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10 Essays About Music Anyone Can Write

Are you interested in writing essays about music? There are plenty of essay topics from which to choose.

Just about everyone loves music. Whether they like to listen to music, play musical instruments, or read about it, music is an essential part of our society. As a result, it should come as no surprise that many people like to write music essays.

If you want to write a music essay, there are plenty of directions you can go. For example, you might want to write about the different forms of music. Or, you might be interested in writing about the importance of music. You can focus on popular music, classical music, rock music, or even hip-hop. 

The music industry has changed significantly during the past few years, and listener preferences have changed. Take a look at a few of the top music essay topics you can write about below.

For help with your essays, check out our round-up of the best essay checkers .

1. Write About the History of Music

2. write about the effects of music on human beings, 3. write an essay on music therapy, 4. write about the differences between the genres of music, 5. write about a specific classical composer, 6. write an essay on basic music theory, 7. go on a tour of the world of music, 8. talk about the benefits of learning how to play a musical instrument, 9. write about how to get started in the music industry, 10. talk about the history of the piano.

One of the top essay topics you should consider is the history of music. Music is as old as human history itself, and you could even turn this into a thesis. Some of the ideas for this essay include:

  • Consider writing about some of the earliest musical instruments people played. Then, you might need to focus on archaeological findings at some of the oldest dig sites in the world.
  • Dive into classical music. You can go into three separate eras, including the baroque period, the traditional classical period, and the romantic period.
  • Discuss the split between the romantic period and jazz music. Then, you can talk about how both jazz and romantic music evolved into today’s popular music.

As you craft this essay, there are plenty of types of music you can write about. Music as an art form has long been a central part of the lives of human beings. You can use this point to place the various parts of your essay in context, helping to emphasize the importance of good music to your reader.

Looking for more? Check out these essays about dance .

You might also want to write about the various effects of music on listeners throughout the years. If you are struggling with how to start this essay, think about how music has impacted you. How does it make you feel? Some of the points to keep in mind include:

  • Think about the type of music you like to listen to. For example, if you like pop music, why do you choose to listen to it?
  • Consider the impact that music has on your mood. Does music help you melt the stress away? Does music give you energy? If so, think about why that might be.
  • Do you listen to international music? Or do you stick to American music? Think about why your preferences are the way they are.
  • Consider talking to other people about the music they listen to. Ask them why they like that specific type of music.

You can use these points to help you with your essay. This is a deep essay topic that can be taken in several directions. However, if you focus on the effects of music on yourself, you will have an easier time getting the essay started.

Essays About Music: Write an essay on music therapy

Another popular essay topic is music therapy. When people feel down, they often seek the care of a mental health professional. While traditional talk therapy and prescription medications can be helpful for some people, music therapy can also play a role in the recovery process. Some of the top benefits of music therapy include:

  • It rarely leads to any complications or side effects. Music therapy can be the answer if you are looking for a treatment option that doesn’t throw off other parts of your body.
  • Music therapy is accessible to everyone, including college students, elderly individuals, and even children.
  • Music therapy can be customized to meet your needs. For example, you can choose the type of music you listen to and change the track depending on your mood.

This could be a great essay writing topic because it is so versatile. For example, you can talk about how music gets you ready to party, helps you relax in the evening, and might play in the background to help you focus on your studies. In addition, you can separate this essay into defined sections and focus on various types of music therapy.

Another essay topic you might want to write about involves the different genres of music. Some of the prompts for this topic include:

  • Focus on yourself. What is your favorite genre of music? What do you remember listening to as a child? Have your preferences changed over time?
  • Focus on a genre of music you have never listened to before. For example, if you do not like country music, listen to it for the first time. How does it make you feel? Do you think you will keep listening to it?
  • Try to get analytical. Put on some classical music. What are some of the biggest differences you notice between classical music and other types of music?

There are many ways you can use your music essay to highlight different genres. You might even want to consider turning this essay into a series that focuses on different genres with each publication.

If you are curious about the impact of music, you might want to highlight specific classical composers throughout human history. Unfortunately, many people believe that all types of classical music are the same. Some of the time periods and composers you might want to highlight include:

  • Start with the Baroque period and write about Bach. Bach was known for his preludes and fugues, and he wrote a set of compositions called the Goldberg Variations. Consider highlighting these compositions and their impact on composers in the Classical and Romantic periods.
  • If you need to write about a Classical composer, think about exploring the impact of Mozart or Beethoven. Mozart did not live a long life, but he wrote his first composition at five years old. Beethoven wrote 32 piano sonatas and is one of the most popular composers even to this day. Could you focus on the impact they had?
  • Think about writing about Chopin if you need a Romantic period composer. You can write about the iconic Four Ballades he published, which are still played at conservatories worldwide. You can focus on the inner voices the pianist needs to bring out.

These are just a few specifics you might want to highlight if you write on different composers. Think about picking a composer from each of the periods, and publish an essay on each of them. You will be busy for a while!

If you want to dive into the weeds, you can publish a short essay on music theory. If you haven’t taken classes in music theory, this is a great way to focus on something new. Some of the components you might want to highlight in this essay include:

  • Highlight the influence of Alberti bass from Baroque music to today’s music.
  • Focus on the Circle of Fifths and why this is important to composers and songwriters.
  • Talk about the different styles of music, ranging from sheet music to improvisation, and how this might impact the singer or performer.

One of the challenges of this topic would be taking something relatively dry and making it more interesting. Imagine yourself trying to explain how music is written to the reader. You can highlight the other clefs, explain how to count out the beats, and talk about different mnemonics to learn the notes.

Music is a vital part of just about every society, so consider taking the reader on a tour of music. There is a saying that music is the universal language because it does not need to be translated. This means that people understand the meaning of music, no matter where it is from because they can feel the impact that music has on them. Furthermore, if you put notes on a page, anyone who knows how to play a musical instrument can play that song because the notes are the same everywhere. 

A few possible directions to take this essay include:

  • First, talk about traditional music from China and what makes it different from the kind of music found in other parts of the world. Then, talk about what makes it similar.
  • Move across the ocean to the United States and talk about the different types of music that evolved here. You can highlight country music, folk music, and jazz, which got their start right here.
  • You can move across another ocean to Europe and talk about the music played there during the Middle Ages. Then, you can talk about Classical music and its role in the growth and development of modern music. You can even talk about electronic music and what has made it so popular.

High-quality music has come from every part of the globe. As you write your essay, you might notice that we have more in common than we realize.

Essays About Music: Talk about the benefits of learning how to play a musical instrument

While just about everyone takes music classes during their secondary schooling, not everyone learns how to play a musical instrument. Learning how to play an instrument can be difficult, from the time involved to the cost of lessons. However, there are a lot of benefits to learning how to play an instrument.

In your essay, some of the benefits you might want to highlight include:

  • Playing a musical instrument fosters creativity.
  • Learning how to play a musical instrument works on  both sides of the brain simultaneously.
  • A major time commitment is involved, and learning how to play an instrument teaches good time management.
  • It takes persevering through countless mistakes to learn how to play a new piece.
  • Learning a musical instrument is a skill that will last for the rest of someone’s life.

As you explore the benefits of learning a musical instrument, you might want to learn how to play one yourself!

Many people look up to music stars, and they might be wondering how to start a career in music themselves. This could be a great research topic. Some of the points you might want to highlight include:

  • Highlight the average number of hours someone spends practicing to become a professional musician.
  • Talk about some of the competitions that could help someone get noticed, such as the International Chopin Competition .
  • Write about the different types of music careers, including touring classical pianists, popular rock stars, and music professors.
  • Explore the different parts of the music industry and how someone could get involved if they aren’t performing.

You might want to reach out to music professionals in the local area to see if you can interview them. Then, you can weave personal stories into your essay to make it more interesting.

There is a saying that the piano is the central instrument. When someone goes to a conservatory to study, it doesn’t matter what instrument they focus on. They need to learn a bit about the piano. You might want to write about how the piano evolved.

A few points to keep in mind include:

  • The precursor to the modern piano was the harpsichord. Most of Bach’s pieces were written for the harpsichord. So, you could research and write about the harpsichord, its similarities to the modern piano, and its differences.
  • Write about the pianoforte. This came after the harpsichord but is still significantly smaller than the modern piano.
  • Discuss the pedals on the piano and what they do. For example, there is a soft pedal, a sustain pedal, and a sostenuto pedal. When did each of these pedals become a part of the modern piano?
  • Dive into the different types of modern pianos. Examples include the spinet piano, an upright piano, and the grand piano. How much do they cost?

There is a lot of history behind the piano, and you can highlight some of the most important historical facts for your readers.

If you are interested in learning more, check out our essay writing tips !

short essay about modern music

Bryan Collins is the owner of Become a Writer Today. He's an author from Ireland who helps writers build authority and earn a living from their creative work. He's also a former Forbes columnist and his work has appeared in publications like Lifehacker and Fast Company.

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Music History

Introduction to Modern Music

Music is a hidden arithmetic exercise of the soul, which does not know that it is counting. Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

Our history of modern music begins in the early twentieth century, around the first half of the ’10s when people begin to think for the first time to music (and movies), as a business. It’s thanks to the born of industry that began to spread first early Country records of white music and first Jazz and Blues records of black music.

Philosophical Roots of Modern Music

The entire twentieth century was certainly characterized by deep changes. A series of conceptual revolutions, stylistic and social, were present for some time in unconscious of the entire Western society. Revolutions that have their roots in philosophical thought. In particular, Arthur Schopenhauer, Karl Marx, Giacomo Leopardi, but above all Friedrich Nietzsche .

Without music, life would be a mistake Friedrich Nietzsche

The german philosopher was the first to declare the inevitable death of tradition. With him, all Western art refuses adapting to the model of pre-formed absolute beauty imposed, in fact, by old traditions. Thus was born the will of affirmation for all that branches of abstract art that include rock music and atonal music.

It’s interesting to note that in ancient greek, the word “music” has a broad meaning which coincides with what today we might call “spirit”. Walter Friedrich Otto even claimed that music is not just an attempt to communicate with the divine, but itself a divine act.

All contemporary music is a spiritual mirror in which you reflect these radical changes in culture and society; but the same phenomenon is also reflected in painting, cinema and literature.

Throughout the history of twentieth century music, that is, the one that breaks away from tradition, there are two different conceptual layers: popular music , that starts by on-the-road singers and avant-garde music  following the cultured roots of classical music.

If until 1800 classical music was dominant, ironically, it will become an underground laboratory of innovative concepts and experiments. Popular music instead dominate the business. At some point in history, there will be a meeting between these two worlds, which will result in new fascinating combinations and contaminations.

The Birth of Blues and Jazz

Blues and all black african-american music, played a very important role in the emergence and spread of popular music in his currently best known forms.

For a long time blacks had begun to perform spiritual, religious songs and choruses (Christian religion was imposed to slaves by their masters). So much so that singers of black churches will be a model for the first Jazz, which will resume those arrangements and riffs.

As soon as it became possible for black people to have musical instruments, guitar and harmonica became bones who composes the skeleton of first Blues songs in history.

In regions where was a primary French and Spanish domination, more freedom was granted to deported slaves. In there was mergers between very different cultures. In New Orleans , for example, by the encounter of ancient African traditions and French bands, borns the  Jazz .

Unfortunately, even when slavery was abolished, entered into force laws of racial segregation. For that reason, groups of African Americans became more supportive and cohesive between them. It was the time when first complex of African American musicians borns, as the figure of black show-man: the bluesman .

As you can imagine, in those social conditions, the first Jazz recordings were made by white musicians: the Original Dixieland Jazz Band . Only in 1920 did the entrance on scene the first black artist, Mamie Smith , with Crazy Blues, the first popular blues record, leading the way for black music on the market.

Mamie Smith and Her Jazz Hounds

Around 1920, were sold in the United States more than 100 million records each year; This success hinted to nascent record companies (RCA, CBS, EMI) that the media storage used were no longer suitable for a mass musical diffusion.

In 1926, Vitaphone produced for the first time 16 inches disc to 33 rpm and a third per minute (calculated to be equivalent to a cinematographic roll), coining in fact the concept of music album .

These are the years of first recordings in studio by bluesman as Blind Lemon Jefferson or jazz orchestras as the Fletcher’s Onderson band (where Louis Armstrong has played).

Popular music was spreading his voice, spoken for common people and written to be easily accessible to a wide range of cultures. These musical forms are much vary from traditional classical music, especially, as compared, it is characterized by few elements and a lot of instrumental improvisation.

While the United States are the main theater of these popular changes, in Europe begin to arise first avant-garde cultural movements that go to involve composers like Schoenberg, Berg and Stravinsky, who mess up all classic rules of composition.

267 Music Essay Topics + Writing Guide [2024 Update]

Your mood leaves a lot to be desired. Everything around you is getting on your nerves. But still, there’s one thing that may save you: music. Just think of all the times you turned on your favorite song, and it lifted your spirits!

Our specialists will write a custom essay specially for you!

So, why not write about it in a music essay? In this article, you’ll find all the information necessary for this type of assignment:

  • 267 brilliant music essay topics,
  • a sample paper,
  • a step-by-step guide and writing tips.

And don’t forget to bookmark  where you can find helpful essay tips in articles like this one.

🔝 Music Essay Topics: Top 10

  • 🎵 Music Essay Definition
  • 🎼 Essay Topics
  • ✍️ How to Write
  • 📑 Essay Sample

🔗 References

  • Compare different recording formats.
  • The purpose of music.
  • Ternary and rondo: compare and contrast.
  • Music as a lifestyle.
  • The benefits of singing.
  • Ethnomusicology as a career.
  • Evolution of the radio.
  • The importance of school musicals.
  • Music as a tool for meditation.
  • Music in sports.

🎵 Essays about Music: What Are They?

A music essay describes or analyzes a piece of music, its context, or one’s personal attitude towards it. This type of assignment requires a compelling primary argument and a clear structure.

To write well about music, you don’t have to be a professional musician. All you need is to be able to listen, understand, and evaluate it. You should also provide your interpretation and opinion on it.

Writing about Music: Assignment Types

An essay on music is a popular assignment in high school and college. However, many students find it hard to describe sounds in a written form. In this article, we will give you some tips on writing about music.

Just in 1 hour! We will write you a plagiarism-free paper in hardly more than 1 hour

Here are the typical tasks that you might receive:

  • Concert report. It requires describing the music you’ve heard using as many details and terms as you can.
  • Historical analysis of a piece. Your aim is to describe the historical context of a piece or its relation to the historical setting. For this type of assignment, you may need to do some research.
  • Song analysis. In this type of essay, you explore song lyrics’ meaning and show how they work together with the melody.
  • Performance or media comparison. Here you need to compare several interpretations or performances of one piece of music.

The picture shows different tasks related to writing about music.

All of these assignments require a different approach and topic. You will find topics for these types of tasks below.

How to Choose a Music Essay Topic

First things first, you need to find a suitable music essay topic. To accomplish this task, you might want to take the following steps:

  • Analyze your relationship with music . What role does it play in your life? Your topic choice will be different if you are a musician or merely a listener.
  • Think about how music influences your everyday life . For instance, you can study how listening to music affects our mental health. Impressing your readers with some historical facts from the world of music is also a great idea.
  • Try reflecting on the role of different music genres in your life . Whether you prefer rap or classical music, exploring a genre is an excellent topic idea. Topics related to musical instruments are also worth attention.
  • Narrow your topic down. Otherwise, it will be too difficult to focus your essay on just one idea.

🎼 Music Essay Topics List

The first thing you need to do is to choose your topic. We have prepared a variety of music topics perfect for research papers and short essays. You can also use them for speeches or college application essays.

Argumentative Essay about Music: Topics & Ideas

Argumentative essays about music are usually concerned with a specific music-related issue you choose to address. Just like with any other argumentative essay, you should present both sides of the topic. Also, reliable facts are a must for this type of essay.

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  • The influence of modern technologies on the music industry. Technologies allow artists to create and promote their songs independently. Because of this, record labels are less critical to musicians than before. However, the emergence of new technologies also gave rise to piracy . Do the positives outweigh the negatives?
  • What’s the effect of pop music on the modern generation? Today’s pop songs are usually commercial . Because of this, some people say that pop has ruined the current generations’ perception of music. Others argue that contemporary pop music expanded the possibilities of the genre.
  • Rock music makes people more aggressive . Some consider rock music merely an arrangement of aggressive tunes that foster violence. On the counter side, science has proven that people who prefer rock to other genres are calmer and more concentrated. Which position do you agree with?
  • Can people with hearing impairments become famous musicians ? Many believe that access to fame and fortune is limited for disabled people. The deaf may seem especially unsuited for the music business . Yet, the examples of Beethoven, Neil Young, and Chris Martin show that hearing problems don’t have to be an issue.
  • Will streaming completely substitute physical copies? Digitalization is on its way to replacing LPs and CDs. For most people, it’s simply more convenient. But their opponents claim that an MP3 file can never sound as good as a physical copy.
  • Some music genres can be a catalyst for violence. While their beats may be calm, hip-hop and rap’s lyrics are often aggressive and brutal. Does it have adverse effects on a listener?
  • Can a person become addicted to music ?
  • Censorship on the radio: why stations shouldn’t bleep out obscenities.
  • Is mandatory musical education in high schools practical?
  • The impact of Mozart’s music on toddlers.
  • Should a musician’s personal life affect people’s perception of their art?
  • How susceptible are teenagers to political messages in songs?
  • Music influences one’s mental and physical capabilities .
  • Are children who listen to music more intelligent than others?
  • Music genres are inherently dependent on musical instruments .
  • Is music as an art form more popular than cinema ?
  • Debate whether rap musicians promote a frivolous and careless lifestyle .
  • Many musicians became famous only because they’ve had connections.
  • Music festivals are the best form of entertainment.
  • Does music always sound better live than on records?
  • Is classical music better than modern genres?
  • Is it justified that some religions view music as a sin?
  • Typically, music defines a culture and its traditions: true or false?
  • Rap music has a strong connection to rebellious movements.
  • Jamaican music’s link to the stoner lifestyle is unjustified.
  • Synesthesia: how is music related to visuals?

Opinion on Music: Essay Topics

Opinion essays about music might seem similar to the argumentative type. Here, you are expected to write your personal opinion on a topic. Naturally, you can have many opinions on musical topics. Why not broadcast them? Keep in mind that you also need to provide reasons for your point of view.

  • Music therapy can help people with mental illnesses . It’s a well-known fact that music affects the human brain. This ability makes it perfect for treating mental health problems. On the one hand, psychologists established that listening to classical music increases one’s cognitive capacity . On the other hand, listening to heavy rock impacts responsiveness.
  • The questionable treatment of women in the music industry . While it may seem that both sexes are treated equally, women still earn much less than they deserve. Moreover, the extreme sexualization of girls persists as one of the most pressing problems in the industry.
  • Which musician or band impacted your worldview ? Discuss what makes your favorite artist special. Consider analyzing their lyrics, genre, and evolution. If you want to, add a review of one of their albums .
  • What are the challenges of being an independent artist? Typically, independent artists deal with all the financial, promotional, and distributional affairs by themselves. In the increasingly complex music business, this is not an easy task.
  • Is social media efficient for promotion? Almost every modern artist uses social media to promote their albums or songs. Users often check their networks for updates, which increases the musician’s visibility. But do such methods help in the long run?
  • Passion is the essential personal quality for every musician . If an artist is not eager to continually produce high-quality output, they’re unlikely to succeed. However, qualities such as responsibility, honesty, hard work, and creativity are also vital.
  • Is music good for stress relief?
  • How does music connect people ?
  • Analyze qualities that good musicians shouldn’t have.
  • Who are the most excellent musicians in the country genre ?
  • Is it possible to live without interacting with music ?
  • Choose three successful rappers and analyze their influence.
  • How can a musician become famous without having money or connections?
  • What are the difficulties of being in a band ?
  • Who impacted the development of indie music the most?
  • Is pop music losing its popularity? If so, why?
  • Three factors that affected your choice of a favorite genre .
  • Which artists are the most prominent in power metal?
  • Which record label is the most influential now?
  • Can Justin Bieber’s songs be considered legendary?
  • Did Kanye West introduce a new kind of rap?
  • Which rock bands lost their fame because of a scandal ? How did it happen?
  • Discuss Dire Straits’ impact on music history .
  • Who are currently the most successful women pop singers ?
  • Why are some music genres more popular than others?
  • What does success in the music world depend on ?

Topics for a Persuasive Essay about Music

Is there anything music-related you want to convince people of? A persuasive paper is your chance. Carefully craft your arguments to show your readers you’ve always been right about the beauty of cowbells. If it’s not your jam, consider these essay topics about music:

  • A seven-string guitar is superior to a six-string one. The additional string gives more room for creativity. It might be challenging to master, but in the end, the music has a fuller sound . Do you think it’s worth the effort?
  • The lyrics don’t matter as long as the melody is good. It’s possible to like songs from different countries, even if the listener doesn’t understand the language. The singing is simply part of the composition. Does this mean that what the vocalist says is unimportant?

The picture shows the information about the oldest surviving musical composition.

  • Most people living in big cities neglect country music. People from urban areas tend to think that country music is tasteless. For them, its tunes and lyrics sound too simple. Does the strong association with cowboys, farms, and long roads simply not appeal to the city lifestyle?
  • Should rap music be performed only by black people ? The genre hosts a large portion of African American artists . Not only that, but black rappers are widely considered the best of their craft. Do white artists do the genre justice?
  • Music that artists make merely to get money is soulless. Passion is a critical factor for every musician. If money is the primary driver for creating a song , the result is inevitably flawed. Do you agree?
  • Pop music is undergoing a transformation. Listeners acknowledge pop as the primary genre of contemporary music . Yet, new musical instruments are changing the game. Even the lyrics touch on more serious topics than before.
  • Indie is the new pop. Indie music is a relatively novel genre. Still, it continues to gain popularity. The light-hearted tunes paired with existential lyrics have captured the audience’s hearts. Is it possible to envision the future of music without bands such as Coldplay, The 1975, and the Arctic Monkeys?
  • The meaning of freedom for jazz as a musical genre .
  • Punk rock has recently witnessed a renaissance.
  • Exposing plants to classical music makes them grow faster.
  • Classical music: intellectually stimulating or relaxing ?
  • Is it justified that some countries legally prohibit artists from performing?
  • Is it easier for children to learn with music?
  • Can a person ever become a great artist without a natural talent ?
  • Should workplaces allow their employees to listen to background music ?
  • Jimi Hendrix’s guitar skills are still unmatched.
  • The impact of pop music on European culture and trends.
  • Kurt Cobain’s death should have been a wake-up call for the music industry .
  • Why is music beneficial to society?
  • Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan’s legacy can be felt even today.
  • Nintendocore is a legitimate genre that the industry should take more seriously.
  • Should you listen to a bands’ music even if you disagree with their opinions ?
  • Musicians should receive more government support.
  • Patriotic songs make people feel passionate and energetic about their country.
  • Depressive and sad tunes can worsen a person’s mood.
  • Doctors and therapists need to understand the importance of music .

Music Evaluation Essay Topics

Do you want to know how to evaluate music? The point is to divide your overall impression into several parts. Music evaluation requires much attention and concentration, so try to do your best to stay focused while listening.

Use these criteria for evaluating music performances:

Now all you need to do is choose a topic and get down to writing!

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  • Discuss the rise and fall of hardcore punk. Many bands that started in the hardcore punk scene softened their sound over time. Why did this genre disappear from the mainstream?
  • Copyright laws are going too far . It’s getting increasingly difficult to use somebody else’s intellectual property. Creators on YouTube have to fear lawsuits for creatively repurposing copyrighted music. Moreover, laws such as the DMCA are frequently abused to generate revenues.
  • More bands should use their influence for political purposes . Renowned artists have a broad reach. Bands like Rise Against or Anti Flag use this influence to raise political awareness among their fans. Is it a fair approach?
  • Borrowing and plagiarism in contemporary music . New artists don’t emerge without having listened to other musicians. They draw inspiration from their predecessors. Thus, songs are always a mix of already existing tracks. In your essay, discuss the difference between homage and plagiarism.
  • What are the similarities between poetry and song lyrics? Songs and poems are similar in that they deliver a message to the audience. Their creation demands extensive knowledge of rhyming, literary devices, and other components.
  • Why do some musicians ask others to write lyrics for them? It is a common practice to have a crew of songwriters who create texts for performers. Sometimes it happens due to a lack of imagination or inspiration. Does finding out that your favorite artist doesn’t write their lyrics destroy the magic of their music?
  • How can popular music diversify as a genre? Pop music reached its peak. Adding and borrowing elements from different genres can be one way to diversify a streamlined genre.
  • The history of music as political propaganda .
  • Explain the difference between high and low contemporary music culture .
  • How is contemporary music related to that from other periods?
  • What are the connections between pop music and the hip-hop genre?
  • What connects popular music and contemporary culture ?
  • How does music in the United States relate to Spanish music ?
  • Analyze the evolution of Indian music .
  • Discuss why certain albums manage to climb to the top of the charts.
  • The link between social classes and musical genres.
  • Differences and similarities of music and other art forms .
  • How does a musical instrument’s origin influence its development?
  • What is the role of traditional music today?

The picture shows a Victor Hugo quote about music.

  • What are the main processes in music production?
  • How is music theory relevant today?
  • Analyze which contemporary artists’ albums had an effect comparable to that of Queen’s A Night at the Opera .
  • Eurodance: Europe’s most extravagant genre.
  • Songs and everyday life of Michael Jackson vs. Madonna: who wins the ultimate pop crown?
  • What difficulties has Eminem faced throughout his career?
  • Over-ear headphones provide a better sound experience than on-ear ones.

