Poverty Essay for Students and Children

500+ words essay on poverty essay.

“Poverty is the worst form of violence”. – Mahatma Gandhi.

poverty essay

How Poverty is Measured?

For measuring poverty United nations have devised two measures of poverty – Absolute & relative poverty.  Absolute poverty is used to measure poverty in developing countries like India. Relative poverty is used to measure poverty in developed countries like the USA. In absolute poverty, a line based on the minimum level of income has been created & is called a poverty line.  If per day income of a family is below this level, then it is poor or below the poverty line. If per day income of a family is above this level, then it is non-poor or above the poverty line. In India, the new poverty line is  Rs 32 in rural areas and Rs 47 in urban areas.

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Causes of Poverty

According to the Noble prize winner South African leader, Nelson Mandela – “Poverty is not natural, it is manmade”. The above statement is true as the causes of poverty are generally man-made. There are various causes of poverty but the most important is population. Rising population is putting the burden on the resources & budget of countries. Governments are finding difficult to provide food, shelter & employment to the rising population.

The other causes are- lack of education, war, natural disaster, lack of employment, lack of infrastructure, political instability, etc. For instance- lack of employment opportunities makes a person jobless & he is not able to earn enough to fulfill the basic necessities of his family & becomes poor. Lack of education compels a person for less paying jobs & it makes him poorer. Lack of infrastructure means there are no industries, banks, etc. in a country resulting in lack of employment opportunities. Natural disasters like flood, earthquake also contribute to poverty.

In some countries, especially African countries like Somalia, a long period of civil war has made poverty widespread. This is because all the resources & money is being spent in war instead of public welfare. Countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc. are prone to natural disasters like cyclone, etc. These disasters occur every year causing poverty to rise.

Ill Effects of Poverty

Poverty affects the life of a poor family. A poor person is not able to take proper food & nutrition &his capacity to work reduces. Reduced capacity to work further reduces his income, making him poorer. Children from poor family never get proper schooling & proper nutrition. They have to work to support their family & this destroys their childhood. Some of them may also involve in crimes like theft, murder, robbery, etc. A poor person remains uneducated & is forced to live under unhygienic conditions in slums. There are no proper sanitation & drinking water facility in slums & he falls ill often &  his health deteriorates. A poor person generally dies an early death. So, all social evils are related to poverty.

Government Schemes to Remove Poverty

The government of India also took several measures to eradicate poverty from India. Some of them are – creating employment opportunities , controlling population, etc. In India, about 60% of the population is still dependent on agriculture for its livelihood. Government has taken certain measures to promote agriculture in India. The government constructed certain dams & canals in our country to provide easy availability of water for irrigation. Government has also taken steps for the cheap availability of seeds & farming equipment to promote agriculture. Government is also promoting farming of cash crops like cotton, instead of food crops. In cities, the government is promoting industrialization to create more jobs. Government has also opened  ‘Ration shops’. Other measures include providing free & compulsory education for children up to 14 years of age, scholarship to deserving students from a poor background, providing subsidized houses to poor people, etc.

Poverty is a social evil, we can also contribute to control it. For example- we can simply donate old clothes to poor people, we can also sponsor the education of a poor child or we can utilize our free time by teaching poor students. Remember before wasting food, somebody is still sleeping hungry.

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Short Essay on Poverty [100, 200, 400 Words] With PDF

In this lesson, you will learn to write short essays on Poverty . Here I will be writing three sets of essays on the same topic covering different word limits relevant for various exams.

Table of Contents

Short essay on poverty in 100 words, short essay on poverty in 200 words, short essay on poverty in 400 words.

Feature image of Short Essay on Poverty

Poverty is when people do not have enough money to meet their basic needs including food, clean water, clothing, shelter and medical necessities. Today, more than 689 million people are living in poverty around the world. In India, about 6% of our total population of around 86 million people are poverty-stricken.

These people do not have enough to even eat two full meals a day. Many of them live on the streets and have no jobs. Those who have jobs work in extreme conditions and still do not get paid enough to provide for themselves or their families. Although governments around the world have taken measures to help these people, the situation wouldn’t get better unless better steps are taken to ensure that people get an education, enough food and an opportunity to live a dignified life. 

Poverty is often described as a state in which people are unable to meet their basic needs including food, clean water, clothing and medical necessities because they do not have enough money. Today, more than 689 million people are living in poverty around the world.

These people often don’t get to eat two full meals a day. Many of them live on the streets, in deplorable conditions, without any proper access to clean water. And these people aren’t all adults, there are little children, old men and women as well as disabled people. Most of them cannot find jobs even if they try to. Those who do find a job have to often work in extreme, unhygienic and inhuman conditions where others wouldn’t dare to work. 

