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Internet Geography

Geography Case Studies

All of our geography case studies in one place

Coastal Erosion

Use the images below to find out more about each case study.

The Holderness Coast

Case Study

The Dorset Coast


Coastal Management

Sandscaping at Bacton, Norfolk

Coastal Realignment Donna Nook

Coastal Realignment Medmerry

Coastal Deposition

Spurn Point

Blakeney Point Spit


Amatrice Earthquake Case Study

Chile Earthquake 2010

Christchurch Earthquake

Haiti Earthquake

Japan Earthquake 2011

L’Aquila Earthquake

Lombok Indonesia Earthquake 2018

Nepal Earthquake 2015

Sulawesi, Indonesia Earthquake and Tsunami 2018

Malaysia Causes of Deforestation

Malaysia Impacts of Deforestation

Alaska Case Study

Epping Forest Case Study

Sahara Desert Case Study

Svalbard Case Study

Thar Desert Case Study

Western Desert Case Study

Extreme Weather in the UK

Beast from the East Case Study

Storm Ciera Case Study

Food Resources

Almería, Spain: a large-scale agricultural development

Sustainable food supplies in an LIC – Bangladesh

Landforms on the River Tees

Landforms on the River Severn

River Flooding

Boscastle Floods

Kerala Flood 2018

Wainfleet Floods 2019

The Somerset Levels Flood Case Study

UK Floods Case Study November 2019

The Changing Economic World

How can the growth of tourism reduce the development gap? Jamaica Case Study

How can the growth of tourism reduce the development gap? Tunisia Case Study

India Case Study of Development

Tropical Storms

Beast from the East

Hurricane Andrew

Cyclone Eline

Cyclone Idai Case Study

Typhoon Haiyan 2013

Hurricane Irma 2017

Typhoon Jebi 2018

Hurricane Florence 2018

Typhoon Mangkhut 2018

Urban Issues

Urban Growth in Brazil – Rio de Janeiro

Urban Growth in India – Mumbai

Urban Growth in Nigeria – Lagos

What is the location and importance of London?

Inner City Redevelopment – London Docklands

Sustainable Urban Living – Freiburg

Sustainable Urban Living – East Village

Sustainable Urban Transport Bristol Case Study

Volcanic Eruptions

Eyjafjallajokull – 2010

Mount Merapi – 2010

Mount Pinatubo – 1991

Sakurajima Case Study

Nyiragongo Case Study

Water Resources

Hitosa, Ethiopia – A local water supply scheme in an LIC

The South-North Water Transfer Project, China

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a level geography case studies

Regeneration Case Studies

Lerne mit deinen Freunden und bleibe auf dem richtigen Kurs mit deinen persönlichen Lernstatistiken

Nie wieder prokastinieren mit unseren Lernerinnerungen.

Regeneration case studies help us to understand the different approaches to regeneration and see what impacts they have on the population and environment. Different approaches are taken for different areas, whether the aim is a regeneration project or the economic support for the project. These case studies inform about the nature of different regeneration projects, measures of success in a regeneration project and the different assessments according to different stakeholders. The main aim is that we reduce the Negative Impacts of Regeneration.

A Level regeneration case studies

Regeneration is the process of upgrading existing urban, rural, industrial and commercial areas to bring about social and economic change on a long-term scale.

As part of the A Level course, it is important not only to understand what regeneration is and the impacts that it has, but also to put this into context. Case studies are a good way of putting the concepts into the real world and seeing exactly how they work and what influences them.

Regeneration case studies, Regeneration UK, StudySmarter

Urban regeneration case studies

Urban regeneration case studies, as the name suggests, are examples of regeneration projects occurring in urban areas. Some urban areas are targeted for regeneration because of challenges, such as deindustrialisation, dereliction, economic decline and mass deprivation. Such issues are common in contemporary urban environments.

Some examples of urban regeneration case studies include Stratford and Salford Quays.

Another urban area that will potentially undergo regeneration in the near future is Croyde and the remainder of North Devon.

While the two urban areas differ in terms of location and history, they do have things in common. Amongst these is the fact that both areas went from economic prosperity into drastic economic decline and suffered from lowering environmental quality, high unemployment rates, dereliction and social problems. This prompted the introduction of regeneration projects in both places. These projects took different forms, had different stakeholders and operated over different durations. However, both projects resulted in successful regeneration. Now, both areas have significantly improved infrastructure, environmental quality, housing provisions, services and economic opportunities.