Topics for an Expository Essay on Music

An expository essay explains or describes a subject. In the colorful world of music, topics can range from the physics of sound waves to artists’ social impact.

  • The importance of Blues music in the late 19 th century and now . Blues originated in the 19 th century American South. It was an outlet for African Americans to express their sorrows. Later, it exceeded by far the cultural boundaries that confined it.
  • The role of music in prison camps. Singing was an essential part of life in the Nazi concentration camps . One of the most well-known songs of that time is called Peat Bog Soldiers . In your expository essay, explore why prisoners started singing and how it developed.
  • How did Chester Bennington’s death impact the music industry? Linkin Park was a giant in the business for decades until depression made their lead singer take his own life. The event sparked debates surrounding mental health and pressure in the creative industry. What long-lasting effects did these discussions have?
  • How did Baroque music reflect the zeitgeist? Compared to the Renaissance period, Baroque was in all aspects very pompous. The artists of the Sun King’s time didn’t shy away from the extravaganza. This ideal is especially prominent in architecture. How does music fit into the picture?
  • Investigate the development of musical harmony. The Ancient Greeks already had an idea of some tones fitting together better than others. However, it wasn’t until the 1600s that tonality became a crucial part of music theory.
  • Music in commercials: an analysis. Songs and jingles are commonplace in TV commercials. But what are they good for? In your essay, you can compare the success of advertisements with and without music.
  • What causes music trends to change? It’s easy to define various eras of music . Naturally, the invention of new instruments has influenced this development. What other factors played a role in these transformations?
  • Why is 4/4 a universal beat?
  • Examine the origins of The Star-Spangled Banner .
  • The effects of dissonance on the human mind .
  • How do staccato, legato, and other forms of articulation influence the perception of a musical piece ?
  • Discuss the significance of music in video games .
  • Music drives people’s motivation.
  • Explain the calming effects of nature sounds .
  • How does music influence literature ?
  • Celtic music is known to have an extraordinary impact on the psyche. How does it work?
  • How does music impact the discharge of hormones such as dopamine?
  • Music therapy is suitable for those who have bipolar disorder .
  • What made Falco such a unique artist?
  • How does the perception of a silent film differ from that of a movie with sound?
  • A rock concert by Kansas: How the relevance of live concerts changed over time .
  • Is being able to read music important for a composer ?
  • How did Beethoven write music after losing his hearing?
  • Should all songs have proper rhythm and structure?
  • Why do so many indie artists become commercial?
  • Is it essential for song lyrics to rhyme?

History of Music: Essay Topics

If you’re interested in the evolution of music, you’ve come to the right section. Historical research reveals the significance of music throughout time. Unsurprisingly, songs and melodies have been part of human culture for centuries. Dive deeper into this exciting subject with one of the following ideas:

  • How did the Catholic Church influence music development in Europe? During the Middle Ages , religious movements had a significant impact on music. Consequently, composers used to create more sacred music. It became a way of personal expression since it often contained religious texts. 
  • The cultural meaning of Renaissance music and its influence on other styles . During the time of the Renaissance , sacred and secular music heavily impacted each other. As a result, more variety emerged. The chanson and madrigal, for example, became popular around Europe.
  • Research archaeological findings of early musicality. The search for the oldest musical instrument delivers thrilling insights. Archaeologists have excavated a flute made of ivory and bird bones, dating approximately 43,000 years ago. They found it in a cave in Germany where Neanderthals lived.
  • History of early music and appearance of musical instruments. The beginning of the human culture was the turning point of musical instruments’ appearance. They were primarily used for spiritual rites; typically, they were horns or drums for ceremonies.
  • Louis Armstrong’s contributions to the jazz world. Jazz originated in New Orleans and was a favorite among African Americans. Louis Armstrong’s improvisations forever changed the genre, making the soloist-improviser the center of the performance.
  • The phenomenon of pop music and its origins. Popular music dates back to the second half of the last century. It comes from the US and the UK. Its main peculiarity lies in the variety of tunes and lyrics .
  • Native American music before the discovery of the New World . Incas and Aztecs had particular styles of music. Findings show that these ancient civilizations used instruments for ceremonies. Researchers also discovered that various American cultures mingled, thus creating new techniques.
  • The use of string instruments in classical Greek songwriting.
  • Famous composers of 18th century Italy and their influence.
  • Mozart vs. Beethoven: comparison of techniques.
  • Deliver a thoughtful analysis of Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony .
  • What role do acoustic instruments play in jazz compositions ?
  • Explore the history of the Ocarina.
  • Due to what circumstances did Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart become one of the greatest musical geniuses in history?
  • Influence of the Romantic period on modern music .
  • How and why were the swing era and jazz connected?
  • Rock and roll as an international language in the 20th century.
  • Explore the rise of techno music.
  • Is there a historical connection between music and math ?
  • How did music become a staple subject in many schools?
  • The greatest musicians of World War I .
  • Industrialization and its effect on music development.
  • How did female producers such as Kate Bush impact the music industry ?
  • Analyze Frédéric Chopin’s contribution to classical music .
  • Music evolution in ancient Greece vs. the Roman Empire .
  • How does archeology help to uncover musical traditions ?
  • Tupac’s influence on modern rap music .

Classification Essay about Music: Topic Ideas

In a classification essay, you explain how a whole relates to parts or vice versa. To do it, you need to divide one broad category into several subcategories. Each classification paragraph focuses on one subcategory, so you need to find a key feature that will be your basis of division. For example, you can divide music by genre, volume, musical instruments, etc.

Here is our list of musical topics for this essay type:

  • The most popular types of alternative music among teenagers. Naturally, teens like different kinds of rock and experimental music . Try to dig deeper and ask some teenagers about their preferences to get a clear picture.
  • Types of modern dance music . Describe the tendencies and popular genres. You can also focus on a specific country.
  • The most popular types of jazz music in Europe . Although jazz emerged in the United States, this genre became recognizable all over the world. You can analyze the most popular streamed songs, or the concerts and other mass events.
  • Rock music in the ’70s. You can describe the genres, styles, or types of performers. The concerts, clothes, and lifestyles are also suitable for this topic.
  • Blues musicians of different time periods. Analyze the lyrics, the musical instruments they used, and how long their careers lasted.
  • Classification of music for children . Some of it can be for dancing, development, or just listening. Research the purposes of different kinds of music for children.
  • Types of music used in films. The soundtrack is one of the main things we remember after watching a movie. There can be popular songs or tracks composed specifically for a film .
  • Rock bands that represent different subgenres.
  • Rap subgenres in the United States.
  • Periods of classical music .
  • What motivates people to start a musical career?
  • Different kinds of music for relaxation.
  • The industries where composers work .
  • Types of opera singers and instrumental music .
  • Different professions in the music industry .
  • Unpopular genres of independent music.
  • Different types of music listeners .

College Essay about Music: Topics

When you apply to your dream college, you need to write an impressive essay. Admissions officers pay attention not only to your grades and achievements but also to your personality. Your writing can indicate your motivation, academic interests, and how well you fit into the college. Writing an essay about “music in my life” is a great way to demonstrate your passion and creativity.

Choose one of these topics related to music for your college essay:

  • The role of music in your life . Describe what music means to you, how often you listen to it, and how it helps you in life. For example, you can write about inspiration, motivation, or the sense of freedom that it gives you.
  • What are the essential aspects of music for you? Try to write down everything you like about music. It might be melodies, lyrics, vocals, or mood. You can choose several aspects if you feel that you can’t decide.
  • The time when music changed your life. In this essay, you can pick one occurrence or describe how music changed your life gradually. It’s important to indicate where you started from and where it led you.
  • How do you see the future of the music industry? Demonstrate to the admissions officer how well you know the art and the business.
  • Your role model in the music industry. You may write about the qualities of the person you admire and why you want to develop them in yourself. Remember that admission officers want to read about you, not your idol.
  • How did your musical taste change over the last ten years? Describe the evolution of your preferences. Explain why you have changed some of your past choices. Do you think your musical taste has improved?
  • Your favorite musical genre .
  • Does listening to music help to heal body and spirit?
  • What is the best music performance you have ever seen?
  • Why do people become fans of particular musicians?
  • Your favorite song lyrics .
  • Can people be judged by their musical taste?
  • Why is music an essential part of human culture?
  • Quote about music that appeals to you the most.
  • How can music education help you in the future?
  • Do you prefer listening to music or performing it?
  • How can music change your mood?
  • Why you want to become a musician.
  • Which culture has the most beautiful ethnical music ?
  • Is music more of an art or business?
  • What are the essential parts of musical education ?

Other Music Essay Topics

  • Why do supermarkets play music? Think of the reasons why marketers use music in advertising and how it impacts customer behavior.
  • An analysis of Robert Wise’s The Sound of Music . Evaluate how the director uses music to tell a story.
  • The impact of music on the human brain . Examine the latest research in the mental health field and how music therapy affects depression treatments.
  • The workings of the music industry . Assess how contemporary audio technology and touring lifestyle affect musicians.
  • The role of music in different cultures. Choose and compare two countries to analyze their perspectives on the music industry.
  • Music on television . Evaluate how the music of TV shows and movies impacts the audience’s feelings and behavior.
  • Oliver Sacks’ contribution to music psychology. Explore the theories he discusses in Musicophilia and describe its influence on music psychology.
  • Should all music be available for free download? Think about the ethical and legal aspects of this issue.
  • How did music psychology help the development of music education ? Try to find a correlation between these two fields.
  • Britney Spears and the adverse effects of teen popularity. Writing about this topic, you might want to focus on how her early fame affected her life. What happened after her famous breakdown in 2007?
  • The half-life of one-hit-wonders. Focus your paper on quantitative research. How long do one-hit-wonders stay famous on average? Why do they fail to maintain their success?
  • Journalism and the music industry. Examine the effects positive or negative press had on a musician of your choice.
  • Festivals and sponsorship. Discuss the benefits that corporate sponsors and the creators of music festivals gain from working together.
  • Rock songs and pessimistic lyrics. Why do most popular rock songs have such sad and angry lyrics?
  • Discuss the development of your music taste. Write about what pushed you to change and how it influenced your life.
  • The psychology of music. Examine what someone’s favorite music genre can tell about their personality.
  • Is ASMR music? ASMR artists make quiet sounds to soothe their audience. But can we really consider it music?
  • A historical analysis of jazz. Explore how African Americans influenced the flourishing culture of jazz that has spread worldwide.
  • The effect of classical music on children’s cognitive abilities. Supposedly, classical music is great for kids. Study this theory and make your conclusions.
  • Discuss the characteristics of modern Latin American music . Dive into its diversity and describe the reasons for its popularity.
  • How do Chinese artists make traditional music? Write about its complex creation process. Analyze the importance of articulation for composers.
  • The history of music . With this essay, explore the six periods of music history. To top it off, you can predict what music will be like in the future.
  • The music industry goes online. Discuss the importance of the internet for the industry and the challenges associated with it.
  • The magic of instrumental music. Pick your favorite orchestra pieces and find unique features in each of them.
  • Musical education: the sound of success? Does everyone need a musical background?
  • Explore the latest techniques in songwriting . Look into the song creation process of contemporary musicians. How do they get the audience to enjoy their art?
  • Compare and contrast e-pianos and keyboards . In doing so, consider their structure, sound, and features.
  • The Woodstock festival as a game-changer. How has the Woodstock Music and Art Fair influenced the current state of the music industry? Additionally, investigate how current festivals hold up to the standards set by Woodstock.
  • Music therapy for stroke patients . Find out whether incorporating elements of music therapy can support the treatment of patients who suffered a stroke.
  • How do amplifiers work? If you’re a musician, you’ve likely used an amplifier before. Now it’s time to figure out what they are actually doing.
  • The Killers’ contributions to indie rock. How would you define their style of music? What makes them a key player in indie music?
  • Analyze the music in Grease . Pick some of the most popular songs from the musical and write about their influence on American culture.
  • What’s the best way to interpret songs? Describe methods to deconstruct songs and how the music style affects this process.
  • Teufel vs. Sennheiser: the ultimate comparison. German sound equipment manufacturers are known for their cutting-edge technologies . But which brand is the best?
  • What role does harmony play in music composition? Choose several pieces of music and describe how the artists used harmony.
  • How necessary are double bass drums? Do musicians place them on stage just to impress people, or do they have actual use?
  • Compare regular festivals and free ones. Why spend hundreds of dollars on Coachella if you can go to Woodstock for free? In your essay, focus on the differences such as size, participating artists, and general entertainment .
  • A historical analysis of choral music. Singing in groups is a practice common across various cultures . You might choose one or two to work on.
  • How did The Rolling Stones influence British culture? The Rolling Stones are one of the longest-standing rock bands of all time. Naturally, this left significant marks on their home country.
  • How important are regional accents for English-language singers ? When working on this theoretical topic, include some examples and your personal opinion.
  • The world of musical instruments: medieval music . This fun essay can focus on different types of medieval instruments and their evolution.
  • Does the creative process differ for electronic and acoustic music? Look at how artists usually write songs. Do they start with the melody, the rhythm, or the lyrics? Does it depend on the medium?
  • The correlation between poems and medieval songs. Find out how composers were reinventing poetry to create songs.
  • Hip-hop and gender equality . What is the role of women in the development of this music style? Don’t forget to give examples.
  • When politics interferes with art: Eurovision. Analyze the role of the political situation in this song contest. Is there anything left of its original idea?
  • How did Vladimir Vysotsky become a beloved musical figure outside of Soviet Russia? It’s unusual for Russian-language musicians to gain fame outside of their home country. Research how Vysotsky managed to mingle in the USA and have some of his work posthumously released in Europe.
  • K-pop conquers the world . You may narrow the topic down to a specific artist. Focus on the influence of Korean music in other cultures.
  • Music school students vs. amateurs. Discuss the different experiences and outcomes of music school students and those who learn to play instruments at home.
  • Do music choices shape one’s identity , or is it the other way around? It’s an exciting question that lets you dig deep into the psychology of music.
  • The music of dissents. Energizing songs play an essential part in rebellions and revolutions. For example, analyze how protesters used music during the Arab Spring .
  • The development and popularity of electronic music . Starting from the early experiments, analyze the development of this style and its increasing influence
  • How do artists use social media to promote their music? You might want to choose one or two examples to illustrate the tools they use.
  • Organum as one of the oldest written types of music . Study the development of this music style throughout various cultures.
  • The appeal of Metallica’s Nothing Else Matters. Many people consider the song one of their favorites. Examine its structure , melody, and lyrics. What makes it unique?
  • Africa’s hidden musical gems. African music is as diverse as its people. Pick two countries and compare their style. How do they differ from Western art ?
  • Did people’s music tastes improve compared to previous decades? Here, you have the chance to express your views on the evolution of people’s music preferences.
  • Is the life of pop stars as easy as people think? Share your thoughts on whether famous musicians and singers have a leisurely lifestyle.
  • Physiological reactions to different types of music . Study how your body reacts to various beats and tones.
  • Why do people tend to listen to specific songs on certain occasions? In your essay, ponder the effects of love songs or powerful anthems on one’s mood .
  • What does someone’s ringtone say about their personality ? Think about how it affects your perception of a person.
  • The impact of music on the individual’s productivity . Studies suggest a positive effect on people’s performance when they listen to something pleasant while working. But all the noise can get overstimulating. That’s why finding the balance is central.
  • Music is natural. In the depth of nature, there is music. Rain, a bird’s song, or the tapping of a squirrel’s feet melt together to create a beautiful composition . Music is everywhere—one only needs to listen carefully.

If you haven’t found what you’re looking for, you’re welcome to use our topic generator .

✍️ Music Essay: How to Write

So, you have chosen your essay title. Now it’s time to start writing! But before you begin, read the sections below and learn how to organize your work.

How to Describe Music in Writing

You might think that writing about music is like dancing about architecture. Well, it is not an easy task, but we know how to cope with it.

Follow these tips while writing:

  • Make a comparison.  Explain which characteristics of a piece remind you or are identical to those of another one. It’s better to avoid comparing music from different composers in this case. Instead, evaluate and analyze two musical pieces from the same composer.
  • Describe the melody and dynamics.  You may want to use musical terms to show your knowledge and proficiency. Define the genre and what kind of instruments and tones are used.
  • Explain how it makes you feel.  You can use basic human emotions to describe the feelings of a listener. For example, it can be anger, tenderness, irritation, excitement, or nostalgia.
  • Use metaphorical language.  You may try using your imagination to create analogies. Be careful not to make your metaphors overcomplicated, as it may confuse the readers.

Essays about Music: Descriptive Words

Do you want your essay on music to be interesting and expressive? Then you may want to use descriptive vocabulary. Here are some of the terms that you can use in your essay to make it sound more professional:

  • Tempo is the “speed” of music. There are fixed expressions to define tempo—for example, largo, moderate, or presto. You can also describe how fast the music feels.
  • Timbre is the term that evaluates the “color” of music. Even if two instruments play the same note of the same volume, the sound is still different. This is how you can notice the color of the tone. For example, gentle, clear, heavy, or warm can be the adjectives to describe timbre.
  • Dynamics define the volume levels of music. The volume can be the same all the time, for example loud or soft. If the volume of music changes, you can use such expressions as “gradually gets louder” “or suddenly becomes soft.”
  • Harmony characterizes how all the notes and chords sound together. The sequence of chords—chord progression—defines how satisfying the melody is for the listener. For example, if the transitions are smooth, you can use such words as “relaxed” or “warm.”

Music Essay Outline

Like any other assignment, writing about music requires a proper essay outline that will guide you through the writing. The following sections will help you with that.

Before you start, here are some tips that will help you prepare for writing:

  • Do some prior research. Try to learn as much as possible about the piece you will be writing about. It’s also helpful to listen to the music several times with headphones to notice more details.
  • Don’t be afraid of asking questions. Consult your instructor if you’re unsure about your topic or the piece you have chosen.
  • Choose the topic that you like. If you’re passionate about a subject, it is always easier to write about it. Who said that homework could not be interesting?
  • Follow the recommendations that your instructor gives. It includes word limit, formatting style, deadline, and essay type.

Music Essay Introduction

The introduction is the section where you come up with a brief explanation of the topic. You may start it with a quotation, definition, or short statement that catches your reader’s attention and leads them to the essay subject.

A thesis statement is usually the last sentence of the introduction that defines the content of body paragraphs. It needs to be specific and not longer than two sentences. If you decide to shift the focus of your essay while writing, it’s crucial to change your thesis too.

Different types of essays require different thesis statements. Let’s take a closer look:

Music Essay Body

Your essay’s body is the most significant part of your writing. Here, you provide evidence and explanations of your claims.

The typical body paragraph structure includes:

  • A topic sentence explaining the argument for a particular paragraph.
  • An introduction to the evidence you gathered to support an argument.
  • Quotes and facts (don’t forget about proper citation!) and their explanation.
  • A connection between the evidence and the essay topic.
  • Paragraph transitions  leading your reader to the next section.

Topic Sentence about Music

Topic sentences can be used as a roadmap to writing your essay. Each body paragraph begins with a topic sentence that defines what the paragraph is about. It introduces the argument or main thought that will be explained. It’s also connected with the thesis statement.

It’s essential to make your thesis easy to understand, so it’s better not to overcomplicate it. For example, here’s an unsuccessful topic sentence with unnecessary words:

As stated above, the guitar is an essential musical instrument in rock music that defines how it sounds.

Instead, you can formulate it like this:

The guitar is the most iconic musical instrument in rock music that defines how it sounds.

Music Essay Conclusion

When writing a conclusion for your essay on music, you can use the following structure:

  • Summarize the text in a few sentences.
  • Review the key points of your paper.
  • Paraphrase the thesis.

To make your essay conclusion more effective, avoid the following:

📑 What Music Means to Me: Essay Example

Now you know all about writing an essay on music! To make it even easier for you, we’ve prepared an essay sample that you can use for inspiration. Check it out:

Now all you need is to turn the music on and get down to writing! We hope you liked this guide. If you did, don’t hesitate to share it with your friends.

Further reading:

  • How to Write a Good Critique Paper: Killer Tips + Examples
  • How to Write an Art Critique Essay: Guidelines and Examples
  • How to Write a Movie Critique Paper: Top Tips + Example
  • Modern Fairy Tale Essay: How to Write, Topics and Ideas
  • 200 Creative Topics for Opinion Essays
  • 182 Free Ideas for Argumentative or Persuasive Essay Topics
  • 180 Excellent Evaluation Essay Topics

✏️ Music Essay FAQ

Music is a vast topic. An essay might deal with anything ranging from trends in the 1950s to the best guitarists of all time. Writing an introduction to certain music styles or bands is also possible. In any case, the paper should be well-structured, logical, and cohesive.

Writing about music doesn’t necessarily require any specific skills. If you’re not familiar with the theory of music and can’t play musical instruments, you can just write about the music you like. Here are some topic ideas: favorite music band, style, or how you perceive music.

You can interpret music as a topic in various ways. If you are getting a degree in this field, you might want to write something more specific and technical. If your essay aims to merely inform and entertain, write about your favorite music style or band.

If you are writing an essay for school, a good choice would be an expository essay. It doesn’t require any specific knowledge of the music industry. Title suggestions might be: “My perception of music,” “My favorite band,” “How music can change the world.”

  • What is the Music Industry? Definition and Facts:
  • What Music Do You Write To?: Writers & Artists
  • A Music Review: British Council
  • Music: UNC Writing Center: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Sound and Sense: Writing about Music: Colorado State University
  • Music analysis Research Papers:
  • The Power of Music Therapy: Belmont University
  • Musicology: Northwestern Bienen School of Music
  • Musicology: Areas of Study: Indiana State University
  • Music Facts:
  • Music History from Primary Sources: Library of Congress
  • Music: Encyclopedia Britannica
  • A History of Classical Music: Part 1: The List
  • What Is Jazz: Smithsonian Institution
  • The 50 Greatest Composers of All Time: Classical Music
  • Musical Terms and Concepts: SUNY Potsdam
  • Ethnomusicology: University of Oxford
  • Music Research Process: Syracuse University
  • Journal of Popular Music Studies: University of California Press
  • The History of Pop Music in 5 Defining Decades: The Culture Trip
  • Music of the 20 th Century: Lumen Learning
  • Explainer: Indie Music: The Conversation
  • Your Brain on Music: University of Central Florida
  • Music and Health: Harvard University
  • The Psychological Function of Music Listening: NIH
  • Essays that Worked: Hamilton
  • Writing in Music: Writing Thesis Statements: The City University of New York
  • Academic Writing about Music: University of Denver
  • How to Write Song Lyrics: Berklee
  • Essay Introduction: University of Maryland
  • Tips and Examples for Writing Thesis Statements: Purdue University
  • Writing Body Paragraphs: Monash University
  • Some Tips for Writing Efficient, Effective Body Paragraphs: University of California, Berkeley
  • Writing a Paper: Conclusions: Walden University
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Thank you very much for this post on music essay writing! You don’t know how long I looked for the helpful information on writing music essays!

Music takes an important part in my life. I wake up and go to bed listening to music. And now when I’m writing my music essay, I also listen to music. And it’s also a pleasure to read an article on how to write an essay on music!

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short essay about modern music

Guide on How to Write a Music Essay: Topics and Examples

short essay about modern music

Let's Understand What is Music Essay

You know how some school assignments are fun to write by default, right? When students see them on the course syllabus, they feel less like a burden and more like a guaranteed pleasure. They are about our interests and hobbies and therefore feel innate and intuitive to write. They are easy to navigate, and interesting topic ideas just pop into your head without much trouble.


Music essays belong to the category of fun essay writing. What is music essay? Anything from in-depth analysis to personal thoughts put into words and then to paper can fall into a music essay category. An essay about music can cover a wide range of topics, including music history, theory, social impact, significance, and musical review. It can be an analytical essay about any music genre, musical instruments, or today's music industry.

Don't get us wrong, you will still need to do extensive research to connect your opinions to a broader context, and you can't step out of academic writing standards, but the essay writing process will be fun.

In this article, our custom essay writing service is going to guide you through every step of writing an excellent music essay. You can draw inspiration from the list of music essay topics that our team prepared, and later on, you will learn what an outstanding essay on music is by an example of a music review essay.

What are Some Music Topics to Write About

There are so many exciting music topics to write about. We would have trouble choosing one. You can write about various music genres, be it country music or classical music; you can research music therapy or how music production happens.

Okay, forgive us for getting carried away; music makes us enthusiastic. Below you will find a list of various music essay topics prepared from our thesis writing service . Choose one and write a memorable essay about everyone's favorite art form.

Music Argumentative Essay Topics

Music essays can be written about an infinite number of themes. You can even write about performance or media comparison.

Here is a list of music argumentative essay topics. These edge-cutting topics will challenge your readers and get you an easy A+.

  • Exploring the evolution of modern music styles of the 21st century
  • Is it ethical to own and play rare musical instruments?
  • Is music therapy an effective mental health treatment?
  • Exploring the Intersection of Technology and Creativity in electronic music
  • The Relevance of traditional music theory in modern music production
  • The Role of musical pieces in the Transmission of cultural identity
  • The value of historical analysis in understanding the significance of music in society
  • How does exposing listeners to different genres of music break down barriers
  • Exploring the cognitive effects of music on human brain development
  • The therapeutic potential of music in treating mental disorders

Why is Music Important Essay Topics

Do you know which essay thrills our team the most? The importance of music in life essay. We put our minds together and came up with a list of topics about why music is so central to human life. Start writing why is music important essay, and we guarantee you that you will be surprised by how much fun you had crafting it.  