Looking at the struggles of poverty-stricken people often makes one think about why do these poor people have to suffer so much. Now, on one hand, there are the mega-rich people who have more than they could ever need and on the other than there are extremely poor people who would be grateful if they could get one proper meal a day. If only we can bridge the gap between the two, everyone would be able to live well.

The governments around the world have taken some measures to help poverty-stricken people, but the situation wouldn’t really improve unless proper steps are taken to ensure that these people have the access to education, enough food and an opportunity to live a dignified life. 

The father of our nation, Mahatma Gandhi, once said – “poverty is the worst form of violence”. And it is true indeed. Poverty is when people do not have enough money to meet their basic needs including food, clean water, clothing, shelter and medical necessities. Today, more than 689 million people are living in poverty around the world.

Many of them live on the streets, in deplorable conditions, without any proper access to clean water, and don’t have food as well. When we compare this to the huge number of millionaires and billionaires we have in this world, it does paint a really cruel picture. 

Looking at the struggles of poverty-stricken people often makes one think about why do these poor people have to suffer so much. We have more than enough resources on this planet to provide for everyone.

The mega-rich in this world have more than they would ever need while the people living below the poverty line would be grateful if they could even get one proper meal a day. If only we could bridge this gap and bring everyone together, if only we could share what we have and help each other, there wouldn’t be so much suffering in this world. But the reality is that in this capitalist world, most people lack compassion and do not want to share.

The governments make some policies here and some changes there and make it seem like they are going to deal with the issues but by the time the help actually reaches those in need, it is negligible. 

The effects of poverty on a person’s life are manifold. A poor person who doesn’t have enough to buy bread for himself or his family can not think of sending his children to school. These kids who remain uneducated do not get the opportunity in life to rise above their situation or do something good for themselves and end up repeating the same cycle.

Some families remain poverty-stricken for generations, not knowing how to find a way out of it. Their situation can only improve if the government makes proper plans to provide education, food, shelter and jobs for them. It is important that the plan doesn’t just stay on the paper but is actually put to action. 

People who live below the poverty line are also human beings like us. We must always remember that and do our best to help them. Everyone deserves to live a dignified life. 

In this session, I’ve discussed the topic of poverty from a very wide perspective in simple words that everybody understands. If you still have any doubts regarding the topic, kindly let me know through the comment section below. 

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Essay on Poverty: Samples in 100, 200, 300 Words

poverty essay in english pdf

  • Updated on  
  • Oct 14, 2023

Essay on poverty

Poverty is a deep-rooted problem that continues to affect a large portion of the world’s population today. It touches on several aspects of human life including but not limited to political, economic, and social elements. Even though there are several methods to escape poverty, still issues arise due to a lack of adequate unity among the country’s citizens. Here are some essays on poverty which will give you insights about this topic.

Table of Contents

  • 1 Essay on Poverty in 100 words
  • 2 Essay on Poverty in 200 words
  • 3.1 Reasons Behind Poverty
  • 3.2 World Poverty Conditions
  • 3.3 Role of NGOs to Eradicate Poverty
  • 3.4 What Can be Done by Us?

Essay on Poverty in 100 words

Poverty is defined as a state of scarcity, and the lack of material possessions to such an extreme extent that people have difficulties in fulfilling their basic needs. Robert McNamara, a former World Bank President, states that extreme poverty is limited by illiteracy, malnutrition, disease, high infant mortality rate, squalid conditions of living, and low life expectancy.

In order to eradicate poverty in a country, strict measures need to be taken on all levels. The political system needs to address this issue with utmost sincerity and strategic implementation in such a way that it improves the lives of people, especially the ones living below the poverty line. 

Also Read: Speech on Made in India

Essay on Poverty in 200 words

Poverty is like a parasite that degrades its host and eventually causes a lot of damage to the host. It is basically the scarcity of basic needs that leads to an extremely degraded life and even low life expectancy. It includes a lack of food, shelter, medication, education, and other basic necessities. Poverty is a more serious circumstance where people are forced to starve. It can be caused by a variety of factors depending upon the country. 

Every country that is hit with pandemic diseases, experiences an increase in poverty rates. This is because of the fact that poor people are unable to receive adequate medical care and hence are unable to maintain their health. This renders the people powerless and even puts their liberty in jeopardy. This is because of the fact that poor people can become trapped in a vicious cycle of servitude. The condition of poverty is a distressing one that causes pain, despair, and grief in the lives of the ones it affects. 

This is also a negative scenario that prevents a child from attending basic education. It’s the lack of money that prevents people from living sufficiently. Also, it is the cause of more serious social concerns such as slavery, child labour, etc. Hence action is needed on the same with utmost sincerity. 

Essay on Poverty in 300 words

Poverty is a multifaceted concept that includes several aspects such as social aspects, political elements, economic aspects, etc. It is basically associated with undermining a variety of essential human attributes such as health, education, etc. Despite the growth and development of the economies of countries, poverty still exists in almost every one of them. 

