptural References
  • Secondary Sources
  • Government Publications
  • Ask for Help

Book with an Organization as the Author (p. 701)

General Format 

1. Organization Name,  Book Title: Subtitle  (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page #.

Concise Note:  

2. Organization Name,  Book Title , page #. 

Bibliography:

Organization Name.  Book Title: Subtitle . Place of Publication:      Publisher, Year.

1. World Health Organization,  WHO Editorial Style Manual  (Geneva:  World Health Organization,       1993), 34. 

Concise Note:

2. World Health Organization,  WHO Editorial Style , 34.

World Health Organization.  WHO Editorial Style Manual . Geneva: World Health      Organization, 1993.

Formatting of papers in Chicago Style:

Purdue Online Writing Lab

Citations and bibliographies in Chicago Style:

University of Alberta

About Citing Books

This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing books.

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

Full Note  - use the first time that you cite a source. Concise Note  - use after the first time you cite a source. Bibliography  - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from  The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.) . 

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

  • << Previous: Chapter or Article in a Multi-Volume Work
  • Next: No Author >>
  • Last Updated: Jul 10, 2023 12:20 PM
  • URL: https://libguides.westsoundacademy.org/chicago-citation

IMAGES

  1. Walk-Through of OWL Purdue's Works Cited, In-text Citation, and MLA guide

    how to cite a dissertation chicago purdue owl

  2. Owl Purdue Apa / Apa Formatting And Style Guide Purdue Owl Staff

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  3. Owl Purdue Apa Reference Generator / The Owl At Purdue Citation Style

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  4. Owl APA Format Cover Page Purdue owl apa style guide

    how to cite a dissertation chicago purdue owl

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    how to cite a dissertation chicago purdue owl

  6. Chicago Style via Purdue OWL

    how to cite a dissertation chicago purdue owl

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  1. Citations: A Beginning (1/24/24)

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  3. EoA Week 2

  4. How To Create Your NHD Bibliography

  5. Dissertation References : A Quick Guide #dissertation #ytshorts #youtubeshorts #youtube

  6. A Writers Guide: Demystifying Academic Referencing Methods I Assignment On Click

COMMENTS

  1. Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition

    Introduction. The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) covers a variety of topics from manuscript preparation and publication to grammar, usage, and documentation, and as such, it has been lovingly dubbed the "editor's bible.". The material on this page focuses primarily on one of the two CMOS documentation styles: the Notes-Bibliography System ...

  2. How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in Chicago/Turabian

    Citing an Unpublished Thesis or Dissertation. In rare cases, you may need to cite a thesis or dissertation that has not yet been published. This is particularly the case if you want to cite your own work or the work of a colleague. Citation Structure. Note: 1.

  3. Dissertations & Theses

    Theses & Dissertations. CMS 14.224: Theses and dissertations. Titles of unpublished works appear in "quotation marks"—not in italics. This treatment extends to theses and dissertations, which are otherwise cited like books. The kind of thesis, the academic institution, and the date follow the title. Like the publication data of a book, these ...

  4. Chicago Style

    Dissertation. | 17th Edition. The first entry is a sample footnote/endnote as it would appear the first time that a work is cited. Remember, while our examples begin with "1.", notes should be numbered based on the order they occur in the paper. The second entry is a shortened version for subsequent notes from the same source.

  5. Chicago Manual of Style

    Chicago Manual of Style Basics. Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) provides extensive explanation and examples of Chicago style. A brief overview of the most common examples of citation formats from Kate Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers.

  6. Chicago Citation Guide (17th Edition): Papers & Bibliographies

    Chicago Citation Guide (17th Edition) ... develop a thesis statement, decide if a specific source will be useful for your assignment, and determine if there is enough valid information available to complete your project. The focus is on description and evaluation. Formatting Rules. ... (Purdue OWL) Chicago Sample Paper Template w/ Appendix ...

  7. Welcome to the Purdue Online Writing Lab

    The Purdue OWL offers global support through online reference materials and services. A Message From the Assistant Director of Content Development The Purdue OWL® is committed to supporting students, instructors, and writers by offering a wide range of resources that are developed and revised with them in mind. To do this, the OWL team is ...

  8. Chicago 17th Edition/Turabian 9th Edition

    What is Chicago Style? "The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) covers a variety of topics from manuscript preparation and publication to grammar, usage, and documentation" (Purdue OWL) Chicago Style is utilized most by those in the humanities and most often in history to cite sources, however, always confirm with your professor which style is required even if the course is in one of these disciplines.

  9. Thesis and Dissertation

    Thesis and Dissertation - Purdue OWL® - Purdue University. Style Guide Overview MLA Guide APA Guide Chicago Guide OWL Exercises. Purdue OWL. Graduate Writing. Thesis & Dissertation.

  10. Citation Help: Chicago Style Citation

    Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) for Chicago Style. This source contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. This method is primarily utilized in humanities courses and follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in 2017. Sample Paper - Author Date

  11. Other Citation Resources

    Purdue OWL. Purdue's Online Writing Lab is the major authority and resource for writing assistance. ... like author, title, and publication date--that allows writers to cite any type of work, from books, e-books, and journal articles in databases to song lyrics, online images, social media posts, dissertations, and more. ... The Chicago Manual ...

  12. Citation Styles

    Using Style Guides. Purdue University's Online Writing Lab is a powerful source that contains the style guides for the three most common citation styles - APA, Chicago and MLA. Below is a short tutorial on how to use the Purdue OWL.

  13. How to Cite a Thesis or Dissertation in Chicago Footnote ...

    The footnote format for a thesis or dissertation in Chicago referencing is similar to the one used for a book. The main difference is that you should use quote marks instead of italics for the title: n. Author name, "Title of paper" (type of paper, academic institution, year of completion), page number, URL/database name (document ID).

  14. Citation Resources and Tools

    There are also tools that will help you create citations quickly in standard styles by entering an ISBN, DOI, or by entering relevant information (author, title, date, etc.) ZoteroBib. ZoteroBib is a free service that helps you build a bibliography instantly from any computer or device, without creating an account or installing any software.

  15. APA Formatting and Style Guide (7th Edition)

    APA Stylistics: Basics. APA Stylistics: Avoiding Bias. Footnotes & Appendices. Numbers & Statistics. Additional Resources. APA Headings and Seriation. APA PowerPoint Slide Presentation. APA Sample Paper. Tables and Figures.

  16. Chicago

    The following resources are helpful for citing in Chicago Style: Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide. Purdue OWL. Andrea A. Lunsford, Paul K. Matsuda, and Christine M. Tardy. ... A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. 9th ed. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press ...

  17. Chicago

    Learn the basics on citing resources and access the major citation style guides. Skip to Main Content. ... The editors of the Chicago Manual of Style answer your tough questions. ... Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) & more less... This page is not currently available due to visibility settings. Updated: Sep 27, 2022 2:15 PM; URL: https://guides ...

  18. How to Cite Images

    Copy the citation and add under the image. For example, an image of a lake from Creative Commons has this citation next to it: "lake" by barnyz is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. 2. Include a marker, such as Image 1. or Figure 1., and in the reference section, include full citation information with the corresponding number. 3.

  19. Chicago Citation Style (17th Edition): Organization as Author

    Citations and bibliographies in Chicago Style: The Chicago Manual of Style Online: Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide. A quick guide to the two basic documentation systems in the Chicago Manual of Style: (1) notes and bibliography (used in literature, history, and the arts) and (2) author-date (used in the physical, natural, and social sciences).