  • Popular Music and its Role in shaping cultural trends
  • Music as a metaphorical language for expressing emotions and thoughts
  • How music changes and influences social and political movements
  • How the music of different countries translates their history to outsiders
  • The innate connection between music and human beings
  • How music helps us understand feelings we have never experienced
  • Does music affect our everyday life and the way we think?
  • Examining the cross-cultural significance of music in society
  • How rock music influenced 70's political ideologies
  • How rap music closes gaps between different racial groups in the US

Consider delegating your ' write my essay ' request to our expert writers for crafting a perfect paper on any music topic!

Why I Love Music Essay Topics

We want to know what is music to you, and the best way to tell us is to write a why I love music essay. Below you will find a list of music essay topics that will help you express your love for music.

  • I love how certain songs and artists evoke Memories and Emotions
  • I love the diversity of music genres and how different styles enrich my love for music
  • I love how music connects me with people of different backgrounds
  • How the music of Linkin Park helped me through life's toughest challenges
  • What does my love for popular music say about me?
  • How the unique sounds of string instruments fuel my love for music
  • How music provides a temporary Release from the stresses of daily life
  • How music motivates me to chase my dreams
  • How the raw energy of rock music gets me through my daily life
  • Why my favorite song is more than just music to me

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Music Therapy Essay Topics

One of the most interesting topics about music for an essay is music therapy. We are sure you have heard all the stories of how music cures not only mental but also physical pains. Below you can find a list of topics that will help you craft a compelling music therapy essay. And don't forget that you can always rely on our assistance for fulfilling your ' write my paper ' requests!

  • The effectiveness of music therapy in reducing stress and pain for cancer patients
  • Does pop music have the same effects on music therapy as classical music?
  • Exploring the benefits of music therapy with other genres beyond classical music
  • The potential of music therapy in aiding substance abuse treatment and recovery
  • The Role of music therapy in Addressing PTSD and Trauma in military veterans
  • The impact of music therapy on enhancing social interaction and emotional expression in individuals with developmental disabilities
  • The use of music therapy in managing chronic pain
  • Does musical therapy help depression?
  • Does music reduce anxiety levels?
  • Is music therapy better than traditional medicine?

History of Music Essay Topics

If you love analytical essays and prefer to see the bigger picture, you can always write a music description essay. Below you can find some of the most interesting topics for the history of music essay.

  • The Significance of natural instruments in music production and performance
  • Tracing the historical development of Western music theory
  • How electronic music traces its roots back to classical music
  • How the music industry evolved from sheet music to streaming services
  • How modern producers relate to classical composers
  • The Origins and Influence of Jazz Music
  • How folk music saved the Stories of unnamed heroes
  • Do we know what the music of ancient civilizations sounded like?
  • Where does your favorite bandstand in the line of music evolve?
  • The Influence of African American Music on modern pop culture

Benefits of Music Essay Topics

If you are someone who wonders what are some of the values that music brings to our daily life, you should write the benefits of music essay. The music essay titles below can inspire you to write a captivating essay:

  • How music can be used to promote cultural awareness and understanding
  • The benefits of music education in promoting creativity and innovation
  • The social benefits of participating in music groups
  • The Impact of Music on Memory and Learning
  • The cognitive benefits of music education in early childhood development
  • The effects of music on mood and behavior
  • How learning to play an instrument improves cognitive functions.
  • How music connects people distanced by thousands of miles
  • The benefits of listening to music while exercising
  • How music can express the feelings words fail to do so 

Music Analysis Essay Example

Reading other people's papers is a great way to scale yours. There are many music essay examples, but the one crafted by our expert writers stands out in every possible way. You can learn what a great thesis statement looks like, how to write an engaging introduction, and what comprehensive body paragraphs should look like. 

Click on the sample below to see the music analysis essay example. 

How to Write a Music Essay with Steps

Writing music essays is definitely not rocket science, so don't be afraid. It's just like writing any other paper, and a music essay outline looks like any other essay structure.

music steps

  • Start by choosing a music essay topic. You can use our list above to get inspired. Choose a topic about music that feels more relevant and less researched so you can add brand-new insights. As we discussed, your music essay can be just about anything; it can be a concert report or an analytical paper about the evolution of music.
  • Continue by researching the topic. Gather all the relevant materials and information for your essay on music and start taking notes. You can use these notes as building blocks for the paper. Be prepared; even for short essays, you may need to read books and long articles.
  • Once you have all the necessary information, the ideas in your head will start to take shape. The next step is to develop a thesis statement out of all the ideas you have in your head. A thesis statement is a must as it informs readers what the entire music essay is about. Don't be afraid to be bold in your statement; new outlooks are always appreciated.
  • Next, you'll need a music essay introduction. Here you introduce the readers to the context and background information about the research topic. It should be clear, brief, and engaging. You should set the tone of your essay from the very beginning. Don't forget the introduction is where the thesis statement goes.
  • One of the most important parts of essay writing is crafting a central body paragraph about music. This is where you elaborate on your thesis, make main points, and support them with the evidence you gathered beforehand. Remember, your music essay should be well structured and depict a clear picture of your ideas.
  • Next, you will need to come up with an ideal closing paragraph. Here you will need to once again revisit the main points in your music essay, restate them in a logical manner and give the readers your final thoughts.
  • Don't forget to proofread your college essay. Whether you write a long or short essay on music, there will be grammatical and factual errors. Revise and look through your writing with a critical mind. You may find that some parts need rewriting.

Key Takeaways

Music essays are a pleasure to write and read. There are so many topics and themes to choose from, and if you follow our How to Write a Music Essay guide, you are guaranteed to craft a top-notch essay every time.

Be bold when selecting a subject even when unsure what is research essay topic on music, take the writing process easy, follow the academic standards, and you are good to go. Use our music essay sample to challenge yourself and write a professional paper. 

If you feel stuck and have no time our team of expert writers is always ready to give you help from all subject ( medical school personal statement school help ). Visit our website, submit your ' write my research paper ' request and a guaranteed A+ essay will be on your way in just one click.

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FAQs on Writing a Music Essay

Though music essay writing is not the hardest job on the planet, there are still some questions that often pop up. Now that you have a writing guide and a list of essay topics about music, it's time to address the remaining inquiries. Keep reading to find the answers to the frequently asked questions. 

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Blog > Essay Advice , Personal Statement > How to Write a Great College Essay About Music (with examples)

How to Write a Great College Essay About Music (with examples)

Admissions officer reviewed by Ben Bousquet, M.Ed Former Vanderbilt University

Written by Alex McNeil, MA Admissions Consultant

Key Takeaway

Ask any admissions officer if they’ve read a college essay about music, and they’ll definitely say yes. Between music extracurriculars and academic interests in music, it’s is one of the most common college essay topics.

So does that mean that you shouldn’t write your college essay about music?

Not necessarily. But as with any common college essay topic, some approaches are better than others.

Let’s get into it.

Why you should (and shouldn’t) write your Common App essay about music

As we explained in our Stanford Items exercise , writing your college essay on a common topic isn’t off-limits. In fact, most college essays share common topics and themes. Trying to find a completely unique, never-been-done-before topic is almost impossible. And writing about a quirky topic in hopes of coming across as unique usually backfires.

In other words, it’s likely that you’ll write about the same topic as someone else.

The problem arises, however, when you write about a common topic in a cliche way . Cliches are always a danger in college essays, but in especially college essay topics that tend to surface again and again.

To avoid cliches, your college essay about music needs to be deeply personal, specific, and meaningful. You’ll want to let go of any over-generalizations or truisms and focus on the details of your own story.

Because you’ll need to write meaningfully and vulnerably, you should only write your college essay about music if you have something genuine and significant to say.

The Best Ways to Approach Your College Essay about Music

College essays about music aren’t off the table, but you should be thoughtful in how you write about them. The following two approaches will help you avoid cliches and find an authentic, meaningful story that fulfills all the requirements of a personal statement .

Writing about music as an academic interest

If you’re interested in studying music in college, then you can consider writing your college essay about music as an academic interest. A college essay about your academic interest in music can show fantastic intellectual fit with a school.

Let’s say you want to study music theory or composition. You might write about a topic you find compelling, a problem you’ve solved, or even a recounting of your journey becoming interested in the subject.

Or maybe you’re an aspiring performer planning on studying music performance. As an admissions officer, I read outstanding essays about students performing their favorite pieces, creating emotional music projects, and teaching lessons to young children.

No matter your topic, your goal with this approach is to show an intellectual spark, a curiosity and passion that will demonstrate to your admissions officers that you’ll be a great addition to the music community on their campuses.

Writing poignantly about a deeply meaningful extracurricular

The previous approach is great if you want to study music, but what if music is just an extracurricular passion of yours? Don’t worry—you can still write about it.

In that case, the best way is to focus on meaning. Remember: personal statements should be deeply-meaningful reflections on your personal strengths.

To start, reflect on your music extracurricular. Is it playing guitar in a band? Playing trombone in your school’s symphony? Learning piano from your grandma? How your love of poetry turned into a love of songwriting?

Next, think about what strengths you have to showcase. If you play guitar in a band, maybe you want to highlight your collaborative spirit. If you love poetry and songwriting, perhaps you focus on your creativity.

Writing about your love of music in a way that draws upon your strengths will make sure that your Common App essay avoids the following two approaches and gives admissions officers a reason to admit you.

Approaches to Avoid

While the following two approaches aren’t necessarily bad, they are the most cliche ways of approaching a college essay about music. You might want to consider avoiding them.

An inauthentic tale of triumph

Let me tell you a cliche story.

When I was in fourth grade, I decided to join the school orchestra. I found it exceedingly difficult at first. No matter how hard I tried, I never could seem to place my fingers correctly on the fingerboard. Every sound I made mimicked a screeching cat. But I decided not to give up. I practiced every day after school and on the weekends. By the time I was in ninth grade, I had made it into my high school’s top orchestra.

Is that a lovely story? Yes, absolutely. Is it hearty enough for a college essay? No. While it tells a good narrative of growth and progress, it remains on the surface of the writer’s life. It comes across as a convenient way to brag about your strengths instead of exploring them in a genuine way. In this example, the story also focuses on events that happened way too far in the past.

A song that changed your life

This approach is by far the most common cliche in college essays about music. We’ve all been there: a favorite song that transports you to a moment in your life whenever you hear it. It makes sense that you’d want to write about yours.

But there’s a problem with this approach. Too often, it reads as trite or unoriginal, and the end result usually doesn’t say much about the writer. And when it does, the message an admissions officer gets doesn’t typically give them any more reason to admit you. Since you want your college essay to be meaningful, even vulnerable, and strengths-based, you’re better off choosing another topic that better speaks to who you are.

Key Takeaways + Examples

College essays about music aren’t for everyone. But when you get it right, you can strike the perfect chord with admissions officers (you’re welcome for the pun).

As you go, dig deep, find something genuinely personal, and try to avoid the most common and cliche ways of approaching the topic.

Want to see some examples of college essays about music before you get started? Check out our examples, The Time Machine and The Band .

Liked that? Try this next.

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Essay#1 | Modern Music

Ielts writing task 2 conclusion – ielts writing topics 2020.

In your IELTS Writing Task 2 conclusion you should not repeat examples from the rest of your essay. Remember, the conclusion should include the main points of the essay and your own opinion

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Many people believe that modern music can have a negative impact on the young. Others believe the effect of modern music is positive.

Discuss both these views and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model answer.

Music has changed dramatically over the years and new types of music are constantly appearing. Many people feel that current popular styles, such as rap, are just noise and cannot be considered real music, unlike older styles, such as rock and jazz.

Firstly, many people, especially those from older generations, feel that modern types of music can be more harmful than positive. They will say modern music is too simplistic and the song lyrics are potentially dangerous. They feel that rap and hip-hop often deal with dangerous issues such as gang violence or express antisocial views. It is a common opinion that this can be damaging for young people who listen to these songs.

On the other hand, it is important that people are able to listen to the types of music that they prefer; you cannot control people’s tastes or opinions. For young people especially, popular music is an important aspect of identity, sharing an interest in music with their peers brings a sense of stability and belonging. These young people would argue that the lyrics to these songs reflect the modern reality and it is an important way of expressing their experiences.

In conclusion, people will always prefer a certain type of music. People will always be unsure of new things, which they may not understand, and this can be the case with music. However, we cannot stop change and we should not try to, instead, we should encourage new styles of music as all music adds to the wealth of our culture.

(255 words)

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The Philosophy of Music

Philosophy of music is the study of fundamental questions about the nature and value of music and our experience of it. Like any “philosophy of X,” it presupposes knowledge of its target. However, unlike philosophy of science, say, the target of philosophy of music is a practice most people have a significant background in, merely as a result of being members of a musical culture. Many people take music to play a significant and valuable role in their lives. Thus, as with the central questions of metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics, not only can most people quickly grasp the philosophical questions music raises, they tend to have thought about some of those questions before encountering the academic discipline itself.

Music arguably presents more philosophical puzzles than any other art. Unlike painting, its works often have multiple instances, none of which can be identified with the work itself. Thus, the question of what exactly the work is is initially more puzzling than the same question about works of painting, which appear (at least initially) to be ordinary physical objects. Unlike much literature, the instances of a work are performances, which offer interpretations of the work, yet the work can also be interpreted (perhaps in a different sense) independent of any performance, and performances themselves can be interpreted. This talk of “interpretation” points to the fact that we find music an art steeped with meaning, and yet, unlike drama, music—at least “pure” instrumental music—has no obvious semantic content. This quickly raises the question of why we should find music so valuable. Central to many philosophers’ thinking on these subjects has been music’s apparent ability to express emotions while remaining an abstract art in some sense.

This entry focuses almost exclusively on contemporary philosophy of music (i.e., work since the mid-twentieth century) in an analytic vein. For a historical overview, see the entries on the history of Western philosophy of music: antiquity to 1800 and history of Western philosophy of music: since 1800 . For much broader introductions to philosophy of music, covering its history, major figures, connections with other disciplines, and a wider range of topics, see Gracyk & Kania 2011 and McAuley, Nielsen, & Levinson 2021. Useful single-author overviews include Scruton 1997, Kivy 2002, Hamilton 2007, and Kania 2020.

Most analytic work has primarily discussed Western classical music. (For criticism of this tendency, see Alperson 2009.) In the last 25 years, there has been increasing recognition that different musical practices may not only suggest different answers to the same philosophical questions, but also raise different philosophical questions. Apart from Western classical music, popular Western traditions, such as rock and jazz, have received the most attention. Non-Western musical traditions have received little attention. (Exceptions include S. Davies 2001: 254–94 and 2007; Alperson, Nguyen, & To 2007; S. P. Walton 2007; and Higgins 2007.)

1.1 Music Alone and Together

1.2 the definition of “music”, 2.1 the fundamentalist debate, 2.2 higher-level ontological issues, 3.1 emotions in the music, 3.2 emotions in the listener, 4.1 basic musical understanding, 4.2 higher-level musical understanding, 5.1 music’s artistic value, 5.2 music’s moral value, other internet resources, related entries, 1. what is music.

It is plausible that song is the most common kind of music listened to across history and the globe. Moving images (film, television, videogames, etc.) are ubiquitous in the contemporary world, and most have musical soundtracks. Nonetheless, most philosophy of music considers what Peter Kivy calls music alone (1990)—instrumental music with no non-musical aspects, elements, or accompaniments. At least three reasons can be given to defend this narrow focus. First, pure music often presents the most difficult philosophical problems. The maudlin text of a song plausibly contributes to the song’s expressiveness; it is more puzzling how a piece of music alone could be emotionally expressive. Second, though the problems are more difficult, the solutions are likely to be more easily evaluated with respect to music alone. Just as apportioning blame is easier when one person is responsible for a crime than when the blame must be divided between a number of conspirators, the success of a solution to the problem of musical expressiveness may be clearer if it can explain the expressiveness of music alone. Third, the expressiveness of music alone will play a role in the expressiveness of musical hybrids such as song or film. Though its text may contribute to the expressiveness of a song, for instance, the musical aspects of the song must play some role. A maudlin text set to a jauntily upbeat melody will clearly not have the same overall expressiveness as the same text set to a plodding dirge. Though expressiveness is used as an example here, these same points apply to discussions of musical understanding and value.

Even if these three reasons are compelling (see Ridley 2004 for a sustained critique), music’s combination with other media raises further philosophical questions. There is no space to consider those questions here, but on the aesthetics of song, see Levinson 1987; Gracyk 2001; Bicknell & Fisher 2013; and Bicknell 2015. On music drama, see Kivy 1988b, 1994; Goehr 1998; and Penner 2020. On film music, see Carroll 1988: 213–225; Smith 1996; Levinson 1996b; and Kivy 1997a. See also the chapters in part V of Gracyk & Kania 2011. On hybrid art forms more generally, see Levinson 1984 and Ridley 2004.

Explications of the concept of music usually begin with the idea that music is organized sound. They go on to note that this characterization is too broad, since there are many examples of organized sound that are not music, such as human speech, or the sounds non-human animals and machines make. There are two further kinds of necessary conditions philosophers have added in attempts to fine tune the initial idea. One is an appeal to “tonality” or essentially musical features such as pitch and rhythm (Scruton 1997: 1–79; Hamilton 2007: 40–65; Kania 2011a). Another is an appeal to aesthetic properties or experience (Levinson 1990a; Scruton 1997: 1–96; Hamilton 2007: 40–65). As these references suggest, one can endorse either of these conditions in isolation, or both together.

The main problem with the first kind of condition is that every sound seems capable of being included in a musical performance, and thus characterizing the essentially musical features of sounds seems hopeless. (We need only consider the variety of “untuned” percussion available to a conservative symphonist, though we could also consider examples of wind machines, typewriters, and toilets, in Ralph Vaughan Williams’s Sinfonia Antartica , Leroy Anderson’s The Typewriter , and Yoko Ono’s “Toilet Piece/Unknown.”) Defenders of such a condition have turned to sophisticated intentional or response-dependent theories of tonality in order to overcome this problem. If the essentially musical features of a sound are not intrinsic to it, but somehow related to how it is produced or perceived, we can classify just one of two “indiscernible” sounds as music.

If one endorses only an aesthetic condition, and not a tonality condition, one still faces the problem of poetry—non-musical aesthetically organized sounds. Levinson, who takes this approach, excludes organized linguistic sounds explicitly (1990a: 272). This raises the question of whether there are further distinctions to be made between arts of sound. Andy Hamilton defends a tripartite division, arguing that sound art , as opposed to both music and literature, was established as a significant art form in the twentieth century (2007: 40–65). This is one reason that Hamilton endorses both tonal and aesthetic conditions on music; without the former, Levinson is unable to make such a distinction. On the other hand, by endorsing an aesthetic condition, Hamilton is forced to exclude scales and Muzak, for instance, from the realm of music. Kania (2020: 296–301) suggests that it is a mistake to think that music is necessarily an art. He argues that we should distinguish the medium of music from its artistic uses, just as we do in the cases of language and literature, depiction and painting, and so on.

Jonathan McKeown-Green (2014) makes trenchant criticisms of definitions of music that assume that the nature of music is settled by our conception of music (395, italics removed). He argues that no such definition could be future-proof, since it would be hostage to our changing conception of music. At best, we would end up with a kind of sociological history of music that would fail to fulfill any of the functions of a definition. McKeown-Green singles out the definitions of Kania (2011a) and Levinson (1990a), stated in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions, as of this hopeless kind. But Kania (2020: 302–5) argues that McKeown-Green’s criticisms apply equally to the looser definitions of Hamilton and S. Davies (2012).

Having discussed complications, it’s worth returning to the basic idea of “organized sound.” Most theorists note that music does not consist entirely of sounds. Most obviously, much music includes rests. You might think that silence can function only to organize the sounds of music. One counterargument is that an understanding listener listens to the rests, just as she listens to the sounds (Kania 2010). Another is to provide putative cases of music in which the silences do not structure sounds as ordinary rests do. John Cage’s 4′33″ is frequently discussed, though there is broad agreement that this piece is not silent—its content is the ambient sounds that occur during its performance. (See Dodd 2018 for dissent.) Anyway, S. Davies (1997a), Dodd (2018), and Kania (2010) all argue that Cage’s piece is not music—Davies and Dodd because its sounds (if any) fail to qualify as organized, Kania because they fail to meet a tonality condition. Wadle (forthcoming) argues that the piece is music, because of its contextual connections to previous musical works. Kania considers several other contenders for the label of “silent music,” arguing that there are indeed extant examples, most notably Erwin Schulhoff’s “In Futurum” from his Fünf Pittoresken , which predates Cage’s 4′33″ by some 33 years.

2. Musical Ontology

Musical ontology is the study of the kinds of musical things there are and the relations that hold between them. The most discussed issues within this field have been the metaphysical nature of works of Western classical music (the “fundamentalist debate”), and what it is to give an “authentic performance” of such works. Recently there has been growing interest in the ontologies of other Western musical traditions, such as rock and jazz, and discussion of the methodology and value of musical ontology. (For more detailed overviews of these debates, see Matheson & Caplan 2011, and Nussbaum 2021.)

Musical works in the Western classical tradition admit of multiple instances (performances). Much of the debate over the nature of such works thus reads like a recapitulation of the debate over the “problem of universals”; the range of proposed candidates covers the spectrum of fundamental ontological theories. We might divide musical ontologists into the realists, who posit the existence of musical works, and the anti-realists, who deny their existence. Realism has been more popular than anti-realism, but there have been many conflicting realist views. We begin with two unorthodox realist views before moving on to more orthodox Platonist and nominalist theories, concluding with a consideration of anti-realism.

Idealists hold that musical works are mental entities. Collingwood (1938) and Sartre (1940) respectively take musical (and other) works to be imaginary objects and experiences. The most serious objections to this kind of view are that (i) it fails to make works intersubjectively accessible, since the number of works going under the name The Rite of Spring will be as multifarious as the imaginative experiences people have at performances with that name, and (ii) it makes the medium of the work irrelevant to an understanding of it. One might have the same imaginative experience in response to both a live performance and a recording of The Rite of Spring , yet it seems an open question whether the two media are aesthetically equivalent. But see Cox 1986 and Cray & Matheson 2017 for attempts to revive idealism.

David Davies argues that musical works, like all works of art, are actions , in particular the compositional actions of their composers (2004). Thus he revives what we might call an “action theory” of the ontology of art. (An earlier defender of such a view is Gregory Currie (1989), who argues that artworks are types of action, rather than the particular actions with which Davies identifies them.) Although deciding between theories of musical ontology is always to some extent a matter of finding a balance between the benefits of a theory and its cost in terms of our pre-theoretic intuitions, action theories have a particularly hard row to hoe since they imply that an instance of a work is some action performed by a composer, rather than a performance. In order to make up for such damage to our intuitions the theoretical benefits of an action theory would have to be quite extensive.

Most theorists think that some kind of Platonist or nominalist theory of musical works is more plausible than those so far considered. Platonism, the view that musical works are abstract objects, is arguably still the dominant view, though it seems to be losing ground to sophisticated nominalisms. Its great advantage is its ability to respect more of our pre-theoretic intuitions about musical works than other theories can. On the other hand, it is the most ontologically puzzling, since abstract objects are not well understood. Nonetheless, Platonism has been tenacious, with much of the debate centering around what variety of abstract object musical works are. What we might call “simple Platonism” (known simply as “Platonism” in the literature), is the view that works are eternal existents, existing in neither space nor time (Kivy 1983a, 1983b, Dodd 2007). Puy (2019) presents a variation according to which musical works are higher-order types, of which the types other Platonist thinks are works are specific versions of works. (See D. Davies 2021 for discussion.)

According to “complex Platonism,” musical works come to exist in time as the result of human action. The complexity is motivated by a number of features of musical practice, including the intuition that musical works are creatable, the attribution of various aesthetic and artistic properties to works, and the fine-grained individuation of works and performances (e.g., in terms of who composed them, or what instruments they are properly performed upon) (Ingarden 1961; Thomasson 2004; Wolterstorff 1980; Wollheim 1968: 1–10, 74–84; Levinson 1980, 1990b, 2012; S. Davies 2001: 37–43; Howell 2002; Stecker 2003a: 84–92).

Nominalists identify a musical work with something concrete. The most obvious candidate is a collection of performances, whether the collection be understood as a set (Goodman 1968; Predelli 1995, 1999a, 1999b, 2001), a fusion (Caplan & Matheson 2004, 2006), or something more esoteric (Tillman 2011; see also Moruzzi 2018). Charles Nussbaum (2007: 143–87) and P. D. Magnus (2012) argue for a close analogy between musical works and species. Nussbaum (2021: 334) points out that a sophisticated nominalist theory of species has been developed in great detail over the years by Ruth Millikan (1984, 2000). While such views are attractive because they appeal only to the least problematic kinds of entities, they face serious challenges. Though many of our claims about musical works may be paraphraseable into claims about sets of (possible) performances, some seem to make intractable reference to works. For instance, most performances of The Rite of Spring—even including the possible ones—include several wrong notes. Thus it is difficult to imagine how the paraphrase schema will avoid the nonsensical conclusion that The Rite of Spring contains several wrong notes, if the work consists entirely of performances. In response to this problem, most nominalists add to the collection of performances some provenential item, such as an original score or act of composition. Whether this addition can solve the problem without necessitating the reintroduction of an abstract entity is one question any nominalist must address.