Reasons Behind Poverty

There are several contributing reasons behind poverty in a nation. Some of them are mentioned below:-

  • Lack of literacy among citizens
  • Lack of Capital in the country
  • Large families and a rapidly growing population
  • Limited employment opportunities

There are even urban areas where the slum population is increasing. These are deprived of many basic amenities such as sanitation, drainage systems, and low-cost water supply, etc. 

World Poverty Conditions

According to UNICEF , around 22000 children lose their lives each day due to poverty. There are approximately 1.9 billion children in developing countries in the world and India is also among them. Out of these, approximately 640 million don’t have a proper shelter, 270 million are living without medical facilities, and approximately 400 million don’t have access to safe water. This worldwide situation is growing at a fast pace. 

Role of NGOs to Eradicate Poverty

The approaches by NGOs basically include helping the poor by providing various public services such as medical services etc.

They also play a major role in mobilizing the services recommended by the government. They have various approaches and strategies that directly help the poor in various ways.

What Can be Done by Us?

We help in eradicating poverty by increasing employment opportunities.

Ensuring financial services and providing the same is another such measure that can be taken.

Recognizing social entrepreneurs as people of influence, conveying to them the seriousness of this situation, and then eventually making people aware of the same is another thing that can be done. 

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Writing an essay on poverty in 200 words requires you to describe various aspects of this topic such as what causes poverty, how it affects individuals and society as a whole, etc. The condition of poverty is a distressing one that causes pain, despair, and grief in the lives of the ones it affects.

An essay on poverty may be started as follows:- Poverty is a deep-rooted problem that continues to affect a large portion of the world’s population today. It touches on several aspects of human life including but not limited to political, economic, and social elements. Even though there are several methods to escape poverty, still issues arise due to a lack of adequate unity among the country’s citizens.

Poverty in 100 words: Poverty is defined as a state of scarcity, and the lack of material possessions to such an extreme extent that people have difficulties in fulfilling their basic needs. Robert McNamara, a former World Bank President, states that extreme poverty is limited by illiteracy, malnutrition, disease, high infant mortality rate, squalid conditions of living, and low life expectancy. In order to eradicate poverty in a country, strict measures need to be taken on all levels. The political system needs to address this issue with utmost sincerity and strategic implementation in such a way that it improves the lives of people, especially the ones living below the poverty line.

For more information on such interesting topics, visit our essay writing page and follow Leverage Edu .

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Essay on Poverty

Essay generator.

In a world where wealth and progress are often spotlighted, poverty remains a critical global issue. This essay seeks to explore poverty’s definition, implications, and how students can effectively discuss it in writing competitions.

Poverty is not just an economic condition but a multidimensional phenomenon. It entails a lack of basic needs like food, clothing, and shelter, and extends to deprivation in education, health, and dignity. It’s a state where individuals or groups are unable to enjoy minimal standards of life and well-being.

The Dimensions of Poverty

  • Income Poverty: This is the most commonly understood dimension of poverty, where individuals or households do not have enough income to meet their basic needs, such as food, shelter, clothing, and healthcare.Poverty thresholds or poverty lines are often used to define income poverty, which varies from one region or country to another.
  • Material Deprivation: Material deprivation goes beyond income and focuses on the lack of access to essential goods and services, including safe housing, clean water, sanitation, and education.It considers the inability to afford items necessary for a decent standard of living.
  • Multidimensional Poverty: Multidimensional poverty measures take into account a range of factors, including income, health, education, and living conditions, to provide a more comprehensive understanding of poverty.
  • Health Poverty: Lack of access to quality healthcare and nutritious food can lead to health poverty. People in poverty often have higher rates of illness, malnutrition, and limited access to healthcare services.
  • Education Poverty: Education poverty refers to the limited access to quality education and the high dropout rates among children living in poverty. It can perpetuate the cycle of poverty by limiting opportunities for future generations.
  • Social Exclusion: Social exclusion refers to the isolation and discrimination faced by individuals or groups living in poverty. They may be excluded from social activities, decision-making processes, and access to public services.
  • Vulnerability and Insecurity: Poverty often leads to vulnerability and insecurity, as individuals and families lack financial stability and may be at risk of falling further into poverty due to unexpected expenses, job loss, or economic shocks.
  • Environmental Poverty: Environmental poverty highlights the connection between poverty and environmental degradation. Poor communities may lack access to clean water, face the consequences of climate change, or be forced to live in hazardous environments.
  • Food Insecurity: Food insecurity is a dimension of poverty related to inadequate access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food. It can result in malnutrition and hunger.
  • Inter-generational Poverty: Inter-generational poverty occurs when poverty is passed down from one generation to the next, often due to limited access to education, healthcare, and economic opportunities.
  • Urban and Rural Poverty: Poverty can manifest differently in urban and rural areas, with urban poverty often characterized by issues like slums, overcrowding, and informal employment, while rural poverty may be related to agriculture and landlessness.
  • Gender Poverty: Gender poverty acknowledges that poverty affects women and men differently. Women often face additional barriers and discrimination, making them more vulnerable to poverty.