Town centre regeneration case studies

A town centre, like an urban area more generally, is a common place targeted by regeneration projects. This is because there is a pattern of town centres undergoing periods of economic decline, resulting in the urban challenges mentioned above. This happens for many reasons. The most prominent of these are arguably the processes of suburbanisation and counter-urbanisation.

Suburbanisation is the process of a large proportion of people relocating from town centres into the outskirts (suburbs).

Counter-urbanisation is the process of a large proportion of people relocating from urban areas to rural areas and is seen as the opposite of urbanisation.

Suburbanisation and counter-urbanisation happen for many reasons, including a mixture of push (factors persuading people to move out of a place) and pull (factors attracting people to another place) factors. One of the major causes of push factors in town centres has been deindustrialisation.

regeneration case studies, suburbanisation, StudySmarter

Following the success of the Industrial Revolution, the UK has since undergone mass deindustrialisation . This removal of industrial (secondary economic) activity had many negative impacts, including a spike in unemployment rates, dereliction and out-migration from town/ urban centres. In Liverpool, the collapse of the Albert Docks in the 1960s caused warehouses to become abandoned, people to lose their jobs, environmental quality to decrease and people to move out of the area. A regeneration project run by the Merseyside Development Corporation from the 1980s onwards has allowed the area to transform into a hub for investment, tourism and commercial activity. The area has also seen an influx of migrants looking for new opportunities.

Sustainable urban regeneration case studies

Sustainable urban regeneration aims to meet the demands of the current population without compromising on the needs of the future population(s). The focus on sustainability across regeneration projects has increased as awareness of environmental issues, such as climate change, has increased. As well as simply an increased awareness, there is now much more pressure from stakeholders and the public to act in a way that is not detrimental to future people and the environment. So what are some of the key characteristics of sustainable urban regeneration case studies?

Typically, they aim to:

regeneration case studies, liveability, StudySmarter

For example, Edinburgh's regeneration scheme will include carbon-neutral housing and public transport links, extensions of the public transport network to connect more people to the city, the introduction of mixed-use neighbourhoods and a 'green network' that connects all the urban green spaces via low-emission routes.

Rural regeneration case studies

Traditionally, rural areas were seen as places to retire, for short leisure activities, or for those in the agricultural industry. However, rural areas have seen a recent increase in population due to counter-urbanisation. This is down to a few factors:

With more and more people moving to rural areas, some regeneration may be needed. Improving transport links while maintaining the natural beauty of places will be important. Perhaps most important, is to include the locals in these regeneration projects.

Check out our explanation of Urban and Rural spaces to learn more!

Measuring the success of regeneration case studies

It is clear that regeneration projects differ considerably depending on the circumstances and the resources available. Therefore, it can be difficult to compare and contrast projects directly.

To measure the success of regeneration case studies, it is important to consider whether or not they have improved the area in the long-term, whether or not these improvements apply and are accessible to everyone and whether the future generation(s) and environment will be negatively implicated as a consequence of the regeneration. Through examining these three metrics, it is impossible to consider whether a regeneration case study has been a success or a failure.

Regeneration Case Studies - Key takeaways

Frequently Asked Questions about Regeneration Case Studies

--> what are the key elements of urban regeneration.

Key elements of urban regeneration are economic transition, employment change, social and community building and sustainable development.

--> How can regeneration solve urban problems?

Regeneration can solve help the  urban problems such as taking derelict, polluted, brown-field places to be restored and used for new purposes.

--> Why was East London regenerated?

East London underwent deindustrialisation between the 1960-70s as it couldn't compete against newer container ports. As a result in the 1980s there was a regeneration project to help the docklands area.

--> What areas in London have been regenerated?

There are many areas that have been regenerated, the Tower Hamlets have had the most projects, whilst other areas such as Islington, Lambeth, Hackney and Southwark have also had many regeneration projects.

Final Regeneration Case Studies Quiz

Where is Croyde located?

Show answer

in North Devon, South West England. It lies in an Area of Outstanding National Beauty (AONB) and it faces the Atlantic Ocean

Show question

When and where was Croyde first mentioned under the names Crideholde/Chrideholda?