Intermediate between Platonism and nominalism are the views of Philip Letts (2018) and Guy Rohrbaugh (2003). Letts argues that any view of musical works as types would be improved by identifying those types with their associated properties, a proposal that may be developed in a Platonist or nominalist direction. Rohrbaugh’s view of musical works as historical individuals “embodied in,” but not constituted by, physical things such as scores and performances closely resembles to the views of Nussbaum and Magnus, discussed above, but Rohrbaugh takes the work to be an abstract object over and above its embodiments. (For discussion, see Dodd 2007: 143–66.)

In contrast to all these realist views stand those of the anti-realists, who deny that there are any such things as musical works. An early proponent of such a view is Richard Rudner (1950), though it is difficult to say whether he is best interpreted as an eliminativist or a fictionalist, the two anti-realist views currently on the table. According to eliminativists, there are no such things as musical works, and thus we ought to stop trying to refer to them. Ross Cameron (2008) defends such a view, but only with respect to “Ontologese”—the language we speak when we do ontology. He argues that ordinary English locutions such as “there are many musical works” can be true without there being any musical works. (For critical discussion, see Predelli 2009 and Stecker 2009.) According to fictionalists, the value of discourse about musical works is not truth, and thus we ought not to abandon the discourse despite the non-existence of its subject matter, but rather to adopt a different, make-believe attitude towards it (or perhaps we already do so). (See Kania 2008; for criticism, see D. Davies 2011: 45–50, Letts 2015, and Nussbaum 2021: 337.)

Much of this debate over the fundamental ontological category to which musical works belong has turned on “technical” issues, that is, controversial general metaphysical claims about the nature of properties, causation, embodiment, and so on (e.g., Howell 2002; Trivedi 2002; Caplan & Matheson 2004, 2006; Dodd 2007; Hazlett 2012; Kleinschmidt & Ross 2012; Dodd & Letts 2017; Cameron 2008). In the face of this, some theorists have pointed out that musical works are cultural entities, and thus the methodology appropriate to uncovering their ontological status might be quite different from that of general metaphysics (Goehr 1992; S. Davies 2003a; D. Davies 2004; Thomasson 2006). For further discussion of the methodology of musical ontology, see D. Davies 2009, 2017; Predelli 2009; Stecker 2009; Dodd 2010, 2013; Mag Uidhir 2012b; and Nussbaum 2021.

It might seem that, since musical works are ontologically multiple, once we have figured out their true nature, we will know what relation holds between the work and its performances, namely, whatever relationship holds between entities of that kind and their instances. However, since the fundamentalist debate is about the basic ontological category to which works belong, resolving that debate may leave open many questions about the relation between a work and its performances. For instance, is the use of a harpsichord required to instance Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in performance? Would producing harpsichord-like sounds on a synthesizer do just as well? What about using another keyboard instrument from Bach’s time, or a modern piano? Learning that musical works are, say, eternal types will not necessarily help settle this issue of “authentic performance,” which is perhaps the most discussed music-ontological issue, of interest to philosophers, musicologists, musicians, and audiences alike. (For an excellent overview of the authentic performance debate, see S. Davies 2001: 201–53. For an investigation of authenticity with respect to things other than instantiation of the work, see Kivy 1995; Gracyk 2001, 2009, 2017; Bicknell 2015; and Cray 2019.)

There have been two sources of widespread confusion in the debate over authenticity in performance. One is a failure to recognize that authenticity is not simply a property, but a relation that comes in degrees and holds with respect to different aspects of its target. Something may be more authentic in one regard and less authentic in another (S. Davies 2001: 203–5). Another is the assumption that authenticity is an evaluative concept, in the sense that “authentic” implies “good.” That this is not the case is clear from the fact that an authentic murderer is not a good thing (S. Davies 2001: 204). Thus, our value judgments will be complex functions of the extent to which we judge performances authentic in various regards, and the values we assign to those various kinds of authenticity.

The central kind of authenticity that has been discussed is authenticity with respect to the instantiation of the work. Most agree that the fullest such authenticity requires the production of the right pitches and rhythms in the right order. (For skepticism based on the history of the practice, see Dyck 2014; Ravasio 2019a; and the discussion in Dodd 2020b and Ravasio 2020.) Pure sonicists argue that this is sufficient (e.g., Kivy 1988a). Timbral sonicists argue that these pitches must also have timbres reflecting the composer’s instrumentation (e.g., Dodd 2007: 201–39). Instrumentalists argue that such sounds must be produced on the kinds of instruments specified in the score (e.g., Levinson 1990c). Much of the debate is over what kinds of aesthetic or artistic properties are essential to musical works. If the limpid textures of Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 are essential to it, then one cannot authentically instance the work using a grand piano instead of a harpsichord. As such, the debate reflects a wider one in aesthetics, musical and otherwise, between formalists (or empiricists, or structuralists), who believe that the most important properties of a work are intrinsic ones, accessible to listeners unaware of the historical and artistic context in which it was created, and contextualists , who believe that a work is essentially tied to its context of creation. Stephen Davies has argued for a strong contextualism, claiming that one cannot give a single answer to the question of whether particular instrumentation is required for the fully authentic instantiation of a work. Works can be ontologically “thicker” or “thinner” as a result of the specifications of a composer working within certain conventions (1991, 2001). The more properties of a fully authentic performance a particular work specifies, the thicker it is. Thus for some works (typically earlier in the history of Western music) instrumentation is flexible, while for others (e.g., Romantic symphonies) quite specific instrumentation is required for fully authentic performances.

In addition to the question of what constitutes authenticity, there has been debate over its attainability and value. Those who question its attainability point to our historical distance from the creation of some works (Young 1988). We may no longer be able to read the notation in which the work is recorded, or construct or play the instruments for which it was written. If so, full authenticity is not attainable. But we rarely have no idea about these matters, and thus we might achieve partial authenticity (S. Davies 2001: 228–34). Those who question the value of authenticity often target kinds other than work-instantiation. For instance, one might question the value of producing a performance that authentically captures the sound of performances as they took place in the context of a work’s composition, on the basis that musicians were not as highly skilled then as now, for instance (Young 1988: 229–31). Such arguments, though, have no consequences for the value of work-instantiation. Some argue that although we might attain an authentic instance of a work, the idea that we might thereby hear the work as its contemporaries heard it is wishful thinking, since the musical culture in which we are immersed enforces ways of listening upon us that we cannot escape (Young 1988: 232–7). Thus the point of such authenticity is questioned. In response, we may consider not only the possibility that we are in a better position to appreciate historical works than contemporary ones, but also the remarkable flexibility people seem to show in enjoying many different kinds of music from throughout history and the world (S. Davies 2001: 234–7).

Julian Dodd (2020a) argues that there is more than one way to be true to a musical work, and thus to produce an authentic performance: One can comply with the score, or one can be true to the music’s overall integrity or point (136). When the two conflict, interpretive authenticity trumps score-compliance authenticity (147) because the fundamental norm of work-performance practice is to perform it in a way that evinces a subtle or profound understanding of it (163), while score compliance is valued only because it tends to lead to such performances. Andrew Kania responds that it is unclear whether, even by the lights of Dodd’s own theory, Dodd’s central examples are cases of interpretive authenticity trumping score compliance (Kania 2022: 131–2). More importantly, he argues that Dodd’s conception of the music’s overall integrity or point misses the importance of the surface-level details to a work’s meaning or content. Kania suggests, instead, that the fundamental norm of the practice is to evince an understanding of the work through complying with its score (2022: 127, italics altered).

Moving on from authenticity, a second area that may be independent of the fundamentalist debate is that of comparative ontology. (For dispute over this framing issue, see Brown 2011, 2012.) Just as classical works from different historical periods may be ontologically diverse, so may works from different contemporary traditions. Theodore Gracyk has argued that instances of works of rock music are not performances. Rather, the work is instanced by playing a copy of a recording on an appropriate device (1996; cf. Fisher 1998). Stephen Davies has argued that rock is more like classical music than Gracyk acknowledges, with works for performance at the heart of the tradition, albeit works for a different kind of performance (2001: 30–6). Gracyk’s view has been amplified and defended in attempts to find a place for composition, live performance, and performance skill within his basic framework (Kania 2006, Bruno 2013, Bartel 2017, Magnus 2022).

Work on the ontology of jazz has centered on the nature of improvisation, particularly the relation between improvisation and composition (Alperson 1984, 1998; Valone 1985; Brown 1996, 2000; Hagberg 1998; Gould & Keaton 2000; Sterritt 2000; and Young & Matheson 2000; Bresnahan 2015; Love 2016; Magnus 2016). This has been a useful reminder that not all music is the performance of pre-composed works (Wolterstorff 1987: 115–29). However, improvisation can occur within the context of such a work, as in the performance of an improvised cadenza in a classical concerto. Some have argued that there is not as significant a distinction between improvisation and composition as is usually thought (Alperson 1984). Others have argued that all performance requires improvisation (Gould & Keaton 2000). Yet others restrict the possibility of improvisation to certain kinds of musical properties, such as “structural” rather than “expressive” ones (Young & Matheson 2000). However, none of these arguments are compelling. Usually they turn on equivocal use of terms such as “composition” and “performance,” or beg the question by defining improvisation in terms of deviation from a score or variation of a limited set of “expressive” properties.

Though jazz is not necessarily improvisational, and very few jazz performances lack any sort of prior compositional process, the centrality of improvisation to jazz presents a challenge to the musical ontologist. One might argue that jazz works are ontologically like classical works—composed for multiple, different performances—but that they tend to be thinner, leaving more room for improvisation (Gould & Keaton 2000; Young & Matheson 2000). The difficulty is to specify the work without conflating one work with another, since tokening the melody may not be required, and many works share the same harmonic structure. As a result, some argue that the performance is itself the work (Alperson 1984; Hagberg 2002; S. Davies 2001: 16–19). One problem here is parity with classical music. If jazz performances are musical works in their own right, it is difficult to deny that status to classical performances of works, yet this seems to multiply works beyond what we usually think is necessary. A third possibility is that in jazz there are no works, only performances (Brown 1996, 2000: 115; Kania 2011b). This is counterintuitive if “work” is an evaluative term, but it is not obvious that this is the case.

Julian Dodd (2014a) argues that the kinds of considerations adduced in favor of these views confuse questions of ontology with questions of value. Jazz is ontologically like early classical music, according to Dodd: the focus of critical attention is the improvisatory performance rather than the composition it instantiates, but that composition is no less a musical work for that difference in critical emphasis. (See Fisher 2018 for an attempted reconciliation.) Similar considerations might be adduced against the increasingly complicated ontologies of rock referred to above. Such arguments return us to debates about the methodology of musical ontology.

3. Music and the Emotions

The most widely discussed philosophical question concerning music and the emotions is that of how music can express emotions. (For a more extensive introduction, see part II of Gracyk & Kania 2011; for a thorough treatment, see S. Davies 1994.) There is a second group of questions centered around listeners’ emotional responses to music. These include questions about why and how we respond emotionally to music, the value of such responses, and why we choose to listen to music that elicits “negative” responses from us, such as sadness. Theorists typically restrict themselves to “pure” or “absolute” music on the grounds that it is easier to understand how music with an accompanying text, say, could express the emotions evident in the text. However, an important criterion for the evaluation of such music is how appropriately the composer has set her chosen text to music. So an accompanying text is clearly not sufficient for the musical expression of an emotion. Thus, a better reason for initially putting such music to one side is perhaps that the interrelation of music and text, or other elements, is likely to be highly complex, and best approached with as well-developed a theory of the more basic phenomena in hand as possible. (For an extended criticism of this approach, see Ridley 2004: 1–104.)

Pieces of music, and performances of them, are standardly said to be happy, sad, and so on. Music’s emotional expressiveness is a philosophical problem since the paradigm expressers of emotions are psychological agents, who have emotions to express. Neither pieces of music, nor performances of them, are psychological agents, thus it is puzzling that such things could be said to express emotions.

One radical way to solve the puzzle is to deny that music is emotionally expressive. A major burden of such eliminativism is to explain away the widespread tendency to describe music in emotional terms. This has been attempted by arguing that such descriptions are shorthand or metaphor for purely sonic features (Urmson 1973), basic dynamic features (Hanslick 1854), purely musical features (Sharpe 1982), or aesthetic properties (Zangwill 2007). There are many problems with such views. For one thing, they seem committed to some sort of scheme for reduction of expressive predicates to other terms, such as sonic or musical ones, and such a scheme is difficult to imagine (Budd 1985a: 31–6). For another, anyone not drawn to this theory is likely to reject the claim that the paraphrase captures all that is of interest and value about the passage described, precisely because it omits the expressive predicates (Davies 1994: 153–4).

Conventionalism is the view that music’s expressiveness is a matter of the conventional association of certain musical elements, such as slow tempi, with certain emotional states, such as sadness. Such conventions must play a role in some cases of expression—for instance, cases of particular musical instruments (e.g., the snare drum) being associated with particular situations (e.g., war) and thus emotions (e.g., foreboding). But such conventions seem unlikely to account for all musical expressiveness, since much of that expressiveness seems less arbitrary than conventionalism would suggest. It seems implausible, for instance, that the convention for funeral dirges might just as easily have that they should be quick-paced and in major keys. Even in cases like the snare drum, it seems possible that the instrument was chosen for the battlefield in part because of the expressive character of its sonic profile.

The cliché that music is “the language of the emotions” is often considered as a possible starting point for a theory of musical expressiveness. The idea combines the attractive simplicity of conventionalism with the formalist notion that music’s order is to be understood in terms of syntax. (See Lerdahl & Jackendoff 1983 for a theory along the latter lines.) However, although Deryck Cooke (1959) and Leonard Meyer (1956) are often cited as proponents, it is not clear that anyone holds a full-blown version of the theory. The central problem is the great disparities between language and music, in terms of the ways in which each is both syntactic and semantic (Jackendoff 2011). A serious subsidiary problem is that even if music were about the emotions in the way that language can be, that would not account for music’s expressiveness . The sentence “I am sad” is about the emotions, but it is not expressive of sadness in the way a sad face is, though you could use either to express your sadness. Most people agree that music’s relation to emotion is more like that of a sad face than that of a sentence. (This last criticism is also applicable to Susanne Langer’s theory (1953) that music is about the emotions in a symbolic yet non-linguistic way.)

We now turn to theories that attempt to connect the notion of music’s expressiveness to actual felt emotions. One obvious way to do so is to argue that pieces of music or performances of them are expressions of such emotions—those of the composer or performer. There are two major problems with this “expression theory.” The first is that neither composers nor performers often experience the emotions their music is expressive of as it is produced. Nor does it seem unlikely that a composer could create, or a performer perform, a piece expressive of an emotion that she had never experienced. This is not to deny that a composer could write a piece expressive of her emotional state, but for the expression theory to be an account of musical expressiveness, at least all central cases of expressiveness must follow this model, which is not the case. Moreover, if a composer is to express her sadness, say, by writing a sad piece, she must pen the right kind of piece. In other words, if she is a bad composer she might fail to express her emotion. This brings us to the second major problem for the expression theory. If a composer can fail to express her emotions in a piece, then the music she writes is expressive independent of the emotion she is experiencing. Thus music’s expressiveness cannot be explained in terms of direct expression.

Those usually cited as classic expression theorists include Tolstoy (1898), Dewey (1934), and Collingwood (1938). (A classic critique is Tormey 1971: 97–127.) These theorists have been defended in recent discussions, however, from accusations that they hold the simple view outlined above (Ridley 2003, Robinson 2005: 229–57). Jenefer Robinson has attempted to revive the expression theory, though she defends it as an interesting and valuable use of music’s expressiveness, rather than an account of expressiveness itself (2005: 229–347; 2011).

A second way to link music’s expressiveness with actual felt emotions is through the audience. According to arousalism, the expressiveness of a passage of music amounts to its tendency to arouse that emotion in a competent listener. Arousalism faces several objections. First, some competent listeners seem emotionally unmoved by music (or are at least not moved to the specific emotions expressed by it). But perhaps the arousalist can simply restrict the class of listener to which his theory appeals to those who are so moved. Second, some emotions, such as fear, require a particular kind of intentional object (something threatening), yet there is no such object at hand when we hear fearful music. Thus it seems implausible to claim the music’s fearfulness resides in its arousal of fear in us. But perhaps the arousalist can broaden the class of aroused emotions to include appropriate responses to the expressed emotion, such as pity. Third, in many cases it seems that listeners respond emotionally to the expressiveness of the music. It is not clear that the arousalist can handle such cases non-circularly. (A sophisticated defense of the arousal theory is to be found in Matravers 1998: 145–224, though see the second thoughts in Matravers 2011. For an extended critique, see S. Davies 1994: 104–200.)

Despite the problems of the arousal theory as the whole story of musical expressiveness, there is a growing consensus, thanks largely to the work of Jenefer Robinson (1994, 2005), that our lower-level, less cognitive responses to music must play some role in the emotional expressiveness we attribute to it. However, this role is likely to be a causal one, rather than part of an analysis of what it is for music to be emotionally expressive.

Several theorists have defended accounts of musical expressiveness known variously as resemblance, contour, or appearance theories (e.g., Kivy 1989, though see Kivy 2002: 31–48 for recent qualms; Budd 1995: 133–54; S. Davies 1994: 221–67). The central idea is that music’s expressiveness consists in the resemblance between its dynamic character and that of various typical aspects of people experiencing emotions. The aspects appealed to include the phenomenology of the experience of the emotion, the emotion’s facial expression, the contour of vocal expression or bodily behavior of a person experiencing the emotion. Stephen Davies argues that such theories hold music to be expressive in a literal albeit secondary sense of the term. We say that a piece of music is sad in the same sense in which we say that a weeping willow is sad (S. Davies 2006: 183). Such uses are no more metaphorical than a claim that a chair has arms.

Jerrold Levinson agrees that there is an important resemblance between the contour of music expressive of an emotion and the contour of typical behavioral expressions of that emotion. He objects, however, that such an account cannot be the whole, or even the most fundamental part of the story (Levinson 1996a, 2006b). He drives in a wedge precisely at the point where an appeal is made to the resemblance between the music and typical behavioral expressions. He asks what the manner and extent of the resemblance between the two must be, precisely, in order for the music to count as expressive of some emotion. After all, everything resembles everything else in all sorts of ways, and so one could point out many resemblances between a funeral march and an expression of joy, or for that matter a cup of coffee and sadness. The resemblance theorist must give some account of why the funeral march, and not the cup of coffee, is expressive of sadness and not joy. Levinson claims that the obvious answer here is that the funeral march is “readily hearable as” an expression of sadness. If this is correct, then the resemblance the music bears to emotional behavior is logically secondary—a cause or ground of its expressiveness. The expressiveness itself resides in the music’s disposition to elicit the imaginative response in us of hearing the music as a literal expression of emotion. As a logical consequence, the imaginative experience prompted must include some agent whose expression the music literally is.

In reply to this kind of objection, Stephen Davies has emphasized the role of the listener’s response in resemblance theories. Such responses have always been appealed to by such theories, as evidenced by Malcolm Budd’s talk of “hearing as” (1995: 135–7), and Peter Kivy’s discussion of our tendency to “animate” that which we perceive (1980: 57–9). But Davies now makes the appeal quite explicit and central, devoting as much space to explication of the response-dependent nature of expressiveness as to the role of resemblance (2006). For Davies, the response of the competent listener upon which the expressiveness of the music depends is one of an experience of resemblance rather than imagined expression (2006: 181–2). Matteo Ravasio (2019b) argues that this leads to further problems.

Since Davies’s theory posits at base a contour-recognition experience while Levinson’s posits an imaginative experience of expression, the link between literal expression and musical expressiveness looks closer in Levinson’s theory than in Davies’s. An empirical consequence seems to be that Davies’s theory will predict weaker emotional responses to music than Levinson’s. Whether or not this is an advantage or disadvantage of the theory depends on the empirical facts about how we respond emotionally to music.

There are three main questions asked about our emotional responses to pure music, apart from what role they play in expressiveness. The first is analogous to the “paradox of fiction.” It is not clear why we should respond emotionally to music’s expressiveness when we know that no one is undergoing the emotions expressed. The second is a variant of the “paradox of tragedy.” If some music arouses “negative” emotional responses in us, such as sadness, why do we seek out the experience of such music? This leads to the more general question of the value of our emotional responses to music. The first two questions are addressed in this section, and the third in section 5.1.

Peter Kivy (1999) argues that those who report emotional reactions to music are confusing the pleasure they take in the beauty of the music, in all its expressive individuality, with the feeling of the emotion expressed. Though most philosophers appeal to ordinary experience and empirical data to reject the plausibility of Kivy’s position, they admit the problem that motivates it, namely, the conceptual tension between the nature of music and the nature of the emotions we feel in response to it. There is some consensus that emotions are cognitive, in the sense that they take intentional objects—they are about things—of certain kinds. For instance, in order to feel fear , one must believe that something is threatening (the “intentional object” of the emotion). When one listens to a sad piece of music, however, one knows there is nothing literally feeling sad, and thus it is puzzling that one should be made sad by the experience.

Part of the solution is that not all emotional responses (broadly construed) are cognitive (Robinson 1994; 2005: 387–400). For instance, it is no more puzzling that one could be startled by a fortissimo blow to a bass drum than that one could so respond to a thunderclap. Another part of the solution is that the music can be the object of our emotions, as when we are delighted by an effective ending to a long and complex piece.

As for emotional responses to music’s expressiveness, there are at least two possible explanations. One appeals to the phenomenon of “emotional contagion” or “mirroring responses” (S. Davies 1994: 279–307; 2006: 186–8). When surrounded by moping people, one tends to become sad. Moreover, such a “mood” is not about some intentional object. One is not necessarily sad for the mopers, nor whatever they are sad about, if anything. Similarly, when “surrounded” by music that presents an appearance of sadness, one might become sad, but not sad about the music, or anything else (Radford 1991). For critical discussion, see Robinson 2005: 379–412 and S. Davies 2011b.

If our experience of music’s expressiveness necessarily involves imagining that the music is a literal expression of emotion, then our emotional responses to that expressiveness are no more puzzling than emotional responses to other imagined expressive agents, such as fictional characters in novels. The advantage is only slight because the question of how and why we respond emotionally to fictions is itself a philosophical problem of some magnitude. Nonetheless, there are several theories available (see the supplement to the entry on imagination, §2 ). One difficulty with appealing to a solution to the paradox of fiction is that it is not clear that our emotional responses to the expressiveness of music are the same as those to emotionally expressive characters. For instance, the standard example of an emotional response to music is being made sad by a dirge, while the standard example of emotional response to fiction is (something like) to feel pity for a sad character. If the former is to be explained in the same way as the latter, we would expect listeners to feel pity in response to the funeral march (pity for the persona imagined to be expressing her sadness through it). However, we surely do feel sad (in some sense) in response to tragedy, and it is not obvious that we do not feel pity (or imagined pity, or whatever one’s preferred theory of emotional response to fiction posits) in response to sad music.

Leaving behind the topic of how and why we respond emotionally to music, we turn to the question of why we seek out music that arouses “negative” emotions in us, such as sadness, assuming henceforth that we are in fact aroused to such emotions. (Since this problem is a close analog of the “paradox of tragedy,” some of the references below are to literature not explicitly about music, but the transposition of the arguments to music is not difficult to imagine. (See also the supplement to the entry on imagination, §3 .) Most solutions assume that our negative emotional response is a price we are willing to pay for the benefits of engaging with the piece in question. The benefits appealed to include understanding and appreciating the music, including the expressiveness responsible for the negative response (Goodman 1968: 247–51; S. Davies 1994: 311–20; Goldman 1995: 68; Robinson 2005: 348–78).

A different benefit is Aristotelian catharsis , in which our negative emotional response to expressive art results in a psychological purgation of the negative emotions (Aristotle 1987: 6, 1449b21–1450b20). A less therapeutic approach is the suggestion that, since these emotions are without “life implications” (that is, as discussed above, we are not sad about any actual tragic events), we are able to take advantage of our responses to savor these emotions, gain an understanding of them, and be reassured that we have the capacity to feel them (Levinson 1982). Two things that must be explained by any defender of this kind of response are, first, our persistence in seeking out music that elicits negative emotional experiences after we have received the resulting benefit and, second, the enjoyment we seem to take in these negative responses, as opposed to putting up with them for their related benefits.

A different kind of solution to the problem argues that responses such as sadness that are evoked by expressive music are not really negative. Hume (1757) argues, with respect to tragedy, that the pleasure we take in the mode of presentation of the content of an artwork does not simply counterbalance the negative emotion evoked, but rather subsumes and transforms it into a pleasurable feeling. Kendall Walton argues (also with respect to tragedy) that sadness is not in itself negative. Rather, it is the situation to which sadness is the response that is negative. Thus, though we would not seek out the death of a loved one, given the death we “welcome” the sorrow (K. Walton 1990: 255–9). Similarly, we cannot affect the sadness of a musical work by not listening to it, and so we welcome our sorrowful response to it as appropriate. Berys Gaut (2007: 203–26) argues that though sadness is typically aroused by situations we would prefer to avoid, sadness in response to artistic expressiveness is an exception and thus not negative in any paradoxical way. A difficulty for all three solutions is the extent to which they accord with our emotional experience in rejecting the characterization of our sadness as negative.

4. Understanding Music

A central topic in the understanding of narrative art forms, such as literature and film, is what constitutes an acceptable interpretation of a work. One debate concerns whether there is a single correct interpretation of any work or multiple acceptable interpretations. Another concerns the constraints on acceptable interpretations, e.g., the extent to which the artist’s intentions may or should be taken into account.

Though these questions seem equally applicable to musical works (S. Davies 2002a; Dubiel 2011), most of the literature on understanding music has focused on two more specifically musical topics: first, our understanding of basic musical features, such as pitch and rhythm and, second, interpretations of works of the sort given by music theorists. (For more detailed introductions to these and other topics in musical understanding, see S. Davies 2011c and Huovinen 2011.)