Causes of Poverty

  • Lack of Education: Limited access to quality education can hinder people’s ability to secure well-paying jobs, leaving them stuck in low-paying or informal employment.
  • Unemployment and Underemployment: A lack of job opportunities or the presence of jobs with low wages and poor working conditions can lead to poverty.
  • Low Wages and Income Inequality: Even when employed, individuals may earn insufficient wages to cover basic needs, and income inequality can exacerbate poverty by concentrating wealth among a small percentage of the population.
  • Health Issues: High medical expenses, lack of access to healthcare, and chronic health conditions can lead to poverty due to medical bills and reduced earning capacity.
  • Family Structure: Single-parent households, especially those headed by women, often face a higher risk of poverty due to limited income and resources.
  • Discrimination and Social Exclusion: Discrimination based on factors like race, gender, ethnicity, religion, or disability can limit opportunities and lead to economic disparities.
  • Geographic Location: Poverty rates can vary significantly based on where people live, with rural areas often facing unique challenges such as limited access to services and economic opportunities.
  • Economic Shocks and Vulnerability: Sudden economic downturns, natural disasters, or personal crises (e.g., illness or job loss) can push individuals and families into poverty or deepen existing poverty.
  • Lack of Access to Financial Services: Limited access to banking and credit services can make it difficult for people to save, invest, or access funds in times of need.

The Global Impact

Poverty leads to a cycle of deprivation impacting education, health, and economic prospects, perpetuating a generational trap. It also hinders global development, as vast segments of the population are unable to contribute effectively to society.

  • Economic Consequences
  • Health and Well-being .
  • Education and Human Capital
  • Global Inequality
  • Migration and Displacement
  • Food Security
  • Conflict and Instability
  • Human Rights and Social Justice
  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
  • Global Health Challenges
  • Environmental Impact

Writing About Poverty

For students participating in essay competitions, discussing poverty requires sensitivity and depth:

  • Use Real-Life Examples : Incorporate case studies or stories to illustrate poverty’s impact.
  • Statistical Evidence : Include relevant data to provide context and support your points.
  • Global and Local Perspectives : Discuss poverty both as a global issue and within your local context.
  • Propose Solutions : Offer innovative ideas or existing strategies that address poverty reduction.

Poverty is more than just a lack of income; it’s a lack of opportunity and security. Its complexity requires thoughtful understanding and action. In writing about poverty, students have the opportunity to raise awareness, challenge perceptions, and contribute to a more equitable world. Understanding and articulating this topic can be a powerful tool for change, making it an essential subject for essay competitions and beyond.


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Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

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Millions of people worldwide live in poverty. Why is that? What has been done about it in the past? And what is being done about it now? Poverty: A Very Short Introduction explores how the answers to these questions lie in the social, political, economic, educational, and technological processes that impact all of us throughout our lives—from the circumstances of birth and gender to access to clean water and whether it is wartime or peacetime. The degree of vulnerability is all that differentiates us. This VSI looks at the history of poverty, the practical and analytical efforts made to eradicate it, and the prospects for further poverty alleviation in the future.

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  • Poverty Essay

Poverty in India Essay

500+ words poverty in india essay.

Poverty is defined as a condition in which a person or family lacks the financial resources to afford a basic, minimum standard of living. Poor people don’t have adequate income; they can’t afford housing, health facilities and education which are essential for basic survival. So, poverty can be understood simply as a lack of money, or more broadly, barriers to everyday human life. With the help of this poverty essay, students will understand the meaning of poverty, the major causes of poverty and the efforts taken to eliminate poverty in India. So, students must go through this poverty in India essay in depth to get ideas on how to write effective essays and score high marks in exams.

What Causes Poverty?

There are various factors that are responsible for poverty. The major causes are unemployment, illiteracy, increasing population, and lack of proper education and training. As people are not able to find work for themselves, they are not able to earn their livelihood. Due to this, they lack access to basic education, health care, drinking water and sanitation. They are unable to feed their families and children. The other causes of poverty include war, natural disasters, political instability, etc. For example, World War II impacted many countries and they had to suffer from poverty for a long time. It took a lot of effort for such countries to recover their normal state. Similarly, natural disasters affect some areas so badly that poverty and hunger arise.

How is Poverty Measured in India?

The minimum expenditure (or income) required to purchase a basket of goods and services necessary to satisfy basic human needs is called the Poverty Line. Poverty can be measured in terms of the number of people living below this line. It is measured by the State Governments and information is provided by Below Poverty Line (BPL) censuses. Different countries use different measures for measuring poverty but the basic concept remains the same. The definition of the poverty line remains the same, i.e, consumption required for maintaining the minimum standard of living in a country.