In 1086 in the Domesday Book

Nearby Saunton Sands, Braunton Burrows and Baggy Point were used by American soldiers to practise for the D-day landings.

As tension with the Soviet Union rose during the Cold War, a Royal Observer Corps (ROC) bunker was erected to watch over the British skies for any Soviet planes, bombs or missiles

Very limited. Closest train station is Barnstaple, 10mi/16km away. Only 1 bus an hour from Monday to Saturday, Only 1 bus every 2 hours on Sunday

Why is limited public transport a disadvantage?

It will bring more cars into the area, as people take their own car (or a hired car). This can negatively affect the environment (pollution), traffic (jams), and the availability of parking spaces.

It has an oceanic climate, which means mild summers, cool but cold winter and a relatively narrow annual temperature range

What is the best time to visit Croyde and why?

from June to October. During these months the temperature is nice, and there is limited rainfall

What is Croyde beach renowned for?

It is one of the best spots in the UK to surf

Always swim between the flags as that is the safest spot

When is the RNLI Lifeguard service available?

From May to September, throughout the Easter weekend and all October weekends and October Half Term, from 10 am to 6 pm.

When does a beach get a Blue Flag?

When all the criteria are met for cleanliness, water quality, and facilities. A Blue Flag must be applied for first

A charity organisation concerned with protecting the sea and its wildlife

Between 1 October and 30 April

What types of accommodation is available at Croyde?

The festival is called GoldCoast OceanFest and it is held the weekend closest to the summer solstice

What 4 things are being evaluated for regeneration in North Devon?

Where is Stratford located?

In East London, about 7 miles from Central London

What was Stratford like after the decline?

It had one of the most deprived communities in the country, unemployment was high, and health levels were poor. Stratford lacked proper infrastructure, and the environmental quality was poor. 

During the Victorian Era, the Metropolitan Building Act, the new railway, and the creation of the Royal Docks accelerated industrialisation. With it, Stratford saw a lot of work opportunities.

Deindustrialisation and the closure of the Royal Docks

The creation of containerised cargo and other technological changes. The containerised cargo was much more efficient for transporting goods, but it required larger ships. These ships could not navigate down as far as the Royal Docks.

It was one of the most deprived communities of the UK, it had a high population density, low annual income, high unemployment, it had readily available waste and industrial lands for building, and it was located only 7 minutes from the City.

Which 3 legacies were planned in the bidding process?

Explain what the legacy for the sports venues was?

Buildings that were going to get a new life after the Games were permanent buildings. Buildings that were not getting a new life on-site were temporary ones, and they were relocated elsewhere after the games.

Approximate £10 billion

It is now called the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. It was changed to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II.

No. The area became more affluent, and therefore housing is still unaffordable for the poor(er) people in the community. 

Name 1 social con.

In order to create the site, 450 Housing Association flats, which is where the poorer people lived, were torn down.

Name 1 economic con.

380 existing businesses had to move

For construction, much of the wildlife already there had to be relocated. 

The Westfield Stratford City - the largest urban shopping mall in Europe.

Where is Salford Quays located?

In Salford, Greater Manchester

When and why were the Manchester Docks built?

It was built in 1887 as a result of the Industrial Revolution and trade.

The Manchester Ship Canal Company.

Containerisation. This led to larger ships which could no longer navigate the canal.

What happened when the Manchester Docks closed?

Many jobs were lost, the economy was shattered, the area became derelict and the land was heavily contaminated.

Salford City Council in 1984.

The Salford Quays Development Plan was proposed.

When the Docks closed in 1982, there were a lot of issues. What kind of issues?

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a level geography case studies

A-Level Geography: Case Studies

This class was created by Brainscape user Callum Haynes. Visit their profile to learn more about the creator.

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Ib geography - case studies.

AQA A Level Geography - HUMAN

Geography AS Notes

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Case Studies

In order to get a decent mark in Geography you need to use case studies and examples in your answers. If you don’t include them, you can’t get high marks. Even if a question doesn’t ask for an example, throw one in your answer, just to be safe. For many landforms, you don’t need to name a specific example, just an area where you can find these landforms. For example, naming a specific pothole would be a bit silly, but naming an area where you can find them is quite sensible.

The River Isis is actually the Thames. ↩

Trust me, very few of these are easy to spell. Magdalenafjord, Tysfjord , Hardangerfjord , Eyjafjörður . ↩


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