Before we turn to those topics, it is worth noting that two distinct activities go by the name of “interpretation” in music (and other performance arts): what might be called performative and critical interpretation (Levinson 1993). While a critical interpretation of a musical work (often called an analysis) is roughly equivalent to an interpretation of a novel—typically expressed linguistically—a performative interpretation is a way of playing or singing the work, typically expressed in a performance of it. It is not easy to clarify the relationship between these two kinds of musical interpretation, but see Levinson 1993, Maus 1999, Thom 2007, Neufeld 2012, and Dodd 2020a.

Animals can hear music in a sense—your dog might be frightened by the loud noise emitted by your stereo. People, by contrast, can understand the music they hear. What constitutes this experience of understanding music? To use an analogy, while the mere sound of a piece of music might be represented by a sonogram, our experience of it as music is better represented by something like a marked-up score. We hear individual notes that make up distinct melodies, harmonies, rhythms, sections, and so on, and the interaction between these elements. Such musical understanding comes in degrees along a number of dimensions. Your understanding of a given piece or style may be deeper than mine, while the reverse is true for another piece or style. My general musical understanding may be narrow, in the sense that I only understand one kind of music, while you understand many different kinds (Budd 1985b: 233–5; S. Davies 2011c: 88–95). Moreover, different pieces or kinds of pieces may call on different abilities, since some music has no harmony to speak of, some no melody, and so on. Many argue that, in addition to purely musical features, understanding the emotions expressed in a piece is essential to adequately understanding it (e.g., Ridley 1993; S. Davies 1994; Levinson 1990d: 30; Scruton 1997; Robinson 2005: 348–78).

At the base of the musical experience seem to be (i) the experience of tones , as opposed to mere sounds of various frequencies, where a tone is heard as being in “musical space,” that is, as bearing relations to other tones such as being higher or lower, or of the same kind (at the octave), and (ii) the experience of movement , as when we hear a melody as leaping up or wandering far afield and then coming to rest where it began. Roger Scruton (1983; 1997: 1–96) argues that these experiences are irreducibly metaphorical, since they involve the application of spatial concepts to that which is not literally spatial. (There is no identifiable individual that moves from place to place in a melody (S. Davies 1994: 229–34).) Malcolm Budd (1985b) argues that to appeal to metaphor in this context is unilluminating since, first, it is unclear what it means for an experience to be metaphorical and, second, a metaphor is only given meaning through its interpretation, which Scruton not only fails to give, but argues is unavailable. Budd suggests that the metaphor is reducible, and thus eliminable, apparently in terms of purely musical (i.e., non-spatial) concepts or vocabulary. Stephen Davies (1994: 234–40) doubts that the spatial vocabulary can be eliminated, but he is sympathetic to Budd’s rejection of the centrality of metaphor. Instead, he argues that our use of spatial and motion terms to describe music is a secondary, but literal, use of those terms that is widely used to describe temporal processes, such as the ups and downs of the stock market, the theoretical position one occupies, one’s spirits plunging, and so on. The debate continues in Budd 2003, Scruton 2004, and S. Davies 2011d.

Davies is surely right about the ubiquity of the application of the language of space and motion to processes that lack individuals located in space. The appeal to secondary literal meanings, however, can seem as unsatisfying as the appeal to irreducible metaphor. We do not hear music simply as a temporal process, it might be objected, but as moving in the primary sense of the word, though we know that it does not literally so move. Andrew Kania (2015) develops a position out of this intuition by emphasizing Scruton’s appeal to imagination while dropping the appeal to metaphor, arguing that hearing the music as moving is a matter of imagining that its constituent sounds move. (See also de Clercq 2007 and Trivedi 2011: 116–18.) Kania explicitly models his theory on the popular Waltonian theory of fiction (K. Walton 1990), though Walton seems to resist the application of his theory to basic musical understanding because of the differences between music and more paradigmatically representational arts (K. Walton 1988: 358–9, 1994: 53–4).

Apart from pitch space and melodic movement, there has been little philosophical discussion of either the nature and understanding of basic musical features such as melody, rhythm, meter, and harmony or how these elements work together in complex musical wholes. But see Roger Scruton 1997: 19–79, 2007; Stephen Davies 2001: 47–71; Hamilton 2007: 119–52; and Cheyne, Hamilton, and Paddison 2020.

It is widely acknowledged that explicit music-theoretical knowledge can aid deeper musical understanding and is essential for the adequate description and understanding of musical experiences—including one’s own (Kivy 1990). However, several philosophers have argued that one need not possess these concepts explicitly (nor the correlative vocabulary) in order to listen with understanding (Budd 1985b; 245–8; S. Davies 1994: 346–9; Levinson 1990d: 35–41). Mark DeBellis (1995: 117–31) argues that understanding fairly basic features of music, such as different kinds of cadences, requires a fused experience in which one applies a concept such as dominant seventh in one’s perception of the musical sounds. Stephen Davies (2011c: 88–94) responds that the serious but untutored listener should be able to develop such concepts, and thus have such experiences. Erkki Huovinen (2008) provides an example intended to cast doubt on this. Suppose that a melody is transposed from C major to D-flat major, but in a lower octave. One listener might hear the melody as reappearing higher, since D-flat is a half-step above C, while another might hear it as lower, since the constituent pitches of the second appearance are all lower than those of the first. Only a listener who understands the sense in which both these claims are true—that the melody has been transposed down a major seventh—truly understands what is going on musically. Yet such concepts of pitch organization … are not usually learned without some tuition (Huovinen 2008: 325).

For various art-historical reasons, formalism was the dominant approach to music-theoretic analysis, that is, the critical interpretation of musical works, throughout the twentieth century. (Hamilton 2007: 66–94 & 153–91 provides a useful discussion of the history from a philosophical perspective.) In short, the value of works of music was held to reside primarily in their large-scale harmonic structure.

Jerrold Levinson (1997) makes a case against such “architectonicism” in favor of “concatenationism,” the view that basic musical understanding consists in following the musical and emotional qualities of passages of music, and transitions between them, that are short enough to be apprehended as a single experience (“quasi-hearing”). He qualifies this basic idea considerably, allowing for the experience of previous parts of the piece, and anticipation of future parts, to modify one’s experience of the music in the moment. He also allows that architectonic awareness may play a role in enhancing one’s moment-to-moment experience, and may even play an ineliminable part in the understanding of some pieces. Nonetheless, Levinson maintains that the part played by architectonic knowledge in basic musical understanding is minimal, and that the cases where architectonic knowledge is necessary are very much the exception.

Peter Kivy has taken up the gauntlet on behalf of architectonicism (2001; see also S. Davies 2011c: 95–9). While Kivy acknowledges that the kinds of experiences Levinson champions are necessary to basic musical understanding, he defends the idea that grasping the large-scale form of most pieces of Western classical music, at least, is necessary for an adequate understanding of them. He does not deny that the experience of the form of a piece in listening to it is more intellectual than quasi-hearing, but he rejects Levinson’s argument that it is non-perceptual, and thus marginal to an adequate experience of it as music. Rather, Kivy argues, such experience is a matter of bringing one’s perceptions under sophisticated concepts. (A tactic Kivy does not consider is an attempt to hoist Levinson with his own contextualist petard, arguing that even if architectonic listening is non-perceptual it is a well-established mode of understanding pieces of music in the Western classical music world, and thus that to argue music must be understood primarily perceptually is to beg the question.)

The extent of the disagreement between the architectonicist and the concatenationist is unclear. They agree that the aspect of musical understanding the other emphasizes is a non-negligible component in the full understanding of a musical work. Levinson has been explicit since the first publication of his view that he intends it more as a polemic against and corrective to architectonicism, rather than as a replacement for it (1997: ix–xi; 1999: 485; 2006a). Perhaps that purpose has now been fulfilled, but see Huovinen 2013 for a revival of the debate and an attempted synthesis.

5. Music and Value

Most philosophical discussions of the value of music are implicitly restricted to the artistic value of purely instrumental musical works. To the extent that such discussions are motivated by the abstract nature of such music (see below), it is not clear to what extent they can be extended to musical hybrids such as song. Moreover, as we saw in section 1.2, it is not obvious that all music is art. Perhaps non-art music can be artistically valuable, but it presumably has other values; a complete theory of the value of music would apparently have to account for those values. (Presumably, art music can also have non-artistic value.)

Following the literature, however, the remainder of this subsection considers the artistic value of purely musical works. This is not the place to go into the many disputes about the nature of aesthetic and artistic value. (For an excellent introduction, see Stecker 2003b.) For our purposes, we can note there are two central points about artistic value on which there is some consensus. First, most philosophers take the value of artworks to be intrinsic (or inherent ) to them, in the sense that the value of a work is tied essentially to the experience that the work affords. Thus, artworks are not (properly) valued merely instrumentally, as means to some end, but “for” or “in” themselves (Budd 1995: 1–16; S. Davies 1987: 198–200; Scruton 1997: 374–6; Levinson 1992: 15–17).

The question that naturally arises next is what it is about the experience an artwork affords that makes it valuable. That pleasure is a non-negligible part of the answer to this question is the second point upon which there is some consensus (S. Davies 1987: 198–205; Levinson 1992; Kivy 1997b: 212–17). However, concomitant with this consensus is an acknowledgment that simple pleasure taken, say, in the sensuousness of the musical sounds is too trivial to ground the great value widely attributed to music. In looking for other sources, the puzzle that arises is that music is supposed to be an abstract art, par excellence . If this means that music is divorced from everything else that concerns us in the “real world” (that is, extra-musical life), it is puzzling why we should find so valuable the experiences musical works afford.

There are a couple of dimensions to most solutions of the puzzle of pure music’s value. One is the extent to which it is agreed that music really is abstract. To the extent that one thinks that music is not divorced from the real world, one will be able to argue that music’s value is at least no more puzzling than the value of arts more obviously related to the real world, such as literature and representational painting and sculpture. The other dimension to most solutions of the puzzle of pure music’s value is the extent to which one thinks the abstractness of music is the source of its value. Thus, two theorists might agree on the extent to which music is related to the real world (by being expressive, say), yet one locate its primary value in that expressiveness while the other locates it in its abstract, purely formal features.

Unsurprisingly, those who take the experience of music’s expressiveness to be a more intimately emotional one (through being predicated on imaginative engagement with the music, say), tend to emphasize that experience as more central to musical understanding, and thus attribute a larger part of music’s value to its expressiveness. Those, on the other hand, whose theory of the experience of musical expressiveness is more distanced (a matter of noticed resemblance, say), tend to place less weight on this element in their theories of musical value. At one extreme of this spectrum is the position that denies music to be expressive at all, and thus cannot attribute any of music’s value to its expressiveness (most notably Hanslick 1854; see also Zangwill 2004). Most theorists agree, however, that music’s value is to be located in different kinds of experience, including the experience of formal and expressive features; their disagreements are mostly about the relative weight of these different kinds of experiences in a complete account of musical value.

The extent of the disagreement between various parties to this dispute is not clear. Those defending the value of music’s expressiveness tend to claim that its contribution to overall musical value is significant, but many stop short even of according it primary value, and do not argue against the value of formal elements of musical works (Ridley 1995: 192–6; Levinson 1982, 1992: 20–2, 1996a: 124–5; Robinson 2005: 413; Young 2014: 150–4). They content themselves rather with pointing out the ways in which expressiveness can be valuable, focusing largely on the value of the emotional responses such expressiveness elicits in us. These include many of the features discussed above with respect to our interest in listening to music that arouses negative affective states in the listener. To recap, our emotional responses to music’s expressiveness can enable us to savor, understand, and even (to some extent) experience emotions in a “safe” way. They can provide us with a cathartic release, and enable us to participate in a kind of communication with the composer or communion with other members of our musical culture (Levinson 1982, 1996a; Higgins 1991, 2012; S. Davies 1994: 271). Emphasizing this last point, Roger Scruton argues that music’s value is quasi-moral, in that the kinds of music one responds to, or those valued in a particular culture, reflect the state of that individual’s or culture’s “soul” (1997: 380–91; see also S. Davies 1994: 275–6.) Stephen Davies (1987: 207–12) has argued that there are beneficial consequences of an interest in music in general , such as heightened emotional and aural sensitivity, which are not properly valued as consequences of listening to individual pieces, but which lead us to value musical culture as a whole (just as we value kindness for its consequences in general, while rejecting instrumental motivations for kind acts as inappropriate).

By contrast, those who defend the value of formal features tend to argue that the value of those features is primary, and that the value of music’s expressiveness is overrated. Peter Kivy, for instance, argues that expressive properties serve merely to highlight musical structure, as color might be used by the painter to emphasize contour or mass. Other expressive properties serve as structural properties in their own right (1990: 196). (See also Sharpe 2000: 1–83, and Zangwill 2004.)

Alan Goldman (1992) argues against the idea that music is particularly suited to the expression of emotion, claiming that representational arts such as painting and literature are better at this. Moreover, he disputes the grounds of the value of expressiveness given above. For example, he denies that music can teach us much about the emotions, and that we can savor our negative emotional responses to expressive music. Similarly, after an extensive discussion of the nature of musical expressiveness, Malcolm Budd argues that such expressiveness cannot come close to explaining music’s value (1995: 155–7). He points to the facts that much valuable music is not expressive and that the equal expressiveness of different pieces would be outweighed in a comparative evaluation by the differences between them in terms of formal value.

Both Goldman and Budd locate the value of pure music precisely in the abstractness that to some seems the greatest obstacle to explaining that value. Budd (1995: 164–71) points out that we have an extensive interest in abstract forms outside the realm of music, such as those of natural formations and in the decorative arts, and that such forms are capable of possessing valued aesthetic properties, such as beauty, elegance, and so on. Thus, it is no surprise that we value highly the works of an art of abstract forms. Goldman (1992), by contrast, emphasizes the detachment from the world of practical affairs implied by music’s abstractness. The complexity of great musical works demands the active engagement of our cognitive faculties, which we find rewarding, yet not in the pursuit of some practical goal that could be frustrated.

These issues are thrown into sharp relief in the debate over how instrumental musical works could be “profound.” See Kivy 1990: 202–18, 1997b: 140–78, 2003; Levinson 1992; White 1992; Ridley 1995, 2004: 132–65; S. Davies 2002b; Dodd 2014b.

There is no space here to discuss the evaluation of musical works and performances. See S. Davies 1987, Levinson 1990e, and Gracyk 2011.

There are musical aspects or elements of many uncontroversially representational art forms, such as song. Jeanette Bicknell (2015: 81–91) and Aaron Smuts (2013) discusses the ethics of song performance. But there has been little discussion, in the analytic tradition, of the relationship between musical and ethical values (as opposed to musical examples of more general ethical concerns, such as cultural appropriation). Kathleen Higgins (1991, 2012) and Roger Scruton (1997: 457–508) argue in very different ways that music is – or should be – central to our thinking about ethics. Garry Hagberg has explored many connections between improvisatory jazz practice, ethics, and politics (2002, 2006, 2008, 2021; see also Higgins 1991: 177). Peter Kivy (2008) argues against music’s capacity to affect our moral knowledge, behavior, or character. Jerrold Levinson (2013: 51–5), Philip Alperson (2014), and James Harold (2016) defend music’s moral efficacy.

The debate over whether an artwork’s moral flaws are artistic flaws has focused almost exclusively on representational (especially narrative) art forms. (Gaut (2007) offers an excellent overview.) Music has largely been ignored because it has been assumed to lack sufficient representational capacity to embody an attitude toward some object. Maria José Alcaraz León (2012), however, argues that music’s emotional expressiveness is enough to apply arguments about whether moral flaws are artistic flaws to pure instrumental music. (For critical discussion, see Kania 2020: 254–5.) Musicologist Susan McClary argues that canonical works of instrumental classical music oppress women by expressing a positive attitude toward narratives of the subjection of feminine elements (e.g., certain musical themes) by masculine ones. (See, for example, McClary 1991: 19–23, 53–79; for critical discussion, see Maus (2011).)

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aesthetic experience | aesthetics: aesthetic judgment | aesthetics: and cognitive science | al-Farabi | Aristotle, General Topics: aesthetics | art, definition of | Confucius | dance, philosophy of | Du Bos, Jean-Baptiste | emotion | fiction: fictional entities | Goodman, Nelson: aesthetics | Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich: aesthetics | history of Western philosophy of music:antiquity to1800 | imagination | Ingarden, Roman | music: history of western philosophy of, since 1800 | ontology of art, history of | perception: auditory | Schopenhauer, Arthur: aesthetics | types and tokens value: intrinsic vs. extrinsic Xunzi

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Essay on Music for Students and Children

500+ words essay on music.

Music is a vital part of different moments of human life. It spreads happiness and joy in a person’s life. Music is the soul of life and gives immense peace to us. In the words of William Shakespeare, “If music is the food of love, play on, Give me excess of it; that surfeiting, The appetite may sicken, and so die.” Thus, Music helps us in connecting with our souls or real self.

Essay on Music

What is Music?

Music is a pleasant sound which is a combination of melodies and harmony and which soothes you. Music may also refer to the art of composing such pleasant sounds with the help of the various musical instruments. A person who knows music is a Musician.

The music consists of Sargam, Ragas, Taals, etc. Music is not only what is composed of men but also which exists in nature. Have you ever heard the sound of a waterfall or a flowing river ? Could you hear music there? Thus, everything in harmony has music. Here, I would like to quote a line by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, one of the greatest musicians, “The music is not in the notes, but in the silence between.”

Importance of Music:

Music has great qualities of healing a person emotionally and mentally. Music is a form of meditation. While composing or listening music ones tends to forget all his worries, sorrows and pains. But, in order to appreciate good music, we need to cultivate our musical taste. It can be cited that in the Dwapar Yug, the Gopis would get mesmerized with the music that flowed from Lord Krishna’s flute. They would surrender themselves to Him. Also, the research has proved that the plants which hear the Music grow at a faster rate in comparison to the others.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Magical Powers of Music:

It has the power to cure diseases such as anxiety, depression, insomnia, etc. The power of Music can be testified by the legends about Tansen of his bringing the rains by singing Raag Megh Malhar and lighting lamps by Raga Deepak. It also helps in improving the concentration and is thus of great help to the students.


Music is the essence of life. Everything that has rhythm has music. Our breathing also has a rhythm. Thus, we can say that there is music in every human being or a living creature. Music has the ability to convey all sorts of emotions to people. Music is also a very powerful means to connect with God. We can conclude that Music is the purest form of worship of God and to connect with our soul.

FAQs on Essay on Music:

Q.1. Why is Music known as the Universal Language?

Ans.1. Music is known as the Universal language because it knows no boundaries. It flows freely beyond the barriers of language, religion, country, etc. Anybody can enjoy music irrespective of his age.

Q.2. What are the various styles of Music in India?

Ans.2. India is a country of diversities. Thus, it has numerous styles of music. Some of them are Classical, Pop, Ghazals, Bhajans, Carnatic, Folk, Khyal, Thumri, Qawwali, Bhangra, Drupad, Dadra, Dhamar, Bandish, Baithak Gana, Sufi, Indo Jazz, Odissi, Tarana, Sugama Sangeet, Bhavageet, etc.

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  • Essay On Music

Music Essay

500+ words music essay.

Music plays a crucial role in everyone’s lives. Music is present in nature in different forms. The songs of nature can be found in the sound of air, the gurgling sound of rivers, the thundering sound of sea waves, and the lighting sound of clouds. The sweet tones of nightingale, skylark & cuckoo are similar songs of nature. Music is in everything around us and can be found everywhere in the world. Music is the universal language of humanity and is used as a source of entertainment. It transforms our moods and rejuvenates us with good feelings. This “Music Essay” will improve students’ writing skills and help them score high marks on the exam.

Students should practise essays on other topics similar to Music Essays by going through the CBSE Essay page. It will help them in improving their essay-writing skills. In starting, students can choose the easy topic initially, then slowly move to the topics which they find difficult.

Music is the art of combining tones. The rhythmic sequence of pleasing sounds forms expressive compositions. People like different kinds of music for many reasons, even depending on their mood. But it brings people together, whether through the same taste in music or the willingness to try something new or even perform music with others. Being a part of concerts, orchestra bands, or any kind of group, brings people closer to one another. Music is the fountain of sentiments, energy & love. The philosophy of human life, the eternal prayers of the soul, and the singing in praise of the human spirit are merged in music. From saints down to people of the modern age, all great sages took the help of music to captivate the general public or to release the pent-up feeling in their own minds.

Benefits of Music

We all love music without any resistance. It is the answer to every question & solution to every problem. If we have a bad day, then we listen to music to make us feel better. At the end of the day, music makes everything better, and no day is complete without it. It helps people through hard times in their lives. Music helps us to express ourselves and inside feelings that we don’t usually let people know. Music affects our emotions. When we listen to happy songs, we feel happier. The upbeat songs and fast-paced rhythms fill us with energy, and we become active.

In all human beings, there is an artist’s mind & natural attraction for art. Music lends sound to the string of life and generates sentiment dormant in the mind of the listener. That’s why music has been regarded as the best carrier medium of emotion or sentiment. It is impossible for anyone to keep themselves away from this overwhelming power of music. Rabindranath once said that music is life; there is the manifestation of life in it. Music is a way to escape the boredom of the busy schedules of life. It gives relief from pain and reduces stress levels. It helps us to calm down so we can enjoy the small moments of life. Moreover, it enriches the mind and gives us self-confidence.

Music as a Powerful Medicine

Music has a powerful therapeutic effect on the human psyche. In the modern world, music is used as a therapy for the treatment of various diseases. Because of this power, music is said to have a healing capacity without the intake of any medicines. Doctors have also confirmed that music therapy is helpful in treating people with diseases like dementia, depression, dyslexia and trauma. Many children with learning disabilities and poor coordination have been able to learn and respond to set pieces of music. Many people who have a genetic disability have found a new light in the form of music. Music is a powerful aid to meditation and creating positive energies and vibrations around us. In many meditation workshops, music is used to make people more aware of their moods & feelings. People are made to lie down and empty their minds & then listen to music. In this way, they experience different emotions and states of consciousness. Thus, music works as a powerful medicine to heal our pain.

Music inhales our minds and soul. Pain, tension, stress and worries everything is washed away with the gentle stream of music. Music is a global language, and it has no barriers. Music teaches us peace and harmony.

Students must have found this “Music Essay” helpful for improving their writing skills. They can get more study material on different subjects related to CBSE/ICSE/State Board/Competitive exams at BYJU’S.

Frequently Asked Questions on Music Essay

How was music born.

Earlier, music was first created by clapping hands or by making foot-tapping noises.

What is sound healing?

It is a practice which uses vocal or instrumental vibrations to relax our stressed mind/body.

Which is the top music genre in the world?

Pop music is known to be the most popular music genre, with the maximum number of consumers around the world.

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  • Music Essay


Essay on Music

Music is like a universal language of life. It is basically the sound that is brought together through the harmony of various instruments. Our life would have been totally empty and different without music. It is something that every human being enjoys. It is a very powerful thing. Music helps to destress, heal, and motivate.

If you are looking for a short essay on music, then take a look at the short essay given in the following. This is created by the in-house exports of Vedantu keeping the understanding ability of the students. Those who are looking for references can look up to this following essay. It will be easy to figure out the pattern of how to write an essay on music. One can also download the Vedantu app to get access to the same file.

Music Essay for Students

“Without music, life will be a mistake” the statement of Friedrich Nietzsche, a German philosopher, simplified the importance of music in one’s life so easily. Music has a magical impact on humans. It's the best form of magic. 

The origin of the word ‘music’ is the Greek word ‘mousike’ which means ‘art of muses’. Music is a form of art and artists decorate it. The music consists of lesser words with deeper meanings. Frequently people use music as a painkiller to escape from the pain of life.  ‘Musical Notations’ is the leading form to write music. This provides a reference to an artist so he can share with others if necessary. Music is a mood freshener and accompanies us in our pocket devices, on televisions, movies, and the most effective in live concerts.

Different forms of music have different effects on human nature. Music is the greatest creation of mankind in the course of history. A combination of deem lights and calm music encourages the listener to eat less and enjoy the food more. Listening to music positively in a car influences one’s mood leads to safer behaviour and fewer road rages ultimately minimising accidental destructions.

If the students love the music, it helps them in recalling the information more significantly along with improvement in verbal intelligence. The studies have found that listening to favourite songs helps fibromyalgia patients to experience less chronic pain. Music has a direct effect on our hormonal levels. Listening to music decreases the level of the hormone cortisol in our body and counteracts the effect of chronic stress.

The heart-touching music is nothing but creativity with the purest and undiluted form. The combination of vocal or instrumental sounds in such a way that it produces beauty and expresses emotions. Anyone can make their day by enjoying music by listening or by composting or by playing. The global facts say parents intensively use music to soothe children even to interact.

Music touches the heart through the ears. It has divine power to act as an energy booster. Some music assists in motivation while some play the best role in sympathy. Music helps us to fight insomnia. Listening to classical or relaxing music, just before going to bed, improves one’s sleep.

Though music helps to counteract depression and loneliness, people underestimate the impact of music on the human mindset in the age of irony age. On the other side of the coin, there are some types of music that can result in deleterious effects on the human mind and body. Listening to music with high decibels can damage neurons. The effect on the brain subjected to continuous exposure to electronic amplification of rhythmic music is similar to that of drugs.