Efforts to Eliminate Poverty

Earning income is the first step towards poverty eradication. Poverty can be eliminated by empowering people, and by giving them a good education that will prepare them to have a better career and future. With the help of education, people can get good jobs which allow them to earn a good living. In this way, they will be able to provide their children with a better life. People should be given easy access to transportation, information, communication, technologies, and other public facilities and services to help remove poverty.

The government has also taken several steps to eradicate poverty in India. It has launched various programmes and schemes such as the Five Years Programme, Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana, Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana etc. These programmes help to generate wage employment for the poor, unskilled people living in rural areas. The government also has social security programmes to help a few specific groups such as poor women, elder people, and widows. Apart from these government initiatives, citizens of India have to take an active part in eliminating poverty because it can’t be achieved by just a few people. It needs the support of everyone.

Did you find “Essay on Poverty” useful for improving your writing skills? Do let us know your views in the comments section. Keep learning, and don’t forget to download the BYJU’S App for more interesting study videos.

Frequently asked Questions on Poverty in India Essay

How can poverty in india be abolished completely.

Abolishing poverty in India completely can be challenging. Steps should be taken to ensure equality in education so that everyone gets equal opportunities to find better livelihoods. Proper sanitation and water facility 3. Economic security and development

When was the first plan implemented for Poverty abolition?

The fifth five-year plan was first implemented in the year 1974-79 and since then the government has taken several steps and made many reservations to take this plan forward.

What is the relation between Poverty abolition and economic development?

Poverty abolition and economic development go hand in hand with each other and they are interlinked to each other. Eradication of poverty automatically improves the overall economic situation of a country.

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  • Poverty in India Essay for Students in English


Essay on Poverty In India

People living in poverty do not have enough money for basic necessities such as food and shelter. An example of poverty is the state a person is in when he is homeless and does not have enough money. The rate of poverty in India is increasing because of the population in the urban areas. Most importantly, crores of peoples are below the poverty line and most of the people are on the borderline of poverty. Poverty in India is seen mainly in the rural areas because of the uneducated and unemployed and increased population. Many people do not afford to get proper foods for their daily life and even they don’t have their own homes, they sleep on the footpath or road, more populations need more food, money, and for staying houses but due to lack of this poverty grows very quickly, thus in addition rich are growing richer and the poor becoming more poorer which becomes difficult to fill the gap. Poverty has many effects like it reduces poor housing, illiteracy, increase the rate of child labour and unemployment, poor hygiene hence these poor people can not afford a balanced diet, nice clothes, well education etc. reason only because they don’t have much money to afford this. Poverty can be controlled by giving them proper education and also providing the proper facilities to the farmers so that those farmers get more profitable and do not migrate to cities in search of employment. Also, the illiterate people should get proper education to make their life better. Family planning is also essential for coming out of poverty. Poverty in our country is from ancient times. Even earlier times the poor people were not given the place that rich people used to get even if they were not allowed to enter religious places. Main causes of poverty are like unemployment, lack of education, poor utilization of resources, corruption and poor government policy.

How You Can Improve or Solve Poverty in India?

Poverty can be solved by improving food security by providing three meals a day and making them healthy and providing houses for those people at low cost and giving them proper education and facilities so that they can earn well and take care of their family and live a peaceful life. Awareness on population so that once the population is under control, the economy of the country will improve and move towards development and decrease in the poverty line. Poverty is becoming a complex problem for the people and for the government. How to overcome this, in India the poverty is high compared to other countries because the growth rate of per capita income per person is very low.

With lack of job opportunities many people move as a rickshaw puller, construction workers, domestic servants etc, with irregular small incomes hence they live in slum areas. Also, lack of land resources has been one of the major causes of poverty in India, even the small farmers of our country lead to poverty because they cultivate but do not get proper money in terms of profit and leads to poverty.

Population of India

The population has been increasing in India at a rapid speed, India’s population in 1991 was around 84.3 crores where was poverty at a high rate but now the current population of our country is around 130 crores whereas the population is almost doubled in last three decades but still not enough done for controlling the poverty in our country. Due to an increase in population, there is more unemployment, hence poverty is just the reflection of unemployment. More capital is required for making industry, giving proper transport facilities and other projects, hence the deficiency of its country is still underdeveloped and causes more poverty. Lack of skilled labor also leads to poverty because less-skilled labor have insufficient industrial education and training. Lack of infrastructure means that transport and communication have not been properly developed so that the farmers are not getting fertilizers for cultivation on time and industries do not get power supply and raw materials on time and thus end products are not marketed properly and not reachable on time. Because of poverty sometimes we don’t get those things for what we actually are. Hence to come out of poverty our government has to be more serious and also the citizens should take equal responsibilities. Remove the poverty from country governments has started many steps, in last 2-3 years we have seen that they become more serious by bringing GST in the action, demonetization so because of GST all the businessman can pay full tax and which will help to develop the country and the poverty ratio can be reduced. Steps of demonetization were taken so that black money can be utilized for the poor people and poverty can be reduced. We can overcome poverty by following all the guidelines of the government and can be free from poverty.

