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## [FREE] Fun Math Games and Activities Packs for Kindergarten to Grade 5

Ready to go, printable packs that teachers can use in the classroom.

## Word Problems Explained For Elementary School Parents & Teachers

## Sophie Bartlett

## What is a word problem?

## Isn’t brilliant arithmetic enough?

## To support this schools are adopting a ‘mastery’ approach to math

“Teaching for mastery”, is defined with theses component:

- Math teaching for mastery rejects the idea that a large proportion of people ‘just can’t do math’.
- All students are encouraged by the belief that by working hard at math they can succeed.
- Procedural fluency and conceptual understanding are developed in tandem because each supports the development of the other.
- Significant time is spent developing deep knowledge of the key ideas that are needed to support future learning. The structure and connections within the mathematics are emphasized, so that students develop deep learning that can be sustained.

(The Essence of Maths Teaching for Mastery, 2016)

## Mastery helps children to explore math in greater depth

## How to teach children to solve word problems?

Here are two simple strategies that can be applied to many word problems before solving them.

Let’s see how this can be applied to word problems to help achieve the answer.

## Solving a simple word problem

There are 28 students in a class.

The teacher has 8 liters of orange juice.

She pours 225 milliliters of orange juice for every student.

How much orange juice is left over?

- There are 1,000ml in 1 liter
- Pours = liquid leaving the bottle = subtraction
- For every = multiply
- Left over = requires subtraction at some point

2. How can this problem be drawn/represented pictorially?

Read more: What is a bar model

## Solving a more complex, mixed word problem

She buys one book for $6.99 and another that costs $3.40 more than the first book.

What change does Mara get? (What is the remainder?)

- More than = add
- Using decimals means I will have to line up the decimal points correctly in calculations
- Change from money = subtract

See this example of bar modelling for this question:

Now to put the math to work using what we already know and what we’ve drawn to break down the steps.

What change does Mara get? 2) $20 – $17.38 = $2.62

## Math Word Problems For Kindergarten to Grade 5

## Word problems in kindergarten

An example of a word problem for kindergarten would be

Chris has 3 red bounce balls and 2 green bounce balls. How many bounce balls does Chris have in all?

## Word problems 1st grade

An example of a word problem for first grade would be:

## Word problems in 2nd grade

Second grade word problem: Geometry properties of shape

Shaun is making shapes out of plastic straws.

At the vertices where the straws meet, he uses blobs of modeling clay to fix them together

Here are some of the shapes he makes:

One of Sean’s shapes is a triangle. Which is it? Explain your answer.

Answer: shape B as a triangle has 3 sides (straws) and 3 vertices, or angles (clay)

## Second grade word problem: Statistics

## Word problems in 3rd grade

## 3rd grade word problem: Number and place value

My number has four digits and has a 7 in the hundreds place.

The digit which has the highest value in my number is 2.

The digit which has the lowest value in my number is 6.

My number has 3 fewer tens than hundreds.

## Word problems in 4th grade

## Fourth grade word problem: Fractions and decimals

Stan, Frank and John are washing their cars outside their houses.

Stan has washed 0.5 of his car.

Frank has washed 1/5 of his car.

Norm has washed 2/5 of his car.

Answer: Stan (he has washed 0.5 whereas Frank has only washed 0.2 and Norm 0.4)

## Word problems in 5th grade

Here are some examples of the types of math word problems in fifth grade will have to solve.

## 5th grade word problem – Ratio and proportion

The Angel of the North is a large statue in England. It is 20 meters tall and 54 meters wide.

## Fifth grade word problem – Algebra

Amina is making designs with two different shapes.

Calculate the value of each shape.

## Fifth grade word problem: Measurement

## Topic based word problems

## Place value word problem fourth grade

Download free number and place value word problems for grades 2, 3, 4 and 5

## Addition and subtraction word problem grade 2

Download free addition and subtraction word problems for for grades 2, 3, 4 and 5

## Addition word problem grade 2

## Subtraction word problem fifth grade

## Multiplication word problem third grade

Download free multiplication word problems for grades 2, 3, 4 and 5.

## Division word problem fifth grade

Download free division word problems for grades 2, 3, 4 and 5.

## Fraction word problem fourth grade

Download free fractions and decimals word problems for grades 2, 3, 4 and 5.

## Money word problem second grade

## Area word problem 3rd grade

A rectangle measures 6cm by 5cm.

What is its area? Answer: 30cm2

## Perimeter word problem 3rd grade

## Ratio word problem 5th grade (crossover with measurement)

## PEMDAS word problem fifth grade

## Volume word problem fifth grade

## Remember: The word problems can change but the math won’t

The activities are designed to be fun, flexible and suitable for a range of abilities.

## Privacy Overview

## Addition and Subtraction Word Problems- Year 1- DIFFERENTIATED

Resource type: Worksheet/Activity

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- Addition Word Problem Challenge Cards Higher Ability.pdf
- Addition Word Problem Challenge Cards Middle Ability.pdf
- Addition Word Problem Challenge Cards Lower Ability.pdf
- year 1 word problems 1.pdf
- addition and subtraction word problems2.pdf
- Year 2 addition and subtraction word problems 1.pdf
- addition & subtraction to 100.pdf

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## Need help? Open

## What is a word problem?

Teachers tend to try and include word problems in their maths lessons at least twice a week.

## What is RUCSAC?

## Word problem examples for Years 1 to 6

The following are example word problems that apply to each primary year group.

Sarah wants to buy a teddy bear costing 30p. How many 10p coins will she need?

Brian has 3 sweets. Tom has double this number of sweets. How many sweets does Tom have?

In Year 2, children continue to use apparatus to help them with problem-solving.

Faye has 12 marbles. Her friend Louise has 9 marbles. How many marbles do they both have altogether?

Three children are each given 5 teddy bears. How many teddy bears do they have altogether?

A jumper costs £23. How much will 4 jumpers cost?

- In this case, the first step would be to add £34 and £26 to make £60.
- The second step would be to divide £60 by 4 to make £15.

## More like this

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- Group-worthy Tasks and Their Potential to Support Children to Develop Independent Problem-solving Skills
- Developing the Classroom Culture: Using the Dotty Six Activity as a Springboard for Investigation
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## IMAGES

## VIDEO

## COMMENTS

Looking for more mastery resources? Check out our collection of KS1 mastery maths materials. What are the benefits of solving Maths problems? There are as many

Make maths fun with these addition word problems! Great for group activities, whole-class teaching or guided teaching rotations.

This video is aimed at Year 1, and introduces the topic of word ... words in a word problem and suggests different ways they can solve word

In this video, Twinkl Teacher Izzy, shows how to use these addition and subtraction word problem activities with Year 2 children.

Solving word problems in elementary school is an essential part of math. Here are over 30 math word problems to practice with children.

Word Problems using a numberline 2 (Joanne Robson) MS Powerpoint; Red Clowns Problem Solving (Dot Hullah) ActivStudio; Problem Solving Steps (Ali McNamara)

Children can cut and stick each question into their books and work it out underneath! NC Guidance: "They discuss and solve problems in familiar practical

Year 1 children will focus on solving one step problems, whilst year 2 children can practise some 2 step problems. Year 1. Addition Word

In Year 2, children continue to use apparatus to help them with problem-solving. Faye has 12 marbles. Her friend Louise has 9 marbles. How many marbles do they

This feature details how NRICH can help you embed a problem-solving approach in your ... Tasks for KS1 children which focus on working systematically.