Genres of Music

While talking about a wide variety of music that ranges from ages belonging to different places, cultures, and types, the list of genres is endless. However, some of the major genres of music are stated as below:

Folk & Traditional Music

Traditional music holds an impression of the culture that it represents. It is usually illustrated and sung with folk music. Folk music is taught by one generation to another vocally through singing it and by listening to it. Various dance performances are in order to make it stay intact through ages. In India, the state of Rajasthan is well known for its Traditional-folk music with its dance. Several other regions are also popular.

Art music describes the characteristics of both classical and contemporary art forms. It is usually sung by just one person and demands a high level of attention from its listeners. It is quite well known in Europe.

Religious Music

The type of music that is affiliated to the worshipping of God by singing it, is known as Religious Music. Every religion has its own style and way of singing it. Christian music is one of the most famous religious music known all over the world.

Popular Music

As the name suggests, the type of music that is popular and accessible to everyone and everywhere is known as Popular Music. Such music is composed mostly by the entertainment industry for the purpose of monetary income. As compared to other types of music, Popular Music attracts a notable audience through different concerts or Live shows.

It has gained immense popularity over a period of time and varies from country to country and from culture to culture. One can listen to it on public platforms, digital platforms, television commercials, radio, and even at shopping centres.

Popular music can be subcategorized into numerous types such as Hip Hop Music, Rock Music, Polka Music Music, Jazz Music, Pop Music Latin Music, Electronic Music, Punk Music, and many more. Among different types of Popular Music, Hip Hop Music is vividly famous, especially among the youth population. The culture of Hip Hop music originally started in New York City and now has taken over its place everywhere. The culture of Hip Hop dance has also emerged because of the same. With passing time, a lot of changes are happening in the field of Music but it will never go out of style.

Music is a healer to all human emotions from sadness to depression. It is a cause of happiness. Music content has many genres to play. Emotional expressions have been regarded as the most important criteria for the aesthetic value of music. Sometimes, some crises of life are impossible to express in proper sentences and their music plays its best part. Log on to Vedantu to find exciting essays on other topics and learn how to frame one perfectly from experts.


FAQs on Music Essay

1. What Role Does Music Play in Our Life?

Music is a very important part of our life as it is a way to express our feelings as well as emotions. For some people, music is a way to escape from all the pain. It gives you relief and allows you to destress yourself. Music plays a crucial role in our life rather than just being a source of entertainment. More importantly, music is something that can be enjoyed by everyone irrespective of their caste, creed, age, or gender.

2. Why is Music So Powerful?

Music is a language of emotion in that it can represent different feelings of a soul without any boundaries or limitations. When people feel really low and think that no one understands them, they listen to music. It is a good weapon to imitate emotions and reduce them. Music is something that can be felt from within our soul. Music is connected with Nature. There are numerous incidents of various singers where singing had led towards the showering of rains. 

3. How Can I Write an Essay on Music?

Get to know the topic. You can't start writing about music until you've familiarised yourself with the concept. Do research thoroughly. Understand the important points and jot them down. Then draw a structure and start writing an essay. A student needs to realise the importance of music and the belonging of its culture for a better understanding and ease of writing. Talking to different artists from this field may also help in writing the essay. Refer to this essay framed by the experts of Vedantu and compile on your own.

4. Is Music a Means of Therapy?

In this modern era where everyone is busy living their hectic life, music plays an important role in soothing one’s mental health. Over a course of time, it has been scientifically proven that music acts as a therapy for a person suffering from depression or anxiety. Even the sound of waves in the ocean helps to heal a person mentally. Thus, psychologists suggest hearing calm and soothing to gain relief from worldly distress.

Music and its Importance Essay

Music is one of the most beautiful creations of art. It has the power to heal our mind, body and soul by its soothing effect. Different people have different taste in music and it works as a therapy for them. Music aids in expressing ourselves. It can help in healing conditions like depression, Alzheimer and insomnia. It also helps us rejuvenate and connect with ourselves as well as those around us.

Long and Short Essay on Music and its Importance in English

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Here are essay on music and its importance of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exam.

After going through these music and its importance essay you will know the benefits of music as a medium of connecting to self and others; music as a therapy for many physiological and psychological ailments; healing and calming power of music and its several other benefits.

You can go through all these essay to get the best one for you:

Short Essay on Music and its Importance (200 words) – Essay 1

Music has a divine power. It is a great source of entertainment. It binds people together. It brings back several fond memories from the past. It helps us connect with our inner self and also serves as an excellent medium of self expression. Music is loved by the mankind and is essential for its well being.

Music has been one of the main sources of entertainment since the ancient times. During the earlier times, when there were no televisions, internet connection, video games or any other way to keep oneself entertained, music helped people combat boredom. It also helped them connect better with each other. People sung folklores and danced to their tunes.

Musical instruments came into shape slowly and they took music to a different level. Today, music is a full-fledged industry which has become a source of income for many. Besides offering entertainment, music is also known for its therapeutic power. It calms the nervous system and heals many physical and mental ailments.

Doctors around the world have started including music therapy as a part of various medical treatments as it helps in a speedy recovery. As a part of this therapy, the patients listen to music. They also compose music, play different musical instruments, and write lyrics, dance and chant. Music is indeed a great way to boost the quality of life.

Essay on Music and its Importance (300 words) – Essay 2

Music is a great medium to connect better with oneself. It is also a fun way to connect with our friends and family and make new connections. Two people with similar taste in music connect instantly. Those who are fond of playing the same instrument or have flair in writing same kind of poetry also gel along really well.

Music Helps Establish a Connection with Self

Connecting with one’s inner self is an essential factor in leading a positive and wholesome life. The best way to go deep down and connect with oneself is through meditation. While many people try to meditate only few are able to do it successfully. Most people find it hard to sit in silence and dive deep inside. Their thoughts usually wander making it impossible to concentrate. Many people find this activity boring and tend to give up after few attempts. Music can make this process easier.

Music can calm the mind and help us focus better. There are many guided meditation audios and videos that can help you meditate with ease and develop a connection with your inner self.

Why do you think social gatherings have soft music being played in the background or a full blown DJ installed? Well, this is because music has the power to build a positive atmosphere and also connects people instantly. People often make new friends on the dance floor and also strengthen their bond with the existing ones.

Many songs make us feel nostalgic. This feeling of nostalgia binds us with our friends and family. Listening to such songs in their company is a great way to connect with them even if we meet them after a long time. Music helps in making several new memories too.

If you find it hard to meditate and establish a connection with your inner self or are trying hard to recreate that bond with your old friends then try music as a medium to further these aims.

Essay on Music and its Importance (400 words) – Essay 3

One of the problems people face today is lack of self expression. Most hesitate communicating their inner most feelings due to the fear that no one will understand. In fact, in this fast paced world, people are so busy that no one even bothers to listen to what the other person has to say. Holding on to thoughts and bottling up feelings is the worst a person can do to himself. Self expression is necessary and one of the best ways to do so is by way of music.

We are all dealing with something or the other. While we may be capable of handling our issues on our own; however, sharing our feelings and coping mechanism with others can help in lowering our stress to a large extent. It serves as a vent.

It also fetches support from those around us. Research shows that people who have someone to hear them out are happier compared to those who don’t. Those who keep their feelings to themselves often end up lonely and many even develop conditions such as anxiety and depression.

Now, even if you have people around to hear you, you may not be able to share your thoughts and feelings with ease. Self expression is important but not easy. However, it can be made easy with the help of music. Music has proved to be of great help when it comes to self expression.

The power of music is such that just by playing a musical instrument such as drums or flute or guitar, you can convey how you are feeling or what you going through. You can express even the most intense feelings with the help of music. Another way in which you can express your self is by writing lyrics. This is a great way to communicate your feelings. You can write the lyrics of an existing song or a mix of different songs or even spin new lyrics. The idea always is to express yourself.

You don’t have to be a great musician or writer to do all this. Don’t worry about the outcome. Just follow the process and it will help in true expression of self. This is a way to liberate oneself and see things from a different perspective. Whether someone hears out your composition or not, you will feel liberated once you express it and vent it out by way of music.

The importance of self expression needs to be understood by everyone. Expressing self can be difficult for many but it is essential. Music definitely serves as a good medium for self expression.

Essay on Music and its Importance (500 words) – Essay 4

Music is not just a source of entertainment but has an amazing power to heal. Music therapy has been declared as a therapy that can work wonders on people suffering from different kinds of mental as well as physical ailments. Many institutes run special music therapy sessions to help people get rid of conditions such as depression, anxiety, cardiovascular problem and insomnia. Music also forms a part of many other medical treatments.

Music therapy is broadly divided into two categories. These are as follows:

  • Active Music Therapy

In active music therapy, the participants (those receiving the therapy) create music using different musical instruments. They also write lyrics and sing songs. This includes working on new compositions or remixing the earlier ones. The idea is to shift the patient’s focus from his physical or mental condition to something positive. Creating music can be therapeutic. Since these are group activities, they help participants connect with each other and make new friends. This also helps in the healing process.

  • Receptive Music Therapy

During this type of music therapy session, the therapist plays musical instruments and sings songs. The participants sit quietly and listen to him. Many times soft healing music is played on a recorder and the participants enjoy it. This is often followed by a discussion between the participants and the therapist.

Both types of music therapy offer a calming effect on the patients. They work on different levels and help in healing various medical conditions. Most music therapists offer a mix of both these therapies to heal their patients. Many music therapy sessions also include dancing, clapping and chanting loudly. Clapping and Chanting fill the atmosphere with positive energy and render a soothing effect.

The effects of music therapy have been astonishing. Research shows that patients who received music therapy as a part of their overall medical treatment recovered faster compared to those who only received other medication. It has largely been accepted that music can heal both physical and emotional pain.

More and more hospitals, clinics and rehabilitation centres have thus started incorporating music therapy as a part of many treatments.  They also recommend people to inculcate the practice in their routine life even after they recover. This is because it boosts health and offers better quality of life. A music therapist or coach can help in this direction.

These days, most of the physical as well as mental ailments stem from stress. Stress mostly occurs when a person fears about the upcoming events in his life or is unable to cope up with the bad experiences of the past. In today’s times, very few people are able to enjoy the moment they are living in. They continually fret about the future or regret their past.

Music helps in shifting the focus to the present moment. So, it helps in combating stress that arises from the fears that lie ahead and the guilt or resentment from the past events. The decrease in the stress level plays a vital part in the healing process. This is a great way to improve both mental and physical health.

Music therapy works for people of all age groups. It is an effective way to relax, combat stress and fight various illnesses. It is recommended for everyone whether he/she is suffering from some ailment or not.

Long Essay on Music and its Importance (600 words) – Essay 5

Music calms our mind and relaxes our body. It is one of the best forms of art. Composing music can be as great an experience as listening to it. Singing can be even more exhilarating. Both verbal and non-verbal forms of music offer a soothing effect to our senses. The benefits of music are uncountable. Here are some of its benefits for which we should be truly thankful.

Music helps in getting rid of negative thoughts and emotions. During our day we are faced with several situations that raise our stress levels. Small things such as getting stuck in a traffic jam, clash of opinion with friends/siblings/parents or even a piece of news read in the newspaper can cause stress. Music helps us unwind. It makes us forget these unnecessary things that can otherwise keep our mind occupied the whole day and hamper work.

It is a good idea to turn on your favourite song or play a musical instrument of your choice whenever you are feeling low. This will distract you from the unnecessary thoughts in your mind and calm your senses. It can uplift the mood instantly.

Studies reveal that music can boost your power to concentrate. As we sit to study or work, our thoughts often wander and we are unable to maintain focus. This way a work that can be accomplished in one hour may take two-three hours or even longer. Music has the power to keep us focused in the here and now. It does not let our mind wander and thus helps us concentrate on what we are doing rather than thinking about something completely different. It also increases our attention p.

Music has the power to connect us with our inner self. It takes us to the deep recesses of our mind and helps us understand who we really are and our purpose in life. It also helps us find out our hidden strengths. Thus, it serves as a great means to create a better self image. This further helps in boosting our confidence level.

Each one of us is dealing with some fear or the other. While some are worried about their future others keep stressing about their past events. People also suffer from different kinds of fears such as fear of walking on a busy road, fear of staying home alone, fear of travelling via aeroplane, fear/ nervousness of attending a social event.

While some of these fears are momentary others are inherent and difficult to overcome. Music can help combat fear and make you feel better during situations that make you anxious. Just keep your earphones with you. Plug them in and play your favourite music to distract your mind and calm down during such situations.

Music renders strength by helping people connect better with themselves as well as those around. It aids in better self expression. One can express verbally as well as non-verbally by way of music.

Music also serves as a coping mechanism for things we cannot let go. Many such things keep our energy levels down and hinder our productivity. Music helps us cope up with such feelings and thus renders strength. It can bring about a positive change in our life and increase our sense of control. It supports healthy feelings and hence bars the possibility of various physical as well as mental health problems.

The best thing about music is that it can be listened to anytime and anywhere. You can hear it while driving or travelling by a public transport or when you are exercising in the gym or trying to relax at home. Just turn on your favourite track and enthuse yourself with positivity. Music works on different levels to promote a healthy life.

Essay On What Role Does Music Play In Your Life

It is very important to become aware of the strength that music plays its role towards people and how effective it could be mentally to live lives. listed the three articles that were posted back in Journal three and I really felt that those articles can be related to my own experiences when I think about how music plays its role in daily lives. So, one way music influences my life is that it helps me to process the emotions I'm feeling. I'll often play a certain song that reflects the mood I'm in. It's a way of acknowledging what I'm going through and even identifying the pattern of events that led up to feeling that way. Some songs when I listen to them, I know exactly why I chose to listen to them.

In this sense, music is a way of tuning into and making sense of my emotional life. Another take on this is that music is a vehicle for authenticity. I liked how the author of “Music as an Education-Related Service to Promote Learning and Skills Acquisition” emphasizes on the effectiveness of the role that music blends into people’s lives. It is a way to live by and helps people learn from the music to adjust to the lyrics and styles of genres that they are inspired by. To some people, they may judge but music does play a major role to people. You listen and engage to what fits your own personality. Also, a lot of music you don't deliberately pursue but accidentally run into, and something attracts you. You connect to something of you in the music. Also, the music that I listen to allows myself and other people to find out their innings of themselves. Music is important to us because for a lot of people it expresses the emotions that we find too hard to express, or we are unable to express. Music is like a bucket of roses, it gives us that relaxing mood, differs a new scent in our space, Also, for most people it is a tool to help with their interactive social skills in reality.

Music isn't just a bunch of melodies and words and instruments strung together. It's an art that makes every day easier to live. I find music is important to us and our life because it does such a good job at understanding everyone. There are so many different styles that it's near impossible to not find one that doesn't relate to you and your situation. There doesn't need to be words in music to make it touch your heart. But the songs that do have lyrics can make you see in such a different way.

In conclusion, music influences society in a way that it can bring people together, and be a way of expressing emotions among people when we don’t quite know how to say it ourselves. music can bring out the best and worst of people, and can change a lot of things. some people say dark music influences some people to become cold people themselves. In my personal lifestyle, I like to listen to a lot of rock music. It really increases my mood and pumps me up at times. I try to ignore what others think it. The people that I encountered with in the past looked at this type of genre as a dark, emotional, and crazy type of music. Obviously, they do not listen to other types of rock music, so they look at me a little differet. This is the type of music I listen to, so this is the only music stereotype these kinds of images, but every genre has their own images that people tend to think of. Either way, music influences people by using lyrics they can relate to.

Crappell, Courtney. “Making Music Lessons Attractive Again.” American Music Teacher, 1 Dec. 2013. This article touches on how professionals in scholastic facilities and outside of schools can find ways to make music lessons attractive once again to students and other that are highly into music. It focuses on what the students are facing when it comes to comprehending lesson plans to make music. I think that the author is trying to convey the reader that it is not a easy obstacle to making music. Music students have to do a lot of studying, practice notes, cues, etc to be better musicians. It is a very possible mission, but how much time will people put into the lessons on how to make music.

Heydari, Hassan. “Analyzing the Relationship Between Sensation Seeking and Preference of Type of Music in College Students.” ScienceDirect, Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 3 Aug. 2013.

In this article, the reactive Sensation composed numerous interviews of college students from different schools to analyze different preferences of music between both women and men. It was surprising to see the results on how those with high sensation tend to have more excitability than the lower level sensation students. What I thought about this article was the curiousness to see how much different prefer other kinds of music than those that look at other music to be considered 'different', 'weird', or, 'unique'.

Azizinezhad, Masoud. “Music as an Education-Related Service to Promote Learning and Skills Acquisition.” ScienceDirect, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 13 Nov. 2013.

This article focuses on how the effectiveness of music playing a role on daily lives of people. Music can be essential to many people especially the youth when it comes to their perceptual, language, interactive skills, intellectual development, and etc. Music is a strong essential to a life in their daily active engagement to better shape lifestyles. I thought music does play a huge role to many people. It can be a tool, cure, and remedy to help mentally, and the way they live. Without music, it would be totally different on the results what people have to live with.

Here is a link on Gustavo Dudamel and the LA Philharmonic Orchestra. I really liked the intensity, and call and response from the musicians as they're playing along. I just thought the whole scenery was very exciting to the audience.

Informative Essay on Music and Critical Thinking Questions

Please complete the following questions. It is important that you use full sentences and present the questions and answers when you submit your work. Submit the work as a file attachment. This means you complete all work in a word processing document (e.g., Microsoft Word) and attach the file using the dropbox tool. Use the Unit 3: Text Questions dropbox basket.

The answers to the Review & Critical Thinking questions are worth 10 points.

Review Questions

1.What is the Hurrian song? Why is it important? A Hurrian Song is a collection of music inscribed in cuneiform on clay tablets. Its important because it is one of the first times Hymns were written down.

2.What is the Natya Shastra? Why is it important? Natya Shastra is a writing on the performing arts, dancing, and stage performance. This is important because it gives a detailed amount of information on the types of instruments that were used at the time and that were popular.

3.Who were troubadours? What was their music like? Troubadors were traveling poet musicians who traveled from place to place singing and performing for the nobility.  The songs that were sang were generally monophonic and they often accompanied themselves with an instrument like a lyre or a drum.

4.What are modes? Describe at least one type of mode. Modes were used before the modern day musical scales. One kind of mode is a lonian.

5.What is polyphonic music? How does it differ from monophonic music? Polyphonic music uses two or more independent melodies. It differs from monophonic music because monophonic music uses only on independent melody. Critical Thinking Questions

1.Why did early humans develop music? What are some of the ways that they were thought to create music? Early humans developed music because they wanted to express themselves better. One way they were taught to create music was by listening to natural sounds and repeating them.

2.Why is the study of prehistoric and ancient music important? What can we learn from it? The study of prehistoric/ancient music is important because you can see how music started and how it advanced. We can learn how they lived during that time as well

3.What roles did music play in the life of prehistoric and ancient people? Are the roles similar to or different from the roles that it plays today? The role music played in ancient times was for entertainment and religious support. Today, the roles are very similar but are more diverse and are more widely spread.

4.What were the effects of musical notation on music, society, and composers? Music notation allowed for multiple people to learn to play musical composition without hearing it. It also allows music to live long after the composer dies. Lastly, it helps composers to create music without having to always memorize it.

5.Describe medieval music's relationship with the Catholic Church. How was the music influenced by the Church? The Roman Catholic Church was the primary patron second only to royalty for the arts in the middle ages. Some of the world’s greatest composers created musical masterpieces for the church.

Discussion Questions

Please post questions and answers on the UNIT THREE discussion boards. Unless otherwise instructed, you should submit at least one full paragraph for each question. Each discussion assignment is worth 5 points.

Music and Personality

Music and Personality What Does Your Taste In Music Reveal About Your Personality? Could the playlists lurking on your iPod really reveal information about your personality? Research conducted by psychologists Jason Rentfrow and Sam Gosling suggests that knowing the type of music you listen to can actually lead to surprisingly accurate predictions about your personality. For example, researchers found that people could make accurate judgments about an individual's levels of extraversion, creativity and open-mindedness after listening to ten of their favorite songs.

Extraverts tend to seek out songs with heavy bass lines, while those who enjoy more complex styles such as jazz and classical music tend to be more creative and have higher IQ-scores. Why music is such a significant part of people’s identity? People may define their musical identity by wearing particular clothes, going to certain pubs, and using certain types of slang. So it’s not so surprising that personality should be related to musical preference. People can get defensive about what they like to listen to, as it is likely to be profoundly linked to their outlook on life.

The study also demonstrates the “tribal function” of musical taste that can explain why people often bond over music. North (scientist) noted that classical and heavy metal music both attracts listeners with similar personalities but dissimilar ages. Younger members of the personality group apparently go for heavy metal, while their older counterparts prefer classical. However, both have the same basic motivation: to hear something dramatic and theatrical, a shared “love of the grandiose,” he said. The general public has held a stereotype of heavy metal fans being suicidally depressed and being a danger to themselves and society in general,” he said, “but they are quite delicate things. Aside from their age, they’re basically the same kind of person [as a classical music fan]. Lots of heavy metal fans will tell you that they also like Wagner, because it’s big, loud and brash. There’s also a sense of theater in both heavy rock and classical music, and I suspect that this is what they’re really trying to get at when they listen to that kind of music.

I think that both types of music, classical and heavy metal, both have something of the spiritual about them — they’re very dramatic — a lot happens. The study conducted by researchers at Heriot-Watt University looked at more than 36,000 participants from all over the world. Participants were asked to rate more than 104 different musical styles in addition to offering information about aspects of their personality. Of course this helps explain why people who like the same styles of music tend to stick together, but it goes deeper than just a ‘similar interests’ thing – it’s almost suggests a new kind of tribalism.

He described the findings as dramatic and surprising. To my mind, writing a portrait of my group, describing their tastes and trying to reveal what kind of music they do prefer would give me a really hard time. We have something in common. Those 4 years of co-existing in the same community brought up the similar views on particular things and music is one of them. That’s why if I asked them what style of music they prefer, they would probably answer, “I can’t say exactly. I listen to everything that I like, to everything that is pleasant to my ear. I know those guys, most of them would answer this way, believe me. =) So I’ve decided to make a test, just there, on the spot. To find out what kind of music appeals to them more and consequently discover something new about their personal traits. (Unfortunately I didn’t have an opportunity to try it out, but anyway the preparation itself was useful and interesting experience for me). I have 10 tracks (songs) on the CD, each student is to decide which song appeal to him more. But mind! Only one song! The number of the song refers to the number of the style of music in the list below. . Pop Do you prefer to listen to the top 40 hits? Do the latest tracks from Rhianna, Selena Gomez and Flo Rida make up your workout mix? If so, chances are that you also tend to be extraverted, honest and conventional. While pop music lovers are hard-working and have high self-esteem, researchers suggests that they tend to be less creative and more uneasy. 2. Rap and Hip/Hop Are Snoop Dogg and Dr. Dre more your style? In spite of the stereotype that rap lovers are more aggressive or violent, researchers have actually found no such link.

Rap fans do tend to have high self-esteem and are usually outgoing. 3. Country Would you rather watch CMT instead of MTV? Country music fans are typically hardworking, conventional and outgoing. While country songs are often centered on heartbreak, people who gravitate towards this genre tend to be very emotionally stable. 4. Rock / Heavy Metal Despite the sometimes aggressive image that rock music and heavy metal project, researchers found that fans of this style of music are usually quite gentle. They tend to be creative, but are often introverted and may suffer from low self-esteem. 5.

Indie ( Just in case… Independent music (often shortened to indie music or indie) is music produced independently from major commercial record labels or their subsidiaries, a process that may include an autonomous, Do-It-Yourself approach to recording and publishing. The term indie is sometimes also used to describe a genre (such as indie rock or indie pop); as a genre term, "indie" may include music that is not independently produced, and most independent music artists do not fall into a single, defined musical style or genre and usually create music that can be categorized into other genres. Do you love seeking out obscure bands and indie artists? Fans of the indie genre are typically introverted, intellectual and creative. According to researchers, they also tend to be less hard-working and less gentle. Passivity, anxiousness and low self-esteem are other common personality characteristics. 6. Dance Do you love the fast-paced rhythms of dance music? According to researchers, people who prefer dance music are usually outgoing and assertive. 7. Classical

Classical music lovers are typically more introverted, but are also at ease with themselves and the world around them. They are creative and have a good sense of self-esteem. 8. Jazz, Blues and Soul People who enjoy jazz, blues or soul music were found to be more extraverted with high self-esteem. They also tend to be very creative, intelligent and at ease. The research has also looked at income vs music tastes, and found that higher income music loves like punchy and exciting music, whereas lower income listeners prefer more relaxing music in general.

Of course there will always be exceptions, but his findings were quite telling on a general level. The research also found that as a whole, people who are into music are fairly well-rounded, creative and at ease with themselves. Much of his research is described in his book . As this is the first time that this type of research has been done in a scientific way, there is still much to find out. So, the next time you are putting together a playlist to listen to during your commute or workout, consider how your personality might be reflected in your song choices.

Music Can Do Wonders

It’s amazing how one song can change your entire mood. Whether it brings back an old memory, or pumps you up for a basketball game, music can do wonders. One simple song could change a lot. Music originated in the Paleolithic era, scientists have found ancient flutes made of bones with lateral holes punched in them. The Hurrian song, found on clay tablets that date back to approximately 1400 B.C., is the oldest surviving notated work of music.

If it weren’t for the music legends like Kurt Cobain, Jimi Hendrix, The Beatles, Bob Marley, Johnny Cash, and of course, Elvis Presley and Michael Jackson, music would have never evolved into what it is today. `Music today mostly consumed by pop, country, rap, and whatever Miley Cyrus is. A few of the popular artists today are Florida Georgia Line, Katy Perry, Eminem, Drake, and Imagine Dragons. Most of the artists who rise in music today are quickly pushed out of the spotlight by the next “big thing”.