India's Poverty Factors

One of the biggest problems of poverty in India is the country's rapid population growth. As a result, there is a high rate of illiteracy, poor health-care facilities, and a lack of financial resources. Furthermore, the high population growth rate has an impact on individual income, making individual income much lower. By 2026, India's population is predicted to surpass 1.5 billion, making it the world's largest country. However, Economic growth is not rising at the same rate as the rest of the world. This indicates a labor shortage. About 20 million new jobs will be required to accommodate this big population. If such a vast number of people are poor, the number of poor will keep rising.

How Much Research is Important for Students to Write Good Essays?

The students must realize that brainstorming and a mind map of the essay will take them in the direction of their research. With the advent of the internet, the days are numbered for students who rely on a well-tipped encyclopedia from the school library as their only authoritative source for their story. If there is any real problem for our readers today is reducing their resources to a manageable number. At this stage, it is important to:

Make sure the research material is directly related to the essay work

Record detailed sources of information that they will use in their story

Communicate in person by asking questions and challenging their own bias

Identify the main points that will be highlighted in the story

Gather ideas, arguments, and opinions together

Identify the major issue they will discuss in their case.

Once these stages have been completed by the student, the student will be ready to make his points in a logical order and prepare an essay.

Therefore, the topic discussed on this page is poverty and poverty is not a human problem but a national one. Also, it should be addressed immediately with the implementation of effective measures. In addition, the eradication of poverty has been a prerequisite for sustainable and inclusive growth for individuals, communities, the country and the economy.

Paragraph Tips on Essay Writing

Each paragraph should focus on one main idea

The Paragraphs should follow a logical sequence, students should collect similar ideas together to avoid collisions

Paragraphs should be stated consistently, learners should be able to choose which line to reverse or skip.

Transition words and similar phrases, as a result, should instead be used to provide flow and provide a bridge between Paragraphs.

General Structure of an Essay

Introduction: Give the reader the essence of the essay. It sets out the broader argument that the story will make and informs the reader of the author's general opinion and method of questioning.

Body Paragraphs: These are the ‘flesh’ of the essay and outline the point made in the introduction by a point with supporting evidence.

Conclusion: Usually the conclusion will repeat the middle argument while providing a summary of the main reasons supporting the story even before linking everything back to the first question.


FAQs on Poverty in India Essay for Students in English

1. What are the Causes of Poverty in India?

The cause of poverty is very obvious in a country like India. The people in India are very careless about the population growth and due to which there is a lot of hassle and unnecessary elevation in population growth rate. This is automatically leading to poverty as there are fewer resources and more people to be served in each state in India. Various causes affect poverty:


The intensity of population.

The high rate of inflation.

Lack of skilled labor

2. What are the Types of Poverty?

Although there are only two main types of poverty existing in India we will be learning all of them as mentioned in the following lines. The two main classifications of poverty are relative poverty and absolute poverty and both of them emphasize income and consumption. Sometimes, poverty cannot be blamed or associated with economic problems but also it must be associated with society and politics.

There are six types of poverty which are listed below:

Situational poverty.

Generation poverty.

Absolute poverty.

Relative poverty.

Urban poverty.

Rural poverty.

3. How to Reduce the Poverty Line in India?

India is a country that has been under the radar of poverty for centuries. The people of India are making efforts to take themselves out of the poverty line but there are a lot of hindrances. The lack of resources and limited alternatives have thrown the rural and urban residents below the poverty line making life unhealthy and miserable for them. 

Here are some measures listed below

Provide food, shelter and clothes facilities to poor people.

Encourage them for education either male or female. 

Give employment.

4. Why choose Vedantu for referring to the Poverty in India essay for students in English?

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NEB Plus 2 Notes

What is Poverty? Exercise : Summary and Question Answers

Share this article, what is poverty.

You can download our android app using below button to get offline access to the notes directly from your phone.

Class 11 English Notes

Understanding the text

Answer the following questions., a. what is poverty according to parker, b. how is poverty difficult for parker’s children list some specific examples., c. how does parker try to obtain help, and what problems does she encounter, d. why are people’s opinions and prejudices her greatest obstacles, e. how does parker defend her inability to get help how does she discount the usual solutions society has for poverty (e.g., welfare, education, and health clinics), reference to the context, a. explain the following: poverty is looking into a black future., b. what does parker mean by “the poor are always silent”, c. what writing strategy does the author use at the beginning of most of the paragraphs do you notice a recurring pattern what is it, d. how does parker develop each paragraph what details make each paragraph memorable, e. in the final paragraph, how does the author use questions to involve the reader in the issue of poverty, reference beyond the text, a. define a social problem (homelessness, unemployment, racism) imitating parker’s style..

A Social Problem: Unemployment

b. Using adjectives to highlight the futility of the situation, write a short definition essay on Growing up in Poverty.

Essay on Growing Up in Poverty

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poverty essay in english pdf

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  1. Short Essay on Poverty [100, 200, 400 Words] With PDF

    poverty essay in english pdf

  2. Poverty Essay

    poverty essay in english pdf

  3. Cause and Effect Essay Examples on Poverty

    poverty essay in english pdf

  4. (PDF) Poverty-essay

    poverty essay in english pdf

  5. Essay on Poverty

    poverty essay in english pdf

  6. (DOC) An Essay on Poverty

    poverty essay in english pdf


  1. What is Poverty?| Causes of poverty

  2. what is poverty ا Essay on poverty

  3. essay on poverty in english

  4. Poverty Essay in English || Essay on Poverty in English

  5. How to Write a Best Speech on Poverty in English

  6. English Essay writing|Class 8|Effects of poverty on Human Life|Essay on Poverty


  1. PDF What Is Poverty?

    biographical information about her be distributed. The essay is a personal account, addressed directly to the reader, about living in poverty. [1958 words] You ask me what is poverty? Listen to me. Here I am, dirty, smelly, and with no "proper" underwear on and with the stench of my rotting teeth near you. I will tell you. Listen to me.

  2. Poverty Essay for Students and Children

    500+ Words Essay on Poverty Essay. "Poverty is the worst form of violence". - Mahatma Gandhi. We can define poverty as the condition where the basic needs of a family, like food, shelter, clothing, and education are not fulfilled. It can lead to other problems like poor literacy, unemployment, malnutrition, etc.

  3. PDF Ending Poverty by 2030: Undp'S Perspective and Role

    State of Global Poverty. At the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a commitment "to eradicate poverty everywhere, in all its forms and dimensions by 2030". With the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, world leaders moved past poverty reduction and set out to achieve sustainable development that leaves no one behind.

  4. Poverty Essay for Students in English

    Essay on Poverty. Poverty is a disease that has no cure. The deeper this disease is, the deeper its wound. By the way, man lives under compulsion. But usually one wants to avoid it. Poverty is a condition of extreme poverty for any person or human being. This is a situation when a person starts to lack important things in his life such as the ...


    Poverty is also associated with insufficient outcomes with respect to health, nutrition and literacy, to deficient social relations, to insecurity, and to low self-confidence and powerlessness. In some cases, it is feasible to apply the tools that have been developed for monetary poverty measurement to non-

  6. Short Essay on Poverty [100, 200, 400 Words] With PDF

    Short Essay on Poverty in 400 Words. The father of our nation, Mahatma Gandhi, once said - "poverty is the worst form of violence". And it is true indeed. Poverty is when people do not have enough money to meet their basic needs including food, clean water, clothing, shelter and medical necessities. Today, more than 689 million people are ...

  7. PDF Poverty Brief

    - the poverty line (Ravallion, 2010) - are classified as poor. Over the last decades, this economic definition of poverty has been complemented by other approaches to conceptualise poverty: basic needs approach, capa-bilities approach, human development approach and multidimensional poverty approach (Handley et al., 2009).

  8. PDF No poverty 1 End poverty in all its forms everywhere

    4 Goal 1 No poverty Countries define monetary poverty lines using either income or consumption. In the years measured up to 2013 (over 9-15 year intervals), 17 of 45 countries with data reduced their poverty rates by more than half. Another 4 countries were on track to halve their poverty in 15 years if reduction trends continued. In the

  9. PDF Essays on Poverty and Wellbeing

    A poverty line - a cut-off point separating the poor from the non-poor - is often used as a way of identifying the size and characteristics of the poor population. In the UK and many other OECD countries, poverty is frequently measured as the percentage of households living below 60% of the median income.

  10. Understanding Poverty

    Abstract. This volume presents 28 essays on poverty by some of the leading experts in the field of economics. The book is divided into three sections, beginning with an essay about how poverty is measured. The first section is about the causes of poverty and its persistence, and the ideas range from the impact of colonialism and globalization ...

  11. Essay on Poverty: Samples in 100, 200, 300 Words

    Essay on Poverty in 100 words. Poverty is defined as a state of scarcity, and the lack of material possessions to such an extreme extent that people have difficulties in fulfilling their basic needs. Robert McNamara, a former World Bank President, states that extreme poverty is limited by illiteracy, malnutrition, disease, high infant mortality ...