The particular genre of music I prefer is rap. Artists like Kendrick Lamar, Kid Cudi, and Wiz Khalifa are some of the people I like to listen to. I also like country and some pop. Country and pop artists whom I like are Florida Georgia Line, Imagine Dragons, and Blake Shelton.

I love listening to music. Relaxing in my room listening to my favorite song is probably my idea of mini paradise. Music to me is one of the most powerful and important things in my life. Music is an expression of someone’s feelings that can be translated into other people’s feelings, depending on how the person interprets it.

Music has a very strong impact on society. People that live in different areas of the world like different types of music. For example, people around South Dakota probably prefer country music more than people in New York.

Music is as popular today as it’s ever been. Everybody likes music. Music allows people a release from the stress that life puts on people, allowing them to feel emotions that they have never felt before, emotions that they can’t feel anywhere else.

The reason we feel the emotions that we do is because when a person listens to a song that they really like, their body releases a hormone called dopamine. Dopamine improves blood flow in humans, reducing risk of heart attacks, heart failure, kidney problems, and low-blood pressure.

Robert Young McMahan, music theory professor at the College of New Jersey, says people listen to music to help them feel good in whatever situation they are in and that different types of music call for different situations. “If you go to a grocery store, you hear music played in the background that usually has popular standards,” McMahan says. “But, if you go to the Penn Station in New York, you usually hear classical music. There is a reason that they are playing those specific kinds of music.”

That reason is because subway stations in New York can get really hectic, and classical music would relax people hopefully enough for them not to cause a ruckus. Popular music plays in grocery stores, because that’s the music that most people like. If you want to relax, most people would probably recommend classical music. They would probably recommend it because of the slow melodies, and a generally relaxing sound. What they don’t know is that classical music can actually slow down your heart rate, causing real relaxation Music also makes you think than you would consciously.

When your brain listens to music, it tries to separate each individual sound. An example would be when you listen to a song, your brain focuses on the beat of the drum while also focusing on the strum of the guitar and the lyrics to the song. This causes your brain to exercise without you even realizing it, causing you to send out brain waves. The brain waves can make you either more alert or relaxed, depending on the song. In conclusion, I think music is one of the most powerful forces in the world today. Every single person on Earth listens to music. I love music more than anything. I love listening to different genres and exploring what kinds of music other people listen to. Music can take you on an adventure, so hop on and enjoy the ride!

Music Plays a Great Role in Everyone’s Life

Music is the art of expressing ideas and emotions in significant sound forms by using the elements of rhythm, melody and harmony through voices, instruments, or both. Music plays a great role in everyone’s life. It keeps us busy in spare time and makes our life peaceful. Music is also been known to help reduce stress and anxiety. Listening to a particular kind of music has proved to be useful in treating depression and relieving stress. Generally students get some task on the music topic especially to write essay. We have provided below very simple and easy essay on music to help students in completing their task.

Long and Short Essay on Music in English

Here are some paragraphs, long and short essay on music in English under various words limit according to the need and requirement of students.

These essays will take you into the journey of music, from its evolution to its popularity and never ending evolution to new forms and instruments.

You can use these music essay in your school assignments of music or in debates, discussions on the subject with your friends or family.

Music Essay 1 (100 words)

Music plays an integral and essential role in our life. There are various types of music which we can enjoy according to our need ad requirement. Some of us are used to of listening music during the study time, playing indoor or outdoor game and other moments.

However, everyone wants to listen music in their spare time to get some enjoyment and relief their mind. Listening slow sound music gives us relief and peace and makes us healthy mentally and spiritually. It helps us to get prevented from the mental and emotional problems all through the life. I love music a lot listen always.

Music Essay 2 (150 words)

I love music so much from my childhood. I still remember that the weekend means all the Sundays in my family was fixed as a music day. All through the day, the slow music was running in the centre of the house and every family member was doing their work. It was my dad who inspires all family members to listen music. It helps us in keeping our mind strong and busy. Music is like a meditation and benefits a lot to us if we listen music on daily basis. Some students are habitual to listen music during their study time, without music they cannot read.

Music is like yoga, it makes us happy and helps in keeping hormonal balance in the body, relief our body and mind and thus keeps us physically and mentally healthy. It prevents us from being obese and overweight as well as other mental problems. I Love music so much and listen every morning.

Music Essay 3 (200 words)

Music is the best option for everyone to be happy and busy in the life. In such a busy, crowded and corrupted world where everyone wants to hurt anybody anytime, music plays a great role in making us happy in our difficult time and give lots of relief to our mind. I realized in my real life that music is a great tool of being happy always.

Music is more than the meditation and yoga as it benefits a lot to both body and mind. We can listen music anytime all through the day. It is very good habit to listen music. I generally used to of listening music during my study time and especially during my exams. It helps me a lot in getting concentrated on the study and really it gives me good result and I get full marks in my subjects.

I listen spiritual music in every morning as my dad start music in my room at 5 am. He cares me a lot and become happy when I get help by listening music. He tells me always that listening music is a power the God has given to you, never switch it off. It is the powerful tool which would increase your concentration power and always help you to go ahead and get success in your life.

Music Essay 4 (250 words)

Music is the God gifted tool for living healthy life to whole human fraternity. It is a key to soul which helps us in making physically and mentally healthy. Musical is a melody which triggers positive thoughts and good memories of past time, favorite places, persons or events. Music is the very soft and universal language which tells everything peacefully and finishes all the problems of us without asking.

I am very passionate about the music and listen most of the time. It gives relief to a great extent and keeps me happy. Listening music is my passion and it is the secret of my life to be healthy and always happy. It is a God gift to me which I ever use for my wellness and always instructs others to take help of the music.

I am very fond of listening music from my childhood because of my father as well as performing music at various places like concert halls, churches, birthdays, party with friends and other places. Music is very important part of my life; I cannot think my life without music. My parents especially my father inspired me to learn music as an extra ordinary habit other than the daily routine job.

Music is very simple; anyone can learn it anytime however it needs passion, regular practice and discipline to learn. I know playing flute very well for which I become praised from my friends and colleagues. It makes my mind peaceful and fills with positive thoughts which help me in my personal life.

Music Essay 5 (300 words)

Music is the blessing for me because it has played a great role in my life. It always gives and never takes without having any boundaries and guidelines to follow. Music for me is like oxygen which I breathe. It makes me happy and keeps healthy. It is truly said that one cannot imagine the life without music. The life without music is like an earth without sun and moon. From my childhood till I grow younger, I was so silent person without having any joy and happiness.

I always liked to be busy in my study or live alone. No one was talking to me because of nature. One day I was so fed up and my father noticed me and asked my problems. He inspired to take admission to the music school and learn some music for one hour daily. I followed him and do that, after months later it brought a huge change in my life and almost has changed my life completely. I was not remained like that i was earlier learning music.

Music gave me peaceful mind, mental satisfaction, mental health, increased my concentration level, filled my mind with lots of positive thoughts and most importantly my friends started attracting towards me because of my music. My father told me that, always take help of this music whenever you get fed up in the life, it surely take you out and lead you toward success. Till then I listen music and I perform music whenever I become alone or with my friends.

Music is like meditation, if it is practiced daily with passion and devotion, it improves concentration and mental health. We can avoid the truth about the music; it is very powerful and potential thing which sparks anyone’s emotion. It touches the spirit and can never be vanished from the universe.

Music Essay 6 (400 words)

Music can be the most important and powerful things of anyone life who loves to listen or play music and know its importance in their life. One who listen or play music never get fed up of any problems in the life. It helps in distressing and relaxing the mind as well as motivates to do something better in the life. Many people love to listen and play music at many occasions or events.

Some of the people become used to of listening music in their all time such as in the office, home on the way, etc. It keeps away from all the problems of life and gives solutions. Now-a-days, there is a trend of playing slow music in the offices of big companies while employees are working in order to keep mind fresh, peaceful, concentrate, bring positive thoughts as well as increasing the performance of the employees.

I got my music loving habit in the generation from parents and grandparents because my father and grandfather were very fond of listening music. Slow music always run in my home from morning till night. I don’t know much about the musical compositions but I generally like to listen music whenever I travel or during my study time. On the weekend, we dance, listen music or play music with family at home or at picnic on any favorite place. Music touches my soul and spirit and makes me realize that I have no any problems in this world.

Music is very powerful and has ability to convey positive messages to all sorts of emotion without telling and asking anything to anyone. It is voiceless however tells everything and shares all the problems more than the human being. Music has inspiring and promoting nature which increases the concentration power of the human being by removing all the negative thoughts.

Music is the thing which helps us in re-memorizing our good memories of the past with our loved ones and dear ones. It has no limitations, drawbacks and guidelines; it only needs anyone to listen or play passionately with full devotion. When we listen music, it brings amazing feeling in the heart and mind which connects our spirit to the supernatural power of God. There is a very true saying about the music that “music imitates life and life imitates music”. Being inspired, I also started learning music and playing guitar and hope would be a good music player a day.

Nepali Music

Nepal Music The rhythm, beats, bounce of Nepali traditional folk and classical music is spiritual enough to sooth you and entertaining enough to cheer you. Music is associated with every event in Nepal, then be it birth, marriage,festivals or National events. Various songs, musical instruments and dances are connected with various religious, social and cultural life of the Nepalese. Music is the heartbeat of Nepal. Music is associated to every event of life, then be it festivals, feasts, marriage, birth ceremonies or funeral processions.

The main genres of Nepali music are pop, rock, folk, and classical. There are a number of other genres that are yet to be cataloged. Fast Facts Traditional Nepali Music| Imported Music| Newari Music| Indian MusicBhajanFilmi music| Khas Music| Western MusicRock & RollRockMetalLatinoPunkHip-HopRap| Gurung Music| | Kirant Music| | Tamang Music| | Magar Music| | Sherpa Music| | Maithili Music| | Bhojpuri Music| | Popular Indigenous Nepalese Music The following music genres have their roots in Nepal and are therefore considered to be indigenous.

This includes:- Newari Music The Newars are well-known for their Newari music. It mainly consists of percussion instruments, some wind instruments and no string instruments. All the castes have their musical tunes and bands. Music is cherished by people of all walks of life. There are tunes of certain festivals and seasons and even of certain times of day. The God of artists called Nasadya is found in all the Newar localities. The presence of a Newari musical band in a guthi is considered as a sign of opulence. Khas Music

Khas music belongs to the Khas society where castes like Damai used to play a number of instruments on occasions such as marriages, birth and other feasts. This tradition is now on decline owing to the growing popularity of television, radio and other means of mass communication. The minstrels used to play instruments like Sarangi but even the Gaine are declining in number. Latin music history Latin music is the result of a complex social and historical process that took place in the Americas after the arrival of Columbus.

Despite the traumatic experience, Latin music is one of the positive outcomes that came from that process. The following is a brief introduction to Latin music history that takes a look at the cultural mix and social environment that ended up producing one of the best music genres in the entire world. Indigenous Music Generally speaking, Latin music history starts with the cultural encounter that occurred after the arrival of Columbus. However, it is important to remember that the indigenous people of the New World had their own music.

For instance, the Maya culture gave great attention to music producing all kinds of percussion and wind instruments. Wind instruments were very popular among Pre-Columbian cultures. All kinds of flutes were made all over the American continent and fortunately, this original expression has persisted to date intraditional Latin music like South America's Andean music. The Arrival of Europeans to The New World Language was the first contribution that the Spanish and Portuguese powers brought to the New World.

Latin music is, in fact, defined to a large extend by the Spanish and Portuguese languages. While Portuguese came to define the music from Brazil, Spanish language defined the rest of Latin America. The second contribution that Europeans brought to the new land was their music. In fact, when the Spanish conquerors arrived to the American continent their homeland had rich musical expressions that included traditions from both the European and the Arab worlds. Along with their music, Europeans also brought their instruments.

Originally, these instruments were intended to recreate the music that was played in Europe. However, they soon became the ideal tools to express the feelings of the new inhabitants that were defining the roots of Latin America. The African Influence The African slaves that arrived to the New World brought with them all the traditions and beats from their continent. The African influence in Latin music is so big that this could be the single most important element in Latin music history. That influence, of course, does not touch all the rhythms and styles that belong to Latin music.

However, if we just take a look at the music that has come from Brazil and the Caribbean, then we know how significant this influence is. Samba, Salsa, Merengue, Bachata, Timba, and many more, are just some of the rhythms that have been shaped by African beats. The full picture about this influence includes also African-American music. In particular, the development of Jazz had a tremendous impact in the making of Latin music rhythms such as Mambo,Bossa Nova, and Latin Jazz. More recently, African-American styles like R;B and Hip-Hop have defined the development of Latin music genres such asReggaeton and Urban music.

A Social Phenomenon The encounter of the three cultures mentioned before created the dynamic social environment that has shaped Latin music since the colonial times. This environment has been nurtured by foreign sounds, regional traditions, class divisions, and even national identities. Latin Pop and Rock en Epol have been shaped by the foreign sounds of Rock, Alternative and Pop music. Regional traditions like the cowboy way of life in the plains of Colombia and Venezuela have produced Llanera music.

Social conditions, especially those created by immigration and class divisions, are behind the development of Tango in Argentina. Traditional Mexican music was largely defined by a feeling of national identity that was incorporated into Mariachi music after the Mexican Revolution. Considering all this, a serious study of Latin music history is definitely an overwhelming task. However, there is no other way to deal with it. Latin music is a complex phenomenon that reflects the complex history of Latin America, a mixed region whose social environment has forged some of the most beautiful sounds in the world.

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A Short History of German Music: From Bach to Die Toten Hosen

Germans have been contributing to and changing music for centuries. While it would take volumes to cover them all, here’s a basic primer to some of the bigger names in German music and their musical stylings and innovations.

Campino, Die Toten Hosen

Germany is a country known far and wide for its countless contributions to the world. Martin Luther translated the Bible to a language churchgoers could read and led the Protestant Reformation; individuals such as Kant, Hegel, Heidegger, and Marx helped shape philosophy; Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Albert Einstein, Max Planck and Werner Heisenberg all won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their scientific discoveries; Werner Herzog and Rainer Werner Fassbinder made a name for German cinema; and modernist movements like Bauhaus helped shape the way we think about design. German musicians have also made a noticeable mark on world culture.

Classical Music: The Three Bs

German classical music has enjoyed a reign of a several hundred years, beginning in the 16th century and kept alive to the present day. But it was the composers of old – in particular, the “three Bs – who arguably put the country on the musical map.

Considered one of the most important composers of all time, Johann Sebastian Bach is best known for his contributions to Baroque, a style of music that features ornate compositions formed around strong tonal chord progressions. Though his music was mostly written for organ, he also wrote pieces for the harpsichord and clavichord, along with sonatas and suites for orchestral and chamber groups, and even pieces that were meant to be performed by choral groups. Some of his better-known works include the preludes and fugues in “The Well-Tempered Clavier,” along with the “Brandenburg Concertos.” Other influential German Baroque composers include Johann Pachelbel, Georg Philipp Telemann, and George FridericHandel.

The Romantic era of Classical music also gave birth to handful of famous Germans, most notably Ludwig van Beethoven, whose nine symphonies are considered by many to be his greatest works. The music of Beethoven can be segmented into three periods. His early period, which began with the emulation of other classical composers, consists of a handful of piano pieces and string quartets. Later, he began to discover his own voice and include music that experiments with themes. Beethoven’s middle period is when he shifted his focus to large orchestration, along with the inclusion of motifs. During his late period, as Beethoven’s deafness became more apparent, his works took on a more fervent, emotional depth. Another important Romantic composer of this time was Richard Wagner, who wrote operas. In fact, Ludwig II of Bavaria built Neuschwanstein as homage to Wagner, a man with whom he had a questionable obsession.

Rounding out the trio of German Bs is pianist Johannes Brahms, a traditionalist and perfectionist who utilized counterpoint heavily in his compositions. Though he endeavored to live up to Beethoven’s greatness, Brahms was also fond of the Austrian composers Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Joseph Haydn.

Popular Music: Cabaret, Swing, & Theatre

As the cultural and political climate in Germany underwent drastic changes between the first and second world wars, German music also saw itself transform. Eschewing the focus on the tradition of classical music, people wanted music that expressed how they felt, which was often (though not always) political.

In contrast to the Gebrauchsmusik (utility music) of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, cabaret music first appeared in Germany in the club scene of the 1920s, serving as a culturally fun and racy form of music that gave its performers room to experiment. Marlene Dietrich was one of the more popular figures after she rose to fame in the film “The Blue Angel,” which featured her as a cabaret singer. She sang in both English and German.

Along with cabaret, many Germans – particularly teenagers – expressed an interest in swing music. Though actual German swing groups were practically unheard of, due to the Nazi party’s disapproval of the genre, many young adults revered American musicians, and listening to swing music was seen as a sign of counter-culture.

Around this same time, individuals like Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht also made names for themselves. Most famous was the satirical musical play they composed together, “The Threepenny Opera,” which was an adaptation of an earlier British ballad opera.

Music of the People: Folk Music and Schlager

The defintion of “German folk music” varies, depending on the time frame and geographical region in question. In general, the older tradition consists of working class and political songs. But over the years, folk music has branched out to include different cultural groups (such as the Swabians and Sorbians) and encompass different styles (such as the brass oom-pah bands associated with beer festivals and Bavarian yodelers).

Meanwhile, just as Americans have easy listening or “soft rock” music, Germans have Schlager. Its roots date back to the early part of the 20th century, but Schlager experienced its real height of popularity in the 1960s and 1970s with musicians like Rex Gildo and Heino. Schlager is a popular style of folk music, with pop rock and ballad sensibilities. The lyrical themes are lighthearted, often dealing with love and emotions, not unlike the present-day French chanson.

German-Language Music: Pop, Neue Deutsche Welle, and Hamburger Schule

Though Schlager music is part of the pop tradition, it occupies a special, somewhat devisive niche; people tend to either love it or hate it. But then there is straightfoward pop music, generally viewed as more palatable and widely loved. A classic example of this is singer Herbert Grönemeyer. Though many outside of Germany know him only from his role in the film “Das Boot,” he’s also the most successful artist in Germany, with a career that, thus far, spans 44 years.

As New Wave music gained a following in the English-speaking world, German artists emulating the sound helped create Neue Deutsche Welle, the New German Wave. The musical stylings and influences were similar, at least on the surface, but NDW featured German lyrics, which made the genre distinct, thanks to the sound of the German language. While Nena’s hit song “99 Luftballons” is perhaps the most famous example, other performers like Trio (anyone remember the VW commercial?), Nina Hagen, and Fehlfarben also gained a following for their pop-infused, heavily synthesized style of music.

Meanwhile, the Hamburg School (Hamburger Schule) music movement was a post-modern musical movement formed in the late 1980s for many of the same kinds of reasons as Neue Deutsche Welle. Though it wasn’t as pop-oriented or mainsteam as NDW, the emphasis on German lyrics was a common thread between the two. Many count the group Ostzonensuppenwürfelmachenkrebs as one of the founders of the Hamburg School, but they never achieved much success. It wasn’t until the early 90s, when bands like Blumfeld and Tocotronic arrived on the scene, that this style of music started to gain traction. The label L’Age d'Or was home to many Hamburg School bands, and later, in the late 1990s, Grand Hotel van Cleef became known as the label supporting the Hamburg School revival. Tomte, Kettcar, and Olli Schulz are just a few of the musicians who make up the roster of post-Hamburger Schule groups.

Electronic Music: Krautrock and Techno

While some German speakers were reappropriating existing styles via language, others were crafting new genres entirely. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, a minimalistic style of electronic music arrived on the scene: Krautrock. As the name might suggest, the moniker was given to the music by the English-speaking world, and though many krautrock bands had overlapping similarities, there was no single defining feature. Even so, quite a few krautrock bands had psychedelic and prog rock tendencies, and keyboards and synthesizers featured heavily in the sound. Some of the more famous examples that reached international fame include Tangerine Dream, Can, Kraftwerk, NEU!, and Deutsch Amerikanische Freundschaft.

As the 80s arrived, Germany’s obsession with electronic music evolved, and techno began to make its way from Detroit and Chicago to Berlin and Frankfurt. In the beginning, techno was very much underground, and when the DJ Dr. Motte founded the Love Parade in 1989, it was a small, grassroots musical movement meant to celebrate music and peace. Over the years, it grew in both size and popularity, as did the spread of techno itself. Musicians like Sven Väth and Paul van Dyk became key players in the trance scene, while brothers Paul and Fritz Kalkbrenner established themselves in the minimal scene.

Germany’s techno scene still thrives in Berlin today with a new generation of musicians at the helm. DJs such as Ellen Allien, Modeselektor, Apparat, and Moderat are largely associated with the IDM movement of the past 20 years. Labels like Cologne-based Kompakt and Allien’s BPitch Control release much of the popular techno today, though the famous clubs Tresor and Berghain have their own house labels, known as Tresor and Ostgut, respectively.

Beyond the music, techno also served to help reunify East and West Germany in the 90s, and today is a musical bridge between various genres and members of older and younger generations.

Somewhat related to Germany’s techno scene is the rise of hip hop, particulary as techno artists like DJ Koze also collaborated with hip hop and rap groups, such as Fischmob. Though hip hop got its start on the streets of New York in the 1970s, it wasn’t until the late 1980s that it made it to Germany. Since then, hip hop has seen itself divided into various “schools.” Groups like Advanced Chemistry considered the music inseparable from its politics. Meanwhile, Die Fantastischen Vier, Fettes Brot, and Blumentopf started making music that focused on lighthearted themes, relying on the use of humor and wordplay in a lot of their music.

In addition to hip hop groups, many solo artists have established names for themselves. Rapper Sido is known for his “aggressive” style of music, whereas Samy Deluxe derives inspiration from American-style rap. More recently, “emo rapper” Casper and “Raop” performer Cro have made hip hop music that appeals to a younger generation of German music fans.

Rock Music: Industrial, East German, Neue Deutsche Härte, Punk Rock

Another form of music that grew out of the electronic style was experimental industrial, though it was not exclusive to Germany. Two major players in this scene were Einstürzende Neubauten and KMFDM, both of whom were known for their eclectic performances as much as their music. Einstürzende Neubauten gained a reputation for implementing non-conventional instrumentation into their live shows, and the band’s avant-garde experimentation often involved destruction on stage, whereas KMFDM helped industrial music become slightly more mainstream.

At the same time, in East Germany, various rock bands were also making a name for themselves. One of the most famous was The Puhdys, a band that was popular both in and out of the GDR. The Puhdys were signed to the state-run label Amiga, but weren’t allowed to have political lyrics. This wasn’t much of a problem, however, as many East German bands steered clear of politics entirely. The band Karat also enjoyed success at the time, and both bands are still releasing albums today.

Another East German band, the punk rock Feeling B, was relatively unknown outside of the GDR. However, two members went on to form the band Rammstein, which is arguably one of the most easily identifiable German exports. Though many classify them as Neue Deutsche Härte, Rammstein plays a mixture of heavy metal and rock music.

Finally, on the punk rock front, bands like Die Ärzte and Die Toten Hosen formed in the early 80s and are still making music today. In more recent years, younger punk rock bands like the Beatsteaks, Donots, and Turbostaat started, and all of them have enjoyed moderate success in the German music scene.

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110 Music Essay Topics

Whether it’s for a fine arts course, a music appreciation class, or just a general assignment to build writing skills, music essays are an integral part of the musical education world.

Students are often assigned to write a music essay on a specific topic or one based on their interests. While it may seem overwhelming at first, writing music essays can actually be fun and rewarding.

The Fundamentals of Writing a Music Essay

Before a student can begin writing a music essay, there are a few key fundamentals to be aware of. These fundamentals will ensure that a paper is written to the student’s potential and will benefit them in their future musical studies.

Understand the Music

Listening to a piece of music and understanding a piece of music are two different things. While listening to music lets a student know what the piece is like, it does not necessarily allow them to understand the music’s more profound meaning.

This means that before writing a music essay, students must study their selected piece of music in depth. This might entail listening repeatedly or reading an analysis on the piece to gain a thorough comprehension. It could also mean researching the composer and their life to understand what effect their life might have had on the music.

Another option is to research the genre that the piece belongs to or even its historical context. Full knowledge of all these elements will ensure a deeper understanding of what is being listened to so that the writing is more profound.

Enhance Your Vocabulary

In music, there are specific words to describe sounds, aspects of the sound, and even emotions. Without an understanding of these words, a student will not be able to write a music essay to the highest degree possible.

Instead of saying the music is good or bad, students will need to expand their vocabulary to include more descriptive words such as :

These words allow a student to describe the music in much more depth than just ‘good’ or ‘bad.’ They provide readers with an idea of what is felt when listening and can better explain how the piece makes the writer feel.

Note that not only should you include these types of adjectives in your music essay, but also try to limit “big” or overused adjectives such as beautiful, stunning, amazing.

Know How to Cite

Often, to back up claims or provide context to musical analysis, it is essential to cite in the proper format so that a paper is academic and can be taken seriously. In a music essay, students will need to include proper citations that show where they got their information from after writing a quote or paraphrasing something said by someone else.

Citations are essential for another reason: they allow other people to investigate the source of your work for themselves to check its validity. Failure to cite sources and examples may diminish the credibility of the writing in the reader’s eyes.

When citing a lyric, be sure to include the songwriter’s name and the name of the piece. It is also important to remember to place a line break before and after the quote and use quotation marks for lyrics.