  12. Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

    Poverty, however, is not restricted to the developing world. Developed countries have their own brand of poverty. We consider how that brand differs qualitatively from that in the developing world in Chapter 4.Suffice it to say that people experience poverty in the developed world relative to those who are not poor that is akin, if not in kind, to those living in poverty in the developing world.

  13. Full article: Defining the characteristics of poverty and their

    1. Introduction. Poverty "is one of the defining challenges of the 21st Century facing the world" (Gweshengwe et al., Citation 2020, p. 1).In 2019, about 1.3 billion people in 101 countries were living in poverty (United Nations Development Programme and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, Citation 2019).For this reason, the 2030 Global Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals ...

  14. Essay on Poverty [Edit & Download], Pdf

    Low Wages and Income Inequality: Even when employed, individuals may earn insufficient wages to cover basic needs, and income inequality can exacerbate poverty by concentrating wealth among a small percentage of the population. Health Issues: High medical expenses, lack of access to healthcare, and chronic health conditions can lead to poverty ...

  15. Poverty: A Very Short Introduction

    Poverty: A Very Short Introduction explores how the answers to these questions lie in the social, political, economic, educational, and technological processes that impact all of us throughout our lives—from the circumstances of birth and gender to access to clean water and whether it is wartime or peacetime. The degree of vulnerability is ...

  16. Poverty: A New Perspective on JSTOR

    Poverty itself is typically regarded as a lack of income, which in turn is related to poor housing, inadequate education, insufficient medical care, excessive fertility, unemployment, and many other depressing problems. Some areas, such as Appalachia, appear as massive concentrations of poverty.

  17. (PDF) The Challenges of Poverty, Types and Its Causes

    The Challenges of Poverty, Types and Its Causes. Dr. Sharath A M. Lecturer, P.G Studies and Research in Economics, Kuvempu University,Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka. [email protected] ...

  18. Poverty Essay For Students In English

    Poverty is defined as a condition in which a person or family lacks the financial resources to afford a basic, minimum standard of living. Poor people don't have adequate income; they can't afford housing, health facilities and education which are essential for basic survival. So, poverty can be understood simply as a lack of money, or more ...

  19. Poverty in India Essay for Students in English

    Essay on Poverty In India. People living in poverty do not have enough money for basic necessities such as food and shelter. An example of poverty is the state a person is in when he is homeless and does not have enough money. The rate of poverty in India is increasing because of the population in the urban areas.

  20. What Is Poverty? Exercise : Question Answers

    In this essay, the author uses her repetition strategy at the beginning of most of the paragraphs. She repeats the phrase "Poverty is". The essay is well organized where she repeats the word - poverty many times. That means her main concern is poverty and she is showing her bitter feelings and frustrations about her miserable conditions.

  21. PDF Drishti IAS PDF

    Poverty is a state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials for a minimum standard of living. Poverty means that the income level from employment is so low that basic human needs can't be met. According to World Bank, Poverty is pronounced deprivation in well-being, and comprises many dimensions.

  22. essay review Are We Asking the Right Questions about Poverty in ...

    Poverty in America provides a solid foundation for understanding pov-erty issues and income support policy in the United States. One of the volume's strengths is Iceland's balanced and technically explicit treatment of the data and research. Empirical analyses inevitably re ect subjective. fl.

  23. PDF Poverty

    Poverty ( Essay outline) Introduction Origins of poverty. poverty as pollution . unorganized life beyond physical allows for poverty . poverty and terrorism . Ending poverty will end violence . Ending terrorism by ending poverty . End of hold of religion behind terrorism,through prosperity,enducation and englightened mind . conclusion.

  24. Programs, Opportunities, and Challenges in Poverty Reduction: A

    Since poverty is a global problem and poverty alleviation attracts worldwide attention, especially in developing countries, many scholars associate it with economic growth and diversification of poverty alleviation measures such as government spending and transfers, infrastructure development, and agricultural technology upgrading (Leng et al., 2021).

  25. Key stage 2 tests: 2024 English reading test materials

    PDF, 437 KB, 20 pages 2024 key stage 2 English reading - administering the reading booklet and reading answer booklet Ref: ISBN 978-1-83507-142-7, STA/24/8827/e

  26. Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust: 2024 Borrowing Agreements ...

    This paper presents the last six borrowing agreements that were concluded between October 2023 and February 2024 to provide new loan resources to the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust (PRGT) as part of the loan mobilization round launched in July 2021 to support low-income countries (LICs) during the pandemic and beyond. Five of the six agreements use SDRs in the context of SDR channeling.

  27. UPSC Syllabus 2024: IAS Prelims and Mains Exam Syllabus

    UPSC IAS mains syllabus consists of one Essay Paper, One English Paper, One Indian Language, Two Optional Papers, and 4 General Studies Papers. A detailed information is given above in the article