When citing a critique, be sure to include the author’s name and relevant background information such as their profession, where they got their degree from, and when their piece was published. It is then necessary to place a line break before and after the quote, italicize the author’s name, and include a page number if applicable to your citation.

The Different Types of Music Essay

A music essay can be written in a variety of formats or styles. Most commonly, a music essay will fall into one of three categories:

Musical Analysis

Musical analysis is a description of a piece of music. This usually includes describing the song’s mood, tempo, and melody as well as its historical context, genre, composer, and so forth.

Students may examine and critique the composition of a piece, or they might discuss the feelings that the music conveys. In short, a musical analysis should describe what is heard and explain to the reader how it made them feel.

Informative Essay

Students use their research skills to provide others with information about a certain topic in an informative essay. This can include an explanation of something musical such as the history of a genre, how it developed over time, and so forth.

Persuasive Essay

A persuasive essay is one in which students argue for or against something. For example, for music essays, students argue whether they believe that one piece of music is better than another or whether they prefer a specific style or genre.

This is an opportunity for students to make their voice heard by giving personal reasons for why something is good or bad and can be used to compare two distinct pieces of work through direct comparison or contrast.

With the fundamentals of writing a music essay above, students may still have trouble coming up with the right topic for their writing assignment. Fortunately, this list of 110 music essay topics is perfect for any writer level and is guaranteed to spark at least one idea for a music essay.

Music Essay Topics About Genre

  • Which music genre has had the most impact in modern times?
  • How have musical genres changed or developed over the past 100 years?
  • Which is musical genre is best for teaching an instrument?
  • Which is musical genre do you think has the most talent involved?
  • How has technology influenced musical genres over the past 50 years?
  • What musical genres are no longer seen in modern times?
  • Are there musical genres that shouldn’t be used in today’s society?
  • Are musical genres really all the same?
  • Compare and contrast two different musical genres?
  • How do musical genres influence each other?
  • What is the best way to discover the type of musical genre you like?
  • Which platforms are best for a particular type of musical genre?
  • Are music genres meant for certain audiences?
  • Which musical genres are the least biased by modern culture?
  • What makes a song belong to a particular genre?
  • Can a musical genre be broken down further than it already is?
  • How have technology and fashion influenced popular genres of music over time?
  • How has globalization impacted different musical genres?
  • Which style of music is the most popular in your country?
  • Which musical genres typically get the least respect from society?
  • What is the history of a particular musical genre?
  • Are there any specific songs that belong to a certain genre?
  • How have political issues influenced musical genres over time?
  • Is it harder to write a song in one musical genre or another?
  • Why do some people prefer one style or genre over another?
  • In what circumstances do you listen to particular types of music?
  • Which type of genre would be best for specific occasions?
  • What are the differences between modern and classical genres?

Music Essay Topics About Classical Music

  • What is the most significant piece of classical music?
  • How did certain pieces of classical music change over time?
  • Does one specific style better illustrate a particular piece of classical music?
  • How is musical structure important in modern-day classical pieces of work?
  • Why are certain classical pieces of work good to listen to when stressed out?
  • How does one piece of classical music compare to another?
  • What is the history behind a particular piece of classical work?
  • Which musical instruments are typically used in classical music?
  • Why is classical music better for different types of people?
  • Compare and contrast how two classical composers created their work?
  • What influenced a piece of significant classical music?
  • How do the notes in classical music differ from modern-day pop music?
  • What makes a piece of music classical?
  • Should classical music be learned before other types of music?
  • What developmental benefits does classical music have on newborns?
  • Who was Mozart, and why is he considered one of the most significant composers in history?
  • How does Western classical music differ from that in other countries?
  • Why was Beethoven’s work superior within its time period?
  • What makes Mozart different than other composers?
  • How can people improve their understanding of classical music?
  • How does the style and context influence the choice of musical instruments for specific pieces of classical music?
  • Why should children learn about classical music as part of their education?

Music Essay Topics About Music Theory

  • Which is more important to music: theory or practice?
  • How have new musical instruments influenced the theory behind music?
  • Are there any specific rules for using melodies and harmonies in music?
  • What are examples of non-traditional music theory?
  • Why do some people want to expand the boundaries of traditional music theory?
  • Are there any movements currently challenging traditional music theory?
  • Why is music theory important in modern-day music?
  • What are some types of modern-day musical compositions that ignore traditional music theory?
  • How have technological advances influenced traditional and non-traditional forms of music theory?
  • Which type of theory do you prefer: traditional or non-traditional?
  • What makes a piece of music sound like jazz?
  • What is the difference between musical form and music theory?
  • Which types of pieces best illustrate different theories in music?
  • What can non-traditional forms of music teach students about classical forms of music?
  • In what circumstances is music theory advanced?
  • What are some similarities between classical and modern-day musical compositions?
  • How has the Internet influenced traditional and non-traditional forms of music theory today?
  • Who was Leonard Bernstein, and how did he influence American society through his music theory contributions?
  • How do different cultures use a similar or different form of music theory?
  • Which is more difficult: playing music by ear or reading sheet music?
  • Which musical theory from the past is still valid in today’s society?
  • What are examples of outdated musical theories?

Music Essay Topics About Instruments

  • What instruments sound the best in music?
  • How do the instruments used in jazz differ from those used in rock and roll?
  • Is there a best way to play a specific instrument?
  • Why do orchestras typically use certain instruments?
  • Which instrument is most beneficial to the beginner musician learning to play music?
  • What are some types of non-traditional instruments used in musical compositions today?
  • Who were the first modern musicians to impact society through their use of new and different instruments?
  • What benefits do different types of instruments have on a musical composition?
  • What are some traditions followed when playing certain instruments in music?
  • What is the history behind unique musical instruments?
  • Who were the first people to experiment with new sounds on instruments with different tones and chords?
  • What’s the difference between playing with sound effects and using natural sounds?
  • How has technology influenced the use and creation of musical instruments today?
  • Which instruments should people learn to play first: traditional or non-traditional ones?
  • Compare and contrast the sounds of woodwind instruments to brass instruments.
  • Should percussion instruments be considered a type of classical music instrument or a type of pop music instrument?
  • What types of musical instruments are used in different types of foreign musical compositions?
  • How do people learn to play new instruments today?
  • How have old and modern musical instruments been combined to create unique sounds in songs?
  • What is the history behind musical instruments?
  • What are some traditional musical instruments still used today?
  • How can people make their own musical instruments at home with household items?
  • What was the first instrument ever invented?

Music Essay Topics About Singing

  • What is the difference between singing and vocalizing?
  • What is autotune, and how has it affected the music industry?
  • Is music with autotune better or worse than music without?
  • Should singers be allowed to use autotune in their performances?
  • What are the best types of vocal ranges for singers?
  • Who is famous for singing songs with wide vocal ranges?
  • Is it better to sing high or low notes in music today?
  • How do male and female singers compare with each other regarding their voices?
  • What are the different types of musical compositions that use vocals?
  • How do popular artists use vocalization in their songs?
  • Who was Kurt Cobain, and what did he do to change the face of music and singing?
  • Are there any negatives associated with using autotune in a song today?
  • Do all singers need to use autotune to sound better in their songs?
  • What are the five main parts that make up the human voice, and how do they work together to create singing?
  • How does pitch play a role in different types of music genres?

Using any of the 110 music essay topics listed above should provide the inspiration needed to write a great music essay.

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Group 6

Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Essays

Music in the renaissance.


ex "Kurtz" Violin

Andrea Amati

Double Virginal

Double Virginal

Hans Ruckers the Elder


Cornetto in A


possibly Georg Voll


Sixtus Rauchwolff

short essay about modern music


Lorenz Hauslaib

Tenor Recorder

Tenor Recorder

Rectangular Octave Virginal

Rectangular Octave Virginal

Tenor Recorder

Rebecca Arkenberg Department of Education, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

October 2002

Music was an essential part of civic, religious, and courtly life in the Renaissance. The rich interchange of ideas in Europe, as well as political, economic, and religious events in the period 1400–1600 led to major changes in styles of composing, methods of disseminating music, new musical genres, and the development of musical instruments. The most important music of the early Renaissance was composed for use by the church—polyphonic (made up of several simultaneous melodies) masses and motets in Latin for important churches and court chapels. By the end of the sixteenth century, however, patronage had broadened to include the Catholic Church, Protestant churches and courts, wealthy amateurs, and music printing—all were sources of income for composers.

The early fifteenth century was dominated initially by English and then Northern European composers. The Burgundian court was especially influential, and it attracted composers and musicians from all over Europe. The most important of these was Guillaume Du Fay (1397–1474), whose varied musical offerings included motets and masses for church and chapel services, many of whose large musical structures were based on existing Gregorian chant. His many small settings of French poetry display a sweet melodic lyricism unknown until his era. With his command of large-scale musical form, as well as his attention to secular text-setting, Du Fay set the stage for the next generations of Renaissance composers.

By about 1500, European art music was dominated by Franco-Flemish composers, the most prominent of whom was Josquin des Prez (ca. 1450–1521). Like many leading composers of his era, Josquin traveled widely throughout Europe, working for patrons in Aix-en-Provence, Paris, Milan, Rome, Ferrara, and Condé-sur-L’Escaut. The exchange of musical ideas among the Low Countries, France, and Italy led to what could be considered an international European style. On the one hand, polyphony or multivoiced music, with its horizontal contrapuntal style, continued to develop in complexity. At the same time, harmony based on a vertical arrangement of intervals, including thirds and sixths, was explored for its full textures and suitability for accompanying a vocal line. Josquin’s music epitomized these trends, with Northern-style intricate polyphony using canons, preexisting melodies, and other compositional structures smoothly amalgamated with the Italian bent for artfully setting words with melodies that highlight the poetry rather than masking it with complexity. Josquin, like Du Fay, composed primarily Latin masses and motets, but in a seemingly endless variety of styles. His secular output included settings of courtly French poetry, like Du Fay, but also arrangements of French popular songs, instrumental music, and Italian frottole.

With the beginning of the sixteenth century, European music saw a number of momentous changes. In 1501, a Venetian printer named Ottaviano Petrucci published the first significant collection of polyphonic music, the Harmonice Musices Odhecaton A . Petrucci’s success led eventually to music printing in France, Germany, England, and elsewhere. Prior to 1501, all music had to be copied by hand or learned by ear; music books were owned exclusively by religious establishments or extremely wealthy courts and households. After Petrucci, while these books were not inexpensive, it became possible for far greater numbers of people to own them and to learn to read music.

At about the same period, musical instrument technology led to the development of the viola da gamba , a fretted, bowed string instrument. Amateur European musicians of means eagerly took up the viol, as well as the lute , the recorder , the harpsichord (in various guises, including the spinet and virginal), the organ , and other instruments. The viola da gamba and recorder were played together in consorts or ensembles and often were produced in families or sets, with different sizes playing the different lines. Publications by Petrucci and others supplied these players for the first time with notated music (as opposed to the improvised music performed by professional instrumentalists). The sixteenth century saw the development of instrumental music such as the canzona, ricercare, fantasia, variations, and contrapuntal dance-inspired compositions, for both soloists and ensembles, as a truly distinct and independent genre with its own idioms separate from vocal forms and practical dance accompaniment.

The musical instruments depicted in the studiolo of Duke Federigo da Montefeltro of Urbino (ca. 1479–82; 39.153 ) represent both his personal interest in music and the role of music in the intellectual life of an educated Renaissance man. The musical instruments are placed alongside various scientific instruments, books, and weapons, and they include a portative organ, lutes, fiddle, and cornetti; a hunting horn; a pipe and tabor; a harp and jingle ring; a rebec; and a cittern .

From about 1520 through the end of the sixteenth century, composers throughout Europe employed the polyphonic language of Josquin’s generation in exploring musical expression through the French chanson, the Italian madrigal, the German tenorlieder, the Spanish villancico, and the English song, as well as in sacred music. The Reformation and Counter-Reformation directly affected the sacred polyphony of these countries. The Protestant revolutions (mainly in Northern Europe) varied in their attitudes toward sacred music, bringing such musical changes as the introduction of relatively simple German-language hymns (or chorales) sung by the congregation in Lutheran services. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525/26–1594), maestro di cappella at the Cappella Giulia at Saint Peter’s in Rome, is seen by many as the iconic High Renaissance composer of Counter-Reformation sacred music, which features clear lines, a variety of textures, and a musically expressive reverence for its sacred texts. The English (and Catholic) composer William Byrd (1540–1623) straddled both worlds, composing Latin-texted works for the Catholic Church, as well as English-texted service music for use at Elizabeth I ‘s Chapel Royal.

Sixteenth-century humanists studied ancient Greek treatises on music , which discussed the close relationship between music and poetry and how music could stir the listener’s emotions. Inspired by the classical world, Renaissance composers fit words and music together in an increasingly dramatic fashion, as seen in the development of the Italian madrigal and later the operatic works of Claudio Monteverdi (1567–1643). The Renaissance adaptation of a musician singing and accompanying himself on a stringed instrument, a variation on the theme of Orpheus, appears in Renaissance artworks like Caravaggio’s Musicians ( 52.81 ) and Titian ‘s Venus and the Lute Player ( 36.29 ).

Arkenberg, Rebecca. “Music in the Renaissance.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History . New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. (October 2002)

Additional Essays by Rebecca Arkenberg

  • Arkenberg, Rebecca. “ Renaissance Violins .” (October 2002)
  • Arkenberg, Rebecca. “ Renaissance Keyboards .” (October 2002)
  • Arkenberg, Rebecca. “ Renaissance Organs .” (October 2002)

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Guide to Exam

100, 300, 400 & 1500 Word Essay on My Favorite Music

Photo of author

Table of Contents

My Favorite Music Essay 100 Words

There are many kinds of music such as pop music, country music, rock music, and the list goes on. However, my favorite music is piano music. Some people might not be familiar with piano music, but they prefer other kinds of music more. But to me, piano music is the finest of all music types.

I like piano music for two reasons. One is that music is played on a piano. The piano is my favorite musical instrument. I have a special liking for it, as I play piano for six years.

Moreover, the piano has its own elegance and dignity. Secondly, its melody relaxes and soothes me. After studying, I listen to the piano, for it reduces my stress and relaxes me. I enjoy piano music. It is also a way for me to be happy.

My Favorite Music Essay 300 Words

Music in the modern world is present everywhere. Around so many different musical styles: pop music, rap, alternative, rock, disco, techno, drum and bass, and, of course, immortal classics. Different people, depending on their tastes and preferences, like a variety of music.

Scientists say that by knowing a person’s musical preferences can determine their character. With this statement, I agree, because I think music can show nature and soul. For example, they believe that rock listeners are smart and sensible.

As for me, I like “Mill”. This group sings folk rock. Their repertoire includes Norwegian, Scandinavian, English, and other ballads. I like this band because of the unusual music and engaging lyrics. Each of their songs has a deep meaning and tells a story. They create a magical world populated by knights, Vikings, Valkyries, and many magical creatures. In addition, their soloist has an extraordinary voice. It seems to me that such a talent is born rarely.

I admire people who create music themselves. I, unfortunately, lack this talent. In my understanding, such people can show feelings, and draw pictures with their songs. They can make the listener laugh or cry, and think about the significance and eternal.

It is imperative that the music is good. I do not like it when it does not convey any meaning, except for primitive instincts. Unfortunately, modern pop music has gone along this path.

I think you cannot live without music. It is everywhere. I always listen to music regardless of my mood. She often helps me in everyday life. Dull household chores become easier and more fun under the right music track. A long road is brightened up by your favorite band. One contemporary poet wrote: “The world would be meaningless if the music were not present” – and I fully agree with him.

My Favorite Music Essay 400 Words

Out of all the various types of music we have studied, I would have to say my favorite type of music is from the mid to late 60s, 70s, and 80s eras. My favorite music style is rock & roll. To be specific I am talking about some of the music we studied in units 12, 13, and 18 of our textbook.

I like this style of music the highest because it represents who I am and what I enjoy. The lyrics to songs during these times were fun and easily understood. This was compared to other genres of early music that seemed very dark, depressing, or hard for me to understand or relate to.

In my opinion, rock and roll is easier to listen to and dance to, than other genres of music before the 1950s. This was mainly because the lyrics and the music prior to the ’50s were boring and very difficult to dance to. I am sure my opinion of this type of music before the 50s is based on my age and the time era I grew up in.

Rock and Roll have an excellent rhythm and a backbeat that sounds different from other early genres of music. It likewise has a blues influence which I like. Earlier genres of music, in my opinion, didn’t have the same type of rhythm, speed, syncopation, or strong backbeat, the riffs, and the hooks that rock & roll has. I also like the vocal range that some rock & roll musicians have and their ability to sound unique. From the early ’60s and on, the music sounded better. Rock and roll during these times also became more rhythmic.

In conclusion, I must say that it was very difficult for me to pick just one style of music or just two bands. There are so many other styles of music I enjoy listening to and numerous artists I appreciate. I could probably write forever naming all the musicians and different styles of music I enjoy.

It was also difficult for me to explain rock & roll specifically. This is because it contains many elements of different genres from some of the earlier music we studied. I just know that rock & roll wouldn’t have become what it is today if it weren’t for our musicians in the past. This has allowed us to learn and grow from them.

My Favorite Music Essay 1500 Words

It’s super challenging to pick a favorite kind of music for me because I love all music so much. When I was a child I always loved music, in dance class, I remember all the other girls had a difficult time finding the beat in the music but for some reason, I found it very easily and have always enjoyed dancing to music and it always made me very happy.

In general, music can have a big impact on people’s moods and is very effective. For example, relaxing music can calm some people when they are feeling angry but rock music can help them get their aggression out. Music affects everyone differently and everyone has a favorite kind or at least one they prefer more than the others.

Personally, my favorite genre is alternative music. Yes, I know that’s not exactly the most usual answer. Most people claim they prefer country or pop but not alternative! Well, I have my reasons for liking alternative the most, and once I explain I think you will understand quite clearly why I like alternative music the most.

First of all, I would like to say the hardest time I had doing this essay was deciding between techno and alternative. I love them both a ton. I finally decided on alternative but I finally settled on alternative because every song is unique and different in alternative.

That is why I am passionate about loving alternative music. First of all, I admire its uniqueness. Alternative genres are characterized by their uniqueness, hence their name. I love to hear what the artist come up with when they combine different musical genres together to create an unusual and new song.

I think that when artists do this they express themselves and show their ideas through their music. This makes it cooler and unique in its own way. That’s one of the main reasons I chose Alternative over all the other ones is because they are all pretty much the same.

Some of my favorite alternative songs are The Great DJ, Tiptoe, Bring Me to Life, Clocks, and Into the Ocean. All of these songs are different from each other and the other genera. Some of the songs are mixed with rock and pop music (for example, “Bring Me to Life”).

Things like that are why I love this genre because you never know what you’ll get and what it sounds like together. My favorite mixes are when they have rock, pop, and some mellow/relaxing music in their songs. This is because it’s so different and I am weird. I like action movie music because I want to be a director one day. I like to imagine when I’m listening to that kind of music some kind of action scene or something.

Some of my favorite artists that do some or all alternative are Coldplay, Neon Trees, Evanescence, Santigold, and Snow Patrol. These artists are my favorite because their ideas of how the music should sound or proceed after a verse are the same as mine. I really like listening to these artists when I am happy or angry. However, I usually listen to more relaxing music when I am upset, so they aren’t exactly the most suitable to listen to when I am sad.

However, listening has complications. Like I mentioned before I like to dance however with alternative music it is sometimes more difficult to dance to. This is because there isn’t always a consistent beat and the tune varies from slow and graceful to rock and fast.

However, if you just want to sit and listen to music and not think, an alternative works well. That’s the one thing about pop that I really enjoy is that you can dance to it or just pay attention to it. However, now that I really contemplate it you usually can’t help getting up and dancing when listening to pop so I guess it’s even. Other than the whole “hard to dance to” thing, the alternative is perfect for me.

My least favorite music is country. Don’t take offense if you like country because it’s nothing against you…probably…just kidding! I really don’t enjoy country music, especially the updated version of country. This is because all of the artist’s voices sound the same and so does pretty much everything else.

The tune varies slightly, but besides that, it’s the same old same old. And I don’t really like how they always sing about stuff like how their house was stolen by their ex-wife and then their Ford breaks down…again. I guess others might think I’m crazy and that not all songs are about stuff like that. Some of them are about ex-boyfriends who cheated on them.

They slashed holes in all four tires and took a sludge hammer to the headlights and carved their name in the seats. They did this so on and so forth. Truth is I actually listen to country music, but I have to really be in the mood for it like when we go on a deer hunt or something. But besides that, I pretty much think that country is Do Rae Me Fa which makes me laugh out loud. Again no offense to those country lovers out there.

Country is my least favorite genre, but hard rock aka rock and roll is right there with it. I have anger issues I’ll admit it but in hard rock, I like anger, hate, and…just plain screaming! I honestly can’t stand hard rock.

It is so ridiculously obnoxious that I just want to punch the guy with the Mohawk in the face so he shuts up! Most people who even want to listen to that are punk teenagers who are upset about their lives more than most teenagers. My dad also listens to it now that I think about it…but that’s just because he loves the 80s too much. Again just kidding…sort of…(nervous laugh) I love you, Dad!

After that, I think I may have a new least favorite…funny how reflection on things can change the order or place of something so fast. It’s also funny how ridiculously long it took me to write this thing. Okay back on track, I believe that the music you like depends on your personality. Also, I think music can affect your personality and as I mentioned, it certainly affects your behavior.

So whenever I am feeling depressed, I listen to music that is the opposite of what I’m experiencing, unless I’m happy. Sometimes though when I am upset or angry it would be pleasant to listen to the same feeling of music. Even if I am happy I still sometimes listen to sad songs just because I feel like doing it.

I think I really like the alternative because I’m able to get all feelings not just happy or sad or angry. Different songs, different meanings, different feelings. It’s just the genre that has it all. Due to how much music affects behavior, I avoid all songs that contain swearing and/or immoral language. I feel like songs like these are the very poorest and they are definitely my least favorite as far as individual songs are concerned.

I listen to all the songs I like during the week that I want, alternative, pop, etc. But there is one day when I only pay attention to one type of music. That day is Sunday and I only pay attention to gospel music (don’t think I’m being self-righteous or anything I swear I’m not trying to put it across that way) my point is, is that on Sundays I only tune in to songs that help me get closer to God. I like Come Thou Fount by Jenny Oaks Baker. I prefer instrumental hymns better than lyrics because they are more relaxing and I love instrument sounds, especially the violin.

By the time Sunday is over though I am more than ready to listen to my usual stuff. I feel like I listen to music all the time, 24/7, and I wouldn’t have it any other way. I love music so much that it is pretty much my whole life, which might not be a wise thing now that I think about it.

I am grateful for music. If I didn’t have it, I would probably be mentally unstable right now. In the past, music has always been there for me, especially when I was in a tough place and about to break mentally.

I just turned on my iPod and played some music. For example, right now I am trying to finish this without freaking out or breaking my computer because this is so long. I have my earbuds in and am listening to my alternative selections and am halfway through.

I would just like to conclude by saying that music has always had a big part in my life and I don’t know what I would do without it in mine. In summary, my main objective here is to show my love for alternative music and all music.

I also want to show how I use my music and other kinds of music. I hope that after this you will see why I like alternative music as well as simply all music so much. If not, I will have wasted what feels like a lifetime (though in reality, it has probably only been 6 hours). And that is my favorite type of music typed out into 5 extremely long pages.

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What Is Modern Music

Filed Under: Essays Tagged With: music

The most important thing that was expressed about the definition of modern music is that the degree of modernism depends on the experience and taste of those whom are listening. This means that each person can have vastly different views on which musicians and what styles are considered modern, because the critique of all arts is merely opinion. The definition for modern in a dictionary is anything within the present. When discussing music the essay emphasized that modern music has other qualities than newness alone. To be considered modern music, it needs to alter in a varying degree from the traditions in material and in the style; it departs from previous conventions. In much of the essay, it is shown that modern music often experiences opposition.

In the past, and even still the present, society and the music world initially reject modern music. In the essay music is described as a living language. When modern music is born it can also be considered as new way of expressing a new language. Music evolves just as language does. In the context of music, the grammar used in modern music is its harmony, melody, and rhythm that break all rules. Modern music uses foreign words and expressions that portray the ever-changing environment. There are many styles of music today that can fit the description of modern music.

New Age, which often uses sounds of nature to create a melody, clearly has an original style. Hip-hop music is a fairly new form of expression, and when it first began it was rejected and misunderstood by the public. More recent, as it has become more accepted in society and the pace of rhythmic change is quickly altering, for the demand of the listeners. The style of jazz music has also changed a great deal compared to when first born. I feel that modern Jazz as opposed to old jazz is a good example of a new expression of a society in which we live. Lastly, techno, which is a fairly new style of music, still is having trouble being accepted by listeners. After reading about other responses to modern music in the essay, its unpopularity is probably due to unfamiliar sounds used in a common repetitive pattern.

The Essay on Rock Music Impact On Society

Rock Music Impact on Society Rock music has affected society in the twentieth century in a large way. Rock music started in the 1950s with various small bands such as Bill Haley and Elvis Presley. These pioneers of modern music drew a larger crowd at each show, and soon, rock music would be in the ears of almost every American. Rock and roll contributes many things back to people when they listen ...

I have often heard reactions that techno is unpleasing to the ear. Each of these styles will either quickly fade with the times or remain strong and evolve through time. The final outcome will be most dependent on the response of the listener, which also may or may not evolve through